Ethics 10th Media Monitor (final media monitor for 10 pts) and final Bonus for 15 pts (one or the other but not both)

Ethics 10th Media Monitor (final media monitor for 10 pts) and final Bonus for 15 pts (one or the other but not both)

(photo shot on fluorescent light by a class member’s friend, Alex)

       The 10th media monitor

is for 10 points: On disaster-reporting

(time frame of news events:

from August 2019

to December 2019,

in the Philippines

or in other countries:

worldwide).

Based on international

standards in disaster-reporting discussed in class

and on pitfalls

that should be avoided,

the 10th media monitor

is a review of news events,

news feature, investigative reports, featurized segments,

human interest stories, opinion/editorials

on natural and

man-made disasters

(earthquakes, floods,

typhoons, landslides,

fires, droughts, hurricanes, cyclones, etc), including

reports of typhoon

forecasts, etc.,

explanatory reports

of earthquakes, etc. ,

or of reports on

disasters being caused

by climate change.
       The deadline is on

Thursday, December 12, 2019

at 11:59pm.

Or:
BONUS for 15 pts:

On film: A review of

the theme, language,

violence, etc. of any film

that the class member

has personally watched

either in any

commercial theatre,

or the U.P. Film Center,

or on TV, or digitally,

or online (full movie)

starting with a synopsis

in the class member’s

own words and

stating the names of the

 filmmaker (director)

and the producer/distributor,

time frame the movie was shown, and concluding

with an evaluation

on whether the rating is appropriate

(time frame : in order not to prejudice any student

who does not watch

any movies or any TV,

the time frame is expanded:

from January, 2019

to December, 2019).
Same deadline. Class members may post a regular media monitor or the bonus, but not both.
Glad tidings, everyone!

24 thoughts on “Ethics 10th Media Monitor (final media monitor for 10 pts) and final Bonus for 15 pts (one or the other but not both)

  1. Lucid is one of the eight Cinema One Originals competition films for the 2019. The movie is about Annika (played by Alessandra de Rossi) and her humdrum work-a-day life juxtaposed with the life she lives inside her dreams. The protagonist has the ability to lucid dream or the ability to control the elements in her dream e.g. place, people, their features and characteristics. In her dreams, she met a co-lucid dreamer, Xavi (played by JM De Guzman). The story progressed with her being torn between living her reality and the her dream life with Xavi.

    The story was seemed to focus on the love story of Annika but it also tackles depression in a subtle and realistic way. Victor Villanueva, Lucid’s director, gave life to Natts Jadaone’s (film’s scriptwriter) piece by showing that depression is not just sadness; it is a feeling of emptiness that creeps into your mind at different paces each day. It showed that having everything fall directly into places (Annika being promoted, getting a love life and a family) doesn’t make the feeling go away. The film was produced by Project 8 and was shown from November 7 to 21 in select Philippine Cinemas.

    Lucid was given a PG Rating by the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB). Meaning the theme was appropriate to children 13 years old and below with parent’s guidance and supervision. I agree that the film neither showed profane, sexually-aggressive language and explicit depiction of sex and nudity with sexual or demeaning context. It also didn’t show references to drugs and its usage. I agree with MTRCB’s rating in general however, Lucid when deeply analyzed is more than just its individual elements. In my opinion, having a sufficient knowledge or understanding of what depression is and what it can do to an individual is necessary to really realize an essential part of the film. In the end, the movie was able to depict such strong emotion and peculiar topic; and package it in such a way that it is still palatable and acceptable to the Filipino audience is something to be acknowledged about the movie. Hence, it deserves the rating of PG so a wider audience can be exposed to this kind of representation on depression.

  2. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Lucid is one of the eight Cinema One Originals competition films for the 2019. The movie is about Annika (played by Alessandra de Rossi) and her humdrum work-a-day life juxtaposed with the life she lives inside her dreams. The protagonist has the ability to lucid dream or the ability to control the elements in her dream e.g. place, people, their features and characteristics. In her dreams, she met a co-lucid dreamer, Xavi (played by JM De Guzman). The story progressed with her being torn between living her reality and the her dream life with Xavi.

    The story was seemed to focus on the love story of Annika but it also tackles depression in a subtle and realistic way. Victor Villanueva, Lucid’s director, gave life to Natts Jadaone’s (film’s scriptwriter) piece by showing that depression is not just sadness; it is a feeling of emptiness that creeps into your mind at different paces each day. It showed that having everything fall directly into places (Annika being promoted, getting a love life and a family) doesn’t make the feeling go away. The film was produced by Project 8 and was shown from November 7 to 21 in select Philippine Cinemas.

    Lucid was given a PG Rating by the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB). Meaning the theme was appropriate to children 13 years old and below with parent’s guidance and supervision. I agree that the film neither showed profane, sexually-aggressive language and explicit depiction of sex and nudity with sexual or demeaning context. It also didn’t show references to drugs and its usage. I agree with MTRCB’s rating in general however, Lucid when deeply analyzed is more than just its individual elements. In my opinion, having a sufficient knowledge or understanding of what depression is and what it can do to an individual is necessary to really realize an essential part of the film. In the end, the movie was able to depict such strong emotion and peculiar topic; and package it in such a way that it is still palatable and acceptable to the Filipino audience is something to be acknowledged about the movie. Hence, it deserves the rating of PG so a wider audience can be exposed to this kind of representation on depression.

  3. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Parasite is a South Korean comedy thriller that was released this May 2019. However, it was shown in Philippine cinemas in August of 2019. Parasite was directed by Bong Joon-ho, and produced by Bong Joon-ho, Kwak Sin-ae, Moon Yang-kwon, and Jang Young-hwan. It follows the story of a lower class family (Kim family) that secretly assimilate themselves into the household of a wealthy family (Park family).

    The beginning of the film was comedic and light hearted because it showed the quirky schemes of the Kim family as they trick the Parks into hiring them as their household help. In the film, the Kims acted like parasites leeching off the riches of their host. They fantasized a life wherein they had the money and power to live comfortably. The movie took a dark twist as it revealed the stark differences between the rich and the poor. The harsh reality that no matter how much the Kims tried to “blend” in with the wealthy family, they were ultimately still servants to their host family. Overall, the film was an allegory to classism and inequality.

    After an unexpected incident, it contained mature themes that depicted disturbing and unsettling scenes.
    I think that the R-13 rating was justifiable because it also had scenes that were explicitly sexual, gory, and violent themes. Children below 13 would not be able to comprehend such scenes. It contained foul language and violence as it showed how desperation from the poor can lead to even more misfortune on their part.

  4. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Frozen 2 is a Disney Animated Film recently released in theaters last November. Serving as a sequel to Disney Animated Film Frozen which is released last 2013, the story focuses on sisters Anna and Elsa as they journey to uncover the source of the latter’s magical powers. The film is directed by Chris Buck and Jennifer Lee.

    The movie started with a flashback of Anna and Elsa’s childhood. Their father, King Agnarr, told young Anna and Elsa a story about an enchanted forest. Back in the present time, Elsa woke up the magical spirits of the enchanted forest their father told them about, and the sisters journeyed to appease the agitation of the spirits as their kingdom become affected by the spirits’ rage.

    The Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB) rated the film as PG, which means viewers that are 13 years old below are allowed to view the film given that they have parental guidance. Personally, I think that the rating is justifiable, as the film does not contain any profanities, explicitly sexual and nude scenes, and the overall story arch is catered to family viewers as the theme is focused on family and sisterhood. However, the film may have gained the rating of PG instead of G because it also involves themes related to magic and/or supernatural and the character of Anna is also portrayed to have a romantic relationship.

  5. 10th Media Monitor (BONUS)

    Hello, Love, Goodbye is a film directed by Cathy-Garcia Molina which is produced by Star Cinema and was released on July 31, 2019 and lasted in cinemas until August 2019.
    The narrative of the film is about Joy who is portrayed by Kathryn Bernardo. Joy works as a domestic helper in Hong Kong to be able to send enough money to her family in the Philippines and the same time, save money to finally be able to move to Canada where she thinks she has better opportunities of pursuing her own dreams.

    With her tough and determined attitude to reach her goals, she exhausts all possible measures where she can earn income, including illegally working more than one job, selling products on the side, and even joining beauty pageants. In her stay in Hong Kong, she falls in love with Ethan who does his best to make Joy stay in Hong Kong. However, the film ends with Joy still being able to pursue her goal of finally leaving Hong Kong and moving forward in Canada.

    The film was rated PG by the MTRCB. I think this rating is appropriate for the film Hello, Love, Goodbye. The film does not contain any graphic violent and sexual scenes that may not be understood by audiences aged 13 years and below. There were a few scenes that may not be suitable for all ages but I think those scenes were most likely safe for young audiences as long as there is parental guidance provided.

  6. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Hustlers is a crime drama film released in local theaters last September. Directed by Lorene Scafaria, the film narrates the rise and fall of New York City-based strippers who, after the financial crisis of 2007-2008, begin stealing money from their high-profile clients by drugging them. These clients, often Wall Street people and high-profile CEOs, cannot disclose their lewd proclivities to law enforcement due to the blow their reputations would receive. As such, their clients have no choice but to keep the thefts a secret. It was produced by Jessica Elbaum, Elaine Goldsmith-Thomas, Adam McKay, Benny Medina, Will Ferrell, and finally Jennifer Lopez, who also starred.

    The MTRCB gave the film a rating of R-16, which meant no one below the age of 16 could be admitted. I believe this to be an appropriate rating, as the nature of the protagonists’ job and the criminal activities in which they partook meant that there were scenes featuring sexually-oriented nudity, sexual activity, foul language, and drugs. However, all the scenes were “justified by the context, narrative, or character development”, which MTRCB’s R-16 rating underscores. The rating also meant that there were no restrictions on themes, provided that its treatment would be appropriate for at least 16 years of age. Since the film’s themes (e.g. the gap between the rich and the poor and different expectations from women) run deeper than other crime-drama films, the R-16 rating is further justified.

  7. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Toy Story 4, the newest installment to the 3D animated, comedy-drama franchise, has been released in cinemas last June. The film tells the story of Woody and the other toys and their finally finding peace with not having a child owner, leaving Bonnie behind to play with other toys; and discovering how they can make more kids happy by staying in the carnival. Its themes, yet again, of separation and finding new purpose, just like what the third installment focused on, gave a new storyline for Woody and his friends. Woody finally completed his character arc which, for the past films, has been stagnant. Unless Pixar makes a new installment for this franchise again, it is safe to say that Toy Story 4 has successfully and completely given closure to Woody’s adventure as a toy more than how its preceding film supposedly did.

    The MTRCB gave the film a rating of G. This means that audiences of all ages can watch the film. The film showcased fun and endearing characters, who are also very much familiar already to a whole variety of audience, going through an adventure that takes place in a carnival and an antique shop. I believe that the setting and the wise use of a carnival helped in maintaining the G rating of the film. Toy Story provided the fresh adventure but made sure it was represented in a positive light. The film also showcased friendship and reconnection, family, and the joy of finding company in small things such as an improvised toy. The themes of the show were suitable for younger audiences and no sensitive content were shown. Although stated in the MTRCB website is that parents are advised that some characters may be slightly frightening for very young children, the gravity of this is not something that would need parental guidance for below 13-year-olds. All in all, I believe the film received an appropriate rating from MTRCB.

  8. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Us is an American horror film released in theaters last March. It was written and directed by Jordan Peele, produced by Jason Blum, Ian Cooper, Sean McKittrick, and Jordan Peele, and distributed by Universal Pictures.

    The film begins with a young Adelaide who, while on vacation at a beach, encounters a girl that looks exactly like her, an event that leaves her traumatized. In the present, Adelaide, now married with two kids, is assaulted by her family’s doppelgangers while they are on a trip to the same beach. The doppelgangers, led by Red (the girl Adelaide saw as a child), attempt to capture and kill them. It is then revealed that an uprising is taking place across the nation as the doppelgangers⁠—government experiments who until then had been forced to live underground and mimic every action of their counterparts⁠—rampage and murder their opposites to gain their freedom. Over the course of the night, Adelaide and her family fight off and defeat their own doppelgangers one by one as they attempt to escape the area. By the end of the film, it is revealed that Adelaide was actually the clone, having replaced Red (the original Adelaide) as a child.

    Us received an R-16 rating in the Philippines from the MTRCB. The film featured elements of gore and violence, and had many instances of profane language use. However, these elements were non-gratuitous, and all the scenes in which they were shown were were necessary to the film’s narrative. The film also had themes of class struggle, alienation, and privilege in America. Because there are no restrictions on themes and language for R-16 films, and the scenes showing horror and violence were justified and non-gratuitous, I believe the film received an appropriate rating.

  9. 10th BONUS Media Monitor

    Sunshine Family is a comedic drama film from the joint production of Spring Films from the Philippines and Film Line from South Korea. The film was directed by Tai-sik Kim and released on June 2019. It tells the story of a Filipino family living in South Korea who gets involved in a hit-and-run incident and how they try to get out of the situation.

    A few days before going back home to the Philippines, the father who is a driver from a travel agency, accidentally hits a woman when he was trying to reach his phone. His wife tries her best to cover up for him. Different personalities get involved with the family: the daughter’s boyfriend, the nosy neighbors, and the friendly grandfather from next door. However, the daughter’s boyfriend who is a policeman reveals to the father that he was set-up by blackmailers and that he wasn’t the one who hit the woman that night. They successfully return to the Philippines at the end of the film.

    Sunshine Family is given the rating PG by the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB). I believe this rating of PG is appropriate for the film. The hit-and-run incident shows the father’s regretful actions, which also bonded the family throughout the situation, justifying “The film should contain redeeming social values.” Although swear words were used in the film, they were infrequent and were only used in 2-3 scenes. A scene in the film suggests the mother and the father attempting sexual activity inside a car but it was not prolonged as they accidentally hit the horn of the car and wake up their children. As long as children are with their parents and the parents are there to explain whatever children find confusing, it would be suitable to watch.

  10. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a film’s MTRCB rating

    The film Eerie coincides in an echo chamber of a typical horror movie – the protagonist investigating the occurrence of multiple deaths in a creepy place. We have a guidance counselor of an all-girls Catholic school named Pat Consolacion, trying to help the students recuperate from a suicide incident in the school. Pat, like all the chief characters in a movie, has a special ability. She can communicate with the spirits of those who have already died. In the attempt to solve the enigma of recent deaths and hopefully stop them from happening, she sits down in sessions with the ghost of a dead student every night. However, little did Pat know, she just opened a Pandora’s box.

    Eerie is a horror thriller film, directed by Mikhail Red and produced by Star Cinema, as well as mm2 Entertainment in Singapore. It was shown in Singapore for the Singapore International Film Festival in 2018. It premiered in the Philippines on March 27, 2019

    MTRCB’s rating for Eerie is R-13. Meaning, children below 13 cannot watch the movie. However, I believe that this should be at least an R-16 movie. Although the film used appropriate language, as there was minimal to no cussing, it tackles some sensitive matters. Aside from the film’s supposedly scary nature, it taps into issues regarding mental health, suicide, bullying, corporal punishments, and familial relationship. It shows self-harm and suicide in a graphic manner, which children might follow as a model and can trigger stress and depression for some. As such, the film can elicit dangerous behaviors for young viewers.

  11. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    The film “Belle Douleur” (A Beautiful Pain) tells about a 45-year old woman named Liz (Mylene Dizon), who fell in love with a guy in his 20’s named Josh (Kit Thompson). Coping with her mother’s loss, Liz lives in sadness and loneness. Alarmed by this state, Liz’s friends helped her to sell the antiques that her mother had collected when she was alive, for he to fully move on. Consequently, Josh, an owner of an antique shop, buys Liz’s mother’s stuff. From then on, they had built an intimate connection to each other.

    Belle Douleur is directed by Joji Alonso, and written by Therese Cayaba. The film is an official entry to the 2019 Cinemalaya Independent Film Festival. Together with other Cinemalaya entries, Belle Douleur was released on August 2, 2019.

    The film received an MTRCB rating of R16. This means that only viewers ages 16 years old and above can watch this film. Based on the things that was discussed in class, I personally think that the film should have been R18 as it contains graphic sexual content. There was no nudity in the film, aside from Thompson’s butt exposure, however, the recurring sexual activities that the lead actors do in the film, and their verbal exchanges that further manifest their sexual tension towards each other, make the film’s theme a lot more sensually realistic. The film has quite a good number of erotic scenes enough that an audience could possibly remember those scenes graphically after s/he exits the cinemas. Although, the film does not have any offensive, degrading and malicious themes and languages that threaten individuals, organizations, minorities and/or community sectors.

  12. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Sila-Sila (2019), a film directed by Giancarlo Abrahan, was part of the Cinema One Originals 2019 line-up. It was given an R-16 rating by the MTRCB. The film premiered on November 8, 2019.

    Sila-Sila was marketed as a “ghosting” film, but it goes beyond that. It revolves around Gab struggling to make amends with his ex-boyfriend, Jared. Gab is concerned with rebuilding his friendships, after isolating himself from his friends, whom he identified as his only family. Along the way, there are several queer relationships/hook-ups that involve Gab. Nonetheless, Gab still ends up crossing paths with Jared, due to their social circle.

    The film was given a R-13 rating by the MTRCB, which entails the viewers aged from 13 years old and beyond are allowed to watch this film and that they must be accompanied by parents or supervising adults. I believe the rating is inappropriate, for the following reasons. The language employed in the film, which was heavy on profanity. There were hurtful conversations among the characters, which are not appropriate for viewing for children. Furthermore, there were frequent intimate sex scenes, that were long in duration. However, the sexual activity was discreet. Characters were seen being affectionate and were under the sheets or out of frame when doing sexual intercourse. In addition, the characters were seen using drugs and drinking alcohol. Overall, it may overwhelm and may be too sensitive for a 13 year old viewer, as compared to the mindset of a 16 year old individual. The MTRCB should re-evaluate its rating and consider changing it to R-16 instead.

  13. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    “Isa Pa, With Feelings”, released October 2019, is a film directed by Prime Cruz under Black Sheep Productions. It was given a PG rating by MTRCB and graded A by the Cinema Evaluation Borad (CEB).

    “Isa Pa, With Feelings” revolves around two characters, Mara (played by Maine Mendoza) and Gali (Played by Carlo Aquino). Mara is an architecture graduate awaiting the results of the architecture licensure exam. Her sister’s daughter is Deaf so Mara decided to enroll in sign language classes to communicate with her niece. There, she meets Gali, the Deaf man who will be her sign language teacher and is actually her next-door neighbor. Chance encounters between the two ignites their relationship until they become close to each other. All the while, they are also exploring the nuances of a relationship between a Hearing and a Deaf person.

    As mentioned, the film was given a PG rating by MTRCB. I believe that the rating is appropriate. Parental Guidance is indeed advised for children below 13 years old as the film explores themes such as disability, disappointment, and even depression. Children may need guidance to understand the situation of Deaf people, and the reality of the struggles that the Deaf face every day. The film also briefly touches on the subject of depression, which is a sensitive topic.

    The film featured swear words and menacing language for only a couple of times but all throughout the film, the language used was polite and conversational. There is no sex nor nudity featured on the film, only a few suggestive shots that focuses on body parts such as lips or collarbones. Violence, horror, and drugs are not featured in the film.

    Hence, the PG rating is apt as the film could require parental guidance but is not sensitive enough to warrant an R-13 rating.

    Source: https://starcinema.abs-cbn.com/2019/10/14/news/isa-pa-with-feelings-is-graded-a-by-the-ceb-53637

    (I watched the film last November 29, 2019, at Cinema Centenario)

  14. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Last October 3, 2019, Warner Bros. Pictures’ “Joker” premiered in Philippine cinemas. The film was written and directed by Todd Phillips, and it stars Joaquin Phoenix as one of DCs most famous villains. It revolves around the origin story of the Joker, giving a glimpse at his life and struggles with poverty, mental health problems, loneliness, anarchy, and oppression before he became Gotham’s king of crime. The movie follows Arthur Fleck, a failed comedian, as he puts on two masks— one as a lowly-paid clown and the other as a wanna-be threat to the city in order to stop the cycle of ignorance and bullying he experiences. Throughout the film, we see the different factors that contribute to his descent to madness.

    MTRCB gave the film an R-16 rating, writing in its official review report, “Viewers are advised that the film deals with mature themes…There are scenes depicting graphic violence and gore, the treatment of which is not suitable for children, and use of strong swear words throughout. Only viewers 16 years of age and above may be admitted.” Overall, the theme has several mature themes, such as depression, abuse (mental, physical, emotional), murder, insurgence, and many more. Many viewers, myself and my peers who are about 20 years-old have found the movie very unsettling, disturbing, and heavy all throughout.

    It contains mild nudity and pornography in the photos in Arthur’s notebook and billboards around the city which are shown onscreen. There are also mentions of sexual role play in relationships by a comedian and a brief scene of masturbation of Arthur masturbating before the camera cuts away. There is also a moderate amount of profanity, with 25 uses of “fck”, and 15 uses of “sht”, as well as milder terms such as “prck” and “ashole”. Alcohol, drugs, and smoking. There is a lot of drinking and smoking in the film that is shown as a leisurely activity. A scene also shows him taking 7 medications to help him survive his mental illness.

    However, what gives “Joker” its R-16 rating is the severe violence and gore. Multiple shootings occur, showing the act of shooting itself and the blood. Other bloody scenes are also shown, the most notable ones being the scene wherein he kills his former co-worker, stabbing him with a pair of scissors, once in the neck and once in the eye (on screen for 3-5 seconds), before bashing his head repeatedly against a wall. Then scene is very gruesome— bloody and graphic. In another very disturbing scene, he kills his mother (matricide) onscreen, suffocating her with a pillow. Near the end of the movie, he also shoots the show host in the head, point-blank, his blood and matter splattering on the wall.

    With these said, I agree with the R-16 rating of “Joker”. It is a very mature film with disturbing themes that can not be well-taken or understood by children under this age. However, it does not deserve an R-18 rating because the violence shown, however severe, is still tolerable and not overly distasteful. Despite this, I believe that the film should keep its R-16 rating but needs a trigger warning. It deals with sensitive topics such as depression and suicidal tendencies. It would be good if the audience could be prepared before seeing such a dark and heavy film.

  15. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Indak is a film directed by Paul Alexei Basinillo. It was produced by Viva Films and was released on August 7, 2019. The film focuses on the character, Jen ,who is a dancer with big dreams from the province. One time at the sea, she did a freestyle dance alone. Unknown to her, a stranger nearby filmed her, posted it online and eventually got viral. Jen’s clip caught the attention of the dance crew leader Vin and invited her to be part of his dance crew, Indak Pinas, and compete in South Korea. After saying yes (with the support of her mother), She travelled to Manila with Vin to get ready for the competition but the group experienced numerous challenges along the way that made them reevaluate their dreams, passions, and futures.

    The film was rated PG by the MTRCB. The film focuses on the dance and musical aspect of the film in which i believe the rating is appropriate because it did not portray any violent and sexual scenes that may not be understood by the audiences who’s 13 years old and below. The film did not have any curse words and the film contained good moral lessons about family, passion and dreams. Furthermore, there are dance scenes with stunts/tumblings in which I think it is still safe for young audiences to watch as long as there is parental guidance provided that the dance stunts require professional experience to fully execute it

  16. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Avengers: Endgame, an action-packed culmination of the 10-year run of the Marvel Cinematic Universe that started with the Iron Man movie in 2008. This movie followed the storylines and arcs of the main characters that started with Thanos’ plan and ultimately ends in his demise. The film is filled with friendship, love, action, drama, violence, suspense, and death, brought to life by great visual effects and compelling fights scenes, as it follows the plan of the Avengers to put an end on Thanos’ moral dilemma that wiped out half of the universe. It was directed by brothers Anthony and Joe Russo, written by Christoper Markus and Stephen McFeely, produced by Marvel Studios, and was released in the Philippines on April 24, 2019.

    The movie was rated PG or Parental Guidance, like the majority of other MCU movies in the past. The rating given is appropriate since the general target of the MCU movies are teens and young adults who are interested in the comic book characters brought to life on the big screen. Given that these movies feature violence and mature language and content, as well as death, it is important for those not of mature age to have parental guidance so as to know what actions, characters, or language they should or should not imitate, emulate, or venerate.

  17. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Weathering With You is a Japanese animated film directed by Makoto Shinkai and produced by CoMix Wave Films, Inc. The movie was released in the Philippines on August 28, 2019.

    The narrative revolved around a runaway named Hodaka who moved to Tokyo. Together with Hina, a “weather maiden”, and her little brother, they ran a business where they provide sunny, clear weather amidst the rainy season. Hina would pray to the gods for sunshine and the skies will clear up. However, this created an unnatural balance in nature. Hodaka and Hina must therefore fight against the odds in order to survive against the harsh realities of the world.

    The film received a PG rating from MTRCB. I think that the rating is appropriate. In terms of violence, there are scenes that show a character holding a gun, but no one was shown to have been hit. Harsh words are heard twice throughout the movie, but nothing vulgar. Another point is that no nudity was shown in the film. In one scene, Hina revealed to Hodaka that her body is disappearing but her shoulders and chest are transparent. I do believe that Parental Guidance is needed due to the aforementioned scenes and the disappearance of a character. While it does not explicitly mean death, the concept of a sacrificial weather maiden can be very upsetting for younger audiences.

  18. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    John Denver Trending was a part of Cinemalaya 2019. It premiered on August 2019 and some selected local cinemas are still showing the film this December. It is an incident about cyberbullying which led to the ostracization of a student. The student was accused of stealing the ipad of his classmate. He was sent to jail for questioning and was threatened there. This film was directed by Arden Rod Condez and produced by Sheron Dayoc, Sonny Calvento, Kelvin Ting, and Bridget Ng-Ting. It was granted Parental Guidance by MTRCB. The film should include a trigger warning at the start of the film for it has a sensitive scene about suicide and bullying. I think the rating was justified because kids were also involved in making the film and should be aware of issues like this. The suicide hotline at the end of the film helped but this should also be taken into account before watching the film. When a minor watches the film, the minor should be debriefed by the parent whether or not it is prompted by the child.

  19. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    “Men in Black: International”, an American science fiction action comedy film, was directed by F. Gary Gray and written by Matt Holloway and Art Marcum. Its cast include Chris Hemsworth (Agent H), Tessa Thompson (Agent M), Liam Neeson (Agent H), Emma Thompson (Agent O), and a whole lot more. The film is a spin-off of the Men in Black film series.

    The film opens with a memory from Molly Wright’s childhood where she witnessed with her own two eyes MIB agents in action. It then fast forwards to the present time where it’s shown how she’s first trying her hardest to locate MIB headquarters and be part of the MIB team to her actually becoming a part of the MIB organization as a probationary agent. As part of her first assignment as Agent M, she then gets assigned to MIB’s London Branch. There she meets High T, the head of the branch, and Agent H, dubbed as MIB London’s best agent. Despite her being new to the team, Agent M assists Agent H in one of his assignments–a meeting with Vungus, an alien royalty. This assignment quickly turns into a gruesome one when mysterious-looking alien twins who are after Vungus appear and start attacking them. Vungus dies. Before passing away, Vungus hands a strange crystal to Agent M. Later on, Agent H and Agent M learn that the crystal is actually a very powerful weapon. The MIB organization eventually gets a hold of this weapon. As Agent H and Agent M start digging deeper into what’s really happening, it gets revealed that Agent T is actually not what everybody thought he was as he’s, in actuality, already a converted mole of the Hive–a parasitic race who invade planets by merging with the DNA of the conquered species–and have been planning to use the weapon to activate a wormhole to draw them to Earth. In the end, Agent H and Agent M are able to destroy High T and stop his evil plans from happening.

    When the film was shown in cinemas here in the Philippines in June 2019, it was rated PG by the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB). I personally agree with how the film was rated because, though the overall treatment of the film is suitable for young audiences, there are certain scenes, languages, and actions in the film which I feel must be explained thoroughly to very young children. For instance, since most of the scenes in the film involve violence (the use of weapons), I believe that children who are going to watch this film must be accompanied by a parent (or any adult) so there’d be someone who’d be able to explain to them what these things/actions are and how and why these actions must not be replicated.

  20. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    John Denver Trending won Best Film in the full length category of the 2019 Cinemalaya Philippine Independent Film Festival, which was in the time frame of August 2 to August 11. It was directed by Arden Rod Condez, and produced by Sonny Calvento, Sheron Dayoc, Bridget Ng-Ting, and Kelvin Ting.

    The film centers on a 14-year-old farm boy named John Denver Cabungcal, who gets accused of stealing his classmate, Mark’s iPad. Because of this, John and Mark get into a fight. Unfortunately, a friend of Mark’s got this caught on video, which went viral online. Since then, John Denver gets verbally attacked both online and in school. No one, not even the police, wants to believe that he didn’t steal the iPad even though there was no definite proof against him. Most of the judgment formed against John is based solely on the video. Lacking emotional support to get through the bullying, the film ends with John committing suicide.

    MTRCB gave this film a rating of PG. According to MTRCB, “A “PG” classification advises parents or supervising adults that the film may contain any of the following: themes, language, violence, nudity, sex, and horror, whose treatment is suitable for children below thirteen (13) years of age.” The film can be rated PG for the most part: It had no depiction of nudity, sex, and horror. Its language had only infrequent swear words, and the non-gratuitous violence in the fight scene was definitely minimal and not at all graphic. However, I still think it should be rated R-13 because of its ending and overall theme. The theme, which involves bullying, verbal abuse and much negativity targeted toward a young boy of 14, would not be suitable for children under 13. The ending is what convinces me especially that it should be rated R-13. Even at 19, I left the theatres with a heavy heart. The implied suicide was definitely a lot to take, and I don’t think it advisable for children under 13 to see a film with an ending such as that.

  21. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Midsommar (2019) is a horror film written and directed by Ari Aster: a director also famous for directing the film Hereditary in 2018.

    Midsommar is a movie that follows a group of friends travelling to Sweden to attend a tribunal festival that occurse once every ninety years. In their journey, they find themselves to be caught up in the middle of a pagan cult that ultimately puts all their lives in danger. Through the movie’s progression, there are highlighted scenes that features the naked bodies of women. In one particular scene, an adult man and woman is also shown to be having sex. The film also features gruesome scenes wherein the deaths of other characters are shown explicitly in the camera. Also, there was a part wherein the main character, together with her friends, was shown smoking marijuana.

    In it’s July 2019 release, Midsommar was rated R-18 by the MTRCB. I think that this rating is just right as it would be hard to explain, not only certain scenes but, the movie itself to younger audiences. It should also be noted that movies that feature sex, drugs, and violence should be controlled so as to not send the wrong message to minors hence, making the movie only accessible for those 18 years and above.

  22. From blog admin: Thank you for your post. Next time, it would be good to give a full discussion. Was it R13? R16? or R18? The discussion is also not complete. Thanks. -marichu
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    10th BONUS Media Monitor

    Roma tackles the life of a Mexican maid in a 1970s Mexico that had chaos and massacre in the streets. Cleo (maid) works for a white middle class family who was abandoned by their father. Ironically, Cleo’s fate becomes the same as the family she works for as her partner abandons her after knowing about her pregnancy. The film ends with Leo saving the lives of the kids she takes care of when they almost drown and becomes somewhat the new member of their family.

    The movie tackles family relationships and failed romances within a supposedly happy family. It shows full frontal nudity, implies sexual relationship, and also murder, violence so its R rating is just the appropriate rating for the show for it showed scenes that must not yet be shown to children or young teens.

    Producers are Alfonso Cuaró, Gabriela Rodríguez, Nicolás Celis.The Director is Alfonso Cuaron.

  23. User: miggymiggymiggy

    10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    ISKA is a film directed by Theodore Boborol for Cinemalaya 2019 held last August. The film follows the life of a grandmother ultimately struck by poverty taking care of an autistic boy while slowly becoming the person society sought her as, particularly exemplified not only by her neighbors in the slums of Krus na Ligas but especially the news show that became an avenue for these neighbors to wrongfully accuse and report her of locking her grandson in chains. ISKA is directly reminiscent of everything UP Diliman, the film being set and shot within campus, not only featuring actual students from the university but also the ideals and values imbibed by the institution — paired by the poor situation of Iska representing the marginalized sectors of the Philippines.

    The film was given by a rating of R-13 by the MTRCB. Given that the film showed scenes of rape, pornography, and violence, I believe that R-13 is not enough of a rating. Depictions of scenes involving the aforementioned were too intense and graphic, demanding a much stricter rating than the one given by the MTRCB. I suggest a rating of R-16, for I believe the demands a more intellectual audience so as not to misconstrue the film content.

  24. 10th BONUS Media Monitor: Evaluating a Film’s MTRCB Rating

    Maleficent: Mistress of Evil is the sequel to the 2014 movie, Maleficent, starring Angelina Jolie and Elle Fanning. The story started during the fifth year of Aurora’s (Elle Fanning) reign as the queen on moors and Maleficent (Angelina Jolie) as her guardian. Aurora decided to marry Prince Philip yet Maleficent had expressed her objection. The family of the couple met over dinner where Phiip’s mother, Queen Ingrith kept on taunting Maleficent and the sleeping curse she gave Aurora. Suddenly, Philip’s father, King John fell asleep and everyone pointed at Maleficent a the perpetrator. She fled the scene after getting shot by an iron bullet. The story revolved around knowing the truth about King John’s case and fostering peace between humans and fairies.

    The film was given a rating of G by the MTRCB. According to the MTRCB, when a movie is given a rating of G, “viewers of all ages are admitted”. But I think that it should have been given a PG. It may be suitable for the film because its target audience are the children since it is a live-action movie of a fairy tale. It also did not depict any nudity, drugs, abuse, and horror. But the fight scenes in the film, although not as violent compared to others that it will cause fear or disturbance to a young child’s mind, may not be understood by children so parents should be there to explain some scenes to them.

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