Graduate School. First Update Deadline Jan. 18 11:59pm. Orientation and Profile Deadline Jan. 18 at 11:59 pm

Graduate School. First Update Deadline Jan. 18 at 11:59pm. Orientation and Profile Deadline Jan. 18 at 11:59 pm

                       FULLY BOOKED

FIRST UPDATE

Deadline Jan. 18 at 11:59pm

   Pls view the country situationer on the State of the Philippine news media at: 

https://rsf.org/en/philippines

 

then post (embed or describe) in the comments section of this post below: One news update or one news report from August 1, 2018  to Jan. 18, 2019 on any of the following topics :

1.Ownership issues of a news media organization

2.Tax issues of a news media organization 3.Issues arising from other business interests of a news media organization 4.News media practitioners killed in the line of duty (Deadline today at 8:30 pm). Before accomplishing this, please produce your gravatar and profile which you would need in order to post the First Update in the comments section (Please separate the Profile/Gravatar post from your First Update post) 

                                  ♥ ♥ ♥

ORIENTATION, PROFILE (Deadline Jan. 18, Friday, 11:59pm)
PLS SUBMIT YOUR AVATAR & PUBLIC PROFILE ELECTRONICALLY, with deadline today Jan. 18 Friday 11:59pm)
Use nicknames only, or pseudonyms, or “aliases”, do not use your full names.
Please submit your avatar and public profile electronically with deadline today 8:30pm. Those who fail to do so will be asked to complete the requirement before taking a seat in class. PLEASE USE YOUR NICKNAMES ONLY, OR PSEUDONYMS, OR PET NAMES.
This is a public site and you are advised not to use your full names.
In order to have an organized flow of class discussion: Everyone is required to attend the orientation meeting next week after the last day of enlistment of classes – even those who have not completed their enrolment. Experience shows that those who fail to attend the orientation fail to be aware of the requirements and class policies, fail to get their topics for reporting (for 30 points) and end up DISRUPTING THE CLASS with noisy cellphones, noisy inquiries, and abrupt behavior in trying to get out of the classroom to comply with the requirements.
Students will always be held responsible for whatever they miss as a consequence of their being late or absent, and are requested not to harangue the handling faculty to be given special treatment by way of a “personalized briefing”, or updates, or to get topics.
The class record and class scorecards of this class are electronic (with one print copy as final backup).
My avatar and public profile are in this site, in the “About” widget at the left-hand corner below the header of this page, and in the seventh widget in the righthand-side (widgets column) of the page.
HOW TO POST YOUR AVATAR AND PUBLIC PROFILE: Pls submit electronically your avatar and public profile by embedding them or linking them in this site, in this post, in the comments section. You may use the computers in the department, or the computers in the classrooms, or the free and public computers in the corridors and lobby, or the free and public computers in the library, or your own devices (the college has a free, public wifi). You may take a seat in class ONLY AFTER having posted your avatar and public profile.
The avatar is your digital public photo. For this class, do not submit an image of a cartoon character or a computer-generated image unless you want to be considered a winged creature in class. Do not submit a microscopic, dot-size photo unless you want a dot score for all the requirements. Pls make your avatar at least the usual 1” x 1”. Thank you.
The public profile is the public description of yourself, the profile that you use in your public sites. Use your nicknames only, do not submit your full names in this site.
Pls include the following in your “description”:
1.your course;
2.your favorite book or novel of all time (and state why);
3.your favorite film of all time (and state why);
4.your favorite media practitioner of all time (any medium: newspaper, broadcast, multimedia, film, social media, etc), (and state why);
5.your favorite song/ music/ band/ songwriter of all time (and state why);
6.Your favorite internet site (specify the name of the site and give its description: do not just state a generic platform “FB” or “Youtube”)
7.your favorite meal of all time (and state why).
8.”hobbies”, if any (optional).
Those who do not have these will be asked to show or perform their own original composition in class as a description of themselves.
There are several ways of producing your public profile:
1.Thru your own public site (thru free sites such as FB, Twitter, tumblr, wordpress, blogspot, etc)
2.or thru Gravatar (a free app/site),
3.or thru about.com (another free site/app)
(note that all sites collect your information: Do not post any personal information that has digits/numbers or real names.
Gravatar and about.com are apps that automatically show your avatar anywhere you post in the net, and are useful when posting your media monitor requirements in the course of the semester.
There are two ways of submitting them in the comments section of this post: 1.By embedding, as in-line text; or 2.by linking the url of your own site (pasting the url of your site in the comments section). Simply click the comments box at the end of this post, then type: you may embed your public profile and avatar, or paste the link to your site where your public profile and avatar appear.
FINALLY: If you are a recluse, or have zero presence in the internet, you may submit all these requirements to the department assistant. You will need to FOLLOW UP the department assistant to submit it to the handling faculty – the disadvantage of this procedure is — as experience shows – this takes more administrative steps; any delay will be counted against the student for failure to follow up efficiently.
A one-pager confidential directory will be routed manually (print) in class next week where the student will be asked to write their email address and “name of person to contact in case of emergency” and that person’s contact info. This document is confidential and no one is allowed to borrow or to photocopy it.
Those who fail to submit an avatar and public profile will not be allotted an electronic classcard and will not appear in the electronic class record. Those who are not allotted a classcard and do not appear in the class record will be considered a fictitious character. Their grade will be posted by Pedro Penduko.
 

(image by Pexels file from the WordPress Free Stock Photo Library)

 

56 thoughts on “Graduate School. First Update Deadline Jan. 18 11:59pm. Orientation and Profile Deadline Jan. 18 at 11:59 pm

  1. https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/11/08/18/duterte-to-object-to-abs-cbn-franchise-renewal

    A news item Posted last November 18, 2018 by the ABSCBN News, President Duterte renewed his assault on the ABSCBN Franchise, again not mincing his word.

    With a torrent of choice cuss words, Dutere vowed to to block the network seeking renewal of its franchise in the Philippine Congress.

    This is not unusual for this president who has a long history of public tirade against his peceived enemies to issue threats against media networks.

    “Duterte has also spoken against other news outlets that put out stories that are critical of him. News website Rappler battled the revocation of its business papers in court and its reporter was banned from covering him from inside Palace grounds.”

    The irony of it, all the fire and brimstone was unleashed while distributing land titles to the Ati tribs, the original residents of Boracay.

    I guess, this kind of behaviour will continue until the end of his term

  2. Assignment #1

    Last Nov. 13, 2018, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) reported on the tax evasion case against the online news platform Rappler and its president, journalist Maria Ressa, as charged by the Department of Justice (DOJ). RSF expressed its call for an end to this blatant judicial harassment.

    According to the report, Rappler and Ressa were accused of tax evasion and failure to file tax returns in 2015, which was based on the indictment announced by the DOJ on Nov. 9, 2018. The case was then to be filed in court the following week.

    Given the details provided by this news report, it is very clear that this is a politically motivated move by the Duterte administration against organizations, companies, and individuals trying to raise issues against Duterte’s governance.

    This is not the first case of powerplay for those who are not silent about what they believe should be addressed in the Duterte administration. Just a few months after the 2016 elections, many already received such backlash after being not in Duterte’s favor. If my memory serves me right, the first big act done like this was with Sen. Leila de Lima who deeply expressed her concern about the extra-judicial killings happening around the country. Another one was the case of the sudden selling of the Philippine Daily Inquirer. A lesser known case was with the Sunvar Realty and the collateral damage it brought to the many innocent business establishments surrounding the area of Legaspi Village in Makati City.

    From extra-judicial killings to blatant judicial harassment.

    These attacks are clearly a means to intimidate, scare, and stop people and institutions from questioning the current administration. All the more that people and institutions, many of them Filipino taxpayers, should fight for what they believe is right for the sake of the nation.

    This news report is chosen based on the topics:

    Ownership issues of a news media organization
    Tax issues of a news media organization

    Reporters Without Borders URL: https://rsf.org/en/news/tax-evasion-charge-used-harass-philippine-website

  3. First Assignment

    https://rsf.org/en/news/tax-evasion-charge-used-harass-philippine-website

    Reporters Without Borders published an article last November urging the administration to stop its intimidation and harassment on media outlets. Rappler Holdings Corporation and its president Maria Ressa are being charged with tax evasion cases. As per the Bureau of Internal Revenue, the company failed to pay taxes amounting to almost 133 million in Philippine pesos.

    The administration has been expressing disdain against the news website ever since it began exposing the fallacies of the president’s war on drugs. However, this is the first time that the administration personally attacked Ressa. If the allegations will be proven, Ressa will be facing 10 years of jail time, not to mention Rappler’s possible shut down of operations.

    RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk believes that this ploy threatens not only Rappler but also Philippine press freedom in general. The case only proves that the administration harasses those that dare to speak up against the president.

    The Department of Justice ignored Ressa’s motion for reconsideration and opted to push through the charges. Moreover, the claims where the allegation was based on were not really proven to be true. This, and the total disregard for due process show that these authorities won’t stop in discrediting the media’s effort in exposing the truth.

    If this will continue, freedom of expression will continue to deteriorate, further threatening the country’s independence. Reporters Without Borders has been doing its function in fighting for media independence, as can be seen in its efforts in informing the public and coordinating with organizations that share the same vision. However, more can and must be done.

  4. [Assignment 1]
    https://www.rappler.com/world/specials/215808-truth-never-dies-end-impunity-crimes-against-journalists-2018

    The 2018 Global Impunity Index reports that the Philippines ranks 5th among countries where impunity for crimes against journalists remains a great problem for media practitioners. According to the article published by Rappler, this injustice is also apparent in other parts of the world.

    To further expose this unsettling reality, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), launched a campaign entitled “#TruthNeverDies. The article linked above discusses the said campaign. #TruthNeverDies aims “to commemorate the importance of safeguarding journalists as much as the stories they need to tell”. Even though a journalist is killed, the truth that he/she has exposed will remain alive.

    #TruthNeverDies is being used by media practitioners in their clamour for justice for their slain colleagues. Since its launch, the hashtag has been circulating in social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter.

    “Each year, journalists are killed to be silenced. Now you can become their voice”, writes UNESCO with the hashtag #TruthNeverDies. A graphic art bearing the same words was also shared by Rappler in their Twitter account. Sentiments of other non-government organisations and well-known media practitioners are also accompanied with #TruthNeverDies.

    “Each year, one journalist gets a Pulitzer and one hundred get shot” (UNESCO as shared by the United Nations’ Twitter account). In times like this, news reporting means putting oneself in the line of fire. Journalists who do not fear to expose the truth are the heroes that this impunity-filled country needs. While the truth must be what corrupt authorities must fear, in the Philippines and other parts of the world, abusive government officials opt to try to kill the truth. But their attempts seem to be futile, the truth still manages to come out.

  5. https://rsf.org/en/news/philippine-website-editor-due-be-arraigned-court

    Rappler Holdings and its President Maria Ressa is currently facing series of tax evasion cases filed by Department of Justice (DOJ). Ressa is currently facing a possible 10 year imprisonment because of failure to file an income tax return.

    The tax evasion case stems from an earlier finding that Rappler’s Philippine Depositary Receipts amounted to foreign ownership, a supposed defect which the Court of Appeals said was already cured.

    Ressa filed appeal over Tax evasion charges but last Jan. 16, DOJ indicts that Rappler failed to file tax returns.

    Moreover, Rappler still believes that this is a clear intimidation and harassment among journalist who is very critical on the current administration. Rappler released its controversial article “Propaganda War: Weaponizing the Internet” that reveals the paid trolls, spread of fake news and algorithm that are used for propaganda techniques used by the supporters of President Rodrigo Duterte to shift public opinions on key issues.

    RSF called out the government on this blatant accusations and harassment among journalist.

  6. First Assignment: January 18, 2019

    Topic: Ownership issues of News Media Organization

    Will ABSCBN be no more in 2020?

    https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/11/08/18/duterte-to-object-to-abs-cbn-franchise-renewal and
    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1051965/duterte-renews-threat-to-block-abs-cbn-franchise-renewal
    Nov. 8, 2018

    President Rodrigo Duterte accuses the giant broadcasting network ABSCBN thieves and frauds, and further threatens that if he were to make the decision, ABSCBN will not receive the renewal of their network franchise which will expire in March 30, 2020. This issue blatantly stems from two things: 1. The President is equally critical to media outlets who capitalize through its cacophonous comments against his administration, specifically his all-out war on drugs and 2. allegations that ABSCBN did not air Duterte’s paid campaign advertisement in 2016.

    This the third time he lambasted the said network and implied that its franchise, currently pending in congress as House Bill No. 4349, is possibly on the line. He attacked ABSCBN’s integrity for not doing their duty and holding their end of the bargain. Although Duterte recounts that he was refunded for the un-aired advertisement, he backlashed emphasizing his refusal to be repaid because the 2016 elections had already ended.

    When ABSCBN Chairperson Eugenio “Gabby” Lopez III addressed the company’s annual meeting in April 27, 2017, he stressed that criticism from the administration (or any administration) comes with the job. Being one of the TV networks that have an IPO, Lopez needed to reassure stockholders on ABSCBN’s future.

    One can argue that if Duterte succeeds in preventing ABSCBN in acquiring its franchise renewal, it is because of Duterte’s bruised ego and not necessarily of legal implications. Something that may deemed as an illegal act on the side of ABSCBN, as no case has been filed against them.

    This is traditional power struggle between two hegemonic institutions: the government backlashing on the media for the latter’s exercise of its watchdog function and not favoring the former’s interests; and the media with its integrity seem to be hanging on the balance because it is also protecting its own backyard.

  7. https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/11/08/18/duterte-to-object-to-abs-cbn-franchise-renewal

    A news item posted last November 18, 2018 by the ABSCBN News, President Duterte renewed his assault on the ABSCBN Franchise, again not mincing his word.

    With a torrent of choice cuss words, Dutere vowed to to block the network seeking renewal of its franchise in the Philippine Congress.

    This is not unusual for this president who has a long history of public tirade against his peceived enemies to issue threats against media networks.

    “Duterte has also spoken against other news outlets that put out stories that are critical of him. News website Rappler battled the revocation of its business papers in court and its reporter was banned from covering him from inside Palace grounds.”

    The irony of it, all the fire and brimstone was unleashed while distributing land titles to the Ati tribs, the original residents of Boracay.

    I guess, this kind of behaviour will continue until the end of his term.

    (Second reposting. There is something wrong with the previous posting of my avatar, even this this one. It does not show my pseudonym.)

  8. Assignment: Focus: Issues arising from other business interests of a news media organization

    How are ABS-CBN Corp. and GMA Network Coping with Falling Ad Sales in 2018?

    While one is diversifying sources of revenues, the other is keeping a tight rein on spending

    By Pauline Macaraeg | Nov 22,2018

    URL:

    https://www.entrepreneur.com.ph/news-and-events/how-are-abs-cbn-corp-and-gma-network-coping-with-falling-ad-sales-in-2018-a00222-20181122?utm_source=Facebook-PEP&utm_medium=Siteshare&utm_campaign=20181122-network-ad-sales&fbclid=IwAR2bwbPG2wJaMoVg_ZAdl4vyaWD-xKsRum4Tw7SEZXU8Gns69sDGIR8F_uA

    Thoughts about the article:

    Media, being an industry is actually a business which needs to earn profit in order to survive. A major contributor when it comes to pulling in income to any media network is thru advertising sales. Advertising as well became a business. To be specific, let us say, a news media organization, may that be of GMA or ABS-CBN still needs advertisers. Despite of depending on how its content is being projected to the public, making it credible, reliable, and dependable, the program still needs to earn.

    This article presented the falling advertising sales of two of the biggest networks in the country, GMA and ABS-CBN. ABS-CBN extended its reach thru diversifying. Instead of focusing on the traditional platform, it started penetrating the digital realm thru its TV Plus Boxes and as well as their iWant.com. It may also be a possible back up strategy since the network still faces franchise issues up until now. However, GMA focused on limiting its costs to survive resulting to cease its regional programs.

    The decline in ad sales may possibly be because of the proliferation of other media platforms which are easily accessed. Practically, anyone can now create content. The rise of vlogs and the popularity of some “media influencers” who takes a part of the advertisement sales has also affected the sales of the big networks.

    When we see it generally, let us say, Manila centric, focusing only on the content delivered by the Metro, we cannot really see a difference. However, if we look at it “locally” or thru regional perspective, regional content are slowly disappearing.

    ABS-CBN’s local program such as Mag TV na, Amiga in Region VI, ceased its operation. Same as with GMA’s, Isyu Subong Negrense. These regional programs are taken out of the screen because they no longer sell and are actually additional expenses to these networks.

    The business interests of these news media organizations lean towards creating programs that will sell and will generate income. However, the diversity of content becomes limited. Especially in the regions. The content that the audiences happen to absorb becomes those content produced only by the center. The fear of losing regional identity and regional content may be possible since regional programs are no longer considered as important. The advertising competition in the regions is tougher than the national especially that its business geography is smaller as compared to the metro were some establishments are not yet open to advertising.

    To further, regional content also becomes political platforms were politicians extend their personal propaganda since aside from business establishments, they are the ones who can afford to pay for ads.

    The article may have presented one issue, which is that of their decreasing ads sales, but its relevant effect to how people acquire information especially in the regions, becomes an important aspect which needs to be considered.

  9. Assignment #1

    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1051965/duterte-renews-threat-to-block-abs-cbn-franchise-renewal

    It was in April 2017 when President Rodrigo Duterte first accused ABS-CBN of fraud, claimed that
    the network failed to show his political ads during the 2016 campaign though they were already paid for.
    “They offered to pay and I refused to accept it because it was returned to me… proposed to return the money was too late after the election.”

    On November 8, 2018, the President once again relived his threat to object to the renewal of ABS-CBN’s franchise, which expires in 2020. During one of his speeches, Duterte challenged the network to prove his ill-gotten wealth. He also criticized the network for bias reporting especially on his war against drugs.

    Eugenio Lopez III, ABS-CBN Chairperson brushed the accusation saying that he has not yet encountered an administration that had some issue with the media in general, and ABS-CBN in particular.

    This is the President’s means of disciplining the network, which he accused of doing harm to him and his reputation. He is sending his message clearly: this will happen to anyone who do not favor his interests and support his platform.

    The question remains, will there still be ABS-CBN in 2020? The answer could mean a lot more than a yes or no.

  10. https://rsf.org/en/news/tax-evasion-charge-used-harass-philippine-website

    In this news article by Reporters Without Borders, Rappler Holding Corporation, the company behind the local news website Rappler, with Maria Ressa, its founder, is accused of tax-related charges by the DOJ. The RSF heavily condemns the act, calling it a “blatant judicial harassment”. (quote from the Reporters Without Borders website)

    As the article points out, this is not the first time that Maria Ressa has been in the center of politically motivated and state-supported persecution. This comes after a series of attacks on the news outlet, as enumerated in the article. What can be garnered from their examples, it seems, is that President Rodrigo Duterte’s administration will stop at nothing in order to censor and block unfavorable press releases, news, and criticism.

    Additionally, this power move made by the current administration showcases how they are unashamed to use means that are supposedly given to them in good faith by the population who placed them in power. Suppressing press freedom for their own advantage will never be beneficial to their own constituents.

    One can only imagine that if blatant methodologies against the press and critics such as this bear fruit, not only will responsible journalism and media coverage be crippled, but fear will also promulgate within corporations and communities with which they will allow themselves to be subjected to the current administration’s every whim.

    In the midst of all that, Maria Ressa continues warding off these attacks and Rappler still appears to be up and running, a clear sign that the battle is still far from over when it comes to Philippine press freedom.

  11. Assignment #1
    Topic: Tax Issues of News Organization
    Article: https://www.rappler.com/nation/218069-maria-ressa-posts-bail-pasig-rtc

    In reading the news article about Rappler’s tax violation cases filed by the DOJ, suppression and harassment of government disguised in legal matters is a politically-motivated tactic by the government for parties who are not in their terms.

    Rappler is known for writing blunt news exposes about government anomalies, especially with their strong articles about EJK, which the government is not happy about. To further support this statement, President Duterte even called out Rappler in one of his press conferences and stated his plans of revoking the media company’s registration. Thus, the filing of tax cases against the media organization.

    Not only Rappler experience this kind of harassment, but also ABS-CBN with regards to their franchise issue, which the President stated that he will ‘object’ the renewal that will expire by 2020. This objection boils down to the 2016 Presidential Election advertisement airing issue.

    Besides media organizations, government officials who expose government anomalies as well are in the same state of politically-motivated legal harassment, such as De Lima on EJK issue and CJ Sereno on illegal drug trade.

    Clearly, Tax issues and other legal issues filed by the government against their detractors are just superficial layers to their deeper and true political motive.

  12. Article: https://rsf.org/en/news/fact-checkers-harassed-social-networks

    “Online harassment is a growing threat to press freedom,” – Elodie Vialle, Head of RSF’s Journalism and Technology desk

    Reporters Without Boarders (RSF) released an article on fact-checkers being the targets of death threats as online harassment of journalists increases.

    Journalists who are specialized in fact-checking are being targeted these days- having the power to verify online content, photos and stories.

    The role of fact-checkers are crucial these days more than ever but it has also become the eye for several death threats. Fact-checking agencies like Lupa (a Brazilian fact-checking agency) and Vera Files are some of the agencies that have been harassed online in the pursuit of delivering the truth and defending its integrity.

    Bombarded with fake news and stories, fact-checking is very crucial as it becomes a new type of investigative journalism in this present time. These fact-checkers validate content preventing the circulation of fake news and misinformation.

    To help journalists combat the attacks of these trolls, the RSF offers 25 recommendations in addressing the problem on online harassment which can be found on their report entitled “Online Harassment of Journalists: The Trolls Attack.”

  13. Assignment #1

    Topic: Ownership Issues of a News Media Organization

    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1051965/duterte-renews-threat-to-block-abs-cbn-franchise-renewal

    It was in April 2017 when President Rodrigo Duterte first accused ABS-CBN of fraud, claimed that the network failed to show his political ads during the 2016 campaign though they were already paid for. “They offered to pay and I refused to accept it because it was returned to me… proposed to return the money was too late after the election.”

    On November 8, 2018, the President once again relived his threat to object to the renewal of ABS-CBN’s franchise, which expires in 2020. During one of his speeches, Duterte challenged the network to prove his ill-gotten wealth. He also criticized the network for bias reporting especially on his war against drugs.

    Eugenio Lopez III, ABS-CBN Chairperson brushed the accusation saying that he has not yet encountered an administration that had some issue with the media in general, and ABS-CBN in particular.

    This is the President’s means of disciplining the network, which he accused of doing harm to him and his reputation. He is sending his message clearly: this will happen to anyone who do not favor his interests and support his platform.

    The question remains, will there still be ABS-CBN in 2020? The answer could mean a lot more than a yes or no.

  14. Public Profile (Gravatar): https://en.gravatar.com/kwesifriendsf9daf63d45

    [Assignment #1]

    Topic: News media practitioners killed in the line of duty

    Link: https://opinion.inquirer.net/115060/deadly-environment

    After the announcement of ex-Palawan governor Joel Reyes release from jail last year, it has become another year for journalists, environmentalists, and land defenders to mourn for another justice that was supposedly a hope for practitioners.

    Joel Reyes has been charged in 2011 murder of Doc Gerry Ortega. As an outspoken critic of the said governor on his equivocal Padrino system towards large mining companies in Palawan, Gerry Ortega was ceased to work his advocacies.

    In 2017, Philippines has declared the deadliest country for a journalist by Reporters Without Borders, especially journalists who are outspoken to the Duterte administration, environmentalists, and land defenders. In 2018, Philippines now ranked second as the deadliest country in the world, and first in Asia.

    Aside from the 12 journalists who had been killed during Duterte’s administration, one of them is an outspoken critic of mining companies and militarization of communities in Ilocos. Mario Contaoi was killed by motorcycle-riding gunmen, and Marlon Muyco, who was almost killed in Kidapawan.

    Likely to say, Mindanao, my place of birth, is also not a safe place. With Duterte’s shameless anti-humanist and dictatorial approach to governance, especially Mindanao during and after the Marawi siege, and extended Mindanao-wide martial law, the killings of journalists and suspected drug addicts in Mindanao, activists included, exist, yet lack national attention.

    The fear has entered into the stream of every practitioner, now deeper, to be vigilant for years.

    Other links: http://pcij.org/stories/case-files-the-12-journalists-killed-under-the-duterte-administration/
    https://www.rappler.com/world/specials/215808-truth-never-dies-end-impunity-crimes-against-journalists-2018

  15. https://en.gravatar.com/abici230

    In a Nov. 13 2018 news posted by Reporters Without Borders (RSF), the organization condemns the administration’s deliberate attacks on Rappler and its CEO Maria Ressa to silence the media organization and its journalists.

    DOJ accused Ressa and Rappler of tax evasion and failure to file tax returns in 2015. These allegations may face Ressa to 10 years in prison under section 255 of the tax code.

    Rappler is known to be critical on the Duterte administration. The organization has been reporting on the anomalies in the administration and its war on drugs.

    And to silence Rappler, has been facing series of harassment from the administration since it reported on Duterte’s propaganda machine that helped him win the 2016 Presidential election. And according to the RSF article the alleged tax evasion is the first time that Ressa is being attacked personally.

    The administration’s move to harass Rappler and other media organizations that criticize the government is a threat to our democracy and freedom to express. If this will continue, disinformation will further promulgate and public opinion will be easily manipulated to align to the interests of government.

    https://rsf.org/en/news/tax-evasion-charge-used-harass-philippine-website

  16. 1st Assignment

    Source: https://www.rappler.com/nation/221110-doj-denies-rhc-maria-ressa-appeal-tax-charges-january-2019

    Maria Ressa and Rappler Holdings Corporation is denied appeal by the DOJ over the tax evasion charges filed against them.

    The government continues to impede upon our rights to freely access information by using government agencies such as the Securities and Exchange Commission to utilize legal loopholes against Rappler such as their issuing of Philippine Depositary Receipts (PDRs) to foreign investors. The SEC considers such actions as a violation of the Foreign Investment Act, a constitutional rule that requires a business to be owned at least sixty percent by a Filipino National. DOJ also stepped in by declaring the PDRs to be “tax violations” as they interpreted the PDRs to be taxable income.

    The use of legal loopholes and interpretations to harass media establishments is disconcerting as these gestures could be considered as a milder version of Marcos’s purge of TV Networks during Martial Law. The whole country may not be under Martial Law as of now, but it does not lessen the concern of organizations that advocates for journalist rights have, such as Reporters Without Borders and Committee to Protect Journalists. On November 27, 2018 they issue a joint-statement:

    “We urge you to cease this campaign of intimidation and harassment against Rappler, both for the sake of respecting press freedom and for your government’s international credibility.”

    However this did not faze the government and their efforts to discredit Rappler and Maria Ressa as a 5th charge has been separately filed before the Pasig Regional Trial Court. A charge she is currently waiting to appeal.

    One can only surmise the extent the government will go to in order to silence their naysayers. Their next move will inevitably affect international perception not only of the current state of Philippine media but also the current state of our government.

  17. (Prof. Lambino, this is Lem Garcellano, in case my pseudonym and avatar fail to appear again. Also, this is the third time I am posting this response to the 1st assignment. The first posting of my avatar and pseudonym at 7:49pm did not show insteaed was labeled as anonymous, The second one at around an hour ago showed my avatar but not my pseudonym. I hope this thrid time works.)

    1st Assignment.

    https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/11/08/18/duterte-to-object-to-abs-cbn-franchise-renewal

    A news item posted last November 8, 2018 by the ABSCBN News, President Duterte renewed his assault upon the ABSCBN Franchise, again not mincing his word.

    With a torrent of choice cuss words, Dutere vowed to to block the network seeking renewal of its franchise in the Philippine Congress.

    This is not unusual for this president who has a long history of public tirade against his peceived enemies to issue threats against media networks. He has done so in a number of times.

    “Duterte has also spoken against other news outlets that put out stories that are critical of him. News website Rappler battled the revocation of its business papers in court and its reporter was banned from covering him from inside Palace grounds.”

    The irony of it, all the fire and brimstone was unleashed while distributing land titles to the Ati tribs, the original residents of Boracay.

    I guess, this kind of behaviour will continue until the end of his term.

  18. Assignment #1

    https://rsf.org/en/news/tax-evasion-charge-used-harass-philippine-website

    The news online site, Rappler, and its president, Maria Ressa, are charged with tax evasion and failed to return tax files back in 2015 according to Reporters Without Borders from their report last November 13, 2018.

    Rappler, which was founded by Maria Ressa, became a well-known news site and internationally recognized. But despite of this successful recognition, President Rodrigo Duterte’s administration pursues this organization because of evading tax obligations and if found guilty, according to this report, Ressa could be jailed up to 10 years under section 255 of the tax code.

    From this report, it insinuates that this pursue of President Rodrigo Duterte is clearly an intimidation for the journalists who are practicing the freedom of information and investigative coverage of President Duterte’s scheme. It is a repeated attack to suppress the press to express the right of the citizens to know the truth behind this administration. But for President Duterte’s administration, it is only right to crush Maria Ressa because of her “defense of the freedom to inform.”

  19. Assignment #2
    Link to blog post copy: https://awitatkulay.home.blog/2019/01/25/assignment-2/

    On a report last Nov. 27, 2018, Reporters Without Borders/Reporters Sans Frontieres (RSF) published its joint open letter with the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) for the call for an end to the orchestrated harassment of the Philippine media platform Rappler and its editor, Maria Ressa, by the Duterte government. The said letter was addressed to Prosecutor General Richard Anthony Fadullon and signed by CPJ Executive Director Joel Simon and RSF Secretary General Christophe Deloire. According to these two independent non-profit press freedom organizations, they documented how the government continued to retaliate against Rappler’s coverage by pushing legal threats, as well as promoting a campaign of intimidation and harassment, in an attempt to silence their critical reporting of Duterte and his allies.

    For the past year, the government threatened to revoke Rappler’s registration at the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), although the Court of Appeals ruled in July 2018 that the SEC erred in its move. The government also accused Rappler and Ressa of tax evasion, allegedly due to a company bond sale in 2015. Rappler and Ressa kept their stand that they have all the necessary documents to counter the said accusation. The government even went as far as blatantly banning Rappler reporters from the presidential palace and referring to the news site as “fake news” and “biased.”

    Apart from urging the administration to respect press freedom and end politicized persecution of Duterte’s critics, the letter also reiterated the words that came from Ressa who expressed how the government’s international credibility is at stake and that the government’s actions can potentially threaten foreign investors who use similar mechanism with how they collaborated with Rappler and this can damage the country’s economy.

    As countless news reports continue to show that Rappler isn’t the only Duterte critic facing intimidation, harassment, and politicized persecution, looking into the bigger picture, these acts should not make people silent. Instead, these acts should be a wake-up call that the Filipinos should protect the nation’s democracy. Filipinos should not yield to such bullying tactics of those in power in order to silence them. Ultimately, silence means consent for the government to intimidate and harass all of its critics.

    According to Pulitzer Prize-winning author Richard Kluger whose writing focuses on society, politics, and history, “Every time a newspaper dies, even a bad one, the country moves a little closer to authoritarianism.” These words resonate quite strongly in the Philippines right now as freedom of expression is threading very dangerous grounds.

    This news report is chosen based on the topics:

    Ownership issues of a news media organization
    Tax issues of a news media organization

    Reporters Without Borders URL: https://rsf.org/en/news/open-letter-rsf-and-cpj-urge-philippines-stop-harassing-rappler

  20. 2nd Assignment

    https://www.ifex.org/philippines/2018/11/13/rappler-indicted-tax-evasion/

    The original article was published by  cmfr-phil.org on 13 November 2018 but was later picked up by the ifx.org, an online news organization (The Global Network – Defending and Promoting Free Expression).

    In the article, the Philippine DOJ (Department of Justice) found Rappler Holdings Corporation, the holding company of the online news organization Rappler, guilty of tax evasion for the sale of its PDRs or Philippine Depositary Receipts to two foreign entities. One of these foreign companies was an American investment firm Omidyar Network, popularly known as a “philanthropic investment firm” established by the founder of e-Bay Pierre Omidyar and wife Pam.

    Such that as charged by the DOJ, the deal virtually gave the foreign company complete control over the Rappler Media Organization, thus violating the Philippine’s Anti-Dummy Law or the constitutional ban on foreign ownership. To provide a leagl breathing space for Rappler, however, Omidyar Network quickly donated its PDRs to Rappler’s fourteen managers.

    In the said PDR sale, “RHC allegedly earned roughly PHP162.5-million from the transaction but failed to declare it in its tax return, “ leadings the National Prosecution Service (NPS) to rule in favor of the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) “in its criminal complaint against RHC for “willful attempt to evade or defeat tax and willful failure to supply correct and accurate information” as provided for by the Philippine tax code.”

    In the same report the court charged that RHC’s accountant, Baladiang, “ was accused of violating the tax code for certifying RHC’s financial statements despite its alleged failure to disclose the purchase of Rappler, Inc.’s shares.” Caparros also added “that as corporate president, Ressa should also be held accountable for RHC’s alleged infractions following the general provisions of the tax code.”

    It must be noted that this ruling on Rappler was part of the latest in the series of continuing legal battle by the Rappler Media organization when it was ordered shut down by the government in January 2018 by revoking its SEC registration for the same violation, that of selling its PDRs to foreign entities.

    The report ended with a number of support Rappler was getting from foreign journalists the likes of Washington Post executive editor Marty Baron and Huffington Post editor-in-chief Lydia Polgreen. They expressed solidarity with the Rappler News Organization in its legal battle with the government.

  21. 2nd Assignment

    A joint letter signed by the Reporters Sans Frontieres (RSF) and Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) was published urging the Duterte government to put an end on the continuous harassment of news website Rappler. The two independent non-profit press freedom organizations reiterated that the current administration has been unlawfully persecuting its critics through legal harassment and intimidation. The two organizations have documented how Duterte and his allies retaliated against Rappler’s reporting – from banning the news outlet’s reporters in the palace to the consistent allegations that Rappler is fake and biased.

    Rappler has been experiencing all forms of harassment since it began publishing critical reporting of the administration. However, the latest and worst attack happened upon the filing of the tax evasion charges to Maria Ressa, Rappler’s president. Ressa has been denying all accusations and providing data to support their counter-claims. On the other hand, the Department of Justice continues to dismiss this with reason or explanation.

    Prior to these charges, Rappler had already faced legal harassment when the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) ordered the revocation of the site’s registration. The Court of Appeals has ruled for the order’s denial but has not been fully annulled.

    Signed by CSF Executive Director and RSF Secretary-General Christophe Deloire, the two organizations are insistent in urging the government to end harassment and intimidation towards Rappler and other journalists, not just for the sake of press freedom and the country’s economic standing, but also for the government’s credibility.

    As news of attacks, politicized persecution, and harassment towards journalists continue to threaten press freedom, and therefore, the country’s democracy, Duterte’s determination in silencing his critics should be matched with an even stronger force, which can only come from the united Filipino people.

    This report is based on the topic: Tax issues of a news media organization

    Link to RSF’s online report: https://rsf.org/en/news/open-letter-rsf-and-cpj-urge-philippines-stop-harassing-rappler

  22. [Assignment Number 2]

    Duterte revives plunder threat vs. Prietos

    Last 2017, President Duterte started firing shots against the Prieto family, owner of the Philippine Daily Inquirer (PDI). Mid 2018, his plunder threat to the family was once again revived. From the paper’s “unfair coverage” during Duterte’s campaign period to the administration’s war on drugs, President Duterte also cited violations in the family’s other businesses— Sunvar Realty Corp. and Golden Donuts.

    Sunvar Realty Corp. is the company that developed and leased Mile Long property from the government. It can be remembered that President Duterte demanded the return of Mile Long property to the government. Based on the decision of the Makati RTC, Sunvar was ordered to vacate the property and pay back rent since the expiration of its original lease in December 2002.

    The Prieto family also owns Golden Donuts, the licensee of Dunkin’ Donuts franchise in the Philippines. President Duterte also cited the tax evasion case against the company, amounting to four billion pesos. Golden Donuts, however, stressed that their tax issues have already been settled with the BIR last 2012.

    Just as President Duterte started hounding the Philippine Daily Inquirer (PDI), he was also exposing controversies related to the other businesses of the Prieto family. In that case, he has made clear his dislike of the family. It is also worth noting that the President’s attacks against PDI seemed to have stopped when the majority of the newspaper’s share was bought by Ramon Ang— owner of San Miguel Corp., CNN Philippines, and a known friend of President Duterte. After the buyout, less has been said of the newspaper but more on the family’s other businesses.

    The timing of things is quite interesting. When ABS-CBN was being badgered with threats, so was PDI and Rappler. They are the news outlets that are in some ways or another, published something unfavorable for the Duterte administration. Media outlets that fall under the President’s dislike-list must suffer if not go down. Everything started with verbal threats— closure, plunder, tax evasion, etc.— and legal complaints have always followed. 


  23. Assignment 2: Focus: News media practitioners killed in the line of duty

    THE STATE OF PHILIPPINE MEDIA: Relentless Attacks And Threats Online, On Ground, Across the Nation

    By Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility| Nov 23,2018

    URL:
    https://cmfr-phil.org/press-freedom-protection/the-state-of-philippine-media-relentless-attacks-and-threats-online-on-ground-across-the-nation/

    Thoughts about the article:

    The role of media in our society has been very crucial. It has witnessed history and has changed over time. Its responsibility, being a venue of information, same as with entertainment, has been adapting with the society. The way content is formed has been affected by numerous factors that has shaped its evolvement as of the present time. These factors include social, cultural, economic, and political changes that has been somewhat manipulative in terms of presenting information.

    Despite of this, journalists continued to fight for freedom especially in terms of expressing the truth. They wanted to make the audiences involved when it comes to being critical in analysing information. Instead of being passive and accepting audiences, journalists are giving the audiences an opportunity to actually really think about the issues presented to them and judge it according to how they understand it.

    However, this strong approach of journalists became a threat to some. This article summarised the state of Philippine media when it comes to threats and attacks experienced by journalists. This report also justified why the country is considered as a dangerous place for journalists since it has almost became a habit to “silence” journalists who are threats to political and economic motives since the highest percentage of their attacks and deaths are related to state agents or public officials.

    This situation has been existing many years back, but it still continues up to know. Why? Again, the history of media in the country has always been related to the political economy of how media organizations work. Who owns these organizations, who they protect, what they protect, and how far will they go when it comes to presenting the truth to the public. Since the nature of our media structure is to earn profit, it has political and economic interests which it also has to protect. Journalists who fought their way not to be eaten up by this kind of system are usually the ones threatened, harassed, worst, killed.

    The statistics presented in this article should waken up media organizations about their “true” responsibility to the public. The people has proven their power that they can control media information during the times of Marcos and Estrada. If people demand for “good” and “transparent” content instead of being satisfied with content full of advertisements, media organizations would probably eventually give in since the people or the audiences are also the “buying” public that watches their programs, reads their newspapers, listens to their radio shows, and logs in to their websites.

    I have been a regional television reporter for almost 5 years. And within those years, I have seen the harshness of the industry. The greed of some elites, some politicians, and some other people with personal interests who have great influence to media organizations. But, the very thing that I have learned while being in the industry is that the media has a power when it comes to creating change. It influences people. Maybe, if the people, or the audiences are made to be a part of the information presented by the media, there will be more eyes to watch over the safety of these journalists. Influencing people to become more vigilant will be of help especially in terms of making journalists more protected since the public also have their eyes on them.

    Remembering my experience, the irony to it is that, at the very beginning, during job orientation, they will tell you that no news is worth dying for. I am now confused. Does this mean that the media just had to remain “safe” when it comes to presenting the truth since they’d be probably be threatened or be dead if they come head to head with these big people? I still do not know the answer but I am still thinking that there should be a way or a solution that will support press freedom and making journalists feel safe whenever they present the whole everything of any issues or any news.

    My thoughts were just based on the political economy structure of media organizations. It will better if a different perspective will be made when it comes to reading the text.

  24. Assignment #2
    Topic:Ownership issues on news media organization
    Article: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1051965/duterte-renews-threat-to-block-abs-cbn-franchise-renewal

    Last November 8, 2018, President Duterte once again, threatened to block and object, Philippine media giant, ABS-CBN Corporation’s broadcasting franchise renewal that will expire on March 2020. This warning was made upon when the television network failed to air his campaign advertisements, along side with other public officials that he mentioned in the article, during the 2016 presidential elections, and stated allegation against the television network for being a ‘fraud’.

    More so of ‘fraud’ allegations, the President added statements of ABS-CBN being ‘biased’ in news content, including his supposed ill-gotten wealth and his controversial war on illegal drugs.

    With these issues, the President really knows how to power play, and took a massive step of legal action over an issue of an election ad campaign that was not aired and alleged ‘biased’ reporting against the government. Really? With these issues he counters with a broadcast shutdown instead of matching the level of legal retaliate on the issues.

    This issue is not just power play but a threat to press freedom as well. He calls attention of ‘biased’ content that are not in their tune, but he doesn’t call the attention of ‘biased’ content on other broadcast media that just always airs news of ‘how great’ the government is, and not make the society critically think with the real issues of the society. What is…‘biased’?

    With this issue snowballed from ‘fraud’ to ‘biased’ programming to ‘objection’ of franchise renewal. Truly, our president, being a legal practitioner, he incredibly knows how to play his ‘legal’ cards well against his opponents.

  25. Assignment #2

    Tax issues of a news media organization

    https://rsf.org/en/news/philippine-website-editor-due-be-arraigned-court?fbclid=IwAR3mdMRX_nslvk52E0RS8pE5OppDOs0EEBv39qvP5Vxo7t1dNVJSBPAff1U

    On December 6, 2018, Rappler’s Maria Ressa is scheduled for arraignment on a fifth of a series of tax evasion charges filed by the Department of Justice (DOJ).

    Rappler and Maria Ressa are accused of failing to supply correct Value Added Tax information, tax evasion and failure to file tax returns in 2015, which could mean up to ten years in prison under section 255 of the tax code.

    Maria Ressa is the symbol of press freedom and “This harassment is clearly designed to bring down a media outlet that dares to provide investigative coverage of President Duterte’s policies.” said Daniel Bastard, head of RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk.

    Clearly, this proves the administration’s intimidation of whoever does not support its agenda. The President has his own ways of pressuring those who believe otherwise.

    RSF calls on the highest judicial authorities to stop the orchestrated harassment on Rappler and and its editor, Maria Ressa.

  26. Assignment #2

    Article: https://rsf.org/en/news/philippine-website-editor-due-be-arraigned-court

    Reporters Without Boarders calls out Philippine judicial authorities to impede harassing Rappler editor and journalist Maria Ressa who is due to be arraigned in court of tax evasion charges by the Department of Justice.

    According to DOJ, there were several cases charged Rappler Holdings Inc. including failure to file an income tax return and tax evasion which later then escalated for Ressa being sued (as the president of the company) and facing up to 10 years imprisonment aside from paying the taxes due. Ressa then appeals the court to remand the case for investigation and to withdraw the proceedings including the arraignment.

    Ressa, a practised journalist and correspondent is to be arrested for doing what her job demands her to do in serving as a watchdog of the government. Facing the tight spot, RSF wrote to the Philippine prosecutor general to stop the press harassment of Rappler and Ressa. According to the head of RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk, that the authorities must put an end to the harassment where Ressa is being forced to defend herself, for the truth and in trying to combat disinformation.

    Rappler being one of the news websites that monitors the government, it is likely saying that they are paying the price for opposing and criticizing Duterte’s administration. It appears that the current administrator wants to enforce the idea that Ressa and other reporters are vulnerable in his regime.

  27. Assignment #2 (Edited)

    Article: https://rsf.org/en/news/philippine-website-editor-due-be-arraigned-court

    Reporters Without Boarders calls out Philippine judicial authorities to impede harassing Rappler editor and journalist Maria Ressa who is due to be arraigned in court of tax evasion charges by the Department of Justice.

    According to DOJ, there were several cases charged Rappler Holdings Inc. including failure to file an income tax return and tax evasion which later then escalated for Ressa being sued (as the president of the company) and facing up to 10 years imprisonment aside from paying the taxes due. Ressa then appeals the court to remand the case for investigation and to withdraw the proceedings including the arraignment.

    Ressa, a practised journalist and correspondent is allegedly to be arrested for doing what her job demands her to do in serving as a watchdog of the government. Facing the tight spot, RSF wrote to the Philippine prosecutor general to stop the press harassment of Rappler and Ressa. According to the head of RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk, that the authorities must put an end to the harassment where Ressa is being forced to defend herself, for the truth and in trying to combat misinformation.

    Rappler being one of the news websites that monitors the government, it is likely saying that they are paying the price for opposing and criticizing Duterte’s administration. It appears that the current administrator wants to enforce the idea that Ressa and other reporters are vulnerable in his regime.

  28. Assignment #2
    Topic: News Media Practitioners Killed in the Line of Duty
    Afghan Journalists: 14 journalists, media workers killed this year (Sept. 25, 2018) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FNdDi85RMMw

    In Afghanistan, journalists are used as publicity bait by terrorists as weapons intendedly shifted not only towards soldiers and civilians; but now including media people.

    Reported in September 25, 2018; while doing a live broadcast of a suicide attack in Kabul, Afghan reporter Samim Fatima and his cameraman Ramiz Ahmadi were killed when a second blast erupted on the scene. By that time 14 journalists from the TOLO New Agency have been killed, which was the same news network that Fatima and Ahmadi belonged.

    Since 2001, when the US moved its forces to Afghanistan, at least 60 journalists were killed.

    The deaths of Fatima and Ahmadi echoes to the April 30, 2018 incident, dubbed as a “Dark Day” for media journalists, wherein 10 journalists were killed making the incident the deadliest day for journalists since the Afghan war began in 2001. On that day 9 journalists died in a double suicide bombing in Kabul and the tenth journalist was shot dead in the eastern city of Khost. The journalists in Kabul were directly targeted. They died while covering another bomb blast in the central district of the capital, which was home to NATO headquarters and a number of embassies. After journalists rushed to the scene of the first bomb blast, a suicide bomber dressed as a photographer blew himself up among the journalists. The suicide bomber reportedly posing as a cameraman for a TV channel. One of the journalists killed was AFP’s chief photographer Shah Marai.

    The attacks on journalists were considered to be the deadliest since US led its forces in Afghanistan in 2001. And ISIS claimed responsibility for both.

    These atrocious events are grave reminders of the extreme dangers to media workers in Afghanistan and the severely brutal tactics used there by the enemies of the Free Press. There was no expectation that journalists will be deliberately targeted by someone posing as a journalist, even though there had been reports that TV stations were previously bombed. Now, the terrorists’ strategy has shifted: from purposively killing innocent civilians to intentionally targeting journalists to widen their net of fear.

    What is devastatingly disappointing, among others, in incidents like these is that journalists in areas of conflict initially started as stringers, drivers, junior reporters, translators and fixers who have worked their way up to the top of their bureaus or news agencies. They’re extremely dedicated and determined to get either the story or the shot. And in either video or photos taken in war-torn areas like Kabul, cameramen or photojournalists would be hiding, protecting themselves behind a wall with their cameras up in the air desperate to get a shot because that’s their job, more importantly their duty. And as journalists, they are determined to fulfill their responsibility.

    Working safely, fulfilling their commitment to the people I’m sure has been something that is extremely weighing heavily upon their shoulders. Some sources noted that news bureaus and agencies constantly change procedures, add guidelines and avoid going to certain places: different means to work around the chaotic environment in order for them to do their jobs. However, the two attacks that specifically targeted journalists for the terrorists’ advantage and interest are a game changer. To actually be in a situation where journalists were lured into a trap and killed as a group poses many questions on how journalists can now report safely or at all.

    The dark cloud of terror hovers not just over Afghanistan but in all parts of the world, for the attacks signify that there are no more barriers. If journalists can be targeted, anyone can be a target. And if it can happen to Afghanistan, or in the case of our own Maguindanao massacre, it can happen anywhere even in areas that have no overt war. When it comes to struggle for ideologies, power and money; no one is safe anymore.

  29. [Assignment #2]

    Topic: Fake News

    PH company banned by Facebook spread lies, used fake accounts
    https://www.rappler.com/technology/social-media/220741-facebook-remove-trending-news-portal-twinmark-media-enterprises

    October last year, Mocha Uson announced her resignation after a year and five months of service. Known for her malicious opinion and liaison to the current administration, former President Communications Operations Office (PCOO) Assistant Secretary Mocha Uson once again seek refuge to social media with her armies of troll disseminating lies and hatred.

    Recently, Facebook announced the deletion/banning of a local digital marketing group, Twinmark Media Enterprise, where Mocha Uson is previously linked. Their Facebook pages include “Filipino Channel Online,” “Gorgeous Me,” “Unhappy,” “Text Message,” and “TNP Media.” According to Rappler, Mocha Uson’s favorite site is Trending News Portal with more than 500 posts connected to hers.

    Facebook’s Head of Cybersecurity Policy Nathaniel Gleicher said, “Twinmark organization has repeatedly violated Facebook’s misrepresentation and spam policies—through, among others, coordinated inauthentic behavior, the use of fake accounts, leading people to ad farms, and selling access to Facebook Pages to artificially increase distribution and generate profit.”

    In accordance to its basis, the aforementioned organization was accused of “inauthentic behavior” rather than the nature of its content. Gleicher clarified that the removal of content is another process, and Twinmark’s other “content doesn’t look to be violating.”

    Mocha Uson received Php300k monthly from Twinmark Media Enterprise since 2016 through ad revenues from a deleted post of a tech blogger (authentication of the said allegation still needs to be validated).

    Other sources: https://www.msn.com/en-ph/news/national/mocha-uson-allegedly-receives-php300k-monthly-income-from-twinmark-media/ar-BBSwsup?ocid=st

  30. Assignment #2

    Topic: Fact Checking
    Source: http://verafiles.org/articles/vera-files-fact-check-online-story-duterte-satisfaction-rati

    Vera Files fact checked an online article on Duterte’s satisfaction rating published in Philnetizen.com. According to Philnetizen’s article, results of Yahoo!’s recently conducted survey on how satisfied the Filipinos are with Duterte’s presidency shows that 84% are satisfied.

    According to Vera files, the article lacks context and misleads with its interpretation of Yahoo!’s poll results. This misleading article reached almost 2 million people and shared widely from Greco Belgica, PTV ng Bayan, and Philnetizen pages.

    The informal poll asks only one question and anyone can send multiple responses to the poll, yet Philnetizen claimed that the result is a reflection of national sentiment. The result of the poll can’t be considered as reflection of national sentiment since respondents are unidentified and can be anyone. The credibility of the results is also questionable since respondents can send multiple responses. Furthermore, it can’t be considered a public sphere where individuals can discuss and arrive into collective opinion.

    Philnetizen. com is an online news website created in September 2018. Based on their website, they feature news on latest issues, commentaries on politics, and social media trending topics.

    Vera Files is a non-profit online news organization founded in 2008 by veteran journalists that focuses on investigative journalism. It also partnered with Facebook to counter the further proliferation of disinformation.

  31. Reposting my comment as I forgot to log in before commenting earlier.

    Assignment #2

    Topic: Fact Checking
    Source: http://verafiles.org/articles/vera-files-fact-check-online-story-duterte-satisfaction-rati

    Vera Files fact checked an online article on Duterte’s satisfaction rating published in Philnetizen.com. According to Philnetizen’s article, results of Yahoo!’s recently conducted survey on how satisfied the Filipinos are with Duterte’s presidency shows that 84% are satisfied.

    According to Vera files, the article lacks context and misleads with its interpretation of Yahoo!’s poll results. This misleading article reached almost 2 million people and shared widely from Greco Belgica, PTV ng Bayan, and Philnetizen pages.

    The informal poll asks only one question and anyone can send multiple responses to the poll, yet Philnetizen claimed that the result is a reflection of national sentiment. The result of the poll can’t be considered as reflection of national sentiment since respondents are unidentified and can be anyone. The credibility of the results is also questionable since respondents can send multiple responses. Furthermore, it can’t be considered a public sphere where individuals can discuss and arrive into collective opinion.

    Philnetizen. com is an online news website created in September 2018. Based on their website, they feature news on latest issues, commentaries on politics, and social media trending topics.

    Vera Files is a non-profit online news organization founded in 2008 by veteran journalists that focuses on investigative journalism. It also partnered with Facebook to counter the further proliferation of disinformation.

  32. Sorry Ma’am, I’m the one who posted about Philnetizen’s online article which was fact checked by Vera Files.

  33. ASSIGNMENT #2

    Topic: Fact Checking

    SOURCES: http://verafiles.org/articles/vera-files-fact-check-bato-dela-rosa-duterte-make-contradict

    https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=310055523169445&id=1515763818663512&refsrc=http%3A%2F%2Fverafiles.org%2Farticles%2Fvera-files-fact-check-bato-dela-rosa-duterte-make-contradict&_rdr

    https://www.philstar.com/nation/2017/12/17/1769333/137-m-drug-personalities-surrendered-nationwide-pnp

    From Vera Files’ article, they reported about the contradiction on the figure on drug surrenderees which Ronald “Bato” Dela Rosa claimed and on what President Duterte said.

    According to President Duterte, fron his speech during the 117th Police Service Anniversary Celebration last August 8, 2018, there are one million six hundred who surrendered because of their condition (skinny, look like zombies).

    In Dela Rosa’s opening speech at the CNN Philippines December 2 senatorial forum, he said that in his time of being police and chief, they were able to surrender 1.3 million drug pushers and users.

    During the lecture on militarization and drugs, last November 6, 2018, President Duterte cleared that the 1.6 million are the drug-affected Filipinos and this figure was given by Dela Rosa.

    In an article from Philippine Star, there are over 1.37 million drug users who have surrendered to authorities during the first 15 months of President Duterte. From this article, Dela Rosa’s claim on drug war surrendees is closer on the actual figure than on President Duterte’s assertion.

  34. https://rsf.org/en/news/fact-checkers-harassed-social-networks

    In Reporters Without Borders’ article, the cases of harassment experienced by fact checkers (and in turn, journalists) is shown to have grown exponentially with the advent of the internet and social media. However, fact-checkers themselves counter this by creating organizations that help in the verification and propagation of factual information.

    Even in the Philippines, this phenomenon is not a fresh new concept – especially when it comes to the current political climate. More commonly known as trolls, they begin with the proliferation of fake news which then develops to libelous, malicious content directed at those who dare fact-check them. Journalism, even then a dangerous occupation, has become even more threatened (and deadly) with this kind of harassment present on social media.

    The book ‘The Internet of Garbage’ (2015) by journalist and lawyer Sarah Jeong, discusses how and to what extent online harassment is created. She cites some cases of online harassment (most of which have garnered popularity through the intensity of harassment the victims face) and sees a direct correlation with how this intentional destructive activity always comes from people who literally have something to gain from their victims’ harassment. This could be monetary, and also could be a personal grudge against the victims themselves.

    These people are hiding behind anonymity, which makes them harder to capture and more confident in their words. Jeong takes note of how regulations in the internet seem to only protect corporate interests, leaving individuals to their own devices when it comes to personal attacks. She suggests a spam filter-like feature to limit harassment (or atleast its worst kind, doxxing) in order to regulate content.

    The internet has become a free for all medium that rendered anybody with a working connection and device a voice that could be heard all over the world. While this holds promise, nowadays, wicked people could just as well use the internet to silence their opposition, erasing any space for dissent. Fact-checkers are especially targeted for their tireless act of delivering the truth and correcting misinformation online. Fortunately, Reporters Without Borders offers recommendations in order to address the problem which would, hopefully, help in countering the said trolls.

  35. Bonus

    Memories of Martial Law Circa 70s.

    From a Rappler insider, at the NBI this morning: Maria Ressa, Rappler Ceo and Reynaldo Santos, Jr., reporter, are set to post bail for their 5pm arrest at the Rappler office yesterday, Feb 13, 2019. Together with Ressa and Santos are two of Rappler editors, guarding them closely, in the insider’s words “bantay sarado sila”, alluding to the regime’s notoriety to manipulate the proceedings ala-Martial Law. It must be noted that late last night, as reported in a statement by Rappler, and picked up by major news outlets, the duo attempted to file bail at the night court but were refused.

    The arrest of Ressa and Santos is linked to the “cyber libel” as charged by the NBI and Wilfredo Keng, arising from Rappler’s May 12, 2012 article by reporter Reynaldo Santos, Jr citing an “intelligence report” of Keng’s alleged involvement in human trafficking and drug smuggling.

    This act, described as “malicious” in social media circles, smacks of a witch hunt and an insidious attempt of the present administration to muzzle the press, an evil ML strategy employed by the Marcos dictatorship against its perceived enemies. It pays to retrieve in our Martial Law memories that one of the firsts to be arrested, and incarcerated, during the early days of martial law were newsmen such as Alejandro Roces, the owner and publisher of the pre-ML newspapet Manila Times.

    The arrest also brings back memories of unreported warrantless arrests of many writers and journalists during Martial Law, included in the victims of this vicious attack on press freedom was my sister-in-law, a former Staffwriter of Philippine Graphic. It was one early morning in the mid 70’s, after a two years of evading military agents, at the Delgado Maternity Clinic (Delgado Memorial Hospital today), my sister-in-law Rosario Garcellano, staffwriter of Philippine Graphic (formerly Opinion Editor of Philippine Daily Inquirer), was arrested while recuperating from a cesarian section operation. The agents brushed off brusquely her medical condition drawing protests from her doctors and nurses. Eventually, the agents were prevailed upon to return after a few days when she was fully recovered. “Kapapanganak pa lang hinahatak na sa korte.”

    Update by from a Rappler insider: As of 12:14 this afternoon, it was reported by ABSCBN online, that Ressa and Santos were able to leave NBI custody after successfully posting bail.

  36. Fourth Assignment

    NEWS MEDIA ISSUES

    https://www.manilatimes.net/maria-ressa-is-an-american-bashing-the-philippines-salvaged-her-distressed-career/513271/?fbclid=IwAR0K02bGAPf2jTe7yng43EzEdtwxpM5qmLMvIr0WHE6JMJ3dKuNieEyhIwQ

    On February 18, 2019, Rigoberto Tiglao, wrote in his column in the Manila Times details of the Maria Ressa’s US citizenship brouhaha. He provided details of said issue as a result of her family’s migration to the United States in 1973, swearing an oath of allegiance to the US flag as a naturalized American. He further on claimed that Ressa had been using her US passport in traveling in and out of the country, and on her trips abroad, ashamed, it appears, to be identified as a Filipino.

    Her online articles involving private interests, government functionaries and policies earned Ressa brownie points from foreign governments and media organizations & personalities, notwithstanding the tax evasion and cyberlibel charges filed by the DOJ and NBI against her, respectively. No wonder, Tiglao continued, Ressa does not fear the Philippine government in attacking, so the report went, Duterte and placing the issue of freedom of the press at stake, and other Filipino journalists in danger.

    Tiglao contrasted her shenanigans and open disregard of the law to the citizenship issues levelled at Senato Grace Poe who patriotically disavowed her US citizenship to join the government to Ressa’s refusal to embrace her Filipino roots, and to shamelessly take refuge under the umbrella of US protection for its citizens.

    This allegation, in the light of the Rappler CEO’s entanglement with Philippine laws, impact on the legal viability of cases filed against the CEO, she being a US citizen. Certain is the probability though that, to quote the column, “ if ever Ressa is convicted of the crimes she is charged of and ordered jailed, she could just flee to the US.”

    Tiglao ends the article in taking to task the government for allowing a foreigner to run and own a media company in violation of Article 17 of the Philippine Constitution where it is explicitly indicated that ownership is only the privilege of Philippine citizens.

  37. Fourth Assignment

    BONUS

    The Taking of the ABS-CBN: a personal eyewitness account.

    It was mid-morning of February 24. I and 3 staff writers were rushing scripts for the daily shoot of Batibot episodes (the country was in the throes of a violent revolution, still we were diligently seeing to the sustained production schedule of Batibot, a children’s educational program in the mid-80s), when somebody barged inside the Writers Department, announcing that a group of soldiers in black had surrounded the MBS-4 compound (the present ABS-CBN network studios).

    Picking up my camera, and with writers in tow, we proceeded to Bohol Ave (now Sgt. Esguerra Ave), near East St. Louie Jazz bar (still existing presently), and there, while crouched behind concrete flower boxes, witnessed a small contingent of armed police bearing the name and emblem of the famous Manila Police in their black vests, led by General Alfredo Lim (then Chief of the elite Manila Police), inching towards the fence perimeter. Further down the network’s gate, we saw military men in fatigue uniform, receiving fire from inside the compound, while a helicopter gunship hover around the tall TV tower.

    Moments later, we saw the helicopter gunship unload a barrage of 50 cal fire at the tower. Clearly, from our vantage point, we saw a body hanging from the tower, dead.

    The soldiers, now confirmed by history books as led by Col. Mariano Santiago, stormed the station with his soldiers, miraculously without fierce resistance, from the loyalist soldiers inside the station. We tried to enter the station’s ground but were turned back by the police force. I suddenly remembered, in the anxiety of getting hit by stray bullets, I wasn’t able to take shots of the on-going assault.

    The following morning, our PCTV Producer Lyca brown announcing from inside the station, summoned the entire staff and crew of Batibot to help manage the premier broadcast of the newly retaken ABS-CBN.

  38. Fifth Assignment
    News Media Issues

    https://fair.org/home/us-media-erase-years-of-chavismos-gains/?utm_campaign=shareaholic&utm_medium=facebook&utm_source=socialnetwork

    Media Erases Chavez Gains in Venezuela

    The Fair.org website, a New York-based media criticism organization, published an article by Gregory Shupak, a media studies professor from the University of Guelph-Humber in Toronto, indicting the US media for literally erasing the social and political gains generated by the election of President Hugo Chavez in December 1998. While the “United Nations international humanitarian organizations and economists”, it continued, heaped praise on Chavez’ and Venezuela’s achievements in the uplift of its political, social and economic conditions, in sharp contrast major US Media outlets had been dismissive and defensive, even accusing Chavez outright of fomenting chaos in the Latin American region. According to the report, the media effort reeked of the historical meddling of the US in Latin American politics, and its allies like Canada and their rightist partners in Venezuela itself, reminiscent of the CIA – led coup d’etat in Chile, El Salvador, and Panama to name a few.

    With data gathered from media aggregator Factiva, it cited the bias paraded in full-frontal display by The Washington Post, Wall Street Journal and New York Times when publishing report coming from Venezuela. It reported that “…according to Factiva, the three outlets have run a combined 800 pieces in the intervening period, and I was able to find four that make reference to Chavismo social programs and even these are done in a vague, dismissive fashion. None discuss in any detail the accomplishments that won the Bolivarian Revolution international acclaim.”

    It cited a report of Max Fisher of the New York Times, dated January 24, 2019 that “Mr. Chávez was a dedicated leftist who spent heavily on social programs,” but failed to mention that these programs benefited Venezuelans for a very long time.” Fisher, according to the report, “denigrates the use of Venezuela’s resources to aid its people as a kind of bribery: “handouts to maintain support among his supporters.”

    It also quoted Virginia Lopez Glass of the Times, almost at the same day and time, in January 25, 2019, wrote in her report briefly that “perhaps Venezuela is finally at the end of a political cycle that, despite some years of social gains, ultimately impoverished what was once the richest nation in the region,” – a derogatory remark on the gains of the Bolivarian revolution. Also, in the same vein, Times columnist Bret Stephens, a few days later in January 28, 2019, blamed government spending on social programs for the country’s (Venezuela’s) ailments.

    The report also took to task Washington Post for completely ignoring “ the improvements the Bolivarian Revolution brought to the poor and working class who make up most of Venezuela’s population. “

    In conclusion, the report aired the danger distorting real stories and events well-documented by the UN and international Humanitarian Organizations posed to the country as filtered by a biased US media organizations. “Such a misleading narrative further suggests that, since the Venezuelan government has allegedly brought only harm to the country’s people, the states involved in the effort to remove the Venezuelan government are justified in so doing, and their citizens should support rather than try to stop these efforts.” The danger is as real as the fall of Allende in Chile.

  39. 6th Assignment
    Fake News

    https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/02/12/1787103/ad-pr-execs-are-chief-architects-disinformation-philippines-study

    From Philstar.com on February 12, 2019, was a report by Gaea Katreena Cabico on a controversial study conducted by two universities, University of Massachusetts Amherts in the US and the University of Leeds in the UK. The study identified the source of fake news production in the Philippines to be coming from people working in the local advertising and PR industries. The study titled “Architects of Networked Disinformation: Behind the Scenes of Troll Accounts and Fake News Production in the Philippines was co- authored by Jonathan Corpus Ong, associate professor of communication at UMass Amherst in the US, and Jason Cabañes, lecturer in international communication at the University of Leeds in the UK.” The report was not clear on the nationality of both researchers.

    These ad and PR executives, according to the study, organized an army of anonymous “digital influencers and community-level fake account operators…”. They began the first level of operation by identifying and interviewing “anonymous” influencers. It wasn’t a surprise to the research team that the fake-news activity was economics-driven, and, most significant of all, handled by experts in the field of IT, corporate marketing, and management teams particularly of celebrities’ fan clubs.

    The operation of these groups, with an estimated funding of P10 million, were simply to “spread propaganda for President Rodrigo Duterte and target his critics,” primarily by destroying reputations and disseminating false information. The techniques employed reminded of Nazi-era propaganda strategy. These advertising and PR practitioners employ social-media influencers, with numerous followers (50000 to 2000000), and surreptitious fake-account operators. As a secret covert operations group, they infiltrate chat groups and online news pages, particularly flooding the pages’ feed-back mechanism, monopolising and inundating the system with false and manufactured information.

    On the other hand, the second-level operation involved community-level fake account generators belonging to the lower-level workers hired by politicians and “subcontracted” by the ad and PR strategists. The function of this group is to initiate “bandwagon effects that would drive real grassroots supporters to come out and openly express their enthusiasm for a particular politician…they are tasked to post a prescribed number of posts or comments on Facebook groups, news sites or political opponents’ pages per day. They also initiate quarrels with a supporter of rival politicians.” The effect of this disinformation campaign in the Philippines, it goes without saying, bore heavily on the political and economic stability of an otherwise struggling government.

    While this report succeeded in uncovering the pernicious role of advertising and PR industries in the deployment of fake news in the country, it has done a disservice to the researchers responsible for the study. They failed to include in the report the team’s recommendations “…to key stakeholders… in the regulation and legislation of digital platforms and the creative economy…” particularly 1) what the AD and PR industry can do to address this problem, 2) regulations covering politician’s abuse of media and social media, 3) the vital role of civic groups, 4) and, lastly, the critical role of media companies. These key recommendations were expertly spelled out in the study.

  40. 7th Assignment
    for Media 230 Graduate School 4th Week #MediaProfessionals, Deadline March 24

    https://www.bulatlat.com/2019/03/12/on-world-day-against-cyber-censorship-state-sponsored-attack-vs-philippine-alternative-media-assailed/

    On March 12, 2019, Bulatlat.com, an alternative online news media outlet, published an article regarding a protest action by Bulalat, Kodao Productions and Pinoy Weekly – all Philippine alternative online news media outlets – in front of the National Computer Emergency Response Team’s office in Quezon City. The journalists challenged the government agency to investigate the cyber-attacks on its respective websites in the form of Distributed Denial of Service.

    The journalists staged the protest in front of NCERT since it was a division under the Cybersecurity Bureau of the Department of Information and Communications Technology, and “responsible in receiving, reviewing, and responding to computer security incident reports and activities.”

    Ronalyn Olea, managing editor of Bulatlat.org, charged that the Duterte administration was behind such attacks against the press for being critical of the administration, and as part of the widespread assault on the independent media in its effort to silence criticisms and growing dissent against the regime.

    Olea also cited the “threats against news site Rappler and even dominant media networks like ABS-CBN.” In this affirmative action, the besieged journalists thanked the assistance and support of the Sweden-based Qurium Media Foundation, ¨a non-profit organization assisting threatened media worldwide, (and who) has repeatedly reached out to NCERT over the said incidents.¨

    Among those who participated in the protest action was UP Mass Communications professor Danilo Arao, and current Bulatlat associate editor, who also acknowledged the assistance of Qurium Media Foundation in their fight against cyber-attacks.

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