Media 230 Graduate School 5th Exercise #MediaProfessionals Deadline April 7, 2019, Monday, 11:59pm
Media Professionals Fifth Exercise: Choose from any of the four categories provided in class. Deadline April 7, 2019 at 11:59pm
(Bonus points or double the points will be given to original content, i.e., never published before or based on your own professional experience: Pls indicate in the title or heading “Bonus” for ease of reviewing it)

13 thoughts on “Media 230 Graduate School 5th Exercise #MediaProfessionals Deadline Apr7

  1. News Media Issues
    8th Assignment
    April 5, 2019

    Beyond the News: Jamela Alindogan, Journalist.

    Recently on March 4, 2019, on the occasion of the International Women’s Day 2019, an interview series published by the highlighting the impact of women in business, advocacy, media and other fields of endeavour. One such inspiring story was of a woman journalist of note making a powerful statement in the advocacy for peace in the East Asia and the Pacific. It told of an initiative in the community-centered positive action by Jamela Alindogan, a journalist covering the Mindanao conflict for the past two or more years. In witnessing the aftershocks of war to women and children in her daily beat, her professional outlook somehow transformed from one of a professional observer writing on war events to actual engagement by coming to the aid of victims of war violence.

    Hers was a journey of a journalist’s writing hand to a peace advocate’s helping hand. Jamela did not take up arms to help, instead, she took the blighted women and children in her arms by providing them safe and protected spaces in conflict zones. Her journey from reportage to active engagement was featured in the article “Thinking Equal in Philippines: Jamela’s Path to Protecting Women in Conflict Zones”. Before her present advocacy work, Jamela was an Al Jazeera journalist for 12 years, covering mainly conflict zones in Mindanao. “When I say conflict zones, I mean war zones, I mean places where there is an absence of peace and there is armed conflict, displacement, and killings in general. I was exposed to that and after having been a journalist for a long time, when I became a mom, it became a kind of an internal battle.” It was an easy and a-must-do decision co-founding the non-governmental organization Sinagtala Center for Women and Children in Conflict. It was like a coming to terms with the guilt feeling of leaving behind victims of war, specially women and children (particularly of the Marawi conflict) after an interview for a news report deadline, just as she felt leaving her 4-year old child to report for work. “It’s also when I felt that sometimes journalism is not enough and … I realized that I can actually use my contacts, resources, even my voice to do more.”q

    The epiphany came in 2015, after a news sortie in Basilan for a story about children soldiers of the Abu Sayyaf, she realized these child-jihadists never had toys in their life, nor spaces of peace and safety. With some NGOs and help from the military, she helped opened the first toy libraries in Ungkaya Pukan, Basilan. This initial moral stirrings precipitated the advocacy work to spread from Basilan to Tawi-Tawi and afterwards to Jolo for more safe spaces. In her news gathering trips, the journalist-self within that would ask “What news can I get here?” provoked a new question probing not the subject of a report but to her alter-ego. She found herself, after an interview, asking “What can I do after?” The answer clearly was there since her childhood days: the creation of a foundation promoting peace and safe refuge from the war.

    Jamela was not alone in this advocacy. The Sinagtala Center for Women and Children in Conflict is run by women and children it serve. More than safe refuge, it provides spaces where war victims can pick up pieces of their shattered lives. Livelihood programs that cultivate, engage and highlight the skills and abilities of local beneficiaries – such as weaving and an assortment of arts crafts production, keep women and children busy, and their lives repurposed and redirected. Significantly, foundation activities also double as venue for psycho-theraphy opportunities to relieve victims’ of war-trauma.

    However, beyond the outer goal of rescuing war victims from the horrors of war, the foundation works hardest, subliminally, in the heart of women, in their emancipation, to build in them the moral and physical strength needed in the uplift of the community. “The women take on a very strong role. That quiet strength, that is the driving force. They don’t speak before a pulpit and declare this and that. They don’t declare themselves dictators. They just do.”

    There is still so much to be done and the path is lined with dead bodies of war victims, so to speak, Jamela Alindogan admitted. But for her, there is nothing that stands in the way of a positive social transformation. The call to serve was never about a profession -related eureka moments. It was at best the result of one’s passion and dedication to help others in need. Jamela’ advise to women who see their future in serving the needs of others is simple: “When you want to help, don’t think of the magnitude of the work that is out there. Look at what you can do because it’s very easy to feel overwhelmed. It doesn’t have to be like what I do in conflict zones. Using your voice is number one. Working within your own sphere of influence, within your community, your university, your workplace.”

  2. [Assignment #7]

    Topic: Fake News (Bonus)

    On March 11 of 2019, Facebook users were shocked by the gruesome death of a 16-year old girl in Cebu City. Half of her face gone, her esophagus and trachea area removed, and her body bearing 30 stabs according to the coroner. Also, from the report, she was not raped by her killer. Netizens quickly speculated that the killer is under the influence of a hallucinogen. But the authorities spoke up that they will take the investigation seriously, but after a month, nobody noticed the accident anymore, while public figures and officials took advantage of the situation.

    The suspected killer, the victim’s boyfriend, was released the same day during the 16-year old’s burial. The family was not aware of his released. But according to the report from 2 days ago, the NBI found blood from the boyfriend’s clothes that matched her DNA, and she was raped. But questions raised when the NBI and PAO’s investigation was released (blood in the killer’s clothes match the victim’s blood, and acid burns were found in her organs). It contradicts the PNP’s crime lab report.

    While the suspect of the gruesome killing is still undetermined, netizens blame the Commission of Human Rights for being supportive to the killers’ rights. Leo Lauron posted that CHR reminded the PNP to respect the rights of the three suspected killers. But according to my research, CHR condemned the killing based on their March 11, 2019 Facebook post. CHR reasoned that it violated human rights because the victim is considered marginalized: minor and female.

    Lauron’s viral post also attacks CHR-7 director Atty Arvin Odron. His post cites a fake news blog “Most Popular List” stating that CHR-7 director supports the killing by protecting the rights of the killers. Based on my search, there is no statement similar to Arvin Odron’s on any CHR and news sites. The fake news blog did not also cite the source of the statement.

    Aside from the content, Lauron took snapshots of fake news headlines and photo covers. One of them is a picture of someone’s vigil, but the picture was taken by Jes Aznar of New York Times last year. It was the wake of an accused addict that is undergoing chemotherapy. Second, the picture of the CHR official is the current chair Atty Chito Gascon and not by Atty Arvin Odron.

    It’s very alarming that Lauron’s Facebook post is still circulating until now. His post already garnered thirty-seven thousand likes and sixty-nine thousand shares. And his posts supporting the current administration, and blatantly attacks the oppositions.

    Other Sources:
    1. (Fake news posted by Leo lauron)
    2. (Fake news site cited by Leo Lauron)
    3. (CHR’s statement regarding the rape-slay of a 16-year old in Cebu City)
    4. (The burial)
    5. (Primary news)
    6. (Latest report)
    7. (One of the pictures primary souce)

  3. Assignment Number 7:

    Topic: News media issues and updates/Fake News
    Article: Do not play along with Duterte admin’s narcolist – media group
    Published: March 07, 2019
    Writer: Dona Magsino/ GMA News
    Source: GMA News Online


    Duterte’s administration seems to have this drive of manipulating news content by creating moments wherein when we say moments, incidents or events which catches the audiences’ attention that makes them emotionally attached to such issues. Like for example, Duterte has been notorious when it comes to presenting his list of prominent people who are said to be involved in illegal drug transactions. He usually uses this “list” as a highlight whenever he has speeches to deliver which makes it even more noticeable since media organisations gather around wherever he may be.

    The article written by Magsino gave importance to the responsibility of the journalists to verify information and make sure that everything is true. She highlighted the risks of exposing the unverified list of names which can greatly affect the lives of those who are involved. Despite the fact that every media organisation needs to deliver updated and the latest news, and despite the tight competition among media players in the industry, it is still important to deliver accurate and verified facts. She believes that through this unverified narcolist, the government only seeks publicity to catch people’s attention and probably divert other pressing issues that has been happening in the country.

    This action of the government is actually very alarming especially now that information can be presented through different platforms. With the evolving technology and the popularity of alternative information sources such as the internet, everyone has access to information. Although it is a privilege, it also has its consequences. Believing unverified information and sharing it to others creates a society where audiences become passive. The dominant creators of content are still those who are in power. In this case, that of Duterte’s administration. However, the resistance of media organisations to this kind of propaganda gives hope to a society where truth is still being protected.

    True that there is political economy among media organisations, but what is good to know here is that despite their need to earn profit in order to survive, their consciousness when it comes to their social responsibility to the audiences is still present. Yes, it is possible for them to be protecting their own interests, but it would also be notable or safe to say that they are as well guarding the rights of the citizens when it comes to the issue of due process and fair trial especially on critical incidents such as this narcolist.

    During this era where there is a proliferation of multiple truths, it is very important to fact check information. Media literacy therefore is also very important to be taught not just to concern individuals, but to the young students as well. Aside from teaching them how to “read” media texts or how to criticise and double check information presented to them by the media, they should also practice an open communication at home where issues in the society are discussed seriously. Through instilling to them these set of skills, they would become better citizens who knows how to identify which information is true and which is fake.

    Assignment wordpress link:

  4. Assignment #7
    Topic: News Media Updates

    Kat De Castro is IBC 13 new President and CEO

    Katherine Chloe “Kat” De Castro is now the new President and CEO of the Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation (IBC-13).

    With her appointment as President and CEO of IBC 13, she plans to revitalize the station and strengthen its online presence on digital platforms. She also plans to air news programs that “will focus more on the good things that the government has been doing so far”. IBC 13, under her lead, also started re-airing well-loved IBC classics including Todas, Sic O’ Clock, Hapi Haus, Retro TV, and Cooltura. The re-airing of these ‘80s and ‘90s IBC shows dubbed as the “Ultimate Throwback” is part of her action plans to regain public interest. Apart from these classics, IBC-13 will also be airing “OOTD: Opisyal of the Day”, a public affairs program the will feature senatorial candidates; and #Cooltura, a travel show that will highlight millenials’ approach to travelling around the country.

    Moreover, De Castro will be part of the group that oversees the privatization of IBC 13. IBC 13 started as a private company in 1960 and later on sequestered by the Presidential Commission on Good Governance (PCGG) in 1986 as part of the recovery of ill-gotten wealth. According to De Castro, the current privatization of the now government-owned and -controlled television station which is being supervised by PCOO Office is needed to help add more funds for PTV 4’s upgrade. In a report by PNA, “due diligence is currently being undertaken with the move to privatize the network within the year to provide smooth transition and secure all the stakeholders of the company”.

    De Castro was first appointed by President Rodrigo Duterte as member of the board of directors of IBC-13 in 2018 to serve the unexpired Term of Office of Manolito O. Cruz. Her appointment at IBC-13 came after DOT Sercretary Bernadette Romulo-Puyat ordered her and other DOT top officials to file a courtesy resignation from their post.

    Kat de Castro is the daughter of former Vice President Noli De Castro and TV Producer Arlerne De Castro. She started her broadcasting career as field reporter of ABS-CBN and later on as host of a travel show and a business magazine show. In 2016 she was appointed by President Duterte as Department of Tourism Undersecretary of Tourism Advocacy and Public Affairs.

    Furthermore, she was also known to be an active supporter of President Duterte during the 2016 Presidential Election, frequently hosting gatherings for him including the Davao event dubbed as “Du31: One Love, One Nation Thanksgiving Party” held June 4, 2016.

    De Castro is one of President Duterte’s celebrity supporters who were offered government position upon assuming presidency in 2016. President Duterte’s appointment of many celebrity supporters to government positions regardless of their (lack of) credentials is a manifestation that he is merely paying debt of gratitude for their support since the campaign period – which should not be the case. It is important that the right and qualified people (and not just the administration’s allies), through just process hold these positions to continue upholding our democracy.


  5. Assignment #7

    Topic: News Media Issues

    “Alternative Media Under DDOS Attack”

    On December 2018, three alternative media websites were simultaneously hit by a DDOS (Distributed-Denial-of-Service) attack by an unknown individual or group. The said sites were Pinoy Weekly, and Kodao Productions and after the initial attack, the sites were hit again on January 25. Altermidya, (also known as People’s Alternative Media Network) a collective of independent and progressive media organizations, condemned the recent case of harassment against press freedom and has accused the Duterte administration and his followers of perpetrating the attacks.

    Swedish non-profit organization, Qurium has also stepped in, conducting an investigation immediately after the attacks and even going as far as taking over the hosting of Bulatlat. Qurium is a secure hosting provider dedicated on providing “technical, infrastructural and human support” to media institutions or individuals operating in countries with oppressive regimes and even has “Rapid Response” services that would give aid to independent media websites affected by DDOS attacks.

    After conducting a “digital forensic investigation”, Qurium has concluded that the attacks were perpetrated by locally based tech companies Suniway Group of Companies Inc. (which is part of Suniway Group Hongkong) and IP Converge, a company that, according to their website, “introduced the Philippines’ first Cloud Services Provider that operates on its own state-of-the-art Data Center facilities and international network infrastructure”.

    In an incredibly detailed report on their website, Qurium specifies step-by-step how the attack was executed and how the two companies had a hand in the incident. The report explains how they were able to track down the attackers who was using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) two hide their IP addresses. At first, the investigation concluded that the attack was done by a single attacker, a Philippine-based individual that “could” be a native speaker of Mandarin, however succeeding investigations reveal that there were multiple individuals conducting and overseeing the attack. Regardless of an attempt to hide a digital foot print, Qurium still manages to successfully narrow down the source of the attack, which they have concluded as Suniway and IP Converge.

    Altermidya alongside Alipato Media Center (publisher of Bulatlat), Pinoy Media Center (publisher of Pinoy Weekly) and Kodao Productions have jointly filed a lawsuit against the two companies. Qurium has also reached out to IP Converge regarding the accusations, however they have yet to receive any replies from the company.

    While the attacks seemed to have rescinded and the Altermidya-affiliated websites are once again operational, a somewhat “chilling effect” still lingers as a Rappler article noted. The government on the other hand, has taken no action to investigate nor have they shown any kind of interest in the matter so far. Which could lend some weight to Altermidya’s accusation of the government being the one responsible for the attacks. Not surprising since Duterte himself has notoriously threatened the media multiple times, so much so, that even if the government is genuinely not responsible for the attacks, they are still to blame because the more they continue to harass and threaten the press, the more they encourage individuals or groups who are pro-government to potentially carry out those threats.


  6. Good day. Here’s my seventh assignment. (Apologies in advance if my username doesn’t show up, I had the same problem po during the second assignment submission – @hannahchaka)

    Topic: Update on News Media Issues

    Last week, the Singaporean government has proposed laws that target the eradication of fake news among social media, particularly in Facebook. The bill, ultimately paving the way for stronger regulatory practices against the phenomenon of fake and malicious news, includes considerable punishments of both jail time and fines for violators.

    Much like our own country, the tightly-controlled Singapore faces the potentially dangerous and divisive influence of falsehoods online. To prevent any more looming disasters, the government has decided to lay down clear methods againts it – such as clear warnings next to posts deemed malicious or demanding the host website to take down the content themselves, as with extreme cases.

    A problematic aspect to these kinds of laws would be their question of who determines if a post is contains fake news or not. In the proposed bill, it is only the government who has the power to do so. And with that, even without any malicious intentions on the government’s side (hypothetically), the bill still seems to lack a clear and a relatively unbiased governing body to oversee the its operations.

    Both big tech companies and institutions known for being critical of the government disapprove of this law, saying that it hinders on the notions of basic freedom of expression. The government has since answered that they “will be very careful with the implementation of the law” and it will still be “up to the courts” to decide. However, this answer has been met with a retort that not everyone could afford to take their case up at court levels.

    Still, it is still quite interesting how the country, known for its discipline and strict regulations, would be able to implement the laws. There are some who believe that the government is capable of wielding and working with such powerful legislation, and with the current talks about the aforementioned bill, it does not seem unlikely that we will see this in practice soon.


  7. Good day!

    Here’s the link to my 7th assignment. Topic is media update.



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