First Media Monitor #universityofthephilippines #UPDiliman

The 1st regular media monitor or 1st bonus can be posted here (Fair, Foolish, or in a Fix: good practice, violation, or dilemma), with deadline on Tuesday Aug. 23 at 12 noon. 

Warning: Graphic images of injured and bloodied children.

Video by Aleppo Medical Center, used here non-commercially for academic purposes 

          Instructions have been given in class. (As stated before: Students may use pseudonyms or pen names, and conceal their faces, and may also use their own platforms and simply paste the links in the comments section. (If pseudonymous, pls provide the department assistant with your pen name). Pls use the comments section of this post. As stated, the media monitor commentary may either by typed as text in the comments section or as a link leading to the post in the platform of the classmember/ post author. Pls type in the first line whether the post is a regular media monitor [1st Regular Media Monitor) or a bonus post (1st Bonus Post) to aid the checker in locating and categorizing each box. Tnx).
          Baseless rants will not merit any points – the commentary should use, cite, and quote the pertinent provisions of the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics as taken up in class this week. Failure to provide the pertinent provision will result in a score of zero. The SPJ provisions have been provided in the handouts distributed in class this week. They were also discussed in powerpoint in class. For students who are completely incapable of reading the handouts given to them, the provisions taken up in class are embedded below.
          As a heads-up, the following are the first two bonuses (the bonus can be posted in any week in lieu of a regular media monitor for that week. No repetitions of a bonus theme is allowed. Pls indicate in the heading which bonus it is, e.g: “Second Bonus: Aleppo”, etc. ).

       First Bonus for ten points: Media coverage of the Malacañang-planned Marcos burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani and related events such as the litigation in the Supreme Court. Or: Media coverage of President Duterte’s allegations against Senator Leila de Lima, and/or follow-up stories of the allegations themselves.
        Second Bonus: Media coverage of the Syrian government or Russian air strikes in Aleppo this week resulting in numerous injuries (see video embedded above).
         Each of two bonuses can be posted in lieu of a regular media monitor [as stated, only one media monitor per week (which can either be a regular media monitor or a bonus post) is allowed to avoid cramming and jamming up of posts: the purpose of observing the weekly media monitor is to build the daily habit of reading/ viewing media content with discernment). 

                                    ♣  ♣  ♣

For the first regular media monitor: (2014 SPJ): “SEEK TRUTH AND REPORT IT
“Ethical journalism should be accurate and fair. Journalists should be honest and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.
Journalists should:
– Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible.
– Remember that neither speed nor format excuses inaccuracy.
– Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.
– Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.
– Be cautious when making promises, but keep the promises they make.
– Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources.
– Consider sources’ motives before promising anonymity. Reserve anonymity for sources who may face danger, retribution or other harm, and have information that cannot be obtained elsewhere. Explain why anonymity was granted.
– Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing.
– Avoid undercover or other surreptitious methods of gathering information unless traditional, open methods will not yield information vital to the public.
– Be vigilant and courageous about holding those with power accountable. Give voice to the voiceless.
– Support the open and civil exchange of views, even views they find repugnant.
– Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government. Seek to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in the open, and that public records are open to all.
– Provide access to source material when it is relevant and appropriate.
– Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.
– Avoid stereotyping. Journalists should examine the ways their values and experiences may shape their reporting.
– Label advocacy and commentary.
– Never deliberately distort facts or context, including visual information. Clearly label illustrations and re-enactments.
– Never plagiarize. Always attribute.
“MINIMIZE HARM
“Ethical journalism treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect.
Journalists should:
– Balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort. Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness.
– Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.
– Recognize that legal access to information differs from an ethical justification to publish or broadcast.
– Realize that private people have a greater right to control information about themselves than public figures and others who seek power, influence or attention. Weigh the consequences of publishing or broadcasting personal information.
– Avoid pandering to lurid curiosity, even if others do.
– Balance a suspect’s right to a fair trial with the public’s right to know. Consider the implications of identifying criminal suspects before they face legal charges.
– Consider the long-term implications of the extended reach and permanence of publication. Provide updated and more complete information as appropriate

ACT INDEPENDENTLY
The highest and primary obligation of ethical journalism is to serve the public.
Journalists should:
– Avoid conflicts of interest, real or perceived. Disclose unavoidable conflicts.
– Refuse gifts, favors, fees, free travel and special treatment, and avoid political and other outside activities that may compromise integrity or impartiality, or may damage credibility.
– Be wary of sources offering information for favors or money; do not pay for access to news. Identify content provided by outside sources, whether paid or not.
– Deny favored treatment to advertisers, donors or any other special interests, and resist internal and external pressure to influence coverage.
– Distinguish news from advertising and shun hybrids that blur the lines between the two. Prominently label sponsored content. 

BE ACCOUNTABLE AND TRANSPARENT
Ethical journalism means taking responsibility for one’s work and explaining one’s decisions to the public.
Journalists should:
– Explain ethical choices and processes to audiences. Encourage a civil dialogue with the public about journalistic practices, coverage and news content.
– Respond quickly to questions about accuracy, clarity and fairness.
– Acknowledge mistakes and correct them promptly and prominently. Explain corrections and clarifications carefully and clearly.
– Expose unethical conduct in journalism, including within their organizations.
– Abide by the same high standards they expect of others.”

Have a productive and fun-filled week!

 

 

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31 thoughts on “First Media Monitor #universityofthephilippines #UPDiliman

  1. dear danielle,
    your post does not open to anything visible. i’m sure it’s a good post but i cannot read it — except if i transform to the ninth dimension, which means turning into a ray of light, something not practicable at this time. regrets, your score will also be invisible unless you could re-post, and please test it, and make sure it is visible. Thanks 🙂 -marichu

  2. 1st Regular Media Monitor (Aug. 22): Russian air strikes in Aleppo

    After an airstrike in the northern area of Aleppo, last Wednesday, August 17, 2016, a video clip of children being brought out of rubble and placed inside an ambulance surfaced across all news platforms and media. The most striking part of the video (which also has photograph versions), is when a little bloodied and bruised boy named Omran was placed inside the ambulance.

    In the SPJ Code of Ethics, the first principle states that journalists should seek the truth and report it. They should be honest and courageous in gathering and reporting information. In the case of Omran’s exposure in media, I feel that journalists were able to do a fair job when it comes to being transparent and showing the world in its truest form the harsh realities and shocking cruelties of war. It is not often we see in such graphic nature and trueness what the effects of war are. Innocents are harmed, and they are the ones that suffer the most. Through this story, they are able to boldly tell the story of the human experience we seldom hear.

    In this case, I do not think the journalists were able to minimize harm in terms of the boy’s identity. His name being posted all over media may or may not harm the boy’s reputation in the long run. Although there are no conditions that constitute his name being made anonymous, the boy’s situation is quite controversial and may harm his reputation in the future. However, it is only in extreme cases that it is necessary to censor identities, according to the Code of Ethics.

    The story, photos and videos of Omran opened the world’s eyes further to the devastating conditions of the Syrian war. Ultimately, it was able to spread awareness, create discourse, and stir emotions of people all over the world.

  3. [ First Bonus Post ]

    Ethical Dilemma on the video of bloodied five year-old in Aleppo

    It was on Facebook where I first came across a link of an article from Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) News website.The article, published on Aug 18, 2016 (Thursday), is entitled: Video of bloodied five-year-old in Aleppo shows children continue to pay price of Syria conflict. As the name states, the article features a video (taken by Aleppo Media Centre) of a child in Syria, covered in dust and in blood. He is seen to be seated inside an ambulance, looking confused, while people outside the said vehicle point their cameras and video recorders at him to get pictures and videos. Under the SPJ Code of Ethics, a journalists should “Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage,” and “Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent.” Going back to the said video, I found their treatment to be quite unethical.I felt that the journalists didn’t take into account the possible impact of their actions to the five-year old boy. This case is actually quite similar to the issue on the viral photograph of the refugee washed onshore where people were debating whether or not it was ethical for media to present those images uncensored. However, the difference between that case and this current case is that the child in the current case is alive. The journalists’ action could possibly bring psychological effects to the young boy’s and affect his future. It could also affect not only him, but his family too (who was reported to be recovered alive as well).

    However, with that being said, I also understand the utmost importance of emphasizing the alarming situation in Syria. Since Syria’s ongoing war is a tragic truth that not everyone is aware of, the video could be a game-changer. It could spread awareness and shed light into the situation. It could also stir people’s emotions and let them take action to the brutal chaos that is happening there.  After all, it is also stated under the SPJ Code of ethics that journalists should, “Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of human experience. Seek sources who voices we seldom hear.” I believe that’s what the video did. It told the story of thousands of people in Syria that we seldom hear. It gave us a glimpse of the horrors that people have to live with everyday. It is just really saddening that people feel the need to cross lines (in this case, the code of ethics) just to make a point, just to emphasize the reality going on in Syria.

    Sources:
    Clarke R. & Shoichet, C. (2015) Image of 3-year old who washed ashore underscores Europe’s refugee crisis. CNN. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2015/09/02/europe/migration-crisis-boy-washed-ashore-in-turkey/

    McNeill, S. (2016) Video of bloodied five-year-old in Aleppo shows children continue to pay price of Syria conflict. ABC News. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-18/children-continue-to-pay-price-of-syria-conflict/7761322

  4. Perhaps the story about De Lima’s allegedly affair with his driver has gone too much as one of the mainstream broadsheets have taken this news to a whole new level with a very misleading picture of De Lima wearing only a bikini underwear and some sort of vest while being surrounded by her bodyguards in a resort as their front page for today’s publication – wherein the context of the picture is not related to any of the stories in the front page. Even the mere use of the word “Exposed” as its title for the caption is in fact misleading to the caption itself. This picture of De Lima shows how Manila Times resorted to this kind of journalism – more so, of a tabloid like type of writing, perhaps to sell its news or to gain readership?

          As stated in the SPJ Code of Ethics, "Ethical journalism treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect. Journalists should balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort. Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness." Whatever intention the Manila Times have for publishing such content, it is very unethical and distasteful of them. Thus, the distasteful choice of picture and words that encapsulate the caption is enough proof that this piece of journalistic text is unethical as it goes against the minimization of harm provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics.
    
        It can be argued that De Lima is a public figure and images such as that may occur. However, the possible reason for publishing such image is not in context with the content of news about the latest issue about her. Thus, making the argument of being a public figure void for publishing a photo that is taken out of context. This foul choice of image and words for caption is not relevant to the story that it supposedly accompanies, and thus, the use of the picture worsens the harm even more to De Lima. (Love affair led to corruption article of Manila Times http://www.manilatimes.net/love-affair-led-to-corruption/281280/) ###
    

    Source:
    http://www.manilatimes.net/todays-front-page-august-22-2016/281285/
    http://www.manilatimes.net/love-affair-led-to-corruption/281280/

  5. 1st Regular Media Monitor
    2012-30025

    Media Monitor: On Manila Time’s photo of De Lima on article “Love affair led to corruption”

    TUMBLR POST ON MEDIA MONITOR: http://yuriema.tumblr.com/post/149319289896

    (This post was previously posted without any labels and on the gravatar account I just created a few minutes ago. Please take note that I will use only my Tumblr account from now on so as to avoid confusion on. My apologies for the confusion and too much posts.)

  6. 1st Bonus Post: Aleppo Airstrike

    In article entitled “This picture of a wounded Syrian boy captures just a fragment of the horrors of Aleppo” by The Telegraph, it focuses on Omran Daqneesh’s impact to the world especially in social media, particularly, Twitter during the airstrike in Aleppo . Yet they were able to provide information and data on the event regarding the number of deaths and patients under treatment as stated in the SPJ Code of Ethics 2014 that journalists should “gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story. At the same time it was also successful in giving voice to the voiceless by using the child as a symbol of conflict and tragedy in Aleppo which garnered sympathy from different people all over the world.

    However, I find it unethical when the pictures of the wounded boy appeared five times in just one article, according to the SPJ Code Ethics 2014, journalists should use heightened sensitivity in dealing in dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes and sources or objects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. His pictures that appear in print, television or even in the internet could hurt the relatives or family of the victim.

    Sources:

    Sanchez, R. (2016)This picture of a wounded Syrian boy captures just a fragment of the horrors of Aleppo. The Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/08/17/this-picture-of-a-wounded-syrian-boy-captures-just
    a-fragment-of/

  7. [1st Bonus post: “Second Bonus: Allepo”]
    Just a brief browse through any social media site and you will definitely see a picture of a boy in an ambulance, bloodied and dirtied, a victim of the Syrian conflict. Immediately, when the photo was published, it made rounds in social media and mass media. Broadcast networks, various newspapers and news magazines immediately picked up the photo. Soon enough “Omran Daqneesh, whose bloodied and dust-caked face was captured on camera” has become the poster boy for the Syrian conflict. In fact, a news report even noted that the boy is as old as the Syrian conflict—five years old. The dramatic emphasis of how the boy’s narrative is so intrinsically linked to the Syrian war is glaring. The media has banked on the photo and the pity for the boy as a possible trigger to solving the conflict.
    Although the photo has proved useful in garnering attention towards the Syrian war issue, it was done at the expense of a child. According to the SPJ Code of Ethics, journalists should minimize harm. They should show compassion in reportage for those potentially affected by the news coverage especially when the news is dealing with children, more so when it deals with children and violence. The photo is currently being published in numerous news websites without warning of a possible disturbing image. More often, the news websites publish the photo in their respective social media sites as visual accompaniment to the headline to get more attention and to get more people to click on their articles. It brings in the question of the use of shock value and whether using this disturbing photo of the child is justified given that the issue has been brought to the world’s view because of it. The SPJ Code of Ethics though says that there should be a balance in fulfilling the obligation in providing information against minimizing harm.
    The image of the boy wasn’t the only thing published, his name was in print as well. The anonymity of the boy was completely disregarded. It was one thing to provide a face and a whole other level to name that face. The SPJ Code of Ethics indicates that journalists should “consider the long term implications of reach and permanence of publication”. Especially in the age of the internet where nothing is ever really deleted and virality is at its prime, the publisher should have considered the boy’s future and how it will be affected by the publication of the photo. A news report of how the older brother of the boy died and the headlines was framed exactly that way: “Brother of Syrian boy wounded in Aleppo dies”. How the headline was phrased implies a level of being a public figure when the boy should be seen as a private individual whose right to privacy and against intrusion should be a priority. The name of the brother was also dropped in the reports.

    Sources:
    http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/aleppos-children/aleppo-s-children-omran-daqneesh-one-thousands-suffering-n635391

  8. [First Bonus Post] –

    When you hear about something too often, it may start to lose its impact on you. Tragedies about the war in Syria have long been in the news; it established in people’s minds what the norm was in the country. However, audiences all over the world were made to understand the realities of the war when Euronews released a graphic video of a five-year-old boy covered in blood and ash from the explosion. The content of the video may have been very graphic, but the publication followed the necessary steps in reporting it. Following the SPJ Code of Ethics, which seeks to report the truth, they provided context for the audiovisual. They reported the situation in which the clip was taken, and the event that occurred prior to that. It stated how this airstrike in Aleppo “highlighted the desperation of the Syrian civil war and the struggle for control of the city. (Euronews, 2016).” It was also mentioned that this boy, Omran, was just one of five children victims. The publication was updated thereafter to assure the viewers of Omran’s stable condition. 
    

    The main video came from Euronews, but CNN’s coverage was what brought my attention to the news. As of writing, it has been shared numerous times because it had a certain authenticity behind it. CNN displayed ethical journalism in the way they approached the subject – by treating the it with compassion. In spite of showing graphic stills from the original video, they were able to present the Syrian boy as a normal kid with the most natural reaction to this tragedy. The victim’s name was disclosed; his full appearance was broadcasted to the world, but it was vital in showing the most truthful report. Netizens understood and even pointed out several times how his stunned reaction showed his innocence. The visuals made you sympathize with the war, but the disclosure of his name, Omran, made it real. This time a victim was not just part of a report’s statistics; but an actual person with a name who suffers because of the war. The CNN report ended with, “This is Omran. He’s alive. We wanted you to know.” The second principle of minimizing harm was done with the way they presented the facts, and after added a 3-liner statement to the news. It balanced the public’s need to be informed with the heightened sensitivity needed by the five-year-old victim.

    Sources:

    http://www.euronews.com/2016/08/18/video-of-bloodied-syrian-boy-captures-horror-of-aleppo

    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/cnn-anchor-crying-kate-bolduan-syria-aleppo-omran-daqneesh-a7198606.html

  9. [First Bonus Post] – “Allepo”

    When you hear about something too often, it may start to lose its impact on you. Tragedies about the war in Syria have long been in the news; it established in people’s minds what the norm was in the country. However, audiences all over the world were made to understand the realities of the war when Euronews released a graphic video of a five-year-old boy covered in blood and ash from the explosion. The content of the video may have been very graphic, but the publication followed the necessary steps in reporting it. Following the SPJ Code of Ethics, which seeks to report the truth, they provided context for the audiovisual. They reported the situation in which the clip was taken, and the event that occurred prior to that. It stated how this airstrike in Aleppo “highlighted the desperation of the Syrian civil war and the struggle for control of the city. (Euronews, 2016).” It was also mentioned that this boy, Omran, was just one of five children victims. The publication was updated thereafter to assure the viewers of Omran’s stable condition. 
    

    The main video came from Euronews, but CNN’s coverage was what brought my attention to the news. As of writing, it has been shared numerous times because it had a certain authenticity behind it. CNN displayed ethical journalism in the way they approached the subject – by treating the it with compassion. In spite of showing graphic stills from the original video, they were able to present the Syrian boy as a normal kid with the most natural reaction to this tragedy. The victim’s name was disclosed; his full appearance was broadcasted to the world, but it was vital in showing the most truthful report. Netizens understood and even pointed out several times how his stunned reaction showed his innocence. The visuals made you sympathize with the war, but the disclosure of his name, Omran, made it real. This time a victim was not just part of a report’s statistics; but an actual person with a name who suffers because of the war. The CNN report ended with, “This is Omran. He’s alive. We wanted you to know.” The second principle of minimizing harm was done with the way they presented the facts, and after added a 3-liner statement to the news. It balanced the public’s need to be informed with the heightened sensitivity needed by the five-year-old victim.

    Sources:

    http://www.euronews.com/2016/08/18/video-of-bloodied-syrian-boy-captures-horror-of-aleppo

    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/cnn-anchor-crying-kate-bolduan-syria-aleppo-omran-daqneesh-a7198606.html

    (Reposting as I previously commented an incomplete header)

  10. [First Bonus Post: “Aleppo Airstrike”]

    Around a few days ago to almost a week, a photo of a Syrian boy circulated around the social media sites, garnering attention from all parts of the world. The boy, at five years of age had his photo taken, as well as a video recorded showcasing his rescue among other Syrians. According to the New York Times article shedding light on this subject, he is the symbol of Syria’s suffering. The post presented several photos of the boy, as well as his name, picturing him in different situations.

    It is commendable how New York Times was able to seek truth and report it, though the article may be found unethical when it comes to the harm that it may cause. According to the Journalists Code of Ethics under the section of Minimize Harm, “Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles…”, was stated in the second point. Unfortunately, by revealing the boy’s name, his picture, and as well as other juveniles who were victims of the airstrike, they have failed to comply with the Code. Not only this but seven other children had their names and pictures revealed just 2 days ago, adding fuel to the flame of violating the Code of Ethics. They have pointed how these 7 went unnoticed but they did not take into consideration how sensitive the topic they are tackling is. They may cause harm to the family, the countries, and the world, even.

    Sources:
    Barnard, A. (2016, August 19). The New York Times:How Omran Daqneesh, 5, Became a Symbol of Aleppo’s Suffering. Retrieved from The New York Times Web Site: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/19/world/middleeast/omran-daqneesh-syria-aleppo.html?_r=0

    Barnard, A., & Saad, H. (2016, August 22). The New York Times: One Photo of a Syrian Child Caught the World’s Attention. These 7 Went Unnoticed. Retrieved from The New York Times Web Site: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/22/world/middleeast/syria-omran-photo-children.html

  11. [1st Bonus post: “Second Bonus: Allepo”]

    Through the intensive report of several news sites, the matters in Syria are brought up to the world’s attention. According to the SPJ Code of Ethics, the reporter must “boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience.” Truthfully, the photo of the bloodied and dust-caked boy, Omran Daqneesh, gives voice to the voiceless and summarizes the events in Syria. The impact caused by the image brought the matters in Syria into light. Now that we have been served a slice of the war in Syria, we can only think how many more Omrans are undocumented and go without help.

    However, details about Omran spread like wildfire on different news platforms.The photo immediately went viral, paving the way for the news to be sensationalized. We are now faced with a dilemma. Omran’s face and name were disclosed in news reports all over the world. According to the SPJ Code of Ethics, in order to minimize harm, a journalist must “balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort.” It should be practiced even more so since the subject is a five-year-old child. It casts doubt on whether the reporters failed to consider the implications of the photo in Omran’s future, especially since his whole name was dropped.

    Sources:
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/18/boy-in-the-ambulance-image-emerges-syrian-child-aleppo-rubble
    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-37134986

  12. 2015-08469

    [1st Bonus Post: “Second Bonus: Aleppo”]

    A video of a child being carried out of the rubble of his home into an ambulance after an airstrike in Aleppo, has been circulating media.

    According to the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics, one must seek the truth and report it. I feel like the journalist was truly able to capture the harsh realities of everyday life in Syria. They were able to provide context as to why the boy had to be carried out from under the rubble. They were also able to give voice to the voiceless, though not literally, but the fact that they covered this news which hasn’t really been talked about until they released articles about it. Aside from this, additional information about the actual situation in Syria were given, such as how many people have died, and how many are still residing in the country. I think that they were able to make a statement about something that is of public interest, and were able to inform the public about it.

    However, according to the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics, a journalist must also minimize harm. I think that they could have done a better job of minimizing harm, such as by putting a warning first that the video would contain graphic scenes. I also think that it was unnecessary to put a lot of stills from the video in the article, as a video was already posted. As the child was a minor, I think that they shouldn’t have disclosed his name, as it says that one must used heightened sensitivity when dealing with minors. Though, I understand that it may be difficult to balance the graphic nature of the news, and the reality of it all. I think that it was able to open the eyes of the world to what is happening, and promoted discourse on the topic, so that more people would be informed and involved.

    Reference:
    Narayan, C. (2016). Little boy in Aleppo a vivid reminder of war’s horror. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2016/08/17/world/syria-little-boy-airstrike-victim/

  13. [First Bonus Post: “Aleppo”]

    An explicit picture of a young Syrian boy, his head full of blood and his body full of dust, went viral in the Internet last August 19. Omran Daqneesh was rescued after an airstrike in Aleppo, Syria. CNN International also showed the video coverage of the rescue operation of the boy. The face of the boy. There are also several explicit pictures of injured young Syrians also circulate the Internet.

    These pictures may be considered unethical. These include death and children. Despite the standards of ethical journalism in minimizing harm when the news is about death, especially when it concerns children and minors, the right of the public to know what exactly is happening and its intensity comes first. Explicit pictures of children were shown to express resentment at the Syrian War.

    References:

    Barnard, A. and Hwaida, S. (2016). One Photo of a Syrian Child Caught the World’s Attention. These 7 Went Unnoticed. The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2016 from http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/22/world/middleeast/syria-omran-photo-children.html?_r=0.

    Kennedy, M. (2016). Brother Of Omran Daqneesh, Bloodied Syrian Boy In Viral Image, Has Died. NPR. Retrieved August 23, 2016 from http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/08/21/490818153/brother-of-omran-daqneesh-bloodied-syrian-boy-pictured-in-viral-photo-has-died.

  14. 1st Regular Media Monitor (Aug 22): 25 Taiwanese, Chinese nabbed in Boracay for drugs, cybercrime
    Source: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/808367/25-taiwanese-arrested-in-boracay-anti-drug-sting

    Last Aug. 22, PNP arrested 25 foreigners who were suspected to be a part of an illegal drug operation. However, the only sources who were mentioned in the article are the police who arrested the criminals.

    In the SPJ code of ethics, the news article violates the following provision, “Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.” I believe that the news report framed the suspects as guilty. Even if they were found in a house with drugs, it was not yet confirmed whether or not they were truly a part of the drug operation. The police even said, “The suspects could be part of a group victimizing foreigners, most of them their fellow Chinese and Taiwanese, through fraudulent online transactions and extortion.”

    I believe that even if the names of the suspects were not released, it’s unfair to not learn their side of the story. I believe that journalists should get the victims views as unnamed sources, especially because they are still suspects. Failure to do so assumes that all drug suspects are guilty.

  15. Regine C. Gochuico
    (1st Bonus Post)
    “First Bonus: Media coverage of President Duterte’s allegations against Senator Leila de Lima, and/or follow-up stories of the allegations”
    As public figures, government officials are subjects to the eyes and opinions of the people. Thus, everything they do may be judged and can be taken against them. In the recent reports on TV Patrol, the news about Leila De Lima giving opinion about Drug related killings which she connects to the President is on top for a whole week now. In response to this, President Duterte in his speech during the 115th anniversary of the Philippine National Police, mentioned about a woman who is having an affair with her driver, having given him a big house, and him being the one collecting money from drug operations for the said woman. In addition to this, De Lima, without being named yet, was shown giving her comments regarding the president’s allegation, believing that it was her who is being described. TV Patrol did a great job by following several provisions stipulated in the SPJ Code of Ethics 2014 which are as follows:
    • Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work.
    • Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in summarizing a story.
    • Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.
    • Identify sources clearly.
    • Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticisms or allegations of wrongdoing.
    • Be vigilant and courageous in holding those with power accountable.
    • Label advocacy and commentary.
    • Never deliberately distort facts or context.
    • Consider the long term implications of the extended reach and permanence of publication. Provide updated and more complete information as appropriate.
    The above mentioned provisions were clearly presented in the report such that TV Patrol, from the first one, took responsibility by naming all the people involved especially those who gave their sides. Second, the report always make sure to give details on previous reports connected to the current one before going on with the rest of the story. The report showed interviews from each side to maintain fairness. Also, additional information and updates are given every day since the issue is still being discussed and haven’t been finished. Despite having subjects who are handling two powerful positions in the government, TV Patrol is successful in making the people informed with the things that they need to know regarding the issue between them; to know who is telling the truth. Likewise, the news report obviously did not distort any detail from the facts that they have gathered and directly presented it to the public, with the presence of the foul and hurtful words from both sides. The news report may have a long term effect to both of the subjects particularly on how the public will view them, thus, the program provides continues update to see what will happen next and to know who is telling the truth regarding the issue.
    Sources:
    TV Patrol News, retrieved from:

    Manila Bulletin retrieved from:
    http://www.mb.com.ph/duterte-de-lima-turn-personal-as-they-trade-barbs-anew/

  16. SPJ Code of Ethics Media Monitor
    Blog posted at: gmrosales.tumblr.com

    “Little boy in Aleppo a vivid reminder of war’s horror”

    Link to article: http://edition.cnn.com/2016/08/17/world/syria-little-boy-airstrike-victim/

    The article posted on August 18, 2016 on CNN brought to the world’s attention the increasing damage and deaths brought by the Syrian War. It opened the eyes of many to the situation that is happening not just in the small city of Aleppo but also to the bigger picture of the war.
    The picture of Omran, a 5 year old boy, covered in dust and blood was the lead image of the article. It did not need any censoring because the boy is only injured. The image used was powerful because it caught the entire situation of the war. Context was provided of the specific story and a comparison of Omran to a boy who was washed away in the sea a year ago as a refugee of the same war was also presented.
    The news contained vital statistics that exposed the rising destruction of homes and institutions in Aleppo. There were multiple sources cited throughout the story so the diversity and reliability of the news is assured.
    Overall, it was a news article that practiced good ethics because it followed the SPJ’s provisions. The story was captured in multiple points-of-view and brought public enlightenment to the worsening Syrian War.

    by SN 2014-57860

  17. First Bonus Post (Second Bonus: Aleppo Boy)

    It was 19th of August when the video of the 5 year-old Aleppo boy surfaced on the internet. Viewers were moved with pity as they witnessed the devastating condition of Omran, covered with dust while blood trickled down his face. After being safely pulled out by the rescuers and placed inside the ambulance, Omran sat quietly in the corner, bewildered by what was happening around him. Some of the direct, firsthand witnesses of the rescue operation, however, brought out their cameras and took photos and videos of the Aleppo boy and the other rescued victims, thereby committing a number of violations of the SPJ Code of Ethics (2014) in the process. First, it is stated in the Code of Ethics that journalists should “minimize harm” to the victims. The men who took photos/videos should have stopped what they were doing and considered the condition of the little boy instead. The Code states accordingly, “use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent.” As a helpless child, Omran should not have experienced being bombarded by the ruckus caused by people wanting to take videos/pictures of him. Moreover, the persons behind the video should have taken into account the distress that they were causing to the little boy. As stated in the Code, “balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort.” Second, although there were different takes on the issue, the persons who published the video should have censored the face of the victim. It is again stated under the SPJ Code of Ethics that one should “minimize harm” by filtering or censoring the subject so as to avoid causing emotional disturbances and anxiety not only to the victim, but also to his relatives and those viewing the presentation.
    On the other hand, some of the guidelines provided under the Code of Ethics were also complied with by the persons behind the video footage. The video was able to provide a context—the piles of debris and rubble as outcome of Syrian war. According to the Code, seek truth and report it by providing context. “Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.” Secondly, the media content was able to “give voice to the voiceless” and “seek sources whose voices we seldom hear” by getting access to the unheard stories of the victims of Syrian war.

    Source:
    Omran’s haunting image pricks world’s conscience. (2016, August 20). INQUIRER.net. Retrieved August 22, 2016, from http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/807966/omrans-haunting-image-pricks-worlds-conscience

  18. [1st Bonus Post: “Second Bonus: Allepo”]

    I first saw this video while browsing through Facebook, it linked to the same video, while CNN Reporter Kate Bolduan narrated, and at the end of the video even she was brought to tears. I, honestly, cried as well.

    What bothers me is that although it is a good means of spreading this serious issue of the bomb attacks, it still involves an ethical issue: It didn’t minimize harm.

    A journalist should balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort. The child’s face, although dirty and bloody, should not have been shown, because it will be hurtful for his family. Since it has boomed in social media and news programs,If it will surely be shown again and again in different places, and his family will have to relive the pain again and again.

    A journalist should also show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Heightened sensitivity should used. In the linked video, the video started immediately, which is wrong in my opinion. They should have put a black screen first with a warning showing that the next clip would be very graphic.

    Sources:
    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/cnn-anchor-crying-kate-bolduan-syria-aleppo-omran-daqneesh-a7198606.html

  19. [1st Regular Media Monitor] *repost

    SPJ Code of Ethics Media Monitor
    Posted at: gmrosales.tumblr.com

    “Little boy in Aleppo a vivid reminder of war’s horror”
    Link to article: http://edition.cnn.com/2016/08/17/world/syria-little-boy-airstrike-victim/

    The article posted on August 18, 2016 on CNN brought to the world’s attention the increasing damage and deaths brought by the Syrian War. It opened the eyes of many to the situation that is happening not just in the small city of Aleppo but also to the bigger picture of the war.
    The picture of Omran, a 5 year old boy, covered in dust and blood was the lead image of the article. It did not need any censoring because the boy is only injured. The image used was powerful because it caught the entire situation of the war. Context was provided of the specific story and a comparison of Omran to a boy who was washed away in the sea a year ago as a refugee of the same war was also presented.
    The news contained vital statistics that exposed the rising destruction of homes and institutions in Aleppo. There were multiple sources cited throughout the story so the diversity and reliability of the news is assured.
    Overall, it was a news article that practiced good ethics because it followed the SPJ’s provisions. The story was captured in multiple points-of-view and brought public enlightenment to the worsening Syrian War.

    by SN 2014-57860

  20. First Bonus Post : Media coverage of Duterte’s Allegations against De Lima

    The public brouhaha of President Duterte and Senator Leila de Lima is a common platform now for several news authorities in delivering news that reflects who and what they are as watchdogs for the public – the public they consider serving.

    “Imbes na maghinay-hinay sa pananalita matapos halos mapaiyak si De Lima sa kahihiyan kahapon, hindi pa rin tumigil ang pangulo sa pagbanat sa senadora.”

    This is how the August 18 newscast of TV Patrol with the headline “ Duterte hindi titigil sa pagbanat kay De Lima hanggang makasuhan ang senadora” went. As a part of the common Filipino audience, it practically would have sounded more appropriate if the usual phrases such as “ Muling nagpahayag…”, “Bumwelta”, “ Nagbigay ng karagdagang alegasyon” , but it turned out that the news agency prompted to posit an implied message of Leila De Lima being the rightful recipient of understanding and silence after the controversial accusations made by the president himself. It also places the president as the primary antagonistic figure in this debate – the authority bullying the lower member of the government.

    As stated in the SPJ Code of Ethics, conflicts of interest, real or perceived should be avoided. The media should be a platform for the public, not a vehicle for any ideology leaning to a powerful influence. Resisting pressures is a must, yet undeniably, this is a manifestation of a downplay of political and economic forces in our society.

    The actions of the President and one of our senators is not to be judged by the media beco ing opinion leaders but a responsibility to deliver to the Filipino people.

  21. [FIRST MEDIA MONITOR]
    2011-05606

    The news is about a child who is beaten by his parent. This is shown in the news portal, 24 Oras. (The video can be watched as a replay in this link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhqHzl4t6OQ)

    I think, the way the editors edited the video is right because it protects the identity of the child shown in the video and it minimizes the harm that may be induced to the child. This is the practice which the Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics 2014 (SPJ) that journalists should “use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles”. However, the reporters did not report the other side of the story. The story lacks the side of the parent beating the child. The SPJ tells that journalists should “diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrogn doing.”

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