11th Media Monitor, first class

   The 11th Media Monitor of the first class can be posted here, either regular or bonus, with deadline extended to Nov. 22, 2018, Thursday, 5pm.

    Bonuses apply: A class member may post on a bonus topic that he/she has not yet written about.

     No bonus topic may be repeated by a student.

    Happy homestretching — deep inhale; soft, slow exhale…

Photo by Pexels files from the WordPress Free Stock Photo Library

11 thoughts on “11th Media Monitor, first class

  1. 11th Media Monitor
    Bonus Title: #NEVERAGAIN

    Facebook Community Standards
    PART I. Violence and Criminal Behavior

    Credible Violence
    Promoting or Publicizing Crime
    Coordinating Harm

    PART II. Safety
    9. Bullying
    10. Harassment

    PART III. Objectionable Content
    12. Hate Speech

    ABS-CBN shared their article— Imee Marcos at Kabataang Barangay reunion sa UP, binatikos on their Facebook page last August 30. The article spurred criticism towards both Imee Marcos and the UP Community.

    Here’s a bit of the comment thread
    “KAYONG MGA AKTIBISTA ALALAHANIN NINYO HINDI KAYO DIYOS NA KAYO LANG ANG MAGALING SA LAHAT!!!!”,
    “Sige mga UP activists, pag di kayo umayos baka mawala na kayo dyan o mamundok na b 4 u graduate.”,
    “Anong pakielam ng mga hampas lupa na taga U.P sa reunion nila marcos??”
    “Mag Rereklamo.Sila Pero Yung Panay Nila.Rally Ok.lang Ata At Pagsunog Nila.Sa Blank Hehehehe”,
    most of which violates the provisions of Facebook’s Community Standards stated above.

    To be more specific, let’s use a specific provision and relate it to the examples above.
    Let’s use the provision Hate Speech Part III. “Objectionable Content” of Facebook’s Community Standards. There are three (3) tiers under the provision. Tier 1 attacks, which target a person or group of people through forms of violent speech, dehumanizing speech, mocking, or designated dehumanizing comparisons. We can clearly justify this in the examples as they target the UP community, even as far as calling them hampas lupa and threatening them with fire. Tier 2 attacks, which target a person or group of people through statements of inferiority or an image implying a person’s or a group’s physical, mental, or moral deficiency, expressions of contempt or their visual equivalent, or expressions of disgust or their visual equivalent. Although inferiority is not clearly stated, we can see how the comments treat the group with an othering.Tier 3 attacks, which are calls to exclude or segregate a person or group of people. This comes in par with the statements “kayong mga aktibista”, and “hampas lupa na taga U.P”.

    https://www.facebook.com/plugins/post.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2FabscbnNEWS%2Fposts%2F10156496122715168&width=500

  2. 11th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Ben Tulfo

    SPJ Code of Ethics: “Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government. Seek to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in the open, and that public records are open to all.”

    Article: Another DOT project that Tulfo’s Bitag bagged: ‘I Travel Pinas’ show

    This article is a good practice of the mentioned provision from the SPJ Code of Ethics. This is because the writer clearly cited all the ethical standards that PTV and DOT (both government and public institutions) failed to follow such as, “public officials shall not dispense or extend undue favors on account of their office to their relatives.” The mentioned institutions didn’t follow this standard because of the fact that the DOT Secretary Wanda Teo’s brother is Ben Tulfo, whose media company was given a contract to produce DOT’s show. The article also made sure to mention that DOT’s show entitled, ’I Travel Pinas’, is a blocktimer, which means that the government funds it (since it is a DOT project) and that all sponsored income should return to the government, the main funder. However, the article included a COA report that showed how Tulfo’s media company, Bitag, actually earned from the project, when that shouldn’t have been the case. Moreover, the article also featured the different violations committed by PTV, DOT, and Bitag.

    SOURCE: https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/in-depth/207119-ben-tulfo-bitag-media-ptv-dot-deal-audit-report-2017

  3. 11th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Disaster-Reporting

    Video: SONA: Bagyong Ompong, nagpatikim na ng bagsik sa Cagayan
    (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qTg7MEbvBbw)

    The video is a report from GMA News about the intensity of typhoon Ompong entering Santa Ana, Cagayan. The field reporter, Emil Sumangil, describes the strength of the typhoon by saying that trees were tilted, stalls were damaged, and signages were torn by the strong wind. He provided enough context to relay the onslaught of the typhoon to the viewers. The report was also shot in a location where trees can be seen swaying. This also gave the audience an idea of the storm’s intensity. The reporter was also able to report the measures being taken by government officials— PNP, rescue units, philippine marines, and military people.

    He reported these information in a restrained and calm manner, which abides with the provision in the CMFR Ethics Manual for Disaster-Reporting, “During a crisis, broadcast reporters need to tone down their delivery, so as not to contribute to public anxiety.” Also, he was not ostentatious in his report, this follows another provision which states, “Crisis coverage must be devoid of posturing, hero-playing, and other kinds of grandstanding on the part of the media.”

  4. 11th Media Monitor
    Regular

    It is stated in the SPJ Code of Ethics that one must: “Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.”

    Aside from just stating the news that the mayor and residents of Benguet called for an environmental protection order against fertiliser dealers due to its harmful effects to their air, the writer of the article also included a brief background of the rationale behind this call — what these fertiliser dealers’ actions could cause and how they affect the lives of the residents.

    Another provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics was observed in this article: “Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.”

    The article gave a voice to the people of this Benguet town, even if they stand at a small number of 11. It allowed them to air out their concern and get their message out.

    Source: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1054816/benguet-folk-go-to-court-to-rid-air-of-fowl-odor

  5. 11th Media Monitor
    Bonus: Disaster Reporting

    “Updates and warnings serve their purpose better when issued in a calm and restrained voice.”

    “First step, the government’s policy in disaster management and risk reduction, write stories about certain weather phenomena, and report them in a way that the public can understand.”

    In the report by Jeff Canoy for TV Patrol, it was said how a lot of streets in Metro Manila are flooded and how the residents adapt to this disaster. The report abided by the CMFR regarding disaster reporting due to the reporter being calm despite it flooding. He was also in proper protective gear to show how bad the rain was.

    Furthermore, the report also included tips and safety precautions to help the public in case their location is flooded as well. The tips were reported in a way that was easy to understand yet still informative.

    Video: TV Patrol: Ilang kalsada sa Metro Manila, binaha dahil sa habagat

  6. 11TH Media Monitor

    Bonus topic: Supernatural, Astrology

    Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho: Dalaga sa Albay, nagdadalang-isda?
    November 12, 2018 episode

    This episode of Kapuso mo, Jessica Soho featured a 17 year old girl named Kimberly whose tummy mysteriously grew big. Kimberly and her family believed that a fish was growing inside her and not a baby.
    This episode is a good example of how news on superstitious or pseudo-scientific beliefs must be presented to the audience. They presented it in a manner where the audience will not be easily swayed by featuring an interview with a medical professional (in this case, a gynecologist). The doctor scientifically explained the ultra-sound results. Initially, Kimberly, her family and the villagers thought it was a fish because the ultrasound image looked like one. The doctor explained that it was an ovarian cyst and therefore Kimberly was recommended to be operated immediately.

  7. 11th Media Monitor
    Bonus: Ramon Tulfo

    PGH doctors cry foul over Ramon Tulfo ‘cyberbullying, doctor shaming’ via
    https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/08/19/18/pgh-doctors-cry-foul-over-ramon-tulfo-cyberbullying-doctor-shaming

    The Physicians’ Association of the Philippine General Hospital (PGH) condemned the act of Ramon Tulfo’s videotaping and uploading of a scene taken at PGH. In response, Tulfo explained that he wanted to get proof that the attending doctor did not give immediate medical attention to the child he brought in. However, PGH stated that the physician was able to do so. Taking account of all sides of the story, the writer followed the PPI Code of Ethics that states “I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognize the duty to air the other side and the duty to correct substantive errors promptly.”

  8. 11th Media Monitor
    BONUS: TRUST RATING SURVEY

    The article was well written and it especially abided by the rule in SPJ Code of Ethics on “Provide context” because the article showed the previous trust survey performance of China in the Philippines to provide more background information on the topic of the article today. The article also followed the rule “Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of the news story” because the article provided numbers from interviews and statements from authorities involved in the event of the article. Lastly, the article obeyed the rule on “Boldly tell the story of the diversity” because the article also mentioned and raised the concerns of the citizens of the country on what they think about the visit of the Chinese in the Philippines.

    Source: https://www.rappler.com/nation/217085-filipinos-poor-trust-ratings-china-sws-survey-september-2018

  9. 11th Media Monitor
    BONUS: TRUST RATING SURVEY

    The article was well written and it especially abided by the rule in SPJ Code of Ethics on “Provide context” because the article showed the previous trust survey performance of China in the Philippines to provide more background information on the topic of the article today. The article also followed the rule “Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of the news story” because the article provided numbers from interviews and statements from authorities involved in the event of the article. The article also obeyed the rule on “Boldly tell the story of the diversity” because the article also mentioned and raised the concerns of the citizens of the country on what they think about the visit of the Chinese in the Philippines. And lastly, the rule “Provide access to source material” was followed because the article stated that the trust survey results were from the Social Weather Stations or SWS poll.

    Source: https://www.rappler.com/nation/217085-filipinos-poor-trust-ratings-china-sws-survey-september-2018

  10. 11th Media Monitor
    BONUS TITLE: SUPERNATURAL, ASTROLOGY, etc.

    This portion of news posted by ABS-CBN News Online is a fortune telling segment they alloted to be read by the audience. This is mainly based on the Chinese Zodiac.

    According to KBP Code of Ethics, Article 13: Supestition and the Occult, programs or program materials featuring superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs shall be careful not to induce belief in them to prevent the exploitation iof people who may be easily swayed. This news material did not fully followed the provision due to the fact that they just enumerated the signs and the fortune without an introductory or ending statement regarding how it should be taken by people. There are no certain guidelines or even sources of where they got the descriptions for each zodiac.

    Therefore, in each program material, there should have a proper presentation of the beliefs, so that people will be able to understand where it is coming from. Consequently, there will be no encouragement and promotion of occult practices and such.

    Source: https://news.abs-cbn.com/life/10/22/18/para-sa-araw-na-ito-oktubre-22-2018-patnubay-sa-iyong-kapalaran

  11. 11th Media Monitor
    Bonus: Evaluation of News Report of a Survey

    This news report regarding the top five women running in the 2019 senatorial race is a good example of a news report on a survey.

    Among the elements that should be seen in a good news report on a survey is laying down the complete details with regard to how the survey was conducted. One important factor that should be stated is the margin of error— according to the report presented in class. Another is providing the sample size and sample design, as well tas the date of when the poll was done. All of these factors were evident in the news report. Furthermore, it also did not contain leading questions that pander since they were clear in stating the objectivity of the results.

    Source: https://www.rappler.com/nation/politics/elections/2019/212566-pulse-asia-september-survey-senate-race

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