Critics’ Choice: The 5th Media Monitor (or 1st or 2nd Bonus) can be posted here, deadline Thursday 5pm

The 5th Media Monitor (one regular or the 1st Bonus or the 2nd Bonus) can be posted here, deadline Thursday 5pm).

(Posts with more than three hyperlinks are usually caught by the spamcatcher  and held in the dashboard for verification 🙂  )

Highlights from the 2nd bonus posts submitted last week — Happy Reading ♣ 
 From mariah: “Philippine Collegian recently posted a photo of Fighting Maroon basketball player Jett Manuel raising up a fist and holding a sheet of paper with #StopLumadKillings written on it. It says, “The victory of the UP Men’s Basketball Team today is an inspiration for students and the youth who are also in solidarity with our lumad brothers and sisters.” First, both Philippine Collegian and Interaksyon’s reporting are both in line with SPJ’s code of giving voice to the voiceless, and telling the story of the diversity of the human experience. Philippine Collegian was smart to use the newfound media attention on UP Fighting Maroons’ basketball team and their victories as a way to forward advocacies, especially considering that the Lumad Killings are an important issue today.
     “It also follows SPJ’s value of providing context. Interaskyon provided context and elaborated on the murders of Emerito Samarca, Dionel Campos, Bello Sinzo, Datu Herminio Samia, and members of his family who were killed, and those sentences were earlier in the article than Manuel’s statement about UP’s readiness for the next season. The reporter prioritized telling about the Lumad Killings. It allowed Jett Manuel and the Philippine Collegian’s message to spread to more people, introducing the issue and its relevance to readers who may have just been following UAAP sports. Kudos to Interkasyon and Philippine Collegian for good media practice.”
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From Estelle: “An article regarding the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) calling on government to conduct honest and impartial probe on Lumad killings was published by GMA News Online yesterday night. Upon reading the headline, I found myself a little worried because the article involves both ethnicity and religion, two factors that can lead to unethical issues such as stereotyping and sensitivity. However, the news was written carefully, abiding by the code of ethics.
      “The SPJ Code of Ethics states that journalists must avoid stereotyping by race, gender, age, religion, ethnicity, geography, sexual orientation, disability, physical appearance or social status. Lumad are said to be neither non-Christian nor non-Muslim although their culture is leading towards Islam. I noticed that the article is made up of mostly direct quotations from the CBCP themselves; the writer avoided adding other information. In this way, the article was written in a way readers will only think of CBCP’s action as a pure call for justice because it is the right thing to do.
       “Second, it is also stated that journalists must diligently seek out subjects of news stories to give them the opportunity to respond to allegations of wrongdoing. Aside from CBCP’s statement, a statement from Lt. Gen. Aurelio Baladad, chief of the military’s Eastern Mindanao Command, was released. He stressed that the Magahat/Bagani Force is not under the military, countering claims by Surigao del Sur Governor Johnny Pimentel that the Army helped create the group. What is known to the public now is that the Magahat/Bagani Force is under the auspice of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. Lt. Baladad’s statement gave balance to the whole story.
     “Lastly, journalists are to test the accuracy of information from all sources and exercise care to avoid inadvertent error. Even if the public seems to take sides on the issue already, it is a good thing that writers do not neglect the fact that the suspects behind the killing of the Lumad are only alleged. xxx.”
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From  louiseguevara: ““UP kicks off UAAP season 78 opening in style” (page 8)
      “Sa unang paglilimbag ng Tinig ng Plaridel para sa taong ito, laman ng kanilang pahayagan ang ilang mga artikulong nagtatampok sa UAAP Season 78. Isa sa mga artikulong ito ay tungkol sa pagbubukas ng nasabing palaro na ginanap noong Setyembre 5, Sabado. Imbis na pagtuunang pansin ang iba’t-ibang mga media coverage at bigyan ang mga ito ng personal na kumento, mas napili kong tumalakay ng isang coverage mula sa TNP sa kadahilanang gusto kong makita kung mayroon ba o walang conflict of interest panig sa UP na siyang host ng UAAP sa taong ito. Higit pa rito, mas gusto ko malaman kung nasa tamang konteksto ba ang nilalaman ng balita at sa kaugnay ng pagbibigay titulo (title/headline) dito.
       “Sa aking pagsusuri, hindi nagkulang ang nasabing artikulo na bigyan ang mga mambabasa ng angkop at sapat na impormasyon tungkol sa pagbubukas ng UAAP. Subalit hindi rin kaila sa huling bahagi ng artikulo ang masyadong pagpanig sa UP. Ito ay sa pamamagitan ng pagbibigay detalye sa naging unang laro at panalo ng UP laban sa UE. Para sa akin ay maaari na itong hindi gawing parte ng nasabing balita sa kadahilanang medyo taliwas ito sa layuning ipinapahayag ng titulo ng artikulo — na siyang tumutukoy lamang sa pagbubukas na seremonya ng palaro.
“SPJ involved:
– Conflict of interest
– Context”
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      From Antonne: “xxx The Lumads are part of the minority and hence the media is supposed to be giving them a voice. However, there has not been much representation for them.
        “The media has not highlighted this issue since other news are being given more priority. Manila-centrism is evident in news such as the UAAP games and the intense Manila traffic. There is nothing wrong with this but the media should be the watchdogxxx the representative xxx there should be more efforts. This is a matter that should be transparent for the whole nation.
     “Along these lines, I believe that the media should also give proper context on what has been happening with our brothers and sisters in Mindanao as stated in the provisions of the SPJ. Only a few are aware regarding this matter.
     “xxx The media has a huge responsibility in making this a reality.”
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From Carla: “The article tells about how the Lumad, an IP group in Eastern Mindanao, is caught between the NPA and the military war. The military believes that most members of the NPA now are from the IP group and that the school where they study are run by the NPA themselves. The military accuses that through these schools, the NPA is brainwashing the IP groups, insisting them ideas that are against the military and the government. The military also denies the connection they have with the Bagani Force which is alleged of killing the Lumad leaders. The military also tries to explain that the militarization the public sees as a threat is actually a protection.
       “If we apply the SPJ Code of Ethics, we’ll see that it’s a good thing the writer identified its sources but if we evaluate the sources’ motives, it’ll be kind of unethical because the news somehow feels like bias to the military. I see it as an article explaining the sides of the military of why they do such and what do they think about the IPs. Also, even though they give figures of the IPs they think are now members of the NPA, there is no concrete data or proof that should allow them to tag these people as part of the group. There is not even one statement that came from the Lumad making the article unable to report all sides of the story. It didn’t give voice to the voiceless, which are the Lumads, and only assumed that they are just caught up between the two forces, even if they are the ones involve. Even if we use the PPI, this long article won’t pass the airing of all sides. We know that we can’t ever interview the NPA given their nature, but we can always talk to the Lumad and ask and listen to their side of the story.”
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From Hannah Kayreen M. Aliwate: “To be able to properly evaluate the media coverage of the Lumad killings, I went back and read the news of last September 1. Based on what I found, there were only five articles about the event with only 2 comprehensive reports on the issue. Those two comprehensive reports that gave enough context and detail for all readers to better understand the issue were from Bulatlat and Interaksyon. Fast forward to September 6 and Interaksyon released an even more detailed coverage of the issue. Six days later, September 12, the issue has gone viral and more reports have been written.
      “To simply say that this issue has been under-reported would be an understatement. If we turn to the Philippine Journalist’s Code of Ethics, they have failed the first and what I believe to be the most important rule involved: “to scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis.” Because while they did not distort any truth or emphasized anything inappropriately, the fact that not more than 5 reports circulated about the Lumad killings on September 1 says a lot. It means that most of our journalists failed to give voice to the voiceless when they’re supposed to be the first one to know. It means that most of our journalists failed to report about the issue and its entirety. And out of the 5 articles that were published online on September 1, 3 of them failed to give enough detail about the issue. They did not mention the fact that the disturbance between the Lumads and the military have been going on for about a decade, nor did they mention that the different kinds of harassment may Lumads endured.
     “So although I commend those 3 reports for what they did, it truly wasn’t enough to give justice to the issue.
September 1 reports on the Lumad killing
rappler nation school-head-lumad-leaders-killed-surigao-del-sur
mindanews /top-stories/2015/09/01/lumad-school-director-2-others-killed-in-lianga-surigao-sur/
karapatan Karapatan+outraged+by+the+killing+of+Lumad+school+exec+and+leaders+in+Surigao+del+Sur
bulatlat main/2015/09/01/deadly-rampage-lumad-school-head-2-manobo-leaders-killed-in-surigao-sur/
interaksyon article breaking–head-of-lumad-school-tribal-leader-slain-by-militia-in-surigao-del-sur
September 6 report by Interaksyon
interaksyon article ethnocide–lumad-exodus-grows-case-eyed-in-global-court-over-educators-killing”
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From Lester: “Na-monitor ko na iniuulat ng halos lahat ng news organizations ang mga laro at palighasahan sa UAAP, lalung-lalo na ang basketball. Ito ay kasama sa sports news di lamang ng ABS-CBN na ekslusibong nagdadala ng tv show, kundi ng halos lahat ng TV news programs tulad ng sa ABC Channel 5, GMA Channel 7 at Channel 24, CNN Philippines Channel 14, at sa mga pahayagan, online at print tulad ng,,, rappler, at iba pa.
Ipinapakita nito ang pagiging balanse ng news format at mga ulat na hindi lamang ukol sa mga nakakagimbal na krimen at nakakasawang kampanya ng mga pulitiko ang laman ng balita–– meron din namang mga nakakagalak na ulat ukol sa paligsahan ng mga unibersidad at kolehiyo sa larangan ng sports. Ipinapakita rin nito ang tinatawag ng SPJ na “diversity of the human experience” o “telling the story of the diversity of the human experience”, o ang makulay na magkakaiba at iba’t ibang karanasan ng sangkatauhan. Ipinapakita rin ng mga indibidwal na ulat ang accuracy, at “never distorting facts” (SPJ) at “avoiding improper emphasis” at avoiding “distortion of truth” (PPI). Ipinapakita rin ang pagpapahalaga ng mga TV networks na nabanggit at mga pahayagan na nabangggit sa paglinang ng kagalingan ng kabataan, at mga aral na matutunan sa sports tulad ng pagiging patas, disiplina, dedikasyon, at iba pa. Marahil mas magiging matingkad pa ang mga ito sa pag-uulat rin ng mga paligsahan sa sports sa mga iba’t ibang rehiyon ng bansa. Magandang practice ang ipinapakita ng mga nabanggit na TV news networks at pahayagan.”
❤           ❤            ❤   From Pierre Samson: “I have reviewed three articles released by of TV5 from September 1 to 10 that are about the Lumad killings in Surigao del Sur. I chose to assess the coverage of because the website is the first major news organization to break the news of the three killings.
      “I commend for being, as already pointed out, the first to break the news. It did not see the event as something normal. Rather, it treated the IPs as dignified human beings who deserve justice and respect. It was also able to identify its sources, give voice to the voiceless lumad tribes, and serve as the watchdog of the public on military affairs. These are all necessary according to the SPJ Code of Ethics. In addition, it avoided stereotyping the Manobos as helpless victims by contextualizing the IPs’ efforts to combat the lack of education in their communities. The articles were also faithful to the Expanded Code of Ethics ofbthe PPI because they aired the side of the military, which is accused as the supporter of the suspect paramilitary group.”
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From Jazz Jamelo: “The first time I’ve seen a media coverage on the Killings of 3 Lumad Leaders in Surigao del Norte was on September 7, 2015 in GMA News TV—six days late from the day of the murders were perpetrated, days late from when the I’ve heard Lumads sought out help in UP Manila. A few days of no attention to an issue this big? That I say is definitely under-reporting.
“From what I’ve seen from the “biggest networks’” coverage, I can say that they are definitely failing to uphold Ethical Journalism. It is not enough for GMA News to give one scoop about the latest from AlDub in the Showbiz segment that they even have to include it in the News Headlines, but they cannot give more than 5 minutes for the National matters of Human Rights Violation. ABS-CBN cannot even say in a recent scoop title that an IP leader has been killed but has to put their name under an NGO leader. Their top news from last week has centered still on the INC and Balikbayan box issue. I’d like to think that they are probably playing things safe, waiting till the right sources are clarified. But then again, it has been days and it is not like the issue about the indigenous people from Mindanao is a very unfamiliar matter. Their news has only boomed when they caught PNOY’s comment saying there is no campaign to kill anybody.
“I believe that they have these following code of ethics
1. Be vigilant and Courageous about holding those with power accountable. Give voice to the voiceless.
2. Provide context. Take special care not to misinterpret or oversimplify in previewing, or summarizing a story.
3. Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.
4. Support the open and civil exchange of views, even views they find repugnant.
5. Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.
“On the other hand, I commend certain alternative medias and newspapers such as and inquirer for giving out specific details and even interviews with important involved people such as the affected party themselves and even the governer of Surigao del Norte.”
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 From Jamme: “If I remember correctly, I’ve seen various student groups calling for help and raising awareness about the Lumad issue for almost two weeks now. And to be honest, I had been only informed about it when the issue was presented to us by the UP CMC Student Council in a meeting last week. They greatly emphasized that we needed to spread the issue and awareness to our specific student groups and organizations because their issue hasn’t been reported in “mainstream” media until lately.
“One of the provisions states that that the media needs to give voice to the voiceless. At this point, the media has failed to serve its purpose because they weren’t able to represent the Lumads right away. They weren’t able to report that there had been already killings and harrassments. Honestly, if it weren’t for the student groups, councils, and organizations calling for help and justice for the Lumads, this issue wouldn’t exactly be emphasized and given importance. I personally think that they did a better job at helping and raising awareness about this issue. They did a better job at raising the Lumad’s people sentiments by organizing small programs where people can listen and hear their dreadful stories and the ongoing militarization at their lands. This also includes the alternative press such as our very own Philippine Collegian.
       “Now reports about the issue are everywhere, from television news to online articles. Now that its on a larger scale, the media was able report the different sides of the issue, but I think it needs to provide a clearer background of what’s actually going on there. A brief and concise historization would really help.”
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From Mia: “I was first informed about the issue about the Lumads during a meeting last week. I was just given a brief background about it, but it immediately sparked anger (towards what was happening) and disgust and disappointment (towards the alleged culprits) within me. During some my classes, groups of people requested to interrupt the class for a few minutes to inform everyone about the issue. I follow the social media accounts of news portals, and from what I saw, netizens have been noisy about it. For several days, #StopLumadKillings placed at the top of Twitter’s Philippine Trends. Also, I am surrounded by people who also know it. And that’s why I seemed to forget that not everyone is the same.
      “Nowadays, I rarely am able to watch TV, so I don’t know what mainstream news and public affairs shows report about. However, upon searching in the Internet, I found out that there’s only little media coverage of the Lumad issue. I scrolled down the Youtube account of ABS-CBN News until I reached September 01 (the day the Lumad leaders were killed), and this is the only related video I found (youtube watch?v=_muc_ETU3rc&index=41&list=PLgyY1WylJUmj4l7cu_NBV4fLnSjnbB4ex). I also watched the videos of TV Patrol CARAGA; Ironically, the word “Lumad” wasn’t even mentioned once in the September 1 (or 2) episode, even though the Lumads live in the CARAGA region. On the other hand, there have been several reports in GMA News (31 videos related to the Lumads or Lumad issue from September 3 to 11. Source:youtube user/gmanews/videos).
       “It’s saddening to know that the mass is not aware of an atrocity happening in our own country. I asked some of my friends (that are also from UP) if they know about it and they said no. Every time I encounter a person like that, I try to enlighten them by giving a background of the issue. People need to know more about this. Luckily, famous personalities spoke up about it, like the UP Men’s Basketball Team after their victory in their UAAP games (interaksyon interaktv para-sa-bayan-up-fighting-maroons-use-recent-win-to-raise-awareness-for-lumad-killings) and Aiza Seguerra saying that Filipinos may be concerned about the crisis in Syria, but should be more alarmed about the Lumad issue because it’s happening in our own country (entertainment.inquirer aiza-seguerra-reminds-filipinos-to-turn-focus-on-lumad-killings). It’s alright for Filipinos to be part of fandoms and pop culture trends like AlDub, but we need to be more knowledgeable about issues like this, and the media has the power to enlighten the people. Let us hope that eventually it will use its scope to mke us more critical about our government and society.”
❤       ❤        ❤    From Jodian: “Following the UP Maroons second straight win against the La Salle Archers, a flood of news articles started popping up about this newfound (and unexpected) success that was coming their way. For the most part, these articles gave fair and accurate reports, choosing to instill a feel-good story while highlighting statistical facts to back up the Maroons’ on-court performance. In some cases, the media tried to further play up the story by giving anecdotes to their success, such as their Filsports Basketball Association (FBA) championship win during the off-season or the total coaching staff overhaul.
      “Moreover, I noticed that a number of media outlets did not pass up the chance to mention any potential bonfire plans because of what happened during last season when UP started one in celebration of the Maroons first win after a long time. I felt it was unnecessary reporting and seemed to be stereotyping that occurrence just for the sake of it. Lastly, in one particular article I read that “the team also received gift packs from Robinson’s Supermarket and Handyman” as a gesture of appreciation for the win. xxx”
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  1. 2012-10628
    5th Regular Media Monitor
    Nicolyn Sese

    24 Filipino seafarers paid less than $2/hour, forced to buy water

    The Story:
    A Greek-owned and Panama-flagged bulk carrier named San Nikolas was said to be underpaying the 24 employed Filipino seafarers. They were only being paid less than $2 per hour and were being forced to buy their own drinking water. All these statements were given by a spokesperson of the bulk carrier.

    Unethical Issue:
    If we read this news, of course as Filipinos we’ll tend to get too emotional. We readily come to the side of our countrymen for any unjust issues subjected upon them. Who wouldn’t? But I am not trying to side with the owner of the carrier. I also do not disprove any of the spokesperson’s claims. However, as a future media practitioner and current media ethics student, I must look critically into the news no matter how big or small it is.

    According to the Society of Professional Journalists’ Code of ethics, journalists should seek the truth and report it. This section alone is being violated by the aforementioned news. Specifically, according to this code of ethics, journalists should test the accuracy of information from all sources and exercise care to avoid inadvertent error; diligently seek out subjects of news stories to give them the opportunity to respond to allegations of wrongdoing; and identify sources whenever feasible.

    Therefore, with so little information about the news itself, the writer has left a doubt on the credibility of his story by not citing all of his sources. Also, he should have at least tried to take the side of the management of the carrier to get both sides of the story. This should have been a lot better if he took it upon himself to deliver the full story for his readers.

    Read Full Article Here:

  2. 2011-42249
    5th Media Monitor

    “Facebook working on long-sought dislike button”
    Link to article:

    **Note: When I first saw this article shared by a friend on Facebook, the title was shown as “Facebook working on long-sought dislike button,” but Rappler has changed this to “Facebook working on button to show empathy on site.”

    Rappler published a story at 8:34 AM of today, September 16, talking about Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg’s plans to add a button (much like the existing “Like” button) that could be used in circumstances where clicking “Like” is awkward, such as a post about a family death or the refugee crisis, or similar events. This has been a problem for many users, because when our friends post about an injury or an unfortunate incident, we find it awkward to click “like,” as if we like what happened to them.

    At first, I thought the original article title “Facebook working on long-sought dislike button” was very misleading. Although I have to admit that the article title was very interesting, since many people have wanted this feature for a while, but it also alarmed me because I don’t agree that Facebook should ave a “dislike” button. However, when I finally read the article, Zuckerberg didn’t even mention that the new feature they are working on is a “dislike” button, but the article title makes it seem like they are. The provision in the PPI Code of Ethics that this violates is the first one: “I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis.” Since Rappler had a misleading article title, it distorted the truth and made readers believe in an untrue statement, even if the article had accurate information.

    However, Rappler changed the article title to “Facebook working on button to show empathy on site” three hours after posting the original article and updated the article. I guess because they realized it was misleading. I’m happy that they changed it, because it adhered to the second part of the aforementioned provision: ” I recognize the duty to correct substantive errors promptly.” They corrected the error they made and it was a much clearer and more accurate article title for its contents.

  3. 2014-23104
    5th Media Montior

    24Oras: Dalawang sinasabing banyaga, kasama sa mga napatay sa bakbakan sa Mamasapano

    When reporter Jiggy Manicad explains the situation, I find it commendable that he was able to gather different responses from different identified sources first-hand and one, second-hand. He was able to interview the side of SAF police by consulting SAF Director Moro Lazo not only once, but twice, (even when he was said to be shut down on both occasions, this shows professionalism) and former SAF Chief Hetule Napenas for the identification of the said Caucasian-looking personnel.

    After Napenas said that it was just the late PO2 Cempron, the report immediately clarified the side from the wife, who which vehemently denies that it is her husband. The report was also able to get the comment of Gabriela(Organization) of which helped in retrieving the bodies. This made the report credible and fairly written, balanced and responsible in using rejoinders and replies as what the PPI Expanded Code of Ethics declares.

    He was also able to consider sources’ motives before promising anonymity and minimizing harm,as per the SPJ Code of Ethics says, by just identifying the source of the video as an MILF Combatant, saying when he was able to get hands on the material which is three months ago and giving context to it too.

  4. ALIWATE, Hannah Kayreen M.

    “Binay faces tough, quizzical students in UPLB forum”

    Vice President Jejomar Binay faced the students of UP Los Banos in a forum last September 15, 2015. The article was about Binay’s responses to “his toughest audience” yet, according to Maricar Cinco. Binay was thrown various questions about the many allegations regarding his wealth to which he all denied and claimed as simple allegations and lies against him.

    I commend the writer of this article for a job well done. To be honest, I was expecting to find a biased-written article about the issue. But Maricar Cinco dutifully followed the rules on objectivity and fairness in journalism. By giving ample context and avoiding personal comments on Binay’s responses, the writer did not succumb to whatever personal motive or interest she had on Binay or the event. She did not degrade anyone, nor did she assume the allegations against Binay as the truth, especially since he has never really been proven guilty in court. And lastly,, I would also like to commend the writer of the article for not withholding Binay’s comments about Inquirer despite her clear affiliation with the newspaper. (“He also complained about the Inquirer’s treatment of him, pointing out that corruption allegations against him and his family got the banner treatment 44 times.”) It showed her professionalism as a journalist which is very important in writing about political issues such as this.

  5. Comm110
    (2nd Bonus)

    UST brings UP back to earth
    Link to article:

    Last September 13, 2015, the ABS-CBN News website posted an article about the recent UAAP basketball game of UST and UP.

    According to the Philippine Press Institute Expanded Code of Ethics, one must be “fair, accurate, and balanced” when reporting. I feel as though the title of the article is pretty biased. It seems like the writer took the side of UST when she made named the article “UST brings UP back to earth.” She could have chosen a more objective word rather than the phrase “back to earth.”`

    The content was fairly objective. The writer basically explained what happened during the game, gave a quick background of the history of UST vs. UP basketball matches, and wrote down the scores of the two universities.

    Though she only quoted people from UST, the quotes weren’t angled to let down the two universities. It was only the headline that didn’t quite follow the Code of Ethics of the Philippine Press Institute.

  6. Comm 110
    5th Media Monitor

    Link to reference:

    The news article reports about __________ ____________ (name redacted by blog admin in compliance with standards of ethics as discussed here), a 17-year-old girl from Lapu-Lapu City who was raped and killed in her own home last Tuesday. Her father, ___________ (name redacted by blog admin for the same reason), found her lifeless body under her bed with the cord of a hair straightener tied around her neck. The report continues that he brought his daughter to _____________ Hospital (name of hospital redacted by blog admin for the same reason) where physicians confirmed that she was raped as her underwear was found to be stained by blood. It further adds that the victim’s iPod and DSLR camera were missing, and that the police found a pair of slippers outside the victim’s house.

    Right off the bat, the girl being reported on was a minor and although it is highly debated whether it becomes acceptable to divulge a minor’s name when (“even if”, edit by blog admin) said victim is already deceased I think it’s a great disservice to the victim’s family. Instead of this unfortunate tragedy being a private matter of mourning between loved ones, the media has made this attention more intrusive far beyond what should simply be the concern of family and friends. Case in point, I found out about this story because of a Facebook post from a friend who shared it from another friend. This post even had a picture of said victim when the original news articles did not have any, which quite possibly might have been taken from her own FB page because the name was already given.

  7. 5th Media Monitor: On Rappler’s Video of Binay in UPLB and unbalanced reporting

    In this short video of the visit of Vice President Jejomar Binay in UP Los Baños for a forum, Rappler covered the exchange between the students and the government official. While it directly and consistently showed the reactions and answers of Jejomar Binay himself, the video’s length allowed only a few remarks from the VP and Rappler seems to be focused on revealing only the VP’s faults and mistakes during the forum.

    The page of the video is entitled “Students roast Binay at UPLB forum” which already hints at scrutiny. It opens with students’ reactions first before the actual questions and Binay’s answers. The video failed to reveal how the students in point asked their questions, but in the video’s audio you can hear their sarcasm, and somehow their acts of slightly ridiculing him. There is an act of omission on Binay’s part, while heavily giving airtime to the students. Thus, Binay was truly ridiculed in the video.

    This is a clear violation on the PPI’s expanded code of ethics, with regards especially to “Writing the Story”. In terms of replies, Rappler’s editors could have given equal opportunities for replies and rebuttals on both sides of Binay and the students. It violates even the basic code of ethics in “proper emphasis” and “no suppression of facts”. For sure Binay had more things to say that stumble on confusing statements. After all, he was there for a reason and that is not only to be scrutinized.

    Link to the video:

  8. Comm 110
    2014 – 04278
    (5th Media Monitor)

    Link to post:

    The article is from the sports section. It is about the loss of tennis player Serena Williams at the U.S. Open last Friday. Williams had not been beaten since 2011. The whole article includes a brief background on the history of Williams as an athlete, the game she lost, and quotes from her.

    One of the things I found unethical about this sports news article is the headline. It is very opinionated. It does not show respect and sensitivity.Using “finally” implies that the writer is anticipating the loss of Williams. Even though this is not hard news, that doesn’t give the writer the right to be biased. Another thing unethical is the tone of the article. it is written in the article that Williams lost because she ran out of luck. This is a sports article which means that skills, training, and talent are the basis of the reports. Saying that Williams lost because she ran out of look suggests that she only won because of luck and not her hard work and skills. The whole tone of the article is very opinionated and biased. It is as if the writer is glad that Williams lost the game.

  9. Comm 110
    5th Regular Media Monitor

    Scrolling through my Facebook timeline, I was not surprised to see posts related to the presidentiables. I already expected to see posts, commentaries, and rants on the recent activities of VP Jejomar Binay and Grace Poe. But what caught my attention was a post with an attached video from with the title:

    LISTEN: UPLB students shout “trapo” as Vice-President Binay starts his open forum yesterday. And the vice-president’s reaction? Watch.

    Link to video and more:

  10. For Bonus: Rappler’s Timeline on Lumads

    Contrary to their Binay vs UPLB video, Rappler now gave proper emphasis on delivering the timeline on (recent) mishaps in Lumad communities through a short but concise article recounting the days towards the brutal killings of September 1 and its eventual media coverage. Taking in sides from journalists, the lumads themselves and the AFP, Rappler chose to become more objective with their reporting. While it can be doubtful that the source came from a single one (Kalumaran), it would be more credible if the reporter consulted other journalists and NGOs who were also actively reporting on the issue, especially since the story was entirely blown up in social and mass media.

    [Ethical standard from PPI Expanded Code of Ethics: On Writing the Story]

    Link to article:

  11. Comm110
    3rd Bonus

    Yesterday, Senator Grace Poe already declared she would be running for president in 2016 at the University of the Philippines-Diliman’s Bahay ng Alumni. As usual, the media, press, and supporters were scattered everywhere. Their cars, jeepneys, and vans were parked along the streets near the said venue. However, some vehicles have tarpaulins on them. The thing is these are not ordinary tarpaulins. These are tarpaulins promoting and advertising Poe.

    A jeepney with a “Takbo na Poe” tarpaulin caught my eye. Next to that jeepney is a car with another tarpaulin showing support for Poe. I see nothing wrong with those early campaigning since there is no sign that the vehicles are owned by the media or press. Supporters of Poe have every right to post tarpaulins since she would be declaring her candidacy. I couldn’t blame them. But, I hope that after what happened yesterday, they would not begin an early campaign.

    When it comes to the press and media, I saw the car of DZAR 1026 or Sonshine Radio. It was clean as good. There were no banners, tarpaulins, stickers, or posters on it. Members of the said radio station remained free of associations and activities that may compromise integrity or damage credibility. Because of that, they have abode by the SPJ Code of Ethics. Aside from that, it is an open secret that members of any political group or group of supporters would always try to bribe the media or press to support a certain candidate. I commend Sonshine Radio for denying favored treatment to advertisers and special interests and resist their pressure to influence news coverage even if it is just for an outdoor media.

  12. Comm 110
    2nd Bonus

    Link to article:

    Ignacio Dee, the writer of the above article is from the University of Sto. Tomas. I read and re-read the article to see if there was a hint of being biased. I commend the article for being fair and accurate in reporting. It did not just focus on what the UST’s story to grab the win was but the article revolved around the whole game.

    Furthermore, it provided a lot of relevant context. The title was “UP vs. UST ‘Church and State’ match evokes battles of the years past.” And it did not fail in providing enough context for the readers to see how anticipated this game was, and how this game relives the past which was way back in the mid-1980s. During that time, UP was at the forefront of collegiate basketball.

    The article did not only tell the story of UST’s win over UP, or UST being undefeated after the game, or UP being 2-1 in the standings. It tells a story about the past of the two schools in terms of collegiate basketball and it was done in a fair and accurate manner.

    SPJ ethical provisions involved:
    -conflict of interest
    -providing context

  13. Comm 110
    2nd Bonus

    During the hype of the Men’s Basketball Tournament match UP vs UST, I only streamed what was happening at the Facebook Group “Narinig ko sa UP (Overheard at UP)” because I didn’t have access to a TV. I learned that UP lost but still I kept reading comments from people on the thread. After a while a person posted a picture of the school newsletter of UST which is called “The Varsitarian”. It is stated there that, “THE UST Growling Tigers gave the University of the Philippines a dose of reality by outhustling the Fighting Maroons, 67-59, in the battle of unbeaten UAAP squads at the Mall of Asia Arena today.” A DOSE OF REALITY? Yes, the UP Fighting Maroons weren’t really that of a challenge last season, we were even at the bottom, but isn’t having a 2-0 score a proof that the UP Fighting Maroons are actually a stronger team this time around? They are back on the map and I think it isn’t accurate for them to say that this is a dose of reality for the team because the reality is, UP Fighting Maroons improved a lot this season, even Ed Daquioag, UST’s star player has stated that UP was ready during their game. The writer of The Varsitarian should have choosed a different wording.

    I guess it really is that way. Sports writers can’t avoid being bias since obviously if you are reporting about sports it is most likely that you are knowledgeable about sports and that you already have your own team. In addition to that, this is a school newsletter, that means, the writer will really show an inclination to the team of its school just like how Tinig ng Plaridel wrote about the UP vs UST match calling UST ‘pesky’. It’s obvious that in writing about sports, a conflict of interest couldn’t be avoided.

  14. Morales, Christine Aira M.
    5th Regular Media Monitor
    Link to the article:

    This article is about a rape and murder case of a 17 year old college student in Cebu City last Tuesday, September 15, 2015, and the people’s call for justice to be served.

    The article included the victim’s full name, address, photograph and even her school and course. It also included personal dreams and information about her family. We can say that this is questionable because the PPI Expanded Code of Ethics clearly states that “Identities and photographs who figure as victims of sexual abuse must not be printed, aired or publicated. Details about their personal circumstances should be withheld”. Although this is a case of murder and some could say that it is a gray area on whether the identity of the victim should be disclosed or not, I still stand by the ethical consideration of just withholding it; primarily because she is a minor and that writers should also be sensitive to what her family is going through. The SPJ Code of Ethics highlights compassion for those affected by news coverage and that there should be minimized harm through a heightened sensitivity when reporting about such cases. I also learned in class that as responsible journalists, one should only include important and relevant information in solving the case.

    I wasn’t satisfied with the way the article was written. First, by reading the introduction, it didn’t quite sound like a news report. The writer sensationalized (PPI Code of Ethics) what happened to the victim and the victim’s family through flowery words. Quoting from the first part of the article, “Karen Kaye Montebon had always been good in handling money. She would remind the family how to use her father’s salary, especially on what things must be prioritized. This was why she enrolled at University of San Carlos (USC) here to pursue a degree in accountancy and her dream so she could someday help the family, her father, James, told reporters in a brief interview. That dream ended on Tuesday, when James arrived home from work in Corinthians Subdivision in Lapu-Lapu City.” In my opinion, the manner in which it was written was too dramatic, which is not necessary to make the point of the article. Also the article included a lot of unnecessary and personal details about the victim.

  15. 3rd Bonus
    Comm 110

    Link to the article:

    After Grace Poe declared her presidential bid, the Liberal Party showed their dismay to the senator saying that they groomed and courted her, only to be left after being overwhelmed with supporters. Caloocan Representative Erice said that even though they are left by the senator, they are not harboring any ill feelings against her and are just moving on.

    We can see here that just right after the senator bid for presidential candidacy, the opposing team is already on their way to talk bad about her to maybe lessen her supporters. Through this article, we can see how subtly the LP destroys the senator’s image as someone who betrays the people who groomed her.

    If we are to apply the SPJ, it is good that they quoted Erice on his interview. Aside from this, they have some things that needed to be improved. First, they should have given first the background of the story, when the senator declared for the presidential bid, just to give context so readers won’t get confused. Lack of context can also make the readers misinterpret the story, especially since the headline “Erice: We groomed Poe, then she left us” is kind of harsh when first read. It already shows the negative feelings the LP has for the senator even though they said in the article that they don’t at all harbor any ill feelings against her. Next one is that they didn’t get the other side of the story. Even if maybe they can’t directly ask Grace Poe of what she thinks about the LP’s issue of her, they could at least get the side of her camp, of what is the reason she didn’t accept their offer to run for vice president and went ahead bid for presidency. Not getting her side is simply bias, this news even looked like a showbiz type, as if Mar Roxas is someone to sympathise with because Grace Poe left him on his own, a tactic of early campaigning using people’s feelings/ emotions.

  16. Comm 110
    Lou Izabelle Danganan


    5th Media Monitor

    Last September 14, 2015 ABS-CBN broadcasted a report covering the Star Magic Ball held last September 12. The report provided a recap of the night’s events and awardees but also mentioned Ellen Adarna’s activities towards the end. This section on her alleged drunkenness takes up less than one third of the entire report. However on ABSCBN News’ website where a clip of the broadcast is posted, the headline (in this case, the video link) only read as “Ellen Adarna nalasing umano, iniwan ang date sa ball”.

    Simply put, the headline of the online report is misleading. The headline omits the bulk of what is discussed in the report which is the recap of the Star Magic Ball. This is an example of noncompliance of the first provision of the PPI Code of Ethics which urges “not to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis”. Moreover, Ellen Adarna was only assumed to be drunk due to the fact that the report did not cite any personal statements of either affirmation or denial by Ellen or any of the attendants. The choice to headline a rumor clearly illustrates the news program’s priority of engaging their readers by sensationalizing a celebrity’s activities rather than providing a straightforward rundown of the event.

  17. Comm 110
    3rd Media Monitor

    Binay speaking in a transparency forum in UPLB last Tuesday (September 15) gained national attention and reactions. People say that it’s a irony for him to be a speaker because he is currently being grilled in different corruption issues. #BinayBwisitsUPLB topped Twitter’s Philippine trends, with students criticizing his answers. Some thought that the students who asked Binay questions during the forum were disrespectful, but personally, I think that what they did was alright. Honestly, I will do the same thing.

    However, UPLB students had been put in a bad light in a Facebook post of ABS-CBN ( The caption implied that the students were chanting “Trapo!” when Binay was onstage. In the comments, you will see people who claimed that they were students who attended the forum that what they were chanting was “Sample!” because the forum was preceded by an intermission number by UPLB’s professors, and the students were demanding for more. After three hours, ABS-CBN edited the caption with a correction.

    This case is clearly an example of “distortion of truth”, which is a violation according to the SPJ Code of Ethics. In those three hours before correcting their report, thousands of people may have already seen what they posted. Unfortunately, that may have led to them judging the students. ABS-CBN reporters were obviously in the venue, so why didn’t they check their facts first before posting it online? Social media has proved itself as really helpful when it comes to faster information dissemination, but also dangerous because of the same reason. Additionally, I read an article just posted today, and it still said that the students were chanting “Trapo!” (, which may misinform the people even more.

    Yes, they have posted a correction, but it would have been really better if they just checked their information first.

  18. Comm 110
    5th Regular Media Monitor

    Link to the article:
    Students roast Binay at UPLB forum: ‘Wala namang ganyanan’

    Contrary to what a lot of people claim, Rappler was able to objectively deliver the news to the public. The social news network may have released a short video favoring UPLB students against Binay but let us not forget that they also published an article about the event and released the full video of the Q&A portion. The article was well-written in such a way that it was able to air the sentiments of both sides. It was also able to provide context with regard to the questions thrown at Binay. The full video made the happening transparent because people are able to see what truly transpired. Not to mention, all of these materials were all released on September 15, 2015. I think they came out both at the same time or at least with a very little time gap. I believe Rappler did a good job and was ethical enough. Maybe their only mistake was to release a recap video with apparent framing.

  19. 2010 – 30153
    5th Regular Media Monitor

    “Police: Baron Geisler sober at time of accident”
    Link to article:

    While this follow-up report says that police confirmed actor Baron Geisler was sober at the time of a recent car accident in Pasig, it also provided too much context as to why Geisler’s sobriety at that moment was of such great interest.

    I think that this article violated the Philippine Press Institute’s Code of Ethics principle of fair and balanced reporting by drawing improper emphasis to past events that could still taint the image of Geisler and sway how the public perceives this latest piece of news.

    As the article was even listed under the Metro section of the Inquirer, it should have been a normal police beat report that focuses on the actual narrative of the event being reported. But towards the end, the article started to look like a primer on the past alleged drunk scandals involving Geisler despite none of these scandals actually involving his driving.

    In the end, the article still seems to be making fun of Geisler and dehumanizes him with a continued attempt to dig up his past that’s now irrelevant to this recent incident.

  20. Comm110
    Cross reg 2015-90615

    (5th Regular Media Monitor)
    Link to the news article:
    Balita: “Misis muntik ma-rape-slay ng inabutang kawatan”
    Sa balita, makikitang inilahad ang pangalan at ang iba pang mga impormasyon tungkol sa biktima. Sa aking palagay, bagamat hindi naituloy ang tangkang panghahalay sa bikitima, hindi pa rin dapat binanggit ang kanyang pangalan o pagkakakilanlan dahil tingin ko ay maaari pa rin itong ibilang sa “victims of sex crime” (SPJ). Naisulat din kasi sa balita ang mga detalye tulad ng “_____________________ saplot sa katawan at tinangkang reypin” (binura ng patnugot ng blog ang ilang nakasulat na detalye ayon sa panuntunang ethico na tinalakay rin dito). Kaya’t sa aking palagay ay sapat na ‘yang detalye na ‘yan para bigyan ng pribadong pagkakakilanlan ang biktima.

  21. (5th Regular Media Monitor)

    Link to reference:

    “Del Carmen 4 minasaker ng militar sa Masbate” (page 6)

    Nakasaad sa SPJ Code of Ethics ang kahalagahan ng respetong nararapat sa sinumang tinutukoy ng isang balita. Ngunit sa isang balitang itinampok ng pahayagang “Tinig,” ang opisyal na pahayagan ng Anakbayan, sa aking palagay ay nalabag ang probisyong ito.

    Sa pahina 6 ng pahayagan, matatagpuan ang isang balitang tungkol sa pagpaslang ng militar sa ilang sibilyan sa lugar ng Masbate. Masasabing kumpleto ang mga pangunahing detalye ng balita ngunit kitang-kita pa rin ang higit na pagpanig ng sumulat sa mga biktima.

    Ngunit higit pa rito, mas umagaw ng aking pansin ang mga larawang kasama ng tinutukoy kong artikulo. Makikita ang tatlong larawan ng mga sibilyang pinaslang. Naka “black and white” man ang mga larawan, hindi naman itinago ang mukha ng mga biktima na makikita pang duguan at nakabulagta sa pinangyarihan ng krimen. Bagamat may pagsisikap na bawasan ang pagkakarumal-dumal ng mga imahe, nakita ko pa rin ang mga ito na medyo hindi kanais-nais at hindi na sana isinama pa sa balita . Maaari ring sabihing labag ito sa PPI Expanded Code of Ethics na nagsasabing kailangan iwasan sa lahat ng oras ang paggamit ng lengguwahe, larawan, at mga graphics na racist, hindi sensitibo, at nagpapakita ng kawalan ng respeto.

  22. (5th Regular Media Monitor)
    Comm 110

    Link to the article:

    At around 3pm yesterday, a Japanese man and a Filipino couple were arrested at a hotel in Malate, Manila after several weeks of surveillance for alleged child trafficking and producing pornographic materials for European clients. Sources state that the Filipino couple supplies the Japanese man with girls aged 12 to 13 years old. Police officers witnessed the couple bring five girls to the hotel last Wednesday, with the Japanese man picking one and bringing her up to the 21st floor. A source mentioned that the man is into filming the female nude in his studio at the 21st floor, and would proceed to having sex with her at another room on the 9th floor. Results from the investigation state that the Japanese man would also invite European clients and give the Filipino couple’s contact number. Chief Superintendent Rosauro Acio withheld the names of the suspects.

    News reports such as these are completely heartbreaking, if not only distressing. Even if the report contains extreme and disturbing subject matter, it’s noteworthy to at least mention that the article was indeed written meticulously. With regards to the SPJ code of ethics, the reporter was nonetheless successful in addressing the principles of complete accuracy in his news story, serving as watchdog to the public, and most importantly showing sensitivity to minors. The main victims in this story were all young girls and according the SPJ’s caution on identifying victims of sex crimes, all names were instead withheld in the news story. The author showed utmost care in treating the subjects of his report, and made sure that all the information he presented were factual and aren’t distorted.

  23. Comm110
    [media monitor]

    Grace Poe announced her candidacy for the 2016 Presidential Election last night, Sept 16,2015 at The Bahay ng Alumni here in UP Diliman. The place was packed with the media and her supporters and the campaign materials were really obvious, even shirts that says ‘Grace Poe para sa Palasyo’. They maybe wearing those shirts because she is announcing her candidacy, but this is a form of premature campaigning, including the big tarpaulins and poster in cars and buses.

    Related to this is an article released by with the full transcript of Poe’s speech that evening with the headline ” ‘Gusto kong ipagpatuloy ang mga simulain ni FPJ’ – Grace Poe.” This for me is misleading because the content of her speech was not mostly about her father but about her actual plans for the country and how she will address issues. I think emphasizing this part of her speech only supports the issue regarding her running only because of her father and how she feeds off his fame in her campaign. I think that headline is biased. And in the SPJ code of ethics, the journalist should always be careful not to misinterpret, or oversimplify a story.

  24. Comm 110
    5th Regular Media Monitor

    Link to the article:

    The article is a follow-up to the August 21, 2015 mining tragedy. The article under scrutiny provides a list of names involved in the incident, including those injured and killed, as well as giving background on how the investigation was conducted and concluded. Since names are of tantamount importance to the issue, all the names were disclosed not only for informations’ sake, but also as respect to the family members of those involved.

    Calixto was established as a credible source and was attributed to properly, assuring the accuracy and correctness of the information presented. Context and the process were also expounded on, not skipping any crucial steps to the rescue and investigation.

    From the get-go, a reader could easily determine that this is a follow-up article to a previous article and this was made clear from the beginning. Aside from this, it’s commendable that the writer and Rappler are running stories on this.

    It may have been a delicate issue but the nature of the tragedy involved missing people, making names crucial to the investigation. Even so, the article maintained sensitivity and compassion for those involved.
    – (SPJ) Identify sources clearly
    – (SPJ) Provide context
    – (SPJ) Identifying names
    – (SPJ) Showing compassion for those who may be affected by the coverage

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