As part of the course on Ethics, class members are expected to monitor media coverage during pivotal moments such as the tropical cyclone/typhoon Ompong and the landslides, flooding, and other incidents which occurred during the weekend (and not just to spend countless hours in video gaming and/or inane FB/Twitter chattering — awat na kapag sampung oras)
These may be also used for extra points for the bonus topic of disaster-reporting (see earlier instructions).

The Section FWX 4th Media Monitor can be posted here with the usual deadline on Thursday at 5pm (Sept. 20).

    A class member may post either a regular or a bonus post: for the bonus post, as stated several times before: Any of the 12 bonus topics provided earlier may be used (once only).

    Class members who attend the Thursday Sept. 20 multimedia presentation of media issues during martial law at 1pm or 2pm may credit this under the bonus topic of review of advocacy content and medium (see instructions in the email).

    An unforgettable commemorative week of media issues this week!

(photo from the files of John Tewell, used here non-commercially for academic purposes)

5 thoughts on “Sec.FWX Ethics Media Monitor 4th #UPDiliman #universityofthephilippines

  1. 4th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    A Philstar article discussed the possible causes and effects of the recent spike of the inflation rate in the Philippines these past few months. In the said article, the writer failed to explain first to the readers what inflation means and its corresponding effects to the prices of commodities. She could have given a brief background on the definition of inflation before proceeding to the sides of different government offices in relation to the issue. A provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics states that a journalist must “provide updated and more complete information as appropriate.” The writer might have assumed that her readers already knew and understood the meaning and implications of the spike in the inflation rate. But on the other hand, she presented all if not most of the government offices and officials involved in the issue. A statement from the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas was shown to inform the readers about the upcoming surge in the inflation rate from 5.5 to 6.2% for the succeeding months. Some effects of the surge in inflation were mentioned including increased prices of rice and key food items due to weather disturbances and supply disruptions, an increase in gasoline and LPG prices, and a slight upward adjustment in electricity rates in Meralco serviced areas during the month of August. 

    Data from the Philippine Statistics Authority was also added to further explain the phenomena of the inflation rate in the country. Consumer prices in the country increased up to 5.7% in July and were confirmed by the PSA as the fastest inflation rate in the last five years. The article also implicated that the TRAIN law could have been one of the reasons why the inflation rate and prices of commodities are increasing every month this year. Another provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics states that journalists must “provide context and take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.” The write did not simply say that TRAIN law was the policy to blame for the surge in inflation but she added a section of the TRAIN law to support her claims and arguments. It was explained that a section of the TRAIN law includes socio-economic mitigating measures to temper the surge in inflation for the rest of the year that are comprised of unconditional cash transfer program for the poorest 10 million households, the Pantawid Pasada Program, and the PUV modernization program.

    A report from the Commission of Audit was added to strengthen the argument that the government itself has a role in the spike of prices of food items recently. COA accused the National Food Authority for using its P5.1-billion allotment to pay for maturing loans instead of spending them for price and supply stabilization of rice and corn as provided for in its budget for 2017. According to the Philippine Press Code of Ethics, journalists shall “scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor distort the truth by omission.” The writer of the said article obtained the sides of involved offices and parties and therefore, presented the issue in an objective and non-biased manner.

    Villanueva, M. A. (2018, September 3). Self-inflicted inflation. Retrieved from

  2. 4th Media Monitor
    Regular: 68 dead, 68 missing in Cordillera due to ‘Ompong’

    In an article dated September 18, 2018, the Philippine Daily Inquirer reported that 68 people have been added to the death toll caused by Typhoon Ompong, while another 68 have been reported missing. The article also included the areas in the Cordillera Administrative Region in which aforementioned people are from. The Inquirer acquired this information from the Cordillera Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (CRDRRMC).

    The article manifested the provision in the Society of Professional Journalists’ Code of Ethics that states that journalists should “balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort. Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness.” The reporter was sensitive enough not to include the faces or names of those who were killed by the typhoon. The reporter also included a photo of policemen and rescuers searching for bodies, but did not include any morbid or graphic scenes. The reporter, however, did not include the names of those missing. The inclusion of such names may have helped in finding and rescuing these missing victims.

    The article effectively made its audience aware of the goings-on in areas outside Metro Manila. It also ensured that its readers knew of the devastating effects of Typhoon Ompong.

    Marquez, Consuelo. “68 dead, 68 missing in Cordillera due to ‘Ompong’.”, 18 September 2018,

    “SPJ Code of Ethics.” SPJ, 9 Sept. 2014,

  3. 4th Media Monitor
    BONUS: #NeverAgain

    “@ogie_rosa: UP is open daw to all political views so they accommodated the SK reunion with Imee Marcos.

    FYI, the Marcoses are not just a ‘political view,’ they are the country’s worst historical nightmare!”

    The standard of Twitter vis-a-vis expression recognizes the freedom of users, as well as their right and privilege to posit their thoughts without fear and being silenced. However, this provision is limited when an expression (in the form of tweets) “harasses, intimidates, or uses fear to silence another user’s voice”. The provisions of the Twitter community standards further posit that context must be taken into cognition, which deliberates whether or not “the behavior is targeted at an individual or group of people; the report has been filed by the target of the abuse or a bystander; the behavior is newsworthy and in the legitimate public interest” (“Twitter Rules”, n.d.).

    At first, it may seem that user “ogie_rosa” has violated the standards of the Twitter community and its provisions as his tweet was targeted at an individual – Imee Marcos. However, the nature of the tweet narrows down on an individual that is of public character, inasmuch as Imee Marcos is not only a Marcos, but also a government official. In this sense, the tweet can be seen as that which stems from a justifiable motive — that is, to create and reinforce literacy about the past political tenets as well as judicial cases Imee has been allegedly associated with. In this sense, the context of the tweet supports the validity of the claim that it does not fall under abusive behavior and is hence in accordance not only with the law concerning (cyber) libel and cyber bullying, but also with the provisions of the community standards as professed by Twitter.

    Sources cited:

  4. 5th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Advocacy

    Attendance in UP Day of Remembrance Activities: see e-mail for photo
    Attendance in September 20 ML Forum: see attendance sheet

    Last September 21, numerous organizations and protesters had marched from various points in Metro Manila and gathered in Luneta Grandstand in remembrance of Ferdinand Marcos’ 1972 Declaration of Martial Law. With the principal calls of “Never Forget” and “Never Forget”, the widescale anti-Marcos and anti-Duterte rally is an evocative example of outdoor media that not only sought out but forwarded the side of the oppressed – the masses who are continuously victimized from the time of the Marcosian dictatorship up to the tyranny of the current Duterte regime.

    Despite the usual negative views against militant collective action, in terms of advocacy work, protesters do aid in informing the public about certain realities that are marginalized or invisibilized in our society. By way of constantly raising their placards, giving out of flyers or polyetos, and spreading accessible, revolutionary works of art through a façade of “vandalism”, they are amplifying out voices that are generally unheard due to state repression.

    Such advocacy works are really genuine in being transparent – not only because the voices of Martial Law survivors and other state victims (both from the past and the present) were shouted out, but because all protesters were one in forwarding their demands from the government. What kind of protest action invites the New People’s Army, the state forces such as the PNP and the AFP, and even the few pro-Marcos and pro-Duterte supporters who loitered around Luneta to join? It was truly the United People’s Action.

  5. ERRATUM: Apologies, ma’am. I mistook this for the 5th Media Monitor post. Re-posting it again on the correct one.

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