Law on Mass Media 3rd Exercise “Philosophic Basis for the Guarantee of the Right to a Free Press” (see syllabus) or the underlying principle why the people need a free & functioning news media

Law on Mass Media 3rd Exercise “Philosophic Basis for the Guarantee of the Right to a Free Press” (see syllabus) or the underlying principle why the people need a free and functioning news media             1.Regular Exercise 10 pts: as stated and described in class                          2.OPTIONAL Bonus Exercise for an additional 10 pts: as stated and described in class

    (If submitting both the regular and bonus, class members are advised to separate the two posts for ease of checking and recording and label each as “Regular” or “Bonus”).

      Deadline: Wednesday Feb. 19, 2020 at 5pm.                 Happy Valentines !

18 comments

  1. Third exercise: “Philosophic Basis for the Guarantee of the Right to a Free Press or the underlying principle why the people need a free and functioning news media”

    Link: https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/10/24/19/up-visayas-chancellor-cheer-participants-were-exercising-freedom-of-speech

    This article is a cover on the UP Visayas Chancellor statement on its cheer participants’ controversial performance in which they metaphorically depict and critic the government. This went viral and caused slur back in October last year. In their 18 minute dance they target social issues such as the West Philippine Sea, SOGIE Bill and etc.

    This is the Chancellor’s retort to all that have gone against the cheer team’s performance: “Because we have armed our students with critical minds to speak, we trust them to fight their battles especially in social media wherever they are located in the social and political spectrum.”

  2. BONUS

    The UP College of Mass Communication Student Council released a statement that condemns Solicitor General Jose Calida’s quo warranto petition urging the Supreme Court to nullify ABS-CBN’s franchise.

    In the statement of UP CMCSC it stated “this is a testament that the de facto Martial Law is indeed in place in our country. We’ve seen that attempts to suppress the freedom of the press are the works of a dictator, as it was during the Marcos era. In its crackdowns, the very state does not recognize its people’s constitutional right to a free press.”

    It is alarming for me, as a student, a citizen, and a probinsyana. We have the right to a free press. It is in the press where I get news internationally and locally. As someone from the province and away from home, it is in the news where I can get updates especially in a natural disaster. During Ondoy, we were watching the news to see if one of our relatives are in the affected areas.

    Link: https://www.facebook.com/updcmcsc/photos/a.604842649590440/3632854390122569/?type=3&theater

  3. BONUS: post statement citing the cowarrant to petition franchise of ABS-CBN & importance of the free press

    Link: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/10/world/asia/philippines-abs-cbn-franchise.html

    The article of The New York Times addressing those issue mentions previous incident with Rappler which to was an attack on press freedom. They “address” Duterte of Putinism – where Duterte steals tactics from the latter in attempt to control the freedom of press. But this begs the question for the world’s existing dictators – for who? “safety” of the people or benefit of the government?

    Link 2: https://qz.com/1801361/wuhan-virus-citizen-journalists-fang-bin-chen-qiushi-go-missing/

    In contrast to that said article, I want to refer to the health epidemic regarding China and how the freedom of press serves a role in public safety. In example to this and previous news, there have been attempts of Chinese locals of publicizing their findings; particularly a doctor of Wuhan. However in these attempts (recorded in Dec 2019, before the announcement of the virus) they were brought down and 2 citizens (journalist and attorney have disappeared. They are believed to be “quarantined” by the government as of now. This is alarming not just to their own locals but to the rest of our global citizens. Where it has been kept silent or rather controlled to the governments’ liking and goes against prevention – in terms of public awareness and so forth.

  4. Exercise 3 (REGULAR):
    “LIST: Class suspensions due to Taal Volcano eruption” is a short article published by Inquirer to announce areas with class suspensions during the eruption of Taal Volcano. In this article, threats to health are also included to inform people the health risks that ash fall may cause. In a brief article post by Inquirer, people can quickly read and be informed about the basic information on the eruption which would greatly affect their life. Aside from this news report, GMA published an article entitled “Geologist shares animated video explainers on volcanic hazards” which links Project NOAH’s executive director Dr. Mahar Lagmay in the post. Dr. Lagmay explained volcanic eruptions in his animations and the article explained the health risks. Instead of PHIVOLCS explaining information like this to the public, news networks and an organization director did what was supposedly PHIVOLCS job. I relied more on the two articles because I did not see a timely and informative post on PHIVOLCS.

    Links:
    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1211934/list-class-suspensions-due-to-taal-volcano-eruption
    https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/scitech/science/723189/geologist-shares-animated-video-explainers-on-volcanic-hazards/story/

  5. Bonus 3:
    National Union of Journalists of the Philippines (NUJP) released a statement on Facebook calling other Filipinos to action, and the Supreme Court to allow ABS-CBN to renew their franchise. A threat to the media is a threat to the people. The move to shut down the media giant is an act of censorship which would primarily benefit the oppressors. It is only proper that we, the people, should be concerned because this freedom is our right.

    Link:

  6. BONUS

    The Consortium on Democracy and Disinformation (D&D) released a statement regarding Solicitor General Jose Calida’s Supreme Court petition against ABS-CBN, describing it as “a parasite that feeds on a weak justice system”. The statement has considered it as an attack on the free press, citing an instance of harassment towards an ABS-CBN reporter as well as other gestures of impunity Calida has exhibited.

    https://www.mindanews.com/statements/2020/02/consortium-on-democracy-and-disinformation-on-quo-warranto-vs-abs-cbn-a-parasite-that-feeds-on-weak-justice-system/

  7. BONUS

    Marie Ann Los Banos, a TV5 news reporter, released a statement on behalf of senate reporters on the ABS-CBN franchise issue saying that “These attempts are an insult to the intelligence of the Filipino people who are constantly bombarded with disinformation that the mainstream media has been trying to fight”. This statement points out how fake news is everywhere and it puts down the capability of Filipinos to know or believe what news is real or not. With the ABS-CBN franchise issue, it will only lessen the reliable source of news in the country, a media that delivers the truth.

  8. 3RD EXERCISE

    “‘Imeldific’: Philippines anger over P50-million SEA Games cauldron”

    This news was released last November 2019 when the SEA games was fast approaching and the cauldron was mentioned that it costs P500-million. Many were mad because the money would have been better “spent on helping the nation’s children and poor”. It was even mentioned that this was “Imeldific” which Inquirer referred to as a “term born of the worst excesses of the reign of dictator Ferdinand Marcos and his wife Imelda” when they stole billions of money from the country. The architect of the cauldron, Bobby Manosa, is also linked to Imelda Marcos as he was the one who builty her “Coconut Palace”.

    SEA games organizing committee chief Alan Cayetano said that the cauldron was for the athletes, which symbolizes the hope and fighting spirit, which is why he believes it was only necessary to spend that much money on it.

    https://sports.inquirer.net/374340/imeldific-philippines-anger-over-p50-million-sea-games-cauldron

  9. REGULAR

    An instance wherein a news media outlet helped me make an informed decision was whether I should use a surgical mask amid the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) threat. After reading several articles such as the ones cited below, I was informed that there is no need to wear a mask unless I am sick, and that there are better ways of protecting myself from the virus. Had I not been informed by the media, I would have gotten myself a mask because I would think that wearing a mask would be helpful against the virus.

    The people need a free and functioning news media for them to make decisions vital to their living. The media also aims to educate and guide people in certain issues. Just like the example above, the media also has the responsibility of protecting the public by ensuring that citizens stay informed during health crises.

    https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/02/04/1990315/who-no-benefit-general-public-wear-mask-amid-ncov-scare
    https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/nation/724242/who-consultant-on-ncov-healthy-people-do-not-have-to-wear-masks/story/

  10. Regular:

    The time that I heavily relied on turning into Mainstream news was the quagmire in the water interruption of Maynilad. I needed to know the places affected by the scheduled service interruption, and the time slots of service resumptions. With that in mind, I was able to prepare and save extra water during the inconvenience.

    Bonus:

    Via Twitter, Atom Araullo, a former news anchor from ABSCBN, now part of the GMA News Team, has shared his sentiments towards his colleagues in the plight for the freedom of the press. The science behind it is palpable: people need to see media practitioners unite as one regardless of the duopolistic competition of the mainstream media. Here is the link of his sentiment: https://twitter.com/atomaraullo/status/1227501870492471298?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Etweet

  11. https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2019/09/05/1949255/fixers-still-rampant-says-anti-red-tape-body/amp/

    This news about fixers still being rampant today gives me the idea that even up to this very day, people are having a hard time finding jobs. Being a fixer is a notorious job, but it gets you a lot of dirty money. However with this being said, this makes me want to warn people close to me not to involve themselves with fixers because at least somehow, the government has a political will to make transactions faster. In its own little ways it’s nice to know that the government is still making known to the public about the fixers disrupting the clean process of getting documents. At the end of the day, it starts with you on how you’re not going to be part of the corruption. This news article gives a sense of transparency to the public and that is why freedom of speech not only for the public, but for the government is important too.

  12. Regular
    3RD EXERCISE

    https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2019/09/05/1949255/fixers-still-rampant-says-anti-red-tape-body/amp/

    This news about fixers still being rampant today gives me the idea that even up to this very day, people are having a hard time finding jobs. Being a fixer is a notorious job, but it gets you a lot of dirty money. However with this being said, this makes me want to warn people close to me not to involve themselves with fixers because at least somehow, the government has a political will to make transactions faster. In its own little ways it’s nice to know that the government is still making known to the public about the fixers disrupting the clean process of getting documents. At the end of the day, it starts with you on how you’re not going to be part of the corruption. This news article gives a sense of transparency to the public and that is why freedom of speech not only for the public, but for the government is important too.

  13. BONUS

    https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/duterte-shut-philippines-biggest-tv-station-200210054831529.html

    “In a statement, ABS-CBN said the petition before the court appeared “to be an effort to shut down ABS-CBN to the serious prejudice of millions of Filipinos who rely on the network for news, entertainment and public service.”
    If this shuts down, transparency will fail. Not to mention even the entertainment for Filipinos will die. It’s also those leisure moments that keep people moving or waking up everyday. What more if news about the world that would keep people cautious and aware everyday. It’s important to protect the rights of people in terms of freedom of speech. It has always guided people to the truth and maybe sometimes misguided, but the point in all of this is to keep people aware of what’s happening around.

  14. [REGULAR]

    “A situation where you had to rely on the media”

    In 2018, condiments giant NutriAsia laid off 50 workers for participating in a protest condemning the dismissal of five others who were members of a union.

    In response, the remaining workers went on strike in early June, enduring harassment from state forces since the first day, culminating in a violent dispersal in late July, the event of which was notable enough to garner coverage from not just alternative media but mainstream media as well.

    I first found out about the incident from posts, photos, and videos from fellow students on social media, some who were there on the day itself. Hence, it was disturbing to see mainstream media report the incident from NutriAsia’s side. There was no mention of the injustices that caused the strike in the first place, of police intimidation, of journalists and activists who were detained without reason afterwards.

    I rely on the media to keep myself informed of the affairs of the state, as do most people. And I am aware that the people ascribe a certain degree of credibility upon mainstream media that alternative media unfortunately has not yet attained. This incident opened my eyes to the fact that media is not monolithic in nature and not without bias, and that to see the bigger picture, I cannot merely rely on a single source.

    References:

    N.A. (July 31, 2018.) NutriAsia blames striking workers for violence. ABS CBN News. Retrieved from https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/07/31/18/nutriasia-blames-striking-workers-for-violence

    Olea, Ronalyn. (July 30, 2018.) 19 arrested, scores wounded as cops, guards disperse NutriAsia picketline. Bulatlat. Retrieved from https://www.bulatlat.com/2018/07/30/13-arrested-scores-wounded-cops-guards-disperse-nutriasia-picketline/

  15. [BONUS]

    Why is press freedom important?

    “Stifling press freedom paves the way for a looming dictatorship,” says the Union of Journalists Philippines – UP Diliman.

    During martial law, Ferdinand Marcos seized ownership of the media and with it, control of public opinion. A free press is how the government can be held accountable by its constituents.

    Statement at:

    https://www.facebook.com/ujpupdiliman/posts/2538727719570720?tn=K-R

  16. REGULAR EXERCISE

    This news report by the Philippine Daily Inquirer was helpful to me after the Taal Volcano eruption when everyone was panicking and looking for face masks. PDI reporter Jhesset Enano provided clarity regarding the necessity of using face masks, and environmental scientist Gerry Bagtasa explained that the air pollution following the eruption did not worsen air quality in the Metro – hence the use of masks should not be an immediate concern. This demonstrates the importance of a free press as this allows reporters to get to the truth of every situation and disseminate the information for everybody’s knowledge.

    No need to wear face masks in Metro Manila, says scientist, Report by Jhesset Enano
    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1212690/no-need-to-wear-face-masks-in-metro-manila-says-scientist#ixzz6EIHPxer6

  17. BONUS EXERCISE

    “ABS-CBN is a cornerstone of democracy […] for its critical and independent reportage.”

    This was the statement by the Foreign Correspondents Association of the Philippines (FOCAP) released last February 10 denouncing the Philippine government’s moves to shut down ABS-CBN. In their Facebook post, FOCAP declared the quo warranto petition filed by Solicitor General Jose Calida as a move that threatened “a pillar of the media industry that employs thousands of Filipinos.”

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