6th Media Monitor of the first class here

The 6th media monitor of the first class can be posted here with the usual deadline this Wednesday 5pm Oct.  3.

   An additional bonus topic is being provided: an evaluation of a news report or news feature on any opinion survey or election survey or trust rating survey, using the standards discussed in class (with this,  there are now 14 bonus topics.  Same instructions apply).

   Happy reading!

19 thoughts on “6th Media Monitor of the first class here

  1. 6th Media Monitor
    Bonus Title: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items.

    In an article by Ben O. de Vera for Inquirer.net, he explained that food prices would remain high during the month of September.

    The article is a good article because it has the necessary facts and numbers (how even if the inflation for September slowed to 0.6 percent, food and beverages increased faster at the same month by 9.3%).

    Despite the statistics shown, it was still easy to read and understand by the public because it was straight-forward and the article used simple words to explain quotes by professionals.

    It also followed the SPJ Code of Ethics, specifically “Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.” because it provided context and information that the month before September, food and beverages prices were not as high giving a concrete comparison to the prices of the month of September.

    Source: https://business.inquirer.net/258061/dof-september-inflation-likely-hit-6-4-food-prices-remain-high

  2. Bonus : Supernatural or astrology

    SPOOKED! Chilling moment GHOST appears to walk through oncoming traffic on a busy road in the Philippines via The Sun https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/7005627/ghost-walk-through-traffic-philippines-video/

    When it comes to reporting supernatural occurences, writers must keep in mind that they should not force readers to believe in the existence of paranormal activity. This provision was applied here as the journalist did not necessarily conclude that the ghost was present. Instead, he merely narrated the sentiments of the locals who claimed they saw it but confirmed nothing. Thus, it followed the KBP Broadcast Code Art. 13 SUPERSTITION AND THE OCCULT: “Sec.1 Programs featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural powers, foretelling of the future, astrology, phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mind-reading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects shall be careful not to induce belief in them. Care shall be taken to prevent the exploitation of people who may be easily swayed by such superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices.”

  3. Bonus : Supernatural or astrology

    SPOOKED! Chilling moment GHOST appears to walk through oncoming traffic on a busy road in the Philippines via https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/7005627/ghost-walk-through-traffic-philippines-video/

    When it comes to reporting supernatural occurences, writers must keep in mind that they should not force readers to believe in the existence of paranormal activity. This provision was applied here as the journalist did not necessarily conclude that the ghost was present. Instead, he merely narrated the sentiments of the locals who claimed they saw it but confirmed nothing. Thus, it followed the KBP Broadcast Code Art. 13 SUPERSTITION AND THE OCCULT: “Sec.1 Programs featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural powers, foretelling of the future, astrology, phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mind-reading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects shall be careful not to induce belief in them. Care shall be taken to prevent the exploitation of people who may be easily swayed by such superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices.”

  4. Bonus : Supernatural or astrology

    When it comes to reporting supernatural occurences, writers must keep in mind that they should not force readers to believe in the existence of paranormal activity. This provision was applied here as the journalist did not necessarily conclude that the ghost was present. Instead, he merely narrated the sentiments of the locals who claimed they saw it but confirmed nothing. Thus, it followed the KBP Broadcast Code Art. 13 SUPERSTITION AND THE OCCULT: “Sec.1 Programs featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural powers, foretelling of the future, astrology, phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mind-reading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects shall be careful not to induce belief in them. Care shall be taken to prevent the exploitation of people who may be easily swayed by such superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices.”

    Source:
    https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/7005627/ghost-walk-through-traffic-philippines-video/

  5. Bonus : Supernatural or astrology

    SPOOKED! Chilling moment GHOST appears to walk through oncoming traffic on a busy road in the Philippines via The Sun https://www.thesun(.co.uk)/news/7005627/ghost-walk-through-traffic-philippines-video/

    When it comes to reporting supernatural occurences, writers must keep in mind that they should not force readers to believe in the existence of paranormal activity. This provision was applied here as the journalist did not necessarily conclude that the ghost was present. Instead, he merely narrated the sentiments of the locals who claimed they saw it but confirmed nothing. Thus, it followed the KBP Broadcast Code Art. 13 SUPERSTITION AND THE OCCULT: “Sec.1 Programs featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural powers, foretelling of the future, astrology, phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mind-reading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects shall be careful not to induce belief in them. Care shall be taken to prevent the exploitation of people who may be easily swayed by such superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices.”

  6. 6th Media Monitor
    Bonus : Supernatural or astrology

    When it comes to reporting supernatural occurences, writers must keep in mind that they should not force readers to believe in the existence of paranormal activity. This provision was applied here as the journalist did not necessarily conclude that the ghost was present. Instead, he merely narrated the sentiments of the locals who claimed they saw it but confirmed nothing. Thus, it followed the KBP Broadcast Code Art. 13 SUPERSTITION AND THE OCCULT: “Sec.1 Programs featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural powers, foretelling of the future, astrology, phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mind-reading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects shall be careful not to induce belief in them. Care shall be taken to prevent the exploitation of people who may be easily swayed by such superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices.”

    Source:

    http://www.thesun(.co.uk)/news/7005627/ghost-walk-through-traffic-philippines-video/

  7. 6th Media Monitor:
    Bonus Title: “DRUG WAR”
    News article: Palace dares critics to file cases vs. Duterte for EJKs in PH
    By CNN Philippines Staff
    Updated 06:44 AM PHT Tue, October 2, 2018

    SPJ CODE OF ETHICS: Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.

    This news article is an example of how to provide context that gives further information on the basis of the subject’s statement where in this case, Harry Roque’s statement. The article helps the audience understand where Roque’s statement is coming from, and helps us not to misinterpret information. The article introduces concisely the difference between the ICC (International Criminal Court) and the role of the Ombudsman in relation to filing a complaint about President Duterte’s statement. Earlier, Duterte yet again, blurted another controversial statement about EJK’s and the drug war.

    “Ano kasalanan ko? Nagnakaw ba ko diyan ni piso?… Ang kasalanan ko lang, yung mga(What’s my sin? Did I steal a peso?… My only sin is the) extrajudicial killing,”. Critics have stated that Duterte’s statement might be used against him in the ICC. However, Presidential Spokesperson Harry Roque explains in the article that Duterte has not admitted committing murder in the drug of war.

    Sources:
    http://cnnphilippines.com/news/2018/10/01/palace-dare-critics-file-extrajudicial-killing-cases-duterte.html
    http://blogs.spjnetwork.org/ethicscode/?p=10

  8. BONUS: Evaluation of an Election Survey

    The article talked about the upcoming senatorial elections on 2019. This showed the survey of Pulse Asia on whom the people would vote if the election is on that day. The question used in the survey is “If the 2019 elections were held today, who among the following personalities would you vote for, assuming they would run for senator?” And there were 66 names included.

    The news article was encompassing and it covered most of the factors to consider in reporting a survey. The margin of error and sample size were indicated, as well as, the date when the survey was done. However, the sample profile was not included and the sample design was not written. It is better to know if it was a probability or random sampling, so that, the reader will be able to know who the respondents are and if it can be generalized.

    Source: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1035189/grace-poe-leads-senate-poll-sara-duterte-imee-marcos-in-top-12

  9. 6th Media Monitor
    Bonus Title: Evaluation of an Opinion/Election Survey

    News Article Evaluated: https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/09/21/1853725/poe-remains-lead-women-dominated-2019-senatorial-poll-pulse-asia

    Upon reading the article, I noted key elements present in the piece that met the requirements when writing news stories about an Election survey. For example, the article provided an infographic stating when the survey took place, the actual questions used when the survey was released, and all the possible response options for each question. In addition, the reporter also stated in the article that the survey was done by Pulse Asia who collected data via face-to-face interviews.

    Despite the presence of these important elements, the article lacked key elements as well. For example, the reporter failed to disclose how many respondents were interviewed for the particular survey as well as how these respondents were selected. In addition, the reporter only described the results of the survey (ex. Poe is in the lead by 70%, next is Villar with 57%). He failed to provide context as to why the results were like this. Though the reporter quoted a political analyst to interpret the results, the analyst’s explanations were left unexpounded. The reporter also failed to show the margins of error for the survey to really put substance to the rankings of the names in the survey.

    Overall, I think the article was not well-written and could be improved upon in order for it to not mislead readers.

  10. 6th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Supernatural, Astrology

    A provision under the KBP Broadcast Code under Article 13 (Superstition and the Occult) states: “Programs featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural powers, foretelling of the future, astrology, phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mind-reading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects shall be careful not to induce belief in them.”

    The article linked below regarding Astrology, to some extent, was a good practice of how to cover supernatural/astrological cases. The article presented interviews and testimonial statements from astrology believers that could have transformed the article into bad practice, as it would go against article 13 of the KBP Code; however, at the end of the article, they also presented another side to the story. It also presented statements that stated that these stories were often made up and baseless. In this sense, it presented two sides to the story, not leaning towards a particular one.

    Also, the writer of the article’s voice was detached from the article. The writer did not put any leading words that could have swayed the reader to lean towards one side. The writer simply shared statements by people and accompanied it with objective sentences. All in all, it abided by the code well.

    Source:
    http://lifestyle.inquirer.net/299896/younger-generations-turn-to-fortune-telling-zodiac-signs-for-meaning-solace/

  11. 6th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Supernatural, Astrology

    A provision under the KBP Broadcast Code under Article 13 (Superstition and the Occult) states: “Programs featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices, such as supernatural powers, foretelling of the future, astrology, phrenology, palm-reading, numerology, mind-reading, hypnotism, faith healing or similar subjects shall be careful not to induce belief in them.”

    The article linked below regarding Astrology, to some extent, was a good practice of how to cover supernatural/astrological cases. The article presented interviews and testimonial statements from astrology believers that could have transformed the article into bad practice, as it would go against article 13 of the KBP Code; however, at the end of the article, they also presented another side to the story. It also presented statements that stated that these stories were often made up and baseless. In this sense, it presented two sides to the story, not leaning towards a particular one.

    Also, the writer of the article’s opinion was detached from the article. The writer did not put any leading words that could have swayed the reader to lean towards one side. The writer simply shared statements by people and accompanied it with objective sentences. All in all, it abided by the code well.

    Source:
    http://lifestyle.inquirer.net/299896/younger-generations-turn-to-fortune-telling-zodiac-signs-for-meaning-solace/

  12. 6th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Advocacy

    September 20 (4:00-5:30PM) – See the attendance sheet

    Advocacy – Strive to serve the public interest by acting responsibly for the sectors they represent and provide a voice in the marketplace of ideas, facts, and viewpoints to aid informed public debate

    Last Semptember 30, I was able to attend “the Marcos Effect” advocacy. The speaker Sir Ice Punzalan of UPRISE discussed about the First Quarter storm that happened during the Martial law and why it was important for the people especially those marginalised, to speak out. Punzalan explained that protests like this are for those who cannot bring themselves to fight for their rights. Protesters are opposing to such act because of the injustices that are seen and happening. Overall, the “Marcos Effect” has followed the ethical standards for Advocacy works.

  13. 6th Media Monitor
    Regular: “Trillanes warns of serious consequences if his amnesty is voided”
    Provision followed: – Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government.

    The article reports Trillanes’ main points in his argument against the pending revocation of his amnesty. He cites discrepancies in the manner in which his amnesty was voided and transgressions of the executive department into the judiciary. Trillanes gives light to the perceived unconstitutionality of the president’s proclamation.

    By reporting Trillanes’ side as the issue develops, the journalist succeeded in giving the readers a fair view of the other side of the matter. Following the developing story, the writer is able to serve as watchdog by presenting the arguments as they are and allowing the audience to mold their own opinions throughout the progression of the case. In this way, the journalist has served as a good watchdog by writing the story with no clear bias and fact-based writing.

    Source: Salaverria, Leila. “Trillanes warns of serious consequences if his amnesty is voided.”, The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Oct. 3, 2018. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1038506/trillanes-warns-of-serious-consequences-if-his-amnesty-is-voided

  14. 6th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Senate Siege

    The Philippines Star posted an article on September 13, 2018 entitled “Trillanes hints at attempt to leave Senate premises.” The article followed the issue of the attempt to warrantlessly arrest Senator Trillanes after President Duterte revoked his amnesty or Duterte’s Proclamation 572. The article was divided into two main parts: the first focused on showing the side of Senator Trillanes’ party, while the other presented the actions of the state prosecutors. 
    
    In the first part of the article, they were able to get Trillanes’ statement regarding what he would do if his arrest would push through. Trillanes stated that if this were to happen, it would mean that the statement of amnesty was never sincere in the first place and that if that happened, he would not resist. In the second part of the article, it focused on the state prosecutors and their move to file for an issuance of arrest for Trillanes. It presented the side of the state prosecutors in which they said that what Trillanes is doing is evading the law and disrupting their day-to-day operations. 
    
    Ultimately, I believe this can be considered as a balanced news feature. It was able to present both sides of the concerned parties and was not biased in doing so. Furthermore, it also observed the SPJ provision which is to “gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.” At the end of the article, they provided updates regarding the progress in the story of Trillanes’ arrest, so that readers are up to date with the current situation. 
    

    Source: (2018, September 14). Trillanes to stay at Senate until amnesty cases resolved. Retrieved October 2, 2018, from https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/09/14/1851502/trillanes-stay-senate-until-amnesty-cases-resolved

  15. 6th Media Monitor
    Bonus Title: Evaluation of a news report or news feature on a satisfaction rating survey.

    A news feature article apropos Duterte’s satisfaction rating was posted last July 13, 2018, by Rappler. It thoroughly examined the satisfaction rate by incorporating data from Pulse Asia’ Poll and Social Weather Stations (SWS) Poll. It established how Duterte received his highest satisfaction rating of 88% just before his infamous ‘God is stupid’ remark.

    They reported all relevant information pertaining to reporting a survey such as a source, sample size, date, context, and margin of error. More so, this article greatly portrayed how important it is to include the date of the surveys in their reports. As so, the SWS survey was conducted last June 15-21 and was released on the 22nd. The survey period ended just the day before Duterte’s remark. If it was conducted on the week of his remark, different satisfaction rates would have resulted.

    I also want to include how it would have been better if the full article of SWS and Pulse Asia (or their link) were provided as to be familiar with the whole context of the surveys—for instance, their respective sample designs and sample size. Further, using the two as sources interchangeably was confusing, at some parts I did not know which of the two sources were used.

    Source:https://www.rappler.com/nation/207184-duterte-approval-rating-pulse-asia-survey-june-2018

  16. 6the Media Monitor
    BONUS: Evaluation of a News Report on a Survey

    NEWS ARTICLE: Pulse Asia: Poe, Sara Duterte, Bato, Tulfo join ‘Magic 12’ in 2019 Senate race survey (http://cnnphilippines.com/news/2018/04/20/Senate-2019-survey-Grace-Poe-Sara-Duterte-Bato-dela-Rosa-survey.html)

    This news article on the ‘Magic 12’ Pre-election Survey for the senatorial elections has some good practices. First of all, the question asked to the respondents was explicitly stated at the beginning, “If the elections were held today, which personalities would you vote for as senators? You can vote for 12 personalities.” It also highlighted the fact that people were asked to pick from a list of 58 senatorial bets, which immediately shows that it may not be an entirely reliable survey because it already conditions the respondents to choose from a handpicked selection of senatorial bets. The article also mentioned the sample size of 1,200 respondents. It also mentioned the margin of error of (+/- 3).

    However, the article has a handful of bad practices and shortcomings, too. The article didn’t mention whether the surveyors used random sampling in getting their respondents. There was also no mention of the region/s of residency of the respondents. Moreover, the interviewing method wasn’t revealed either, which is a very crucial piece of information in determining whether the poll is scientifically reliable. It did mention when the poll was done, but it failed to shed light on the context or surrounding events that could have affected the results. It also did not mention the sponsor/s of the survey; doing so would have immediately exposed whether the survey was biased or not.

  17. BONUS: Evaluation of a news report on a satisfaction survey
    6th Media Monitor

    Article: 78% of Filipinos OK Duterte anti drug drive— SWS
    (https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1035238/78-of-filipinos-okay-govt-antidrug-drive-sws)

    The news article was about an SWS survey of the satisfaction rate of Filipinos with the administration’s war on drugs.

    The article was able to mention when the survey was done, June 27-30, 2018. It also stated that the survey was done by a face-to-face interview. It also provided the margin of error used, plus or minus 6%. The article also made mention of the sample size, which was 1,200, but it wasn’t able to mention the sample technique used. The article was able to provide where the respondents were from, Mindanao, Visayas, Metro Manila, and Balance Luzon, however, it could’ve been more clear if they stated the specific regions they were able to cover. Also, the report failed to mention the following: response rate, weighting, and the question asked.

  18. 6th Media Monitor
    Regular

    On October 2, the Inquirer reported on the so-called plot against Duterte the AFP coined as “red October.” They cited that the CPP had enlisted the support and help of 10 universities in Metro Manila.

    This article is against Media Ethics for it has no verifiable source on whether or not this is true. According to the KBP Broadcast Code of Ethics, “Unconfirmed reports shall not be akred unless there is immediate and urgent need dor the public to know about them. When such reports are aired, it must be emphasized that they are unconfirmed.” Reporting that the AFP has listed 10 Metro Manila universities as part of the CPP plot against the Duterte administration without proper verification, endangers students and professors. Though they did not specify, it is enough to cause people to speculate which universities in the area could possibly be suspects.

    Source:
    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1038183/afp-chief-links-10-metro-manila-universities-to-red-october-ouster-plot

  19. 6th Media Monitor
    BONUS: SUPERNATURAL / ASTROLOGY

    The article, I feel like, does not abide by the provision in the KBP Broadcast Code Section Article 13 Section 1, “Care shall be taken to prevent the exploitation of people who may be easily swayed by such superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs and practices.”

    This is because the many and various evidences and proof that the article provides of recording a UFO sighting is too good to be true and the article can lead and sway people into believing that such supernatural thing is real. The article was even able to get an explanation from NASA, however the other sources of the evidences were to biased as well. One can question if there’s really a “UFO Sightings Daily” website or not as well as getting an evidence from a normal citizen on Facebook. It can easily be Photoshopped. However, the term “UFO enthusiasts” implies the encouragement of the readers to indeed believe their beliefs and in their means of getting evidences.

    Source: https://www.express.co.uk/news/weird/1026266/ufo-sighting-alien-spaceship-sun-space-news-alien-discovery-ufo-sightings-daily

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