Per region SWS data (Dec2021) on how 51% find it difficult to distinguish between fake news and the truth
“About 1/2 in all areas say it is difficult to spot fake news on TV, radio, or social media
“The percentage of those who consider it difficult (% very difficult and % somewhat difficult) to spot fake news on television, radio, or social media is highest in Mindanao (54%, correctly rounded), followed by Balance Luzon (52%), the Visayas (50%), and Metro Manila (47%, correctly rounded) [Chart 12].
“Spotting fake news is more difficult among the less educated
“The percentage of those who consider it difficult to spot fake news on television, radio, or social media is highest among non-elementary graduates (59%), followed by elementary graduates (58%), junior high school graduates (48%), and college graduates (43%, correctly rounded) [Chart 13].
“Spotting fake news is most frequent in Metro Manila and among the more educated grou
“The percentage of those who say they often spot fake news on television, radio, or social media is highest in Metro Manila (34%), followed by Balance Luzon (23%), the Visayas (15%), and Mindanao (11%) [Chart 14
“By education, it is highest among college graduates (26%), followed by junior high school graduates (23%), elementary graduates (17%), and non-elementary graduates (13%) [Chart 15].
“Socio-demographic characteristics of respondent“
“Applying census weights, 13% of the respondents are from Metro Manila, 45% from Balance Luzon (or Luzon outside Metro Manila), 19% from the Visayas, and 23% from Mindanao [Table 1].
“Forty-eight percent are from urban areas, and the balance of 52% are from rural areas.
“Male and female respondents have a 1 to 1 ratio, and thus, are alternately sampled.
“By age group, 12% are youth (18-24), 19% are intermediate youth (25-34), 21% are middle-aged (35-44), 19% are 45 to 54 years old, and 29% are 55 years old and above.
“By education, 13% had at most some elementary education, 26% either finished elementary or had some high school education, 48% either finished high school, completed vocational school, or attended some college, and 13% either graduated from college or took post-graduate studies.” (From the SWS website)