Ethics 6th Media Monitor. Undas (All Saints Day, All Souls Day) media monitor. Deadline Nov. 6 before midnight

    Ethics 6th Media Monitor. Undas (All Saints Day, All Souls Day) media monitor. Deadline Nov. 6 before midnight


In the run-up to the Undas observance (All Saints Day, All Souls Day), please be aware of media content and monitor the following (choose one only)


Regular Media Monitor: Advertorial :

      Any media content (soft news, or news feature, or “lifestyle” feature articles, or any television segment, episode, or show that promotes a particular brand or brand name or a particular product with the brand name prominently displayed or mentioned in the feature, such as a hotel, a resort, a consumer product, a device, an event, a movie, etc. ) disguised as a news feature or lifestyle feature without any graphics or mention that it is sponsored content. The time frame is from today, Oct. 25 up to Nov. 6…

      Or…


BONUS Media Monitor (for double the points) : The supernatural and the occult presented as news feature events or as facts:

     Any media content which illustrates a violation or a good practice (a balanced treatment) or an ethical dilemma (you’re on the fence about it but feel that there are ethical issues) of the following provision (news, news feature, lifestyle feature): (The time frame is from today, Oct. 25, 2019 up to Nov. 6, 2019: (does not include fiction/ dramas/ teleseryes/ etc.)

           Art. 13 SUPERSTITION AND THE OCCULT: “Sec.1 Programs featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural powers, foretelling of the future, astrology, phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mind-reading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects shall be careful not to induce belief in them. Care shall be taken to prevent the exploitation of people who may be easily swayed by such superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices.
“Sec.2.Programs or program materials that promote or encourage occult practices, black magic, witchcraft, and similar activities are prohibited.” (KBP Broadcast Code) )
Deadline is before midnight, at 11:59pm of Nov. 6, 2019.

     A solemn Undas observance, everyone!

28 comments

  1. BONUS Media Monitor

    On October 27, 2019, 6:30 p.m., Rated K featured the story of a comedian named Wacky Kiray, in his unfortunate and horrific experience as he traveled along the Ligaya/Sungay drive.

    Wacky Kiray revealed that he has a third eye. Sungay drive, according to him, was filled with shrieks of horror and pain coming from supernatural beings, which caused the car that he was in to lose its break. The comedian thought that he would lose his life that day, if not for his really skilled driver. Upon going to a car repair shop, as Wacky narrated, the mechanic said that nothing was wrong with the car and the loss of break was just because of the supernatural beings. Furthermore, the program highlighted that numerous car accidents have also happened in this area.

    The feature of the story was problematic for me. Accidents along Sungay drive were ascribed to just the supernatural beings, without considering other aspects. Was the car checked before the trip? What was the condition of the road? The audience of the show is just presented by one belief – accidents happen on this road because of ghosts.

  2. 6th Media Monitor, Regular Media Monitor 6: Advertorial

    On October 25, 2019, 6:30 am, Umagang Kay Ganda featured a lot of products (mostly are preparation for the Christmas season). One of them is the 3D Gelatin from House of Desserts where the brand/products were mentioned and shown in the show twice and discussed the taste, price, and the procedure of making a 3D Gelatin. Moreover, a milk tea from UrbaniTea was displayed on top of the dining table while the hosts are discussing and eating the newly cooked lechon manok sa kawali ni Analiza in their “Umagang Kay Sarap” segment. Even though that the hosts didn’t mention the milk tea, the brand name was prominently seen because of the placement of the product (it was placed at the right side of the table and it is the only drink displayed at the table).

  3. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On January 14, 2019, Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho (KMJS) broadcasted a mini-feature of a mysterious ghost ship that appeared every night in the oceans of Siquijor. It briefly documented the narratives of locals (especially the fishermen) that believe in such apparitions that they call “tayog-tayog.” The ghost ship is said to appear from 12 midnight to 2 am. Locals would claim that they would see silhouettes of people inside the ship, and later believed them to be supernatural beings or “engakonto” as passengers. KMJS even hired a paranormal investigator, Ed Caluag, to approach the ship. Towards the end of the episode, the show was able to balance the “superstitious” sources by interviewing a UP Diliman professor and a representative from PAGASA to get their insight on the “tayog-tayog.” In the end, KMJS noted that it is unclear whether these apparitions are real or not, but the locals of Siquijor still continue to believe that there is a ghost ship that visits their waters every night.

    This episode was a good practice of showcasing the supernatural because it acted as a “he said, she said” narrative. They were able to provide sources from both sides, and left it to the viewers to discern whether or not they believe in the mysterious ghost ship of Siquijor.

  4. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On October 27, 2019, at around 6:45 PM., Rated K featured a supposed demonic possession and exorcism of three (3) teenage girls in Malbog, Marinduque. The program started with an interview of a paranormal expert conducted by the program’s host, Korina Sanchez-Roxas.

    The program progressed with the interview of the two (2) allegedly possessed girls, Anna and Grace. According to the accounts of both girls, they were on their way to church when they noticed “a big, tall, black man” near the trees. Anna then felt a tingling sensation on her back and felt bad so she let the two girls go to the church first. On her way, she heard screaming coming from the church, soon after she was allegedly possessed together with the two (2) girls. The program also showed the video recording of the supposed demonic possession that happened last September 15.

    The feature was problematic for me because of several reasons. First is the way the story was told. The event of the possession was taken as truth. The story heavily focused on how the girls were possessed and the witnesses also have a heavy leaning towards their religion. Not to mention that the program purposively nitpicked the video to show evidence of the possession e.g. repetition (thrice) of the video clip wherein the girls uttered Latin words/prayers. There is also a lack of reminding the audience of the possibility of mental illnesses and/or trauma and family history, especially because of the event that the mother of one of the “possessed” girls is from a line of spiritual healers (more commonly known as albularyos).

    Programs such as this one should be careful in showcasing incidences as to not incite unnecessary fear nor encourage the youth to mindlessly believe in such events, even though the program’s special is on Halloween and ghost stories and sightings.

  5. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On October 27, 2019, Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho’s Gabi ng Lagim featured a story from a netizen which alludes to the fact that the Old Diplomat Hotel in Baguio is haunted. They showed a clip from the netizen wherein supposedly there was a weird whisper on the Instagram story and an apparition on the netizen’s friend’s photograph also posted on Instagram.

    This was a series of videos submitted by netizens presented on this segment. Other supposedly haunted sightings at different locations in the country were featured.

    Programs featuring entries from the public should also investigate the photographs and videos being submitted whether they are authentic or not. There should also be a disclaimer at the start of the segment and at the end of the segment that these are submissions from the public.

  6. 6th BONUS Social Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On October 27, 2019, at about 7:00 PM, Rated K had a news feature entitled, ‘Kaba sa Haunted House’. The segment talked about supernatural happenings that repeatedly occurred at a house in Bunawan, Davao City, from 1975 to present. A series of interviews were given by local figures who were either residents and neighbors of the house, each of which was accompanied by dramatizations. These interviews were soon followed by an intensive paranormal investigation by investigators in the same area, which were evaluated by an engineer, a CCTV technician, and a photographer. The segment then ends with one key interviewer being sent to the hospital after getting a fever, stating that he’d angered the spirits after spending 17 years not talking about the phenomena he’d experienced.

    The segment presented some ethical dilemmas for me. Firstly, though there were exercises to have a balanced treatment, the framing still leaned towards encouraging superstitious practices. While there were experts evaluating the captured footage, they weren’t that firm in their rebuttals and even alluded that spiritual factors may still have been in play. Next, the additional footage of an interviewee being sent to the hospital could contribute to the pervasive myth that talking about spirits would disrupt their peace. It’s very possible that the medical complication was brought out by stress or by other medical factors (especially because the interviewee was already of old age), but the framing of the segment suggested that there had been direct causation. Finally, the narrating conclusion suggested that we should pray for the spirits so as not to disturb them, blatantly encouraging people to exercise spiritual practices as opposed to finding rational explanations for the phenomena.

    The segment warrants a closer look because, despite some attempts at balancing views, it still encourages supernatural beliefs as a whole. Although it was part of a segment block specifically produced for Undas, the team should still have exercised due caution.

  7. The October 27, 2019 episode of Rated K proved once again that it is good in featuring scary stories for Halloween and Undas. As an infotainment family show, however, it fails to stick to its main goal which is to inform on facts and science-based happenings.

    A segment from its Halloween special, entitled as “Kutob ni Idol”, featured a story from Raymond Bagatsing, an Australian-raised Filipino actor. The segment showed his and his lola’s experience with paranormal activities. The stories include his randomly waking up one past midnight where a shadow was said to have appeared beside his lola’s bed. Interview clips even enforced this “real-life” experience of his with the so-called “lalaking anino.”

    The feature also showcased his Lola’s use of supernatural abilities from elemental creatures living in a “nuno sa punso.” This was seen from a reenactment where his Lolo got jinxed by a dwarf. Furthermore, he claims to have been tricked by a tiyanak into circling around a lamppost fo 15 minutes.

    Raymond Bagatsing’s portion in “Kutob ni Idol” ended without a perspective from scientific or objective evidence. And considering that he is a well-known personality, the story’s credibility even rests on his ethos as an actor. With all these, the story does not only become more believable but also completely biased to the belief of the supernatural and paranormal. Through the shown interviews and reenacted experiences, Rated K weighted on the fear and supernatural phenomenon which may alter the audience’s belief regarding events like these.

    It cannot be denied that this horror episode is also meant to spark entertainment but too much reliance on evidence that is not science-based may cause people to adhere and believe in such concepts.

  8. 6th BONUS Social Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    The October 27, 2019 episode of Rated K proved once again that it is good in featuring scary stories for Halloween and Undas. As an infotainment family show, however, it fails to stick to its main goal which is to inform on facts and science-based happenings.

    A segment from its Halloween special, entitled as “Kutob ni Idol”, featured a story from Raymond Bagatsing, an Australian-raised Filipino actor. The segment showed his and his lola’s experience with paranormal activities. The stories include his randomly waking up one past midnight where a shadow was said to have appeared beside his lola’s bed. Interview clips even enforced this “real-life” experience of his with the so-called “lalaking anino.”

    The feature also showcased his Lola’s use of supernatural abilities from elemental creatures living in a “nuno sa punso.” This was seen from a reenactment where his Lolo got jinxed by a dwarf. Furthermore, he claims to have been tricked by a tiyanak into circling around a lamppost fo 15 minutes.

    Raymond Bagatsing’s portion in “Kutob ni Idol” ended without a perspective from scientific or objective evidence. And considering that he is a well-known personality, the story’s credibility even rests on his ethos as an actor. With all these, the story does not only become more believable but also completely biased to the belief of the supernatural and paranormal. Through the shown interviews and reenacted experiences, Rated K weighted on the fear and supernatural phenomenon which may alter the audience’s belief regarding events like these.

    It cannot be denied that this horror episode is also meant to spark entertainment but too much reliance on evidence that is not science-based may cause people to adhere and believe in such concepts.

  9. 6th BONUS Social Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    For this year’s halloween news feature of ABS-CBN’s Rated K, the program presented different local celebrities and icons recounting their personal spooky experiences – one from Maricel Soriano, reputable film and television actress. Soriano had been working on set on her upcoming horror movie “The Heiress,” her role in the film being a “mambabarang” or a sorcerer. She was frightened upon discovering its dark roots, what she said she experienced on set together with the director, Frasco Mortiz. Their legs suddenly aching in pain, the microphone not picking up audio, technical difficulties arising once it is dark outside.

    While it may already be known to the public of what seems to be the primary end of the feature which is to recount experiences and present it in a way that amuses and engrosses the audience, a distinct bias toward the unknown and the paranormal can be observed upon the absence of the other side of the story – perhaps a scientific and systematic explanation on the onset of events, and not mere observations. The news feature roots on how this story could sell – its entertainment value and appeal, the adherence of the audience toward paranormal phenomenon – over truth and veracity which should become of prime, utmost significance to anything related to news.

  10. 6th BONUS Social Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On October 27, 2019, GMA’s Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho (KMJS) featured a story about a video that was taken by a 4-year-old boy of himself and a person/an “entity” whom people believe is his grandmother’s (Lola Olympia) ghost.

    Most of the parts of this feature were focused on the paranormal aspect and mysteries that revolve around Lola Olympia. They included information about how Lola Olympia’s relatives are, to this day, being haunted by her ghost, how some of her relatives believe that her ghost served as a “sundo” to her eldest who passed away just recently, and how her family believes that the reason for her death was witchcraft/”kulam”. Towards the end of this feature, however, there was an attempt on the part of the KMJS team to present this story in a manner that’s quite balanced. Instead of relying heavily on the accounts of the family of the deceased and looking at this through a single lens, they actually invited people from different fields to explain, interpret, and examine these occurrences. For instance, the show interviewed a sociologist and a multimedia analyst and cinematographer to explain and analyze the “sundo” belief and the video in question, respectively.

  11. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On October 9, 2019, at 6:56 AM, the GMA morning show Unang Hirit’s news segment Unang Balita featured a story about 13 high school students in Bulan, Sorsogon that were allegedly possessed, resulting in the suspension of their school’s classes. The school held a mass afterwards. According to a priest, the first student who was possessed was known to have family problems.

    Things I found to be problematic the reporting of this story include the attribution of supernatural possession to family problems, thereby futher stigmatizing possible mental health issues. Also, no cautionary measures or caveats to prevent inducing belief in supernatural possession was present in the story other than the word “umano” and the aforementioned attribution to poor relations with the subjects family.

  12. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On October 30, 2019, I Juander featured a story of a homicide suspect who surrendered to the authority because he was allegedly haunted by the ghost of his victim.

    According to the narration of the witnesses and neighbors, the old lady was killed by a male neighbor named Jonjon who also stole from her. The testimony of the suspect’s wife and the result of the DNA sample of the suspect’s hair from the victim’s hands were instrumental in identifying Jonjon as the suspect. However, the police officer who handled the case informed the program that Jonjon relayed how he was haunted by the old lady in his dreams so he chose to surrender.

    To try to have a balance presentation of the case, I Juander got insights from paranormal and neuro-linguistic programming experts. They also highlighted how and when parapsychology aids crime investigations. Parapsychology is a field used by the FBI and CIA but not by the NBI because, according to an agent, the institution is grounded on logical and rational reasoning on evidence acquisition. The NBI agent also explained that the FBI utilizes parapsychology as a last resort especially when dealing with cold cases.

  13. 6th BONUS Media Monitor

    On October 30, 2019, I Juander featured a story of a homicide suspect who surrendered to the authority because he was allegedly haunted by the ghost of his victim.

    According to the narration of the witnesses and neighbors, the old lady was killed by a male neighbor named Jonjon who also stole from her. The testimony of the suspect’s wife and the result of the DNA sample of the suspect’s hair from the victim’s hands were instrumental in identifying Jonjon as the suspect. However, the police officer who handled the case informed the program that Jonjon relayed how he was haunted by the old lady in his dreams so he chose to surrender.

    To try to have a balanced presentation of the case, I Juander got insights from paranormal and neuro-linguistic programming experts. They also highlighted how and when parapsychology aids crime investigations. Parapsychology is a field used by the FBI and CIA but not by the NBI because, according to an agent, the institution is grounded on logical and rational reasoning on evidence acquisition. The NBI agent also explained that the FBI utilizes parapsychology as a last resort especially when dealing with cold cases.

  14. 6th BONUS Media Monitor

    On October 25, 2019, Biyahe ni Drew on GMA News TV aired a Halloween special, featuring mysterious and eerie stories from Philippine provinces.

    The first part of the show was entitles “Ang Bundok ni Maria Makiling”, which talked about a spooky supernatural occurence in Laguna. The episode took place in the Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve in Los Baños, Laguna and was filmed as a hiking trip up the mountain. It revolved mainly around the myth of the mountain maiden, Mariang Makiling, who would lure humans using her beautiful effeminate figure and make them her prey.

    This episode is problematic because it induces belief in the occult by presenting the supernatural stories as facts. The episode began with them presenting scientific information about Mt. Makiling (land area, biodiversity, trekking time, etc.) and then proceeded to talk about the legend of Mariang Makiling without proper disclaimer or transition. They even had testimonials from locals and tour guides, showing their name and even adding “Professional Expert” to their title to establish credibility. These testimonials contained stories of how the maiden would tug at people’s feet and induce goosebumps and also warnings to not disturb the maiden.

Furthermore, they did not consider other angles to the natural phenomenon that took place. The tour guide pointed at a bunch of branches swaying and said that it was one of Mariang Makiling’s disciples, watching over the people and guarding the territory, judging if they were worthy enough to pass through. This swaying was very likely caused by the wind.

    The episode was also posted on Youtube on Oct. 30, 2019 under the verified GMA Public Affairs account. It currently has 162,623 views, with 1k likes, 55 dislikes, and 55 comments.

  15. On November 3, 2019, ABS-CBN’s Rated K featured a story of Harold Cabrera who used a “holy paper” as a means to heal those who seek a cure for their ailments.

    The way the “holy paper” will fold determines the kind of sickness the patient has: if it folds slightly, it is a natural sickness and if it folds too much, the patient is under the spell of a mangkukulam or mambabarang. After the paper folds, he dips it into the water he prayed over and makes the patient eat the “holy paper”. He had healed Shirley – a victim of a mangkukulam, Nanay Paz whose brain is swelled, and Tatay Joel – a thyroid cancer patient. Afterwards, a doctor’s opinion was provided for a balanced treatment. Dr. Gonzales says letting the patients eat the “holy paper” may not harm the patients but can still affect their wellness. She further elaborated that it would be better to have doctors diagnose the patients.

    This is still quite problematic given that the doctor did not firmly reject the notion of Harold being able to heal his patients using the paper. She says letting the patients eat it can possibly lead to diarrhea. Towards the end of the segment, two people on the street were asked on their opinion regarding Harold’s healing. Although this was a way to interject the voice of the people, it wasn’t enough considering only two were interviewed. There was still no way of knowing whether Harold truly healed his patients or not.

  16. BONUS media monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On November 3, 2019, ABS-CBN’s Rated K featured a story of Harold Cabrera who used a “holy paper” as a means to heal those who seek a cure for their ailments.

    The way the “holy paper” will fold determines the kind of sickness the patient has: if it folds slightly, it is a natural sickness and if it folds too much, the patient is under the spell of a mangkukulam or mambabarang. After the paper folds, he dips it into the water he prayed over and makes the patient eat the “holy paper”. He had healed Shirley – a victim of a mangkukulam, Nanay Paz whose brain is swelled, and Tatay Joel – a thyroid cancer patient. Afterwards, a doctor’s opinion was provided for a balanced treatment. Dr. Gonzales says letting the patients eat the “holy paper” may not harm the patients but can still affect their wellness. She further elaborated that it would be better to have doctors diagnose the patients.

    This is still quite problematic given that the doctor did not firmly reject the notion of Harold being able to heal his patients using the paper. She says letting the patients eat it can possibly lead to diarrhea. Towards the end of the segment, two people on the street were asked on their opinion regarding Harold’s healing. Although this was a way to interject the voice of the people, it wasn’t enough considering only two were interviewed. There was still no way of knowing whether Harold truly healed his patients or not.

  17. 6th Media Monitor, Regular Media Monitor 6: Advertorial

    On November 1, 2019, PhilStar posted an article on their website under the Lifestyle tab about Laura Mercier, a brand of moisturizer. It is emphasized in the title of the article that the brand is The Duchess of Sussex Meghan Marckle’s favorite tinted moisturizer.

    It is further specified in the article that the brand has just recently released its reformulation, “updating the sunscreen technology expanded the range by five shades and made a higher SPF level of 30 possible, an upgrade from 20.” Also, the brand boasts its capability of moisturizing, described as “more moisturizing than before, with hydrating macadamia and kukui seed oils while doing away with parabens and pore-clogging silicones.”

    The article also does not show any hints that it is sponsored by the brand itself. This is a clear manifestation of an advertisement prominently disguised as a lifestyle article in one of the biggest news websites in the country.

    In the end of the article, the writer specified where the brand can be purchased.

  18. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On the November 3 episode of the annual Halloween infotainment program “Kababalaghan” presented by Noli de Castro, an abandoned house wherein the late grandmother of a Brgy. Captain kept on making her appearance was featured.

    In the feature, the Brgy. Captain, together with other witnesses in the barangay told the team that they have been seeing apparitions of an old woman in that particulat abandoned house. The Captain and the townsmen continue to resolve the issue through prayers and further enhancement of the abandoned house.

    For me, the news feature was a good practice as they did not impose to its viewers that the alleged apparition of a “ghost” is true. The feature relied on hear-says and stories of the witnesses. It can be seen in the feature that De Castro kept on asking the witnesses “Anong nakikita mo?” “Anong ginagawa niya?” to impose that what the witnesses’ senses might perceive may not be the absolute truth.

  19. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On November 3, ABS-CBN aired it’s Halloween special entitled “Kababalaghan 2019”. The program was hosted by “Kabayan” Noli de Castro.

    The segment “Sumbalik” (Segment Producer, Joven Nunag; Researcher, Gina Tobias) featured traditional healing practices in the province of Siquijor. “Pananambal” is a traditional healing practice that uses prayers, oration, medicinal plants, and others. “Bolo-bolo” on the other hand is a method where the healer blows into a glass filled with water and a single stone.

    The segment showed how a man from Cebu availed these healing methods, and also showed how “Mananambals” healed their fellow “Mananambal”, Mang Vicente, when he fell ill.

    With this, the segment then featured a clip from Magandang Gabi Bayan (2001) that showed how Mang Vicente invoked smoke from a rope and how he can make paper dolls dance on their own. Noli’s exact words were:

    “Pinakita niya sa amin noon kung paano niya palabasin ang usok sa dulo ng lubid gamit ang kanyang ‘magic’. Sa pamamagitan rin ng taglay niyang ‘salamangka’, nakapagpapasayaw siya ng mga manikang papel.”

    The segment then continued to explain how Mang Vicente fell ill. It was narrated how Mang Vicente healed a woman’s wounds from a “kulam”. Unfortunately, the “kulam” seemed to be reflected back to Mang Vicente as he contracted the “kulam” himself until he was covered in wounds. From a doctor’s consultation, it is said that Mang Vicente has an infected dermatitis. However, the other “Mananambals” were convinced that what happened to Mang Vicente was actually “Sumbalik”, or how a “kulam” that a healer counteracts may come back and inhabit the healer.

    By the time the segment aired, it has been revealed that Mang Vicente has already died.

    Noli’s parting words said that it is important to strengthen one’s faith in the Lord as no evil spirit or demon can defeat a person with a firm faith in the Lord.

    For me, this is problematic and unethical as it clearly violates Article 13 of the KBP Broadcast Code. This segment was not careful in inducing beliefs in these supernatural beings and healing practices. It did not state any clear warnings or disclaimers regarding these practices. And as mentioned, it was clearly said that Mang Vicente can invoke smoke out of a rope and make paper dolls dance using his ‘magic’. The lack of hedging expressions implies that this magic is real.

    Though a doctor’s diagnosis was mentioned, the segment did not follow up on that and left it hanging. A doctor’s professional opinion was not featured, only featuring the opinions of the “Mananambals”. And because it is said that these healing practices are traditional, it may help that a historian may be consulted if such “Mananambals” have indeed existed even from before. The segment did not do any of that.

    It is also dangerous as without proper warnings, it may result that the audience who have seen this segment will be encouraged to go to these healers and not seek professional medical help.

  20. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On November 3, 2019, ABS-CBN aired “Kababalaghan”, a Halloween Special hosted by Kabayan Noli De Castro.

    In the segment titled “Bahay ni Lola”, Noli, in his somber voice, told the audience about a house in Cavite that is now the talk of the town because it was said that the ghost or apparition of the old owner, who died some years ago, can still be seen roaming inside the house. The host interviewed the family of the deceased who shared that they have seen the apparition and even invited paranormal ‘experts’ to check the property.

    The Halloween segment violates the provisions of Article 13 of the KBP Broadcast Code as the show featured ‘paranormal experts’ with no disclaimers that said ‘experts’ are not be viewed by the audience as entirely legitimate. As much as it is a dramatized narration of a supposed occurrence, the show nor the host, showed no indication that the anecdotes of the people interviewed are not to be taken by the audience as entirely legitimate as well and are only ‘alleged’. With the lack of disclaimers, the audience can be made to believe that the anecdotes and opinions of ‘experts’, which has no scientific basis, are true or could be true.

  21. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On November 3, 2019, GMA’s “Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho” (KMJS) featured several accounts from Filipino citizens about alleged paranormal activities caught on camera. This includes ghosts supposedly opening doors or drawers, mysterious human-like entities found in pictures that aren’t supposed to be there, and others. This shows a violation of Art. 13 since it aims to convince the viewers that all of the footage and photos actually contain supernatural beings. It does not include a disclaimer whatsoever that the photos may have been fabricated. It also does not bother planting seeds of doubt in the viewers’ minds about the credibility of the testimonies—it presented the stories as factual and did not offer other, more scientific and objective interpretations (perhaps from video or photo experts) of what the photos and videos may have actually contained. The effects of this violation are evident in the comments of the feature posted on YouTube: some users commented things such as “Nagpapasalamat ako kay Jesus na never ako nakakita [ng] multo because I know [he’s] protecting me. Everybody say “Amen”” and “Sobrang bless natin na hindi tayo nakaranas nito :)”, indicating their belief in the feature.

  22. 6TH BONUS Social Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On November 3, 2019, Kabayan Noli De Castro’s special program, Kababalaghan, featured “mananambals” or faith healers in Siquijor. The segment introduced three mananambals, Junel Tumaroy, Vicente Tumala, and Pascual “Mang Uwok” Ugok.

    Tumaroy explained that pananambal is a healing ritual that composed of oration, prayer and medicinal herbs. He demonstrated the process through healing his client. In a large pot, he melted active charcoal and mixed it with 30 medicinal herbs and cemetery candles. The concoction is then given to the infected person to drink.

    Vicente Tumala, another mananambal, fell into sickness. He had a lot of rash which spread throughout his body. Tumaroy shared that what happened to Tumala was called sumbalik. It is the transfer of illness or curse from a client to the mananambal. The video explained that a woman sought healing from Tumala. After that, the mananambal felt sick due to pangkukulam.
    The program made a reenactment where he went to a doctor and was diagnosed with infected dermatitis. However, his family opted to turn to fellow mananambal Tumaroy for help.

    A series of rituals were performed on Tumala. He was frequently given concoctions, however, he would only cry from pain. The production team called Pascual “Mang Uwol” Ugok for an explanation. He said that Tumala was cursed by the engkanto Isa who was the most powerful elemental in Siquijor. At the end of the segment, Kabayan Noli informed the audience that upon editing the video, they received news that Vicente Tumala had passed away. Their takeaway to the people was to strengthen their faith in God so that no illnesses or curses would affect them.

    My dilemma with this program was that the team did not get the side of a professional medical expert to further examine VIcente Tumala’s condition. In order to keep the horror and mystical theme of the show, they interviewed Mang Uwol instead. The whole sumbalik phenomenon was framed in such a way that it warned people of supernatural repercussions due to their lack of faith in God. While religious ideology is essential to people, I think we should also exercise our right to health. Tumala deserved to be given proper medicinal care because some of the ingredients that were included in ritual may have had negative health effects.

  23. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On November 5, 2019, ABS-CBN News posted an episode of “Kababalaghan” on Youtube. The episode’s title was Misteryo sa Kampobello.

    The episode featured an old house somewhere in Rizal wherein caretakers and the family of caretakers allegedly had seen or felt the presence of supernatural beings. One caretaker shared that on one occasion wherein he sought shelter inside the house he referred to as haunted, he said that he heard someone sweeping the cemented floor outside the house using a walis tingting. The caretaker shared that he was sure that no one else was there during that night except for him. He later on claimed that it was a white lady that he heard sweeping outside in the middle of the night. Another woman shared that while passing by the haunted house on her way home, she said that she always hears someone calling her (naninitsit). Similar to what the caretaker said, the woman was convinced that it was a white lady or another paranormal being that calls her every time she passes by the house.

    I think that the episode is problematic as it presents stories from people who heavily believe on superstitions hence, making them jump into conclusions that unexplained occurrences are caused by paranormal beings. Another part that makes the episode problematic is that it did not take into consideration other external factors that may have caused the “paranormal experiences” experienced by the caretaker and the passerby.

    As of posting time, the Youtube video has 37,564 views with 559 likes, 28 dislikes, and 252 comments.

  24. 6th Media Monitor, Regular Media Monitor 6: Advertorial

    On April 16, 2019, Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho featured how Filipinos are not into drinking tea, but have become diehard consumers of milk tea and turned it a trendy product. The segment is called “Milk Tea is Life!”. To name a few, one part of the segment featured a milk tea store in Nueva Ecija that serves milk tea in a tower or in a gallon, making this establishment stand out from the rest. Many customers go to this shop because of the affordable deal. Another business that was featured is the SelfTea Lab. This milk tea store gives customers the edge of having their selfies printed on their milk tea orders. The third store highlighted is OPM, which stands for Original Pinoy Milktea. What makes this business unique is the milktea flavors are reflective of Filipino products such as tablea, muscovado, leche flan, buko macapuno and ube. Other unique milk tea establishments around the Philippines were also featured.

    The KMJS segment is considered soft news because the producers would not emphasize the names of the establishments and would only mention them at the end. There was bare emphasis, as seen in how they filmed and featured their footage. They focused more on the uniqueness of the offerings in each milk tea shop. They concluded the segment by saying that milk tea is the highly preferred refreshment during the summer season.

    As of November 6, 2019, the Youtube video has over 2,029,421 views, 14,000+ likes, and 1,525 comments.

  25. 6th Media Monitor, Regular Media Monitor 6: Advertorial

    On November 5, 2019, Unang Hirit featured SM City by the bay. The hosts described the place as a sky-citing amusement part which people could go to during the Undas break. They mostly focused on showing the rides specifically the ferris-wheel and its new feature which is the transparent flooring. They even included kids appearing to be excited in riding the ferris wheel. Although they were not directly selling the ferris wheel, they kept on showing images of the ride and some of the shots they took were captured inside the ferris wheel. The headline itself of the article says sky-citing which obviously pertains to the ferris wheel of SM City by the bay.

  26. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On November 3, 2019, magazine show Kapuso mo Jessica Soho (KMJS) featured a story about an alleged ghost child caught on camera. The people who took the video are video recording their singing and upon review of the video, they saw that an apparition of a child made its appearance on a particular moment in the recording. KMJS’ team had the video reviewed by video experts and they posited that there is no editing made in the video and the said apparition of a ghost that was seen is naturally captured. Also, during an interview with one of the key persons of the feature story, the team was able to record some mysterious noises. The team also interviewed the previous occupant of the house in which the video recording is made and they said that they too encountered some supernatural moments during the time they are renting the place and they actually identify the alleged ghost that was caught on video as they too have encountered the same entity. In the duration of the story, the team invited a paranormal expert to roam around the house. The said paranormal expert felt some weird presence within the household. In one of the team’s footages, they yet again were able to record mysterious noises as they are roaming around the house. The said footage is reviewed by video experts and they said that the voices were not edited.

    In this particular feature story, the topic is something that is extraordinary and supernatural, but it can be seen that the content creators attempted to put grounded perspectives within it by including the point of views from experts. What seems to be supernatural and unbelievable was made easy to believe because experts “verified” the contents captured in the videos and footage.

  27. 6th REGULAR Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6: Advertorial

    On November 5, 2019, Interaksyon.com posted an article about the release of San Miguel’s 2020 planner. The said planner is set to rival those offered by coffee shops like Starbucks and Coffee Bean and Tea Leaf. The article proceeded with the highlights of the contents of the planner and postulated that it is much easier to acquire by just simple subscription to the company’s Facebook page and the tagging of friends compared to that of big coffee shops wherein one must spend expensively on drinks and beverages in order to collect some form of points or stickers to be able to redeem one planner. The article also included some online posts from netizens who expressed some positive outlook regarding the planner. It was never mentioned in the article that it was a sponsored content.

  28. 6th BONUS Media Monitor, Social Media Monitor 6

    On October 31, 2019 GMA Public Affairs posted an episode of Tunay na Buhay on Youtube entitled Isa umanong haunted park sa Bulacan, binisita ni Ed Caluag. In this episode, Ed Caluag visits a park that was said to be a place where Katipuneros used to rest and where many of them were killed by the Spaniards. Although nearby residents gave testimonials and Ed reinforced those testimonials by claiming that he sees and feels many different elementals surrounding the park, they never show concrete proof of the elementals that they claim to hear, see and feel. Ed uses a device that seems to measure the temperature of the area but never shows a close up of the device nor introduces the type of device he is using in the video. There were no indications that the temperature changed the way Ed described how it suddenly felt colder. He also did not mention the purpose of the devices he is using. The episode was merely a narrative without evidence or logical explanations. There was also a photo that shows a supposed ghost photo bomber in the CR that did not show its face. It could have easily turned out to be a digitally manipulated photo. Ed only describes everything he senses but shows no indication on the device he uses and provides no back up and reinforcing evidence of the supposed elementals.

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