UPDATED Law on Mass Media & Communication 4th Exercise and Bonus Exercise

Law on Mass Media and Communication 4th Exercise and Bonus Exercise 

    The 4th Regular Exercise is on Justice Malcolm’s enunciated principles in U.S. vs. Bustos on the underlying principle of the guarantee of a free press and freedom of expression (“Turning to the pages of history, we state nothing new when we set down that freedom of speech as cherished in democratic countries was unknown in the Philippine Islands before 1900. A prime cause for revolt was consequently ready made. xxx

     “The interest of society and the maintenance of good government demand a full discussion of public affairs. Completely liberty to comment on the conduct of public men is a scalpel in the case of free speech. The sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom. Men in public life may suffer under a hostile and an unjust accusation; the wound can be assuaged with the balm of a clear conscience. A public officer must not be too thin-skinned with reference to comment upon his official acts. Only thus can the intelligence and the dignity of the individual be exalted.”):

      Illustrate through a news event contained or discussed in a news report or news feature or opinion-editorial this principle ( What Justice Malcolm described as: “The sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom …”). 

(time frame: September 2019-February 2020)

   

         The Bonus Exercise covers Item E, Chapter VI of the syllabus: If a gag order is imposed against all persons “connected with ABS-CBN” or representing ABS-CBN, or all persons or parties speaking or posting “on behalf” of ABS-CBN (“on behalf” means in favor of) , or those who are issuing statements on the issues involved in the shutting down of ABS-CBN :  Who then could be covered by a blanket gag order?

           Deadline for all exercises are Wednesdays 5pm: (Feb. 26, 2020 Wednesday at 5pm).

      Please separate the regular post from the bonus post for ease of checking and recording. Tnx.)

         Advance Happy Anniversary of the People’s Uprising, everyone!

24 thoughts on “UPDATED Law on Mass Media & Communication 4th Exercise and Bonus Exercise

  1. Fourth Exercise: Illustrate through a news event contained or discussed in a news report or news feature or opinion-editorial this principle ( What Justice Malcolm described as: “The sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom …”).

    Link: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/20/business/china-hong-kong-social-media-soft-power.html
    Link 2: https://www.wsj.com/articles/prepared-to-die-hong-kong-protesters-embrace-hard-core-tactics-challenge-beijing-11565038264

    China’s Soft-Power Failure: Condemning Hong Kong’s Protests – “its propaganda outlets make Chinese leaders look like bullies.” / “the best propaganda is not propaganda,” because during the Information Age, “credibility is the scarcest resource.” This is such an interesting article on China’s tactics (or rather President Xi’s) and how their SAR Hong Kong has completely defied its intentions of control because of the power and how they used their freedom of speech.

    While in link 2 displays Hong Kong’s response and resilience to oppressive Beijing. In contrast to China, HK has much more freedom in expressing their sentiments on certain issues. While in China, given it’s history of Tienanmen Square Massacre – instilling fear for people to express themselves.

  2. Bonus Exercise: If a gag order is imposed against all persons “connected with ABS-CBN” or representing ABS-CBN, who are speaking on or posting about or writing about the issues involved in the shutting down of ABS-CBN, who could be covered by a blanket gag order?

    Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kfeNjWSoLBE
    Title: Mga artista makakasuhan na sa pagtalakay ng quo warrant vs. ABS CBN

    I found a video targeting the issue on local prominent stars like Vice Ganda, Regine Velasquez, Angel Locsin and so on because of their posts on social media platform (mainly Instagram) chaning their ig icon and posting several photos with hundred thousands of likes – actually the comments are SO interesting (also quite amusing). There are various comments on pro-con view of this issue. Some netizens say “ignorance of the law is no excuse” and some even expand on these capitalistic “influencers” (in English translation) instead of focusing on the ground of why ABS CBN is being put on fire for in the first place.

  3. BONUS:

    Solicitor General Jose Calida asked the Supreme Court to issue a gag order to stop ABS-CBN and it’s representatives from discussing the quo warranto case which he filed against the network. A gag order restricts the parties from making public statements that discuss the merits of the case. If so, a gag order would be tricky for ABS CBN because its journalists have to report on the issue.

    Kapamilya stars such as: Angel Locsin, Bea Alonzo, Coco Martin, and Joshua Garcia expressed their support for the network despite the quo warranto and gag order filed. They expressed their support for ABS CBN through social media posts receiving thounsands of likes and views.

    LINK:
    https://www.rappler.com/nation/252095-calida-motion-gag-order-supreme-court-abs-cbn-quo-warranto-case
    https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/2/18/ABS-CBN-gag-order.html

  4. Bonus Exercise

    If a gag order is imposed against those people who are speaking, posting or writing on the issue of the shutting down of ABS-CBN, one of the people affected by this are the media journalists under the company.

    One of the media journalists, Karen Davila, who is also known as a radio broadcaster, newsreader and television presenter under ABS-CBN, has been very vocal about the franchise renewal issue especially on twitter.

    From the link above, it shows the tweet of Karen Davila regarding the statement of ABS-CBN of how they did not violate the law. She even mentioned how ABS-CBN was shut down in September 22, 1972 which was a day after the declaration of Martial Law and how we would want history to repeat itself.

    From the link above, it shows another tweet of Karen Davila which says “Now a GAG ORDER? Asking a media company not to say anything on media…to the media? Mabuhay ang malayang pamamahayag” and attached a photo of a ribbon with the colors of ABS-CBN and below is written #IntheServiceOfTheFilipinoPeople. Her tweet goes to show how media, whose role is to deliver news to the mass, is not being given the freedom to speak up about it, which contradicts the main work of media.

  5. REGULAR

    On February 11, 2020, Solicitor General Jose Calida filed a quo warranto case to halt the renewal of the ABS-CBN franchise. ABS-CBN is one of the frontrunners in distributing information and news to the Filipino people. Shutting the company down has a direct attack to our press freedom.

    The National Union of Journalists of the Philippines (NUJP) started a petition to the House of Representatives. They started a 1 million signature petition campaign in support to the renewal of ABS-CBN franchise.

    LINK:
    https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/11/20/quo-warranto-petition-vs-abs-cbn-a-parasitic-assault-on-press-freedom-consortium
    https://www.change.org/p/abs-cbn-one-million-for-abs-cbn-s-franchise

  6. Regular Exercise

    “SolGen Presses Alter Media”
    Solicitor General Jose Calida filed a quo warranto petition against ABS-CBN, citing alleged abuses in its license to operate last Monday, February 11, 2020. Calido is known to be the country’s top lawyer, who filed an unlawful act to ABS-CBN and in return, won’t be given the chance to renew their franchise.

    “‘Show of love for democracy’: Groups hold Red Friday protest to support ABS-CBN”
    ABS-CBN employees and supporters held a rally 3 days after the news on Calida filing a quo warranto petition. In celebration of Valentines Day, they wore red and protested on the streets in Esguerra St. in Quezon City

    https://tribune.net.ph/index.php/2020/02/11/solgen-presses-abs-cbn-down/
    https://www.rappler.com/move-ph/251876-media-civic-groups-unite-press-freedom-protest-abs-cbn

  7. BONUS

    Calida’s gag order against ABS-CBN seeks to cover broadcast reporters such as Christian Esguerra, whose video was cited by Calida as proof of his accusations that the company is “engaging in propaganda”, as well as reporters Jeff Canoy and Chiara Zambrano who have shared the video as a form of online protest.

    Additionally, since the gag order is overbroad, Supreme Court Public Information Office Chief Brian Keith Hosaka mentioned that if the gag order is approved, it will also cover Calida and the Office of the Solicitor General.

    References
    https://www.interaksyon.com/politics-issues/2020/02/19/162592/abs-cbns-media-personalities-unbent-by-calidas-new-gag-order/
    https://www.cnn.ph/news/2020/2/18/ABS-CBN-celebrities-gag-order.html

  8. REGULAR

    The principles enunciated by Justice Malcolm in U.S. vs. Bustos may be exemplified through Salvador Panelo’s threat to file libel cases against Rappler and Inquirer.Net for their articles on his letter to the Board of Pardons and Parole on the executive clemency application of convicted rapist and murderer Antonio Sanchez.

    The principles “The sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom. Men in public life may suffer under a hostile and an unjust accusation; the wound can be assuaged with the balm of a clear conscience” in this case, refers to the press holding Panelo accountable for using his power in endorsing Sanchez’s clemency bid.

    Further, Panelo’s libel suit illustrates the principle “A public officer must not be too thin-skinned with reference to comment upon his official acts” as he considers it an act to discredit him and tarnish his honor. Likewise, NUJP described Panelo as thin-skinned, comparing him to Filipino government officials who are “incapable of thinking beyond their imagined hurt and fail to see that the reports are not all about them” (Rappler.com, 2019).

    Reference
    Rappler.com. (2019, September 4). NUJP: Panelo’s threat shows libel laws are weapons, not remedies. Retrieved from https://www.rappler.com/nation/239288-nujp-statement-panelo-libel-threat-inquirer

  9. REGULAR EXERCISE NO.4
    LAW ON MAS MEDIA
    (Malcolm’s enunciated principles in U.S. vs. Bustos on the underlying principle of the guarantee of a free press and freedom of expression.)

    ‘European journalists highlight Malta’s press freedom alerts in report’ by Joanna Demarco February 10, 2020
    Link: https://theshiftnews.com/2020/02/10/european-journalists-highlight-maltas-press-freedom-alerts-in-report/

    The European Federation of Journalists focuses and highlights their attention to press freedom issues in Malta in meeting with the European Commission this is because of the recent alarming Issues of intimidations with five unresolved cases discussed in Council of Europe which was discussed in European Commission Vice President Vera Jourova on February 7, 2020.

    In the European Countries, Malta is one of the two members of the Nation reported to have a higher rate of impunity including the journalist’s assassination one of the recent case was the killing of one of the local journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia in October 2017.  The five active alerts refer also to the libel suits and warrants by former Economy Minister Chris Cardona against Caruana Galizia in February 2017, the December 2019 incident where journalists were locked inside the Office of the Prime Minister following a press conference, the cyber attack against The Shift in January 2019, and the intimidation by law firm Carter Ruck on Manuel Delia, John Sweeney and Carlo Bonini in October 2019.

    ‘Duterte Harry’ renews attacks on critical media’
    By Norman P. Aquino Special Reports Editor
    February 19,2020

    Link: https://www.bworldonline.com/duterte-harry-renews-attacks-on-critical-media/

    From the very beginning of the presidency of President Duterte reported as early on the first month (July 2016) a lot of media company receive threats and one of them is the large media company ABS-CBN, this started when the issue of the as campaign for the 2016 election arises. In connection with that, not only the said large media company undergone assaults and threats but other media company like Rappler and Vera Files News. Other instances or examples of intimidations were initiated by the President Duterte’s Facebook supporters known bloggers with huge followings and who have fiercely defended him and his policies targeting the local journalist.

    Mr. Duterte had slammed media outlets such as the Philippine Daily Inquirer, ABS-CBN and Rappler for criticizing his government, particularly his war on drugs that has killed thousands of suspected pushers.

    The fight for press freedom goes beyond the Philippines as one of Southeast Asia’s few remaining corners of relatively free and open press as the world comes to terms with a new breed of populist leaders who wallow in positive coverage and dismiss their critics as “fake news.”

    REFERENCES:
    Demarco, J. (2020, Feb. 10). European journalists highlight Malta’s press freedom alerts in report’. The Shift News.
    Retrieved from: https://theshiftnews.com/2020/02/10/european-journalists-highlight-maltas-press-freedom-alerts-in-report/

    Aquino, N.( 2020, Feb. 19).Duterte Harry’ renews attacks on critical media. Business World Online.
    Retrieved from: https://www.bworldonline.com/duterte-harry-renews-attacks-on-critical-media/

  10. BONUS EXERCISE NO. 4
    LAW ON MAS MEDIA
    Chapter VI of the syllabus: If a gag order is imposed against all persons “connected with ABS-CBN” or representing ABS-CBN, who are speaking on or posting about or writing about the issues involved in the shutting down of ABS-CBN,  who could be covered by a blanket gag order?

    The allegations of the abusive practices of the media company, the ABS-CBN led to franchise renewal shut down which are stated in the quo warranto petition of Solicitor General Jose Calida aside from that he used this case to file a gag order that prohibits the parties and involved people on their behalf from releasing any statements that further discuss the merit of the said petition for the quo warranto filed this month. Upon analyzing this concept of restrictions of process in releasing statements of opinions about the issue, people within the side of the media company will be much affected including the journalists, talents, on and off cam employees and artists. The freedom of speech will be violated in this manner. People from the field of media show their interest and support in the issue including the prominent artist and celebrities in and outside of the network.

    We must be vigilant’: Artists warn against move to shut ABS-CBN | February 11, 2020
    Link: https://news.abs-cbn.com/entertainment/02/11/20/we-must-be-vigilant-artists-warn-against-move-to-shut-abs-cbn

    In this article different local film directors have released their opinions and statements expressing their emphaty and concern towards the issue of ABS-CBN shutdown over the several attempts of the executive board to take their rights to operate which leads to eradication of press freedom.

    “Like cinema, press freedom plays a vanguard role in society: not only is it meant to communicate and disseminate information, but it also plays the crucial role of being a mirror to its audience, and making us face and question our social and cultural ills.” a statement published by the  Guild of the Philippines. They added that  “As filmmakers, let us advocate for democracy and denounce any attempt to silence media and cultural entities that are critical of power. 
    “We must be vigilant and critical. We must uphold press freedom. We must hold the line.” (Link of statement: https://m.facebook.com/DireksGuild/photos/a.10153362835675374/10163019398085374/?type=3)
    Another group of people Other artist groups such as the Organisasyon ng mga Pilipinong Mang-Aawit have also criticized the attempt to shut down ABS-CBN as a “significant blow to our community of artists.” 
    The organization wrote: “The repercussions will indeed be felt far beyond our sector.” (Link of statement: https://m.facebook.com/PinoySingers/photos/a.453173381469858/2712001882253652/?type=3)
    These groups show their support for the talents and staffs of the media company (which are estimated around 11,000 workers) in imposing and fighting for the press freedom.

  11. REGULAR EXERCISE NO. 4:

    Greta Thunberg: TIME’s Person of the Year
    TIME’s article on Greta Thunberg, a 17 year old girl and an environmental activist described who she is and presented a timeline of her contributions to the world. Because of her being able to talk freely, she, together with other people, are holding movements to raise awareness of our current environmental state. She also criticizes the politicians who allow this to happen, and the big corporations that destroy our world.

    Link: https://time.com/person-of-the-year-2019-greta-thunberg/

  12. BONUS EXERCISE NO. 4:

    Baron Geisler calls for a reconsideration of renewing ABS-CBN’s franchise
    Kapamilya star Baron Geisler was posted in a Facebook group Defend Jobs Philippines explaining how 10,000 workers would lose their jobs when ABS-CBN is shut down. This post came out last July 30 (and the video on 31), 2019, a few months before the issue became more alarming. Geisler emphasized how this conflict, which he also calls to set aside, would affect not only the workers but also their families. He, then, challenges the government to help them and the workers, and asks for the support of the viewers afterwards.

    Links:

  13. EXERCISE NO. 4
    LAW ON MASS MEDIA

    News Event: “Rights groups, lawmakers condemn Calida’s motion to gag ABS-CBN” (Feb. 18, 2020)
    https://www.rappler.com/nation/252119-groups-lawmakers-statements-calida-motion-gag-order-abs-cbn-case

    In U.S. vs. Bustos, Justice Malcolm’s description “The sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom …” can be seen through when SolGen Calida wants to issue a gag order for ABS-CBN after criticism sparked from civil rights groups and lawmakers like Alter Midya. They say that “gagging the public from any form of discussion on this landmark case is, in essence, gagging our fundamental freedoms. The implementation of such a gag order can lead to its use as a detestable precedent in similar cases involving our fundamental right to free expression.” This serves as a threat not only to the media but to the public as well as they dare to speak about the issue which is clearly unconstitutional because it violates freedom of speech.

  14. BONUS:

    Links:https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/24/20/abs-cbn-gag-order-violates-press-freedom-deprives-public-vital-source-of-information
    https://www.rappler.com/entertainment/news/252212-celebrities-will-not-be-silenced-abs-cbn-franchise-issue

    A gag order would restrict the parties from making public statements that discuss the merits of the case. Lawyers representing parties also face the threat of disbarment if they violate the gag order. With that, a gag order against ABS-CBN will not only violate press freedom, it will also deprive Filipinos of a vital source of information. Furthermore, stated in ABS-CBN network’s Comment Ad Cautelam, “the sub judice rule should not be applied to impair, through prior restraint, the fundamental freedoms of speech and of the press that serve as bedrocks of a democratic society”. As a result, celebrities condemns this act through their social media accounts such as Gretchen Ho who tweeted “NO to intimidation, NO to political blackmail,YES to freedom of the press, YES to freedom of speech, YES to upholding truth ”

  15. Regular

    What Justice Malcolm described as: “The sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom …” can also illustrated when NUJP urges Filipinos to uphold press freedom amidst President Rodrigo Duterte’s attacks hurled against broadcast giant ABS-CBN. Aside from Duterte’s threats to ABS-CBN, he has also warned other media outlets, including the Philippine Daily Inquirer, for their alleged biased reporting about him. In 2018, Rappler reporter Pia Ranada was banned from entering Malacañang Palace as well as from covering other presidential events after almost two years of constant coverage.

    News article: https://www.rappler.com/move-ph/248271-nujp-uphold-press-freedom-duterte-attacks-abs-cbn

  16. Bonus

    If a gag order is imposed against all persons “connected with ABS-CBN” or representing ABS-CBN, who are speaking on or posting about or writing about the issues involved in the shutting down of ABS-CBN, who could be covered by a blanket gag order?

    Kapuso stars rally behind Kapamilya network amid franchise renewal woes

    Kapuso Primetime King Dingdong Dantes acknowledged that GMA-7 and ABS-CBN are competitors, he pointed out that they are all part of one industry. Likewise, the eldest son of Mr. Pure Energy Gary Valenciano, Paolo, likewise spoke of his support to ABS-CBN in a short yet powerful tweet: “I’m Kapuso but I support @ABSCBN,” said the younger Valenciano, formerly a creative director of GMA-7’s variety show “Studio 7”.

    News article: https://entertainment.inquirer.net/364083/kapuso-stars-rally-behind-kapamilya-network-amid-franchise-renewal-woeskapuso-talents-rally-behind-kapamilya-network-following-abs-cbn-shutdown-threat

  17. REGULAR EXERCISE

    Link: Maria Ressa urges journalists: Join battle vs attempts to stifle press freedom – https://www.rappler.com/nation/228531-maria-ressa-message-world-press-freedom-index-2019

    Justice Malcolm’s description of the underlying principle of press freedom in in U.S. vs. Bustos, particularly “the sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom …,” can be observed in how Rappler CEO Maria Ressa urged journalists to protect press freedom amidst current political tension. She cited how Rappler has become the target of online harassment campaigns for its critical reporting on some of the Duterte administration’s policies, and how journalists must nevertheless fight back by maintaining its ‘sharp’ role as watchdogs of society.

    Similar to how Justice Malcolm emphasized the important role of journalists in delivering the truth about public officials, Ressa also spoke about the importance of upholding rights to free speech.

    “The way we fight back as journalists is we shine the light. We call attention, we demand our rights,” Ressa said.

  18. [BONUS]

    “If a gag order is imposed against all persons “connected with ABS-CBN” or representing ABS-CBN, who are speaking on or posting about or writing about the issues involved in the shutting down of ABS-CBN,  who could be covered by a blanket gag order?”

    The motion itself reads that ABS-CBN and all “representatives” speaking on behalf of ABS-CBN are to be barred from discussing the quo warranto case. Taken literally, this may include the management, reporters, broadcasters, celebrities, film crew, etc.

    Additionally, a statement by Presdential Spokesperson Salvador Panelo implied that even the general public may be covered. Supreme Court Public Information Chief Brian Keith Hosaka further adds that the gag order covers the Office of the Solicitor General as well.

    Source:
    Lopez, Melissa Luz. (February 18, 2020.) SolGen asks for gag order on plea to cancel ABS-CBN’s franchise. CNN Philippines. Retrieved from https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/2/18/ABS-CBN-gag-order.html

    CNN Philippines Staff. (February 18, 2020.) Even celebrities will be covered by ABS-CBN gag order. CNN Philippines. Retrieved from https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/2/18/ABS-CBN-celebrities-gag-order.html

  19. BONUS EXERCISE

    In his attempt to stifle all discussions about the current franchise renewal issue of ABS-CBN, Solicitor General Jose Calida asked the Supreme Court to issue a gag order to prevent ABS-CBN and all those affiliated with the compaby from discussing the quo warranto case which he filed against the network.

    A gag order essentially restricts the parties associated in case from making public statements that discuss the merits of the case. This is more commonly done in criminal cases where the judge would want to control publicity and protect the right to a fair trial by prohibiting those involved and their lawyers from saying anything publicly about the case.

    If the blanket gag order pushes through, one ABS-CBN representative that falls under this would be JEFF CANOY, a Filipino journalist and radio and TV news reporter, anchor, and host for ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs.

  20. REGULAR EXERCISE #4

    Trump Attacks The Times, in a Week of Unease for the American Press.

    US president Donald Trump praised the idea of libel lawsuit against ‘Saturday Night Live’ for satarizing him and The Washington Post.
    His other scathing remarks such as lambasting The New York Times calling its reporting “false”.

    Later on, he would continue expressing his sentiment against the media in a series of tweets, saying: “The Press has never been more dishonest than it is today. Stories are written that have absolutely no basis in fact. The writers don’t even call asking for verification. They are totally out of control.”

    The first amendment clearly states that Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

    Sources

    https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/first_amendment

    BONUS #4
    SolGen Calida issues a gag order to ABS-CBN that forbids any individual to speak on behalf of the network as well people working for the network. However, the Calida’s intent may violate freedom of speech from 1987 constitution stating: “No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the Government for redress of grievances. No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.”

    Sources
    https://www.rappler.com/nation/252589-abs-cbn-comment-supreme-court-calida-gag-order-request
    https://www.kapitbisig.com/philippines/the-1987-constitution-of-the-republic-of-the-philippines-article-iii-bill-of-rights-the-1987-constitution-of-the-republic-of-the-philippines_686.html

  21. REGULAR

    In Justice Malcolm’s description of the underlying principle of press freedom in in U.S. vs. Bustos, “The sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom. Men in public life may suffer under a hostile and an unjust accusation; the wound can be assuaged with the balm of a clear conscience” can be seen in how Communications Secretary Andanar assures members of the media in the UN that there is press freedom in the Philippines as seen in how the media criticizes its own President Duterte.

    He states: ““The fact that such articles, reports, and accounts exist, indicates that there is a free press in the Philippines—no censorship, no persecution,” According to him there are at least 2,501 private media outlets compared to the 34 government media outlets in 2018.

    Andanar states: “This plurality of voices is vital in safeguarding our functioning democracy,”

    Furthermore, this article also shows the principle “A public officer must not be too thin-skinned with reference to comment upon his official acts” in how Duterte openly welcomes the criticism of media about him.

    https://news.mb.com.ph/2020/02/26/andanar-tells-foreign-media-press-freedom-vibrant-in-ph/

  22. [REGULAR]

    “Duterte’s 2018’s SALN still unreleased 8 months after deadline – PCIJ”

    The abscess in question in this article is the non-disclosure of President Duterte’s SALN from 2018. All government officials are required by law to disclose their total assets and liabilities as a measure against corruption. According to The Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (PCIJ), the Office of the Ombudsman is keeping Duterte’s SALN secret due to new guidelines that they have yet to release to the public. Still, this incident has reached the public through the media.

    This again illustrates how a free press renders the acts of the government accessible to the populace and thus accountable, as Justice Malcolm said.

    Source:

    Esguerra, Darryl John. (December 2019.) Duterte’s 2018’s SALN still unreleased 8 months after deadline – PCIJ. Inquirer.Net. Retrieved from https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1200742/dutertes-2018-saln-still-unreleased-8-months-after-deadline-pcij

  23. 4th Regular Exercise

    The trial for former French prime minister and presidential candidate Francois Fillon is set to begin in Paris. He is being charged for his wife a million euros from public funds for a fake job, which makes this an example of Justice Holmes’ concept of “the sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom…”

    Reference:
    Al Jazeera. (2020, February 24). Francois Fillon faces corruption charges over ‘Penelopegate’. Retrieved from https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/francois-fillon-faces-corruption-charges-penelopegate-200224064404073.html

  24. 4th Bonus Exercise

    According to Presidential Spokesperson Salvador Panelo, even celebrities would be barred from talking about the government’s bid to void ABS-CBN’s franchise if the Supreme Court issues a gag order. These would include Boy Abunda, Dingdong Dantes, Vice Ganda, Robin Padilla, Liza Soberano, Enrique Gil, Lea Salonga, Anne Curtis, Kris Bernal, Sharon Cuneta and Alex Gonzaga.

    Reference:
    CNN Philippines Staff. (2020, February 18). Panelo: Even celebrities will be covered by ABS-CBN gag order. Retrieved from https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/2/18/ABS-CBN-celebrities-gag-order.html

If the comment posted does not appear here, that's because COMMENTS WITH SEVERAL HYPERLINKS ARE DETAINED BY AKISMET AT THE SPAM FOLDER.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.