senate #scrappork hearing: Notes on how to prove signatures of Enrile, Jinggoy, Bong Revilla

senate #scrappork hearing: Notes on how to show genuineness of signatures of Enrile, Jinggoy, Bong Revilla

News peg: Ongoing  Senate committee hearing on the affidavit of pork barrel  co-respondent and TRC director Dennis Cunanan (part of the defenses of the pork barrel scam suspects Senators Enrile, Jinggoy Estrada, and Bong Revilla is: the endorsement of the fake NGOs by the senators and their orders to release the funds and implement the bogus projects as shown by their signatures on the pertinent documents — were supposedly forged.

blog admin’s notes: Signatures can be authenticated not just by the person who signed; they can also be authenticated by 1)any person  who saw said person sign the documents, 2)or who was present when the person signed the document, 3)or by any person who is familiar with the signature of the person (such as office staff or colleagues or those with whom the person has transacted in the past), or by a handwriting expert. The approval of transactions as evidenced by the signatures may also be  proved by the subsequent ratification of those transactions by the person whose signature appears in those documents — in this case, ratification means that the acts or pronouncements of the principal (the senator) subsequent to the transaction show that he had given his assent or approval of the transaction. In the case at hand, the subsequent ratification was made through phone conversations with the principals (the senators) and/ or their duly authorized agents/ representatives (chief of staff); and/or by other subsequent acts, such as: by joining the agents or representatives for a cup of coffee when the transactions were being made or finalized, etc.

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