First Media Monitor 1st Class, 1st Bonus, 2nd Bonus

 The 1st regular media monitor or 1st bonus can be posted here (Fair, Foolish, or in a Fix: good practice, violation, or dilemma), with deadline on Tuesday.

        Instructions have been given in class. (As stated before: Students may use pseudonyms or pen names, and conceal their faces, and may also use their own platforms and simply paste the links in the comments section. (If pseudonymous, pls provide the department assistant with your pen name). Pls use the comments section of this post. As stated, the media monitor commentary may either by typed as text in the comments section or as a link leading to the post in the platform of the classmember/ post author. Pls type in the first line whether the post is a regular media monitor [1st Regular Media Monitor) or a bonus post (1st Bonus Post) to aid the checker in locating and categorizing each box. Tnx).

          Baseless rants will not merit any points – the commentary should use, cite, and quote the pertinent provisions of the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics as taken up in class this week. Failure to provide the pertinent provision will result in a score of zero. The SPJ provisions have been provided in the handouts distributed in class this week. They were also discussed in powerpoint in class. For students who are completely incapable of reading the handouts given to them, the provisions taken up in class are embedded below.

          As a heads-up, the following are the first two bonuses (the bonus can be posted in any week in lieu of a regular media monitor for that week. No repetitions of a bonus theme is allowed. Pls indicate in the heading which bonus it is, e.g: First Bonus: Outdoor media, Salaysayan ng Sansinukob sa UP Diliman, art installation as outdoor media (See ASC Standards applied by analogy only). Pls submit proof that you viewed the outdoor media such as a photo you took); review/ evaluate using the ASC Ad Code of Ethics by analogy only.

FIRST BONUS: Outdoor Media:  Salaysayan ng Sansinukob sa UP Diliman (art installations for the UP Diliman Month). Pls submit proof that you personally viewed the outdoor media with an original photo that you took with your own device. Without any proof embedded or linked in your review, no points will be given. Review and use by analogy the following provisions:

ASC Ad Code of Ethics applied by analogy to promotional materials and outdoor media:

   ARTICLE I  GENERAL STANDARDS OF PRESENTATION  Section 1. RESPECT FOR COUNTRY & THE LAW  a.  … must  not  be  injurious  to  the  prestige  of  the  Republic  of  the Philippines and the Filipino people. b.   should not undermine the public’s regard for government, law and duly constituted authority. c. … shall not  contain  messages that deride or otherwise discredit the law and its enforcement.  Section 2. PHILIPPINE STANDARDS AND SYMBOLS  a.  The  use  of  the  Philippine  National  Flag  shall  conform  with  the standards set by the National Historical Institute and the National Commission for Culture and Arts.  b.  The  Philippine  National  Flag  or  any  of  its  earlier  versions  and  the  Seal  of  the Republic,  if  used,  shall  be  as  illustrative  material  only  in a sober  and  respectful manner whose theme is patriotic or commemorative or reflects the heritage and/or tradition of the Filipino people. … Historical/national  events,  national  events,  national  heroes  and  national  shrines shall be presented accurately and respectfully and used to promote positive values.  d.  The representation of the Philippine Currency  shall be governed by  the  rules  promulgated  by  the  Bangko  Sentral  ng  Pilipinas  Circular  No.  61  s. 1995).  Section 3.  RESPECT FOR RELIGION, FILIPINO CULTURE & TRADITIONS  a.  … must endeavor to promote the improvement of the quality of life of Filipinos, promote positive Filipino family values, customs and traditions.  B… must  respect  religious  beliefs,  and  be  sensitive  to  the  diverse religions,  mores,  culture,  traditions,  characteristics,  historical  background  and identity of the various Filipino communities and uphold traditional Filipino family values…

SECOND BONUS: Article 13 KBP Code on superstition, the occult, fortune-telling, etc. (See Article 13 KBP Broadcast Code)

         Each of two bonuses can be posted in lieu of a regular media monitor [as stated, only one media monitor per week (which can either be a regular media monitor or a bonus post) is allowed to avoid cramming and jamming up of posts: the purpose of observing the weekly media monitor is to build the daily habit of reading/ viewing media content with discernment).

                                    ♣  ♣  ♣

For the first regular media monitor: (2014 SPJ): “SEEK TRUTH AND REPORT IT

“Ethical journalism should be accurate and fair. Journalists should be honest and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.

Journalists should:

– Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible.

– Remember that neither speed nor format excuses inaccuracy.

– Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.

– Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.

– Be cautious when making promises, but keep the promises they make.

– Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources.

– Consider sources’ motives before promising anonymity. Reserve anonymity for sources who may face danger, retribution or other harm, and have information that cannot be obtained elsewhere. Explain why anonymity was granted.

– Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing.

– Avoid undercover or other surreptitious methods of gathering information unless traditional, open methods will not yield information vital to the public.

– Be vigilant and courageous about holding those with power accountable. Give voice to the voiceless.

– Support the open and civil exchange of views, even views they find repugnant.

– Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government. Seek to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in the open, and that public records are open to all.

– Provide access to source material when it is relevant and appropriate.

– Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.

– Avoid stereotyping. Journalists should examine the ways their values and experiences may shape their reporting.

– Label advocacy and commentary.

– Never deliberately distort facts or context, including visual information. Clearly label illustrations and re-enactments.

– Never plagiarize. Always attribute.

“MINIMIZE HARM

“Ethical journalism treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect.

Journalists should:

– Balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort. Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness.

– Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.

– Recognize that legal access to information differs from an ethical justification to publish or broadcast.

– Realize that private people have a greater right to control information about themselves than public figures and others who seek power, influence or attention. Weigh the consequences of publishing or broadcasting personal information.

– Avoid pandering to lurid curiosity, even if others do.

– Balance a suspect’s right to a fair trial with the public’s right to know. Consider the implications of identifying criminal suspects before they face legal charges.

– Consider the long-term implications of the extended reach and permanence of publication. Provide updated and more complete information as appropriate

ACT INDEPENDENTLY

The highest and primary obligation of ethical journalism is to serve the public.

Journalists should:

– Avoid conflicts of interest, real or perceived. Disclose unavoidable conflicts.

– Refuse gifts, favors, fees, free travel and special treatment, and avoid political and other outside activities that may compromise integrity or impartiality, or may damage credibility.

– Be wary of sources offering information for favors or money; do not pay for access to news. Identify content provided by outside sources, whether paid or not.

– Deny favored treatment to advertisers, donors or any other special interests, and resist internal and external pressure to influence coverage.

– Distinguish news from advertising and shun hybrids that blur the lines between the two. Prominently label sponsored content.

BE ACCOUNTABLE AND TRANSPARENT

Ethical journalism means taking responsibility for one’s work and explaining one’s decisions to the public.

Journalists should:

– Explain ethical choices and processes to audiences. Encourage a civil dialogue with the public about journalistic practices, coverage and news content.

– Respond quickly to questions about accuracy, clarity and fairness.

– Acknowledge mistakes and correct them promptly and prominently. Explain corrections and clarifications carefully and clearly.

– Expose unethical conduct in journalism, including within their organizations.

– Abide by the same high standards they expect of others.”

Have a productive and fun-filled week!

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27 thoughts on “First Media Monitor 1st Class, 1st Bonus, 2nd Bonus

Add yours

  1. http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/05/17/hubad-na-bangkay-ng-dalagita-natagpuan-sa-caloocan

    This news states that a 12 year old girl’s naked body was found dead in Caloocan City. It neither stated the name of the child, nor displayed images of her dead body. This kind of journalism follows the “Minimizing Harm” section as explained in the SPJ Code of Ethics:

    “– Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.”

    As the victim in this report is but 12 years of age, ABS-CBN news showed sensitivity towards the young girl and her family by leaving her unidentified. I believe this is a prime example of how media networks should be consistent in following the SPJ Code of Ethics.

  2. FIRST REGULAR MEDIA MONITOR

    http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/867020/ust-responds-to-viral-post-on-student-bullied-by-ust-office

    The INQUIRER.net article above reported the response of the University of Santo Tomas (UST) to the viral Facebook post that alleged the UST Office for Student Affairs of victim-blaming the FB user’s sister, and sexual harassment victim.

    This article, by embedding the said viral post provided context to the issue at hand, pursuant to the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics, instructing journalists to “[p]rovide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.” However, only excerpts, and not the full statement of UST (as another source material), were included.

    INQ.net, encouraged to “minimize harm,” treated both parties with respect. It narrated the events as told by the victim and in the FB post, but it took care not to incriminate the accused student by using the term “allegedly.”

    Though I found the exclusion of UST’s complete statement quite problematic, INQ.net clearly strived to uphold the SPJ Code of Ethics.

  3. First Regular Media Monitor

    http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/598375/news/nation/sm-pnp-police-memo-on-impending-abu-sayyaf-attack-a-hoax

    The article above is about the re-circulated memo regarding an impending Abu Sayaf attack in one of the malls of SM which was reported as a hoax. The article also suggested that the memo should be stopped from online sharing by the netizens. GMA news-tv followed the SPJ Code of ethics where it states:

    “The highest and primary obligation of ethical journalism is to serve the public”

    The news for me is a kind of service to provide enlightenment to the people and also to control the hype on terror threat that may lead to possible chaos.

  4. 1ST REGULAR MEDIA MONITOR

    http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/05/17/ginang-ginahasa-ng-bayaw-sa-harap-ng-mga-anak

    This article from ABS-CBN news is about a woman, who was raped by her brother-in-law in front of her own children. It is definitely a story that must be dealt with sensitivity especially because it involves sexual harassment within the family. Given its nature, the journalist was still able to write the article well by following the principle to “Minimize Harm” under the SPJ Code of Ethics, particularly this provision:

    “Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened
    sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are
    inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.”

    In the article, the full names and pictures of the victim and other people involved weren’t disclosed so as to protect their rights under the said provision. Also, the details of the story weren’t too specific to the point that it would offend or harm the readers. I believe this is a good practice of journalism by the reporter from ABS-CBN news because she was able to abide by the SPJ Code of Ethics.

  5. 1st Bonus Post

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/chinese-new-year-2017-year-rooster-celebrate-whats-your-zodiac-animal/
    This article from February 3 talks about the Chinese new year celebrations and the traditions that come with it, even those that are based on superstitious beliefs only which violates article 13 of KPB code of ethics.

    There is a section of the news about Chinese New Year taboos which the article says should “be avoided on the first day of the Chinese New Year.” There was no disclaimer that these practices were actually just beliefs of traditions. An example statement was “Taking medicine on the first day of the lunar year means one will get ill for a whole year.” A list of statements of these beliefs and practices are stated as if they are factual in the news article.

  6. http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/07/17/2-persons-of-interest-sa-pagpugot-ng-dalagitang-kasambahay-pinangalanan

    This article from ABS-CBN posted last February 7, which talks about the two persons of interest related in the case of a 17-year old girl who was beheaded last January. Given that the victim is a minor, her name should not have been revealed in the article.

    Under the Minimize Harm section of the FPJ code of ethics, journalists should “Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent.”

    To give her name out in the article is in direct violation of this principle. By naming the victim, the news source has violated the right of her and her family to privacy.

    Because of this transgression, I believe that this article is not well written and is not up to the standards of the SPJ.

  7. [1ST REGULAR MEDIA MONITOR]

    http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/07/17/ex-soldier-hacks-tanod-in-ilocos-norte

    This article, posted on February 7 by ABS-CBN News, reports an incident where a former soldier hacked a barangay tanod with a bolo in Ilocos Norte last Saturday.

    The news article provided short, concise details about the incident, but it missed a piece of information that is essential to ethical journalism – the side and opinion of the suspect facing the allegations.

    The provision under the section, “Seek Truth and Report It”, states, “Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing.”

    There was no detail whatsoever about any attempts by the news team to reach out and try to acquire and report the suspect’s opinion of the incident. Thus apparently showing that this article violates the above provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics.

  8. 1st Regular Media Monitor

    http://www.rappler.com/move-ph/balikbayan/160659-filipino-american-leader-duterte-undocumented-ofws

    The story above is about the undocumented OFWs in the US. It stated that these OFWs need President Duterte’s help. They needed to speak up to raise awareness of their problems. Having these OFWs as subject follows the SPJ provision:
    “Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.”

  9. 1ST BONUS POST: Salaysayan, art installation as outdoor media

    We can find the art installation of the “Mebuyan sa Idalmunon” once passing through the UP Lagoon. It is a statue of a bald woman with many breasts. She is said to be the caretaker of dead babies. We can relate it under Section 3a. It states that: promotional materials “… must endeavor to promote the improvement of the quality of life of Filipinos, positive Filipino Family values, customs and traditions.”

    This art installation follows this code well in the sense that it does promote Filipino values and customs. This statue is based on the Bagobo tribe’s mythology. Showing such mythology here in Manila brings something new to Filipinos oblivious of other Filipino’s beliefs and makes them see the rich traditions embedded all over the Philippines. In turn, it also improves the quality of the lives of Filipinos as it informs us more of our different cultures and beliefs.

    This art installation however, lacks proper labels and background information. Once in the site, you won’t see any explanation of the statue. Only those who have a copy of the pamphlet (given during the opening ceremony last February 1) can have the full description of the statue. This art installation then can be questionable when placed under this code if it lacks proper context as it might not promote Filipino values but rather confuse passersby or make them not care about the statue at all.

    [It is also especially questionable to Section 4 which talks about obscenity if it again lacks the right context or explanation, and it might cause the statue to be offensive.]

    Photo: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B440PnIigshGem5CZFAzR2ZLeDA?usp=sharing

  10. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/868312/under-sc-protection-drug-war-widow-worries-still

    This article tells the story of widow Maribeth Bartoloy, whose husband was shot along with a few other men in a drug raid last August 21 though they were unarmed. Maribeth and a group of others, including a survivor of the raid filed a petition asking for protection through the writ of amparo as QCDP members kept returning to their neighborhood even months after the raid. Though the Center for International Law granted their request and prohibited the police from going within a 1 kilometer radius of the neighborhood, Maribeth still fears for the safety of her and her children.

    This news article follows the SPJ Code of Ethics under the principle that journalists must “seek truth and report it.” The code states: “– Be vigilant and courageous about holding those with power accountable. Give voice to the voiceless.”

    Through this article people are made aware of the possibility of granting or asking for protection from police if ever needed. At the same time the article emphasizes the long-lasting impact that EJK killings have on family members and neighbors of the victims.

  11. 1ST BONUS POST: Salaysayan, art installation as outdoor media

    The art installation Mebuyan sa Idalmunon by UPCFA Professor Ma. Rita Gudino located at the UP Lagoon is a visual interpretation of the mythology of the Bagobos. The most striking aspect of the art installation is that Mebuyan is depicted as someone having many breasts. This feature comes from the belief that Mebuyan has to breastfeed dead babies, thus, the depiction that her body is filled with breasts. If we relate this to the Ad Standards Council Code of Ethics, it is important to look into Article 1, Section 4 (b): “Some exposure of the human body may be allowed… when in good taste and relevant … (to) the situation being portrayed or the audience being addressed. However, suggestive portrayals shall not be allowed”

    If a common person without background of the context of the art installation would see the depiction of Mebuyan, he/she may find it disturbing. This is because there is no explanation or label of the statue available on the site–thus, for the statue to not be questionable, it is suggested that they include an explanation of what the statue is and why there is a need to show her many breasts.

    At the same time, In Article 1, Section 3 (a), it is said that: promotional materials ” must endeavor to promote the improvement of the quality of life of Filipinos, positive Filipino Family values, customs and traditions.” Moreover, in Section 3 (b), it is stated that these ” must respect religious beliefs, and be sensitive to the diverse religions, mores, culture, traditions, characteristics, historical background and identity of the various Filipino communities and uphold traditional Filipino family and social values.

    The depiction of Mebuyan in the art installation introduces the traditional mythology and culture of the Bagobos. It does not condemn their belief, rather, it tries to make Filipinos appreciate the beauty of the culture of the Bagobos.

    Link to the Picture: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B7JRr9dYP2AVVWFfZTVTbF94UXM/view?usp=sharing

  12. [1st Regular Media Monitor]

    http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/869150/npa-supply-officer-killed-in-shootout-with-soldiers-army#ixzz4Y062blmf

    This article by the Inquirer is about a supply officer of the New People’s Army (NPA) that was killed in a shootout with the soldiers after allegedly “resisting arrest”. The information, as stated, was primarily based from Capt. Rhyan Batchar, the spokesperson of the Army’s 10th Infantry Division, and Inquirer was in good practice of ethical journalism, insofar as this story is concerned, for identifying their source clearly.

    Under the “Seek Truth And Report It” section of the SPJ Code of Ethics 2014, journalists should: “Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources.” By following such provision of the Code, readers are given the knowledge about the sources of the stories every media outlet releases, and judge whether these sources are dependable and trustworthy.

  13. FIRST BONUS: Salaysayan, art installation as outdoor media

    According to UPD Office for Initiatives in Culture and the Arts, the installations depict Philippine stories about the origin of the sansinukob (universe) with regards to the main theme of the university’s anniversary, Salaysayan: K’wentong Bayan, Kaalamang Bayan.
    This installation that I have viewed is called “Ang Pagbabalik sa Lupa” by Anton Del Castillo. The title of the installation is similar to the Catholic teachings of death. Also, as a Catholic country this idea may have been one of the prevalent salaysayan(s) in our history. Since this was a religious image for me. I consulted the Section 3 of the ASC Ad code of ethics, where it stated that: 

    Section 3. RESPECT FOR RELIGION, FILIPINO CULTURE & TRADITIONS
    a. … must endeavor to promote the improvement of the quality of life of Filipinos, promote positive Filipino family values, customs and traditions.
    B… must respect religious beliefs, and be sensitive to the diverse religions, mores, culture, traditions, characteristics, historical background and identity of the various Filipino communities and uphold traditional Filipino family values…
    
The installation upholds Section 3 because it promotes a reflection about one’s death and this may affect positively the quality of life of the Filipino viewers. Also, it does not in any way caused harm to other people.

    Image link: https://plus.google.com/107369216612259409844/posts/2TmZ32rmMig

  14. [1ST REGULAR MEDIA MONITOR]

    http://www.rappler.com/nation/160700-senate-kill-death-penalty

    This article, posted by Rappler on February 7, gives a brief documentation of the first Senate meeting regarding the revival of the death penalty.

    While reading the news, I saw how the news organization (especially its writer) took note of the progress of the case by placing hyperlinks to past articles which talk about previous statements of select senators (like Sotto and Gordon) re: reinstatement of death penalty up to its formal hearing as of date.

    I think such practice exemplifies what the following section of SPJ Code of Ethics mentions:

    “Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.”

    As the hearing for the revival of the death penalty bill is an ongoing case for the Senate, I have observed how that the writer has carefully documented the case by citing past and recent related write-ups – hoping to show context and progress for those who would like to understand the issue more. The news site also keeps the people in-the-know if some parts of the article were changed by putting time stamps along with the news story.

  15. [1st Regular Media Monitor]

    http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/06/17/suspek-sa-rape-slay-ng-13-anyos-sa-caloocan-arestado

    Last night, I watched on TV Patrol the news coverage (linked above) about a 13 year-old girl who was raped and slayed. The news did not show the body of the child instead they showed pictures of the young girl when she was still alive. Also, the news program opted to show a long shot of the place where the rape occured and images of police men investigating.

    This kind of journalism follows the Minimizing Harm section in the SPJ Code of Ethcis which states that journalists should:

    “ Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.”

    Since this is a sensitive topic, the news program was very careful in discussing the subject in terms of images and videos showed on the news. The young girl was identified in the news coverage as the family screams justice for death.

  16. http://m.philstar.com/headlines/show/63a6f423a0d534e954af77ea63d74667?t=v4tkcvko858lh32aldmled4473

    Bato on ‘shame campaign’ of cops: So what?

    “Ethical journalism should be accurate and fair.” This would mean a journalist must take note of all sides of a story. In the article above, the journalist wrote about PNP Chief Ronaldo “Bato” Dela Rosa and his response to the critique of some senators and others. They accuse Dela Rosa of using a shame campaign as a means of disciplinary actions for rogue cops.

    Bato responded by saying “So what? Ano ang gusto nilang palabasin? So what kung makita ang mga mukha nila, mahiya sila?”

    The SPJ Code of Ethics states to “diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing.” The journalist seeked out Dela Rosa, taking into account his response to the accusations and critique of his detractors. This, I think, would be a good example of that section in the Code of Ethics. The journalist made sure to include Bato’s response and also to provide context and background to the story, seeing as it was a follow-up to a previous story on Dela Rosa himself conducting the supposed “shame campaign”.

  17. [FIRST MEDIA MONITOR]
    In one segment in the morning program of Umagang Kay Ganda during the last week of January 2017, they covered an event of Lactum 3+. When giving the lead they tried to conceal the brand to avoid any affiliation with the brand but as it nears the end, the supposed news segment turned into an advertishment of the brand through the media’s coverage video. But it is stated in the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics that “Deny favored treatment to advertisers, donors or any other special interests, and resist internal and external pressure to influence coverage,” which was obviously violated in the said scenario when they indirectly advertised and promoted the product, as to giving praise to it.

  18. http://www.rappler.com/nation/160740-china-likely-build-more-islands-philippines

    This article was published on February 7 by Rappler. It revolves around Department of National Defense Secretary, Delfin Lorenzana, saying that he believes China is planning to reclaim Scarborough Shoal from the Philippines.

    The article was written by Agence France-Presse, an international news agency, which means that the interview with Lorenzana was conducted by them as well. A portion of the article was dedicated to reasons why Lorenzana thinks that China is after Scarborough Shoal, such as the installation of military bases. The article also covers how the American government is taking measures to prevent it from happening.

    Unfortunately, based on the SPJ Code of Ethics, the article needs to be fixed based on two reasons.

    One, under the provision “Seek Truth and Report It”, journalists should “diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing.” The article did not ask a representative from the Chinese government to confirm, deny, nor explain their side of the story. It made it look like China was a villain, while the U.S., who also has doubtful intentions in having strong military presence in the area, was a “savior”.

    Second, the SPJ Code of Ethics states that journalists should “provide context [and] take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.” The article did not provide sufficient context for the issue at hand; it just went directly to the interview with Lorenzana and the US Secretary of State. Instead of writing a news article that tackled the 5 W’s, it focused more on their answers, which made it seem more biased and non-informative.

  19. [FIRST REGULAR MEDIA MONITOR]

    Link: http://news.abs-cbn.com/video/news/02/06/17/amo-ng-babaeng-pinugutan-hinahanap-ng-pulisya

    This is a video news posted by ABS-CBN regarding the murder case of Richelle Sagang, who was beheaded last January 2017.

    This video violated the SPJ Code of Ethics under the section: Minimize Harm

    “Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.”

    In the 2-3 minute video, it showed several beheaded photos of the victim in a blurred shot. There were 5 sensitive shots where the viewers can see the lifeless body of the girl with her head missing, and it was repeatedly shown throughout the reporting (7 times to be exact). Moreover, it also showed photos of Richelle with bruises on her different body parts. ABS-CBN failed to handle this reporting with sensitivity, since it could cause discomfort to the grieving family and the public by showing the beheaded photos of the victim several times.

  20. [1st Regular Media Monitor]

    Link of news article:
    http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/02/17/no-slowing-down-duterte-fully-backs-gina-lopez

    The ABS-CBN news article was about President Rodrigo Duterte’s expression of support to Department of Environment and Natural Resources Secretary Gina Lopez as she was relentlessly suspending and closing operations of several mines following an industry-wide crackdown on violators of safety standards. Pres. Duterte also said he didn’t ever call out Sec. Lopez to slow down for she was passionate not of mining laws but on the little men on the land, tilling. The article continued with a list of all the mining operations ordered for closing or suspension of environment certificates.

    The media text’s content may seem objective but it poses a dilemma specifically on the 2014 Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics on acting independently, which is stated as follows:

    “Avoid conflicts of interest, real or perceived. Disclose unavoidable conflicts.”

    Sec. Lopez is the daughter of ABS-CBN Chairman Emeritus Eugenio Lopez and the sister of ABS-CBN Chairman Eugenio Lopez III. She also became the Managing Director of one of the Philippines’ biggest non-government organizations, the ABS-CBN Foundation. Despite being obvious for most people, it is not safe to assume everyone knows this fact especially over this positive article.

    At the very least, there should have been a disclosure at the latter part of the article regarding this unavoidable conflict i.e., the news organization’s close relations with Sec. Gina Lopez.

  21. [1st Regular Media Monitor]

    http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/598630/news/ulatfilipino/babaeng-hinihinalang-lango-sa-droga-iniwan-sa-bangketa-ng-4-lalaking-sakay-ng-van

    The article linked above is about a woman suspected to be under the influence of drugs after she was dropped by a group of men in a white van in Taytay Rizal. The woman, after being rescued by Taytay rescue, was also suspected to be raped after a physical inspection.

    Under the Minimize Harm section of the SPJ code of ethics, “Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent.” The woman was blurred in the CCTV video shown in the news coverage as she removed her clothing and danced naked in the streets of Taytay. Being unable to identify the woman and give her consent, GMA News discussed and cautiously used properly edited shots from the CCTV. However, under the the Seek Truth And Report It section of the SPJ code of ethics, “Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.” The journalist needs to be able to update the news story after getting the news information from the woman and seek whoever needs to be punished in the woman’s case.

  22. FIRST BONUS: Salaysayan, art installation as outdoor media

    The installation “Ang Kahanginan” by Leo Abaya depicts several windsocks on top of metal poles, erected on the CMC hill. Each windsock is designed to depict a male and female body, and as the metal poles were placed in a triangular arrangement, the flow of the wind is caught by the windsocks. The concept is based on the narrative of Lumabat’s flight towards the sky. The windsocks, with their design and function, is meant to represent the ever-changing form of Lumabat, and also depict the movements of the winds of the earth.

    Looking at the installation, I think that it has several similarities with the Philippine flag, especially with the way they are both placed on top of a pole and flows through the wind. It is stated in Section 2. Philippine Standards and Symbols, that “b. The Philippine National Flag or any of its earlier versions and the Seal of the Republic, if used, shall be as illustrative material only in a sober and respectful manner whose theme is patriotic or commemorative or reflects the heritage and/or tradition of the Filipino people. … Historical/national events, national events, national heroes and national shrines shall be presented accurately and respectfully and used to promote positive values.“ It shows how the nature of the installation is analogous to the Philippine Flag because it can also be a symbol of our heritage and tradition, as it tells the story of a Philippine legend based on a Bagobo and Manobo myth. It is installed in a respectful manner, being as it is meticulously arranged on the hill. It also depicts the Philippine legend accurately through its design and function, as stated above. In Section 3. Respect For Religion, Filipino Culture & Traditions, a. “ … must endeavor to promote the improvement of the quality of life of Filipinos, promote positive Filipino family values, customs and traditions.” The installation itself helps in promoting Filipino customs and traditions.

    https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B-Pl18muCkNIMUVwM1N2YUF5Mm8

  23. (First Regular Media Monitor)

    http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/869197/ex-batangas-mayor-gets-6-10-years-for-graft

    This article was published by Inquirer through their website, Inquirer.net on February 7, 2017. This news article talks about how a former mayor of Batangas, Raul Bedana, was sentenced to six to ten years of imprisonment by the Sandiganbayan due to being guilty of graft.

    The SPJ Code of Ethics states that journalists should “act independently” where “The highest and primary obligation of ethical journalism is to serve the public”. Since the subject of this story is a government official, this serves the public’s interest.

    In another provision of the SPJ Code of Ethics, it is stated that: “Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government. Seek to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in the open, and that public records are open to all.” In this news report, the media acts as watchdogs over government affairs and transactions of the state as it was reported that the former mayor was in favor of a certain supplier and directly signed the supplier without following the proper bidding process. Through this, the public has become more aware of the transactions made by the government and the public can be more critical with public officials.

  24. FIRST REGULAR MEDIA MONITOR

    http://news.abs-cbn.com/business/02/06/17/philippines-unfit-for-mining-says-gina-lopez

    Published by ABS-CBN News on February 6, the article talks about Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Secretary Gina Lopez’ stance on mining, particularly defending her closure and suspension orders to 23 mining companies in the country. It is apparent how the articulation of the issue by ABS-CBN excluded the opinion of the other party comprised of the mining firms. Unlike other articles regarding the matter, it did not offer an alternative position for the issue from the point of view of other industry stakeholders; for instance, mining firms focusing on the economic repercussions. This is in violation of SPJ Code of Ethics on the accuracy and fairness of ethical journalism: “Support the open and civil exchange of views, even views they find repugnant.” It is essential for journalists to recognize different perspectives on the issue and report on these.

    Moreover, SPJ Code of Ethics under “Act Independently” states to “Avoid conflicts of interest, real or perceived. Disclose unavoidable conflicts.” With the knowledge of Gina Lopez’ relationship with the owner of ABS-CBN and her shares in the media company, we realize the possible impact of this to the report. However, this conflict is not disclosed in the writing of the article.

    We can see the glorification of Gina Lopez as an individual with an advocacy more than as a public figure with a duty in the manner she is highlighted in the headlines of the news. As stated in the SPJ Code of Ethics, in order to ensure ethical journalism, journalists should bear in mind their obligation to serve none but the public.

  25. FIRST REGULAR MEDIA MONITOR
    http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/07/17/girl-dies-after-being-hit-by-motorcycle-in-ilocos-norte

    This article is about a nine year old girl that died due to a vehicular accident last Saturday in Ilocos Norte. The article was posted in ABS-CBN news online on February 7, 2017 at 11 PM by Denis Agcaoili.

    In the article, the name of the victim was not stated and even the family members that were affected weren’t stated either. The details regarding the accident were also clear enough to be understood but not too detailed to be disturbing.

    I believe this was a good article to express the SPJ code of ethics section that states “show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.”

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