ETHICS First Media Monitor Regular or bonus (Bonus available only to those who were present in class last week: Evaluation of live news tweets of campus news sites)

The first media monitor of the first class (Fair, Foolish, or in a Fix: good practice, violation, or dilemma), can be posted here, either regular or bonus, with deadline in five days or on Feb. 12, 2019 at 5pm.  The post can either be an embedded, or a pasted link leading to the student’s own site. Only a review of events that are current (a review of media coverage starting Jan. 15, 2019 will be given points.)
Late submissions are considered a forfeit for the week and would be credited to next week’s media monitor instead;
provided that no student would be allowed to exceed the maximum number of media monitor to make up for forfeits or to pile up his/her media monitor posts to make up for forfeits. (a week lost, is lost forever — the credits will be moved forward but only up to the last week before final exams).
Instructions have been given in class. (As stated before: Students may use pseudonyms or pen names, and conceal their faces, and may also use their own platforms and simply paste the links in the comments section. (If pseudonymous, pls provide the department assistant with your pen name).
Pls use the comments section of this post. As stated, the media monitor commentary may either by typed as text in the comments section or as a link leading to the post in the platform of the classmember/ post author. Pls type in the first line whether the post is a regular media monitor (1st Regular Media Monitor) or a bonus post (type the Bonus Title) to aid the checker in locating and categorizing each box. Tnx).
Baseless rants will not merit any points – the commentary should use, cite, and quote the pertinent provisions of the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics as taken up in class this week. For the succeeding weeks, members of the class should be able to cite also the Philippine Journalists Code of Ethics (PPI Code of Ethics and PPI Expanded Code of Ethics), the KBP Broadcast Code, etc.) Failure to provide the pertinent provision will result in a score of zero. The SPJ provisions have been provided in the handouts distributed in class this week. They were also discussed in powerpoint in class. For students who are completely incapable of reading the handouts given to them, the provisions taken up in class are embedded below.
                     BONUS POSTS
            FOR DOUBLE THE POINTS
As a heads-up, a bonus post on any of the following topics could be submitted in any week for double the points of a regular media monitor post (provided that only one post, either regular or bonus, can be submitted for every week: Choose between either a regular or a bonus in submitting a post; only one post per week will be given points, no cramming of posts is allowed). Please type the bonus title as heading to identify the post.
Here are the bonus topics to choose from, in no particular order (choose any one bonus title for any week provided no bonus topic/ no bonus title can be repeated; a class member may post either a regular or a bonus but not both, i.e., only one post per week, no cramming is allowed) :

Bonus Title:  CAMPUS NEWS LIVE TWEETS. Evaluation of live news tweets of campus news sites of announced last Thursday, covering news events that Thursday. (Available only to those who were present in class last week and were able to monitor the live tweets)
Bonus Title: HATE SPEECH (fomenting prejudices that may lead to violence against those tagged) etc. : A review of any news report or news features on Red-tagging as hate speech or news reports or news features on other forms of hate speech based on gender, race, ethnic origin, poverty, physical appearance, etc.

Bonus Title: JOLO BOMBINGS AND OTHER ACTS OF “TERROR” (Requires advanced reading of articles on reporting on crime and conflict as stated in the syllabus; use the principles stated in these articles, otherwise, your post will be treated as a regular and not bonus)

Bonus Title: NEWS COVERAGE OF THE ELECTIONS

Bonus Title: REPORTING ON SURVEYS (pls use the principles that will be discussed when this topic is taken up under the Expanded Philippine Journalists Code of Ethics additional topic)

Bonus Title: SUPERNATURAL, ASTROLOGY, etc. (leading up to the weeks prior to Oct. 30-31, Nov. 1 ) (this would require advance reading if done earlier than when the topic is taken up in class: the KBP Broadcast Code: ” “Art. 13 SUPERSTITION AND THE OCCULT: “Sec.1 Programs featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural powers, foretelling of the future, astrology, phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mind-reading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects shall be careful not to induce belief in them. Care shall be taken to prevent the exploitation of people who may be easily swayed by such superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices. Sec.2.Programs or program materials that promote or encourage occult practices, black magic, witchcraft, and similar activities are prohibited.” (KBP Broadcast Code) )
Bonus Title: DISASTER-REPORTING: Coverage of the habagat and related events: You can either do some advance-reading of the assigned articles on disaster-reporting as stated in the syllabus; or bank the news report and post it after we take up the topic)

Bonus Title. CCTV News (extensive use of unnecessarily extended CCTV footage as news)
Bonus Title: ADVERTORIALS (leading up to the Valentines and other commercialized holidays)
Do not repeat bonus posts or bonus titles.
Each of the bonuses can be posted at ANYTIME or in any week in lieu of a regular media monitor (just type the bonus title as heading for ease of identification and recording)
As stated, only one media monitor per week (which can either be a regular media monitor or a bonus post) is allowed to avoid cramming and jamming up of posts: the purpose of observing the weekly media monitor is TO BUILD THE HABIT OF READING/ VIEWING MEDIA CONTENT REGULARLY WITH DISCERNMENT.
Pls do not embed gory images on this page without a trigger warning.
For the first regular media monitor: (2014 SPJ): “SEEK TRUTH AND REPORT IT
“Ethical journalism should be accurate and fair. Journalists should be honest and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.
Journalists should:
– Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible.
– Remember that neither speed nor format excuses inaccuracy.
– Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.
– Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.
– Be cautious when making promises, but keep the promises they make.
– Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources.
– Consider sources’ motives before promising anonymity. Reserve anonymity for sources who may face danger, retribution or other harm, and have information that cannot be obtained elsewhere. Explain why anonymity was granted.
– Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing.
– Avoid undercover or other surreptitious methods of gathering information unless traditional, open methods will not yield information vital to the public.
– Be vigilant and courageous about holding those with power accountable. Give voice to the voiceless.
– Support the open and civil exchange of views, even views they find repugnant.
– Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government. Seek to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in the open, and that public records are open to all.
– Provide access to source material when it is relevant and appropriate.
– Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.
– Avoid stereotyping. Journalists should examine the ways their values and experiences may shape their reporting.
– Label advocacy and commentary.
– Never deliberately distort facts or context, including visual information. Clearly label illustrations and re-enactments.
– Never plagiarize. Always attribute.
“MINIMIZE HARM
“Ethical journalism treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect.
Journalists should:
– Balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort. Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness.
– Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.
– Recognize that legal access to information differs from an ethical justification to publish or broadcast.
– Realize that private people have a greater right to control information about themselves than public figures and others who seek power, influence or attention. Weigh the consequences of publishing or broadcasting personal information.
– Avoid pandering to lurid curiosity, even if others do.
– Balance a suspect’s right to a fair trial with the public’s right to know. Consider the implications of identifying criminal suspects before they face legal charges.
– Consider the long-term implications of the extended reach and permanence of publication. Provide updated and more complete information as appropriate
ACT INDEPENDENTLY
The highest and primary obligation of ethical journalism is to serve the public.
Journalists should:
– Avoid conflicts of interest, real or perceived. Disclose unavoidable conflicts.
– Refuse gifts, favors, fees, free travel and special treatment, and avoid political and other outside activities that may compromise integrity or impartiality, or may damage credibility.
– Be wary of sources offering information for favors or money; do not pay for access to news. Identify content provided by outside sources, whether paid or not.
– Deny favored treatment to advertisers, donors or any other special interests, and resist internal and external pressure to influence coverage.
– Distinguish news from advertising and shun hybrids that blur the lines between the two. Prominently label sponsored content.
BE ACCOUNTABLE AND TRANSPARENT
Ethical journalism means taking responsibility for one’s work and explaining one’s decisions to the public.
Journalists should:
– Explain ethical choices and processes to audiences. Encourage a civil dialogue with the public about journalistic practices, coverage and news content.
– Respond quickly to questions about accuracy, clarity and fairness.
– Acknowledge mistakes and correct them promptly and prominently. Explain corrections and clarifications carefully and clearly.
– Expose unethical conduct in journalism, including within their organizations.
– Abide by the same high standards they expect of others.”
   Advanced non- commercialized Happy Valentines Day!

(Photo provided by Pexels from the WordPress Free Stock Photo Library, used here non-commercially for academic purposes)

14 comments

  1. Media Monitor 1
    Bonus Title: CAMPUS NEWS LIVE TWEETS.

    link: https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090890801956118529

    Tinig ng Plaridel Twitter Account @tinigngplaridel

    The live tweets regarding the 31 Jan 2019 CMC protest that were posted by @tinigngplaridel observed clear ethical journalism as per the standards of the Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ). Since the coverage was live, contained pictures that were taken live, and were shared real time, there was clear and concise reporting of what was happening. The tweets contained verbatim snippets of speeches held during the protest and those who gave the speeches were also named thus, giving credibility to the truthfulness of the reports and its origins while being as transparent as possible. However, it was not stated whether Tinig ng Plaridel asked for the consent of those involved for their identities to be revealed and their statements to be posted online, or not. This could be a possible violation of journalism ethics.

  2. Media Monitor 1

    CAMPUS LIVE TWEETS – News coverage of Tinig ng Plaridel @tinigngplaridel on Twitter. January 31, 2019

    link to thread: https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090890801956118529

    IN SEEKING TRUTH
    Due to the nature of the of the report–live tweeting–the the source of live tweets are original (it’s from the handler of the account themselves who were present in the event). Sources were identified clearly, names and positions of speakers were provided. It did not distort facts, what was said in the event was tweeted. However, again due to its nature, it is not sure if the posts and the information were heavily monitored or verified since the nature of the posts are done live and they need to post while the event is happening. Also, not enough context was given for the said event. In addition to that, no posts were made about the response or reactions of the college’s administration (which is the subject of the protest.)

    IN MINIMIZING HARM
    It is not certain that the speakers in the live tweets consented to being featured, or at least have their photos shown.

    IN ACTING INDEPENDENTLY
    Most of the provisions under this section are not applicable due to the report being posted on Twitter. The TNP account doesn’t control the ads that are shown in Twitter, and if there are ads it’s not usually on the posts themselves. However, it is not certain if TNP is sponsored or supported by outside parties.

    ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY
    Given that it is posted in a popular social media site, this encourages civil dialogue with the public because the public can share (quote tweet) or reply directly to the posts and the account itself. Given its nature, the account has the ability to respond quickly.

  3. [Jan 31]
    [link] https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090890801956118529?s=21&fbclid=IwAR1St8qwQE73DoJRD97XyBBcf_RdyFOB7FAV-9GlAspeSC5GuPQurdtwTrY

    This Twitter thread by Tinig ng Plaridel covering UP CMC’s mob call to defend press freedom, uphold democratic rights, and provide free education, as well as their desire for a pro-student college dean, faithfully upheld the principle of accurate and fair journalism (Seek truth and report it). Exact quotes from each speaker were included which allowed the journalist/Twitter handler to avoid misrepresentation and oversimplification in summarizing the events. Personally, I can attest to the accuracy of the quotes because I was able to attend the mobilization. Tinig ng Plaridel showed responsible and accurate news reporting in their live coverage despite the speed with which they had to get things done. As for visual information, TNP also supplemented their tweets with raw, unedited shots with attributions to respective owners. Overall, no violation of the Code of Ethics was committed.

  4. 1ST MEDIA MONITOR – BONUS:

    CAMPUS NEWS LIVE TWEETS

    On January 31, the official twitter account of the CMC’s Tinig ng Plaridel covered a protest to resist commercialization of UP, Martial Law, tyranny and dictatorship by live tweeting.

    According to the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics, the live news coverage exhibited ethical journalistic principles with a few considerations in mind.

    As one who was present during the protest, I can say that the facts were accurate and concise, and not distorted. Pictures that were tweeted were not distorted as well, because it was taken in real time. In the thread, sources were identified clearly by providing names and their organizations, but I am not sure if the publication asked consent from the people involved before posting. I also didn’t see any post on the response of the administration on the protest.

    By covering this event, I think the publication’s aim to serve the public by providing information was achieved. It was also clear that the coverage was unsponsored because it wasn’t labeled as a promoted tweet.

    By choosing to cover the said event on twitter opens an avenue that encourages “civil dialogue with the public about journalistic practices, coverage and news content” as stated in the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics. Because of the platform where the news was covered allows the publication to respond quickly to questions made by the public on accuracy, clarity, and fairness.

  5. Media Monitor 1 – Bonus
    CAMPUS NEWS LIVE TWEETS

    Coverage of Tinig ng Plaridel
    Source: https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090890801956118529

    The official student publication of the College of Mass Communication, Tinig ng Plaridel, provided coverage for the protest to resist commercialization of UP, Martial Law, tyranny and dictatorship. They supplied live tweets on their official Twitter account, along with pictures of the speakers and attendees of the event.

    The Society of Professional Journalists or SPJ for short stated four principles that should be followed for ethical journalism. First, seek truth and report it. Tinig ng Plaridel succeeded to do this as they were on the protest itself and they reported as they saw and listened. Quotes from the speakers were accurate. Second, minimize harm. They showed proper sensibilities on their tweets without hindering to forward the call for action. Third, act independently. It is clear that the coverage was neutral and in no way supported by any sponsors except like-minded student organizations. Lastly, be accountable and transparent. The publication chose wisely to use Twitter as an online platform as it encourages public users to reply and engage in discourse and discussions regarding the protest.

  6. Media Monitor 1

    CAMPUS NEWS LIVE TWEETS: Tinig ng Plaridel’s (@tinigngplaridel) news coverage
    Link to thread: https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090890801956118529

    Given that the media coverage being put under consideration is a twitter thread which is updated real time according to the assembly being covered, TNP adheres to the first provision of the SPJ Code of Ethics being: Seek the truth and report it. During the coverage the thread quoted actual and first-hand sources making the information it published, accurate and credible. Furthermore, and in line with the first provision, TNP contextualizes the statements they publish through providing images alongside their reportage. The thread also stated the sources of the statements they covered together with the organization they belong to, which is a practice that follows this provision.

    Another provision that seems to have been followed diligently by TNP is: Act Independently. The coverage have cited all available sources during the event it was covering and the tone and manner of reportage was careful without distorting information. It is also evident that the bias of the news entity was declared by the use of hashtags that forward their advocacy.

  7. Media Monitor 1

    CAMPUS NEWS LIVE TWEETS: Tinig ng Plaridel’s (@ tinigngplaridel) news coverage
    Link to thread: https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090890801956118529

    Given that the media coverage being put under consideration is a twitter thread which is updated real time according to the assembly being covered, TNP adheres to the first provision of the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics being: Seek the truth and report it. During the coverage the thread quoted actual and first-hand sources making the information it published, accurate and credible. Furthermore, and in line with the first provision, TNP contextualizes the statements they publish through providing images alongside their reportage. The thread also stated the sources of the statements they covered together with the organization they belong to, which is a practice that follows this provision.

    Another provision that seems to have been followed diligently by TNP is: Act Independently. The coverage have cited all available sources during the event it was covering and the tone and manner of reportage was careful without distorting information. It is also evident that the bias of the news entity was declared by the use of hashtags that forward their advocacy.

  8. [1st Regular Media Monitor]

    MRT-3 passenger arrested for bomb joke

    On the 1st of February 2019, Inquirer.net reported about the arrest of a Metro Rail Transit-3 (MRT-3) passenger for making a bomb joke. According to the report, he was arrested “and brought to the Makati City police for documentation and filing of appropriate charges.” What is missing on the news report, though, is the statement of the named suspect.

    The frequent citation of the police as source of information indicates that the report itself was based solely on a police report. There is nothing wrong with using police reports as sources. It is wrong, however, not to ask for the side of the suspect. According to the Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ) Code of Ethics, it is important to “diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing” as part of seeking truth and reporting it. Even if the crime is considered petty for many people, it is still necessary to give the suspect his side of the story.

    The news report can be found at https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1080583/mrt-3-passenger-arrested-for-bomb-joke.

  9. MEDIA MONITOR 1 – Bonus
    Campus News Live Tweets
    Source: Tinig ng Plaridel (https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090890801956118529)

    The official student publication of UP CMC, Tinig ng Plaridel, has followed the Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ) Code of Ethics 2014 and no violations were committed in their coverage of Maskom protest last January 31, 2019, through their live news tweets. The said protest was organized by the students as a call to defend press freedom, provide all students access to free tuition, and to urge the Board of Regents (BOR) to choose a rightful, pro-student college dean of CMC.

    Despite being bound by Twitter’s 280-word-limit, Tinig ng Plaridel have properly provided the context and quotations which were useful for busy students who weren’t able to attend the protest but at the same time wanted to be updated of the event. The speakers who were the source of most of the information were properly identified. Moreover, most of the tweets were accompanied by pictures which further help people to visualize the event. The Tinig ng Plaridel was commendable for working independently and having served the public, specifically Maskom students through the proper coverage of the mob.

  10. 1ST MEDIA MONITOR- REGULAR

    Chinese woman charged for throwing ‘taho’ at MRT cop

    In terms of SPJ Code of Ethics, the news on woman throwing taho at the MRT policemas is ethical in terms of accurate reporting, as the details in the news report are similar to other news. Inquirer has also followed the ethical rule of gathering, updating and correcting information throughout the life of a news story, as they consistently updated what happens with the case filed against the Chinese woman.
    However, in the series of news of Inquirer about it, there is no mention on the side of the Chinese woman about the incident. In the SPJ Code of Ethics, journalists should “diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing” and “balance a suspect’s right to a fair trial with the public’s right to know.” The lack of the story on the side of the Chinese woman may cause worse interpretations on her action, which the public has already condemned.

    News report can be found here: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1084076/chinese-woman-charged-for-throwing-taho-at-mrt-cop

  11. Jabo Ramos, Anakbayan Maskom speaking during College of Mass Communication (CMC) students protest at the CMC Veranda to resist commercialization of UP, Martial Law, tyranny and dictatorship.

    Original tweet: https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090903828017397760

    I was able to attend the UP CMC mobilization for a pro-student faculty, as well as manage some of the live tweets. With regards to the integrity of the reports in perspective of the SPJ code of ethics, here are my findings:

    Seeking the Truth and Report it – Live tweets about the event, if done properly, are never hinged or biased. If purposes are clear, sources are cited, speakers are unfiltered, and news is being delivered for what it is and is not hinged on preconceived bias, then the news is truthful and is in line with the Code of Ethics. I was present for a while in the rally and saw the live tweets to be more or less accurate.

    Holding Authority Accountable – Tinig Ng Plaridel is instrumental in this scenario towards voicing the opinions of the people towards the corruption in the CMC Faculty. Being able to challenge authority for the better is a key goal in the SPJ code.

    Minimizing Harm – Putting out the faces of the rally leaders MAY be a violation of the SPJ code of ethics, as whether or not the student leaders consented to their faces, identities, and participation in the rally remains to be seen. We probably need more information as to how the people from Anakbayan, Stand-UP, and other student groups may or may not have consented to this in the Tinig ng Plaridel account. Otherwise, it may have been a violation.

  12. MEDIA MONITOR 1 – Bonus
    Campus News Live Tweets
    Source: Tinig ng Plaridel

    Original tweet: https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090903828017397760

    Jabo Ramos, Anakbayan Maskom speaking during College of Mass Communication (CMC) students protest at the CMC Veranda to resist commercialization of UP, Martial Law, tyranny and dictatorship.

    I was able to attend the UP CMC mobilization for a pro-student faculty, as well as manage some of the live tweets. With regards to the integrity of the reports in perspective of the SPJ code of ethics, here are my findings:

    Seeking the Truth and Report it – Live tweets about the event, if done properly, are never hinged or biased. If purposes are clear, sources are cited, speakers are unfiltered, and news is being delivered for what it is and is not hinged on preconceived bias, then the news is truthful and is in line with the Code of Ethics. I was present for a while in the rally and saw the live tweets to be more or less accurate.

    Holding Authority Accountable – Tinig Ng Plaridel is instrumental in this scenario towards voicing the opinions of the people towards the corruption in the CMC Faculty. Being able to challenge authority for the better is a key goal in the SPJ code.

    Minimizing Harm – Putting out the faces of the rally leaders MAY be a violation of the SPJ code of ethics, as whether or not the student leaders consented to their faces, identities, and participation in the rally remains to be seen. We probably need more information as to how the people from Anakbayan, Stand-UP, and other student groups may or may not have consented to this in the Tinig ng Plaridel account. Otherwise, it may have been a violation.

  13. CAMPUS LIVE TWEETS

    News Coverage of Tinig ng Plaridel (@tinigngplaridel) on January 31
    Link: https://twitter.com/tinigngplaridel/status/1090890801956118529

    The Twitter thread of Tinig Plaridel on the CMC protest did not violate any provision from the SPJ Code of Ethics and ethical journalism was observed.

    Seek Truth and Report It

    Primary sources were utilized through sharing verbatim excerpts of the speeches of the leaders present. Photos of the leaders were also provided as proof of an ongoing protest. However, the harm of live tweeting is the lack of time to review the accuracy of information in order to keep up with the event. Context was also provided. The Twitter thread was not an objective reportage of an event. Rather, it was properly framed to allow the audiences to have an informed opinion on the issue at hand. The thread was able to give voice to the sentiments of many Maskom students, specifically on CMC deanship.

    Minimize Harm
    The photos of the leaders were attached in the thread. Whether or not their consents were asked, the mass protest is not a private event. Furthermore, the need to report the reality outweighs the need to safeguard the privacy of the leaders.
    Act Independently
    Conflicts between the student body and the CMC administration were disclosed in the Twitter thread.

  14. Tricycle driver shot dead in Parañaque City
    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1084731/tricycle-driver-shot-dead-in-paranaque-city

    MANILA, Philippines — A tricycle driver was shot dead by an unidentified suspect in Parañaque City on Monday morning, the police reported Tuesday.

    At the end of the news article, the witness who was present during the shooting incident was named. In the article, it was written “The incident was witnessed by a certain Jerry Manibal”. It was not made clear whether or not the witness had identified himself or the reporter just made the decision to drop the name of the witness. This could be problematic if the latter is true since the witness could be subject to harm, if the suspects could identify him. If this is truly the case, this action is contrary to the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics provision to Minimize harm.

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