10th Media Monitor here (deadline extended to Friday up tp 5pm Apr20

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     The 10th Media Monitor can now be posted here with deadline extended to Friday up to 5pm of that day April 20, 2018. (Late posts, as stated before, will be considered submitted for the next media monitor and are a forfeit for the current one — to be fair to class members who meet deadlines and are diligent).

    A regular or a bonus post may be submitted but not both. Only one media monitor post per week will be credited.

     No repetition of  bonus topics will be allowed (the second “repeated” bonus topic will be credited as a regular and not a bonus post).l 

    The following is an additional bonus topic/title, and it is not a review of media content but a critical analysis on your part of Facebook-Rappler-VeraFiles team-up to fact-check content on Facebook. In particular, please evaluate the process by which the factchecking will be done, as reported in Rappler, as follows:

      “Rappler and Vera Files will review flagged stories. These will be placed lower in the News Feed and will be less visible.” (from Facebook partners with Rappler, Vera Files for fact-checking program”, Apr. 12, 2018, at
https://www.rappler.com/technology/social-media/200060-facebook-partnership-fact-checking-program  )

(my notes: The fact-checkers will determine “falsehood” and will most probably rank the stories based on determination of “falsehood”: Those with a low ranking will be less visible in the News Feed of “friends and followers”).
FIRST GUIDE QUESTION FOR YOUR COMMENTARY: Do you see any problem with your post not appearing in the News Feed of your friends and followers based on being ranked as low in terms of “truthfulness” and “falsehood”? Explain using the theories of the press.
      The process is further described as follows: “People who will try share a fake story will receive a notification that the post has been determined by the fact checker to be false.
“For pages that frequently share false stories, their post distribution will be reduced and their ability to monetize and advertise will likely be removed.” (Ibid)
SECOND GUIDE QUESTION FOR YOUR COMMENTARY: Using the many layers and standards of the Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics (under “Seek the truth and Report it”, which includes accuracy, context, avoiding oversimplification, identifying sources, striving for balance and fairness, etc.) do you see any tricky issues in simply determining “falsehood”, or determining that a post is false? Explain using examples.

     Now is the time to show your critical discourse savvy in your commentary, for bonus points. 

      Happy discoursing!

    

11 comments

  1. 2018 10th Media Monitor (BONUS Title: YOUR OWN MOVIE REVIEW OF ANY FILM YOU HAVE SEEN IN THE LAST 30 DAYS)

    Film: A Quiet Place

    MTRCB Rating: R-13

    A Quiet Place is a horror thriller film about a family who must continue to live in silence to secure safety from creatures that awaken to any loud sound.

    MTRCB was correct in giving the the film an R-13 rating because although the theme was nerve-racking, it was not disturbing enough to prohibit children aged 13 and above to see it. There was no problem when it comes to use of language as the the film primarily depended on silence to portray the story. All other content shown were appropriate for children aged at least 13 because they were shown in moderation, only in accordance to the characters’ development and ultimately carried relevant social values with them.

    Overall, the film was a good watch and I especially enjoyed feeling like I was part of the story by needing to stay quiet throughout watching the film. It was a refreshing horror thriller unlike ones that have come out in the past years.

  2. 2018 10th Media Monitor
    BONUS Title: Facebook as primary purveyor of fake news

    De Lima asks Facebook: Take down fake news stories about me

    http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/962249/de-lima-facebook-fake-news-social-media-disinformation-propaganda-satire

    SPJ Code of Ethics:
    “Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing.”

    Expanded PPI Code of Ethics:
    Writing the Story
    “Single sources must be avoided as a rule. There is always the imperative to get a second, third, or more sources, the contending parties to an issue, the expert sources, the affected party, the prominent and the obscure, in the story. We must strive at all times to ascertain the truth of our source’s assertions.”

    This article by Inquirer regarding Leila de Lima’s plea towards Facebook to take down allegedly fake news about her is a bad practice, because it is one-sided. It appeared biased towards the side of De Lima, as it did not mention any response of Facebook Philippines Country Director Digs Dimagiba, who was pointed out by De Lima in the article. Overall, with the way it was written, wherein almost every paragraph has statements by De Lima pleading her case against fake news, it did not seem news, but propaganda for the jailed politician.

  3. 10th Regular Media Monitor

    Expanded PPI Code of Ethics
    -“We shall avoid at all time language, photographs, visuals and graphics that are racist, sexist, insensitive and disrespectful of men, women and childre; religious denominations, cultural communities, and gender and political preferences.

    Shame on you: Duterte fires more execs; labor usec out
    (https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/04/18/1807015/shame-you-duterte-fires-more-execs-labor-usec-out#DtlyBPbKfFhYWvUc.99)

    The article is a good practice of the provision stated above. All of the bad language are sensored in order not to offend viewers. It’s still good that they still included those languages since Preseident Duterte said those words and this adds accuracy to the news.

  4. 2018 10th Media Monitor (BONUS: Facebook-Rappler-VeraFiles team-up)

    The Libertarian theory of the press supports the free market place of ideas. People are critical to discern what is the truth among the sea of falsities or half-truths. But this is not the case. A lot of people are dependent on mass media to have news or information. Today, we have a new platform, the social media, specifically Facebook, as our new primary source of news and information. Since everyone on Facebook has their right to post whatever (this was the case before the team-up), Facebook became purveyor of fake news. On the other hand, the Social Responsibility theory states that the media practitioners or the press has the social responsibility to determine the “truth” among all the ideas present in the market. It is their duty to distinguish and relay the information to the public since not everyone has the capacity to discern what is true and what is not.

    Regarding the action plan of the Facebook, Rappler, and Vera files, to just label a post as false, is not enough. It can still be seen by other people, although less frequent, and the post is not taken down. Their plan to attach a post under the “related articles” of the post that has been identified as false, will not really be effective. According to an article of The Washington Post about fact-checking, almost 60% of the links on social media were never been clicked. People’s tendency is to read the headline and share it without even reading the article. So, providing context and explanation that the claims of a post is false in another link under the post, is not enough since there is a tendency that the first link will not be clicked at all, how much more the second link.

    References:
    https://www.rappler.com/technology/social-media/200060-facebook-partnership-fact-checking-program
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/fact-checker/wp/2016/11/22/the-fact-checkers-guide-for-detecting-fake-news/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.d237fb1843f6
    Four Theories of the Press: the Authoritarian, Libertarian, Social Responsibility, and Soviet Communist: Concepts on What the Press Should be and Do by Frederick Siebert

  5. 10th Regular Media Monitor

    SPJ Code of Ethics
    “Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible.”

    Mindanao naval forces seize ₱67.9M worth of smuggled rice
    http://cnnphilippines.com/news/2018/04/16/Mindanao-naval-forces-smuggled-rice.html

    This article is a good practice of the provision because of the source of the article, which is directly from the Naval Forces Western Mindanao (NFWM). The acquisition of illegal rice from Vietnam is estimated to be around P67.9 million. Because of the nature of the smuggled load, the responsibility of what to do next with the rice should fall unto the Department of Agriculture.

  6. [10th Media Monitor]

    BONUS Title: MAYON and related stories ( Disaster-reporting)

    Philippine Press Institute provides guidelines for reporting disasters

    “Anticipate what might be needed i.e., emergency toolkit, before jump off;
    Reporters and photographers should be aware of existing guidelines/laws on covering children, women, and special topics…

    News organizations should orient their reporters before they are sent to cover emergencies;
    Constant communication/tracking between reporters and gatekeepers (let the newsroom know what you’re wearing);

    Be sensitive.”

    TV Patrol: Alert level 4, itinaas sa Bulkang Mayon

    This is a good media practice since the reporter avoided the PHIVOLCS declared danger zones in covering the eruption of Mayon Volcano and opted to use voice-over for close-up coverage of the volcano. The team did not insist to go near the volcano just to show the actual happenings.

  7. 10th Media Monitor
    BONUS: DRUG WAR

    SPJ CODE:
    Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.
    Use original sources whenever possible.

    KBP CODE
    Art. 1 Sec. 4 NEWS SOURCES
    4a. Care must be taken in selecting news sources since the credibility of the news rests upon its sources.
    4b. Only news that can be attributed to a source shall be aired. When a source cannot be identified by name, the reason for this should be made clear in the news report.

    ARTICLES:
    http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/regions/650687/7-arrested-in-cainta-after-drug-buy-bust-op/story/
    http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/regions/650691/actor-julio-diaz-nabbed-in-anti-drug-ops/story/

    These articles have showed a good practice of the above provisions. These 2 articles just reported a news may aired a single source yet the package, deliver and credibility of the source is justified. Inasmuch, it is stated in the 1st article that the suspects are being searched by the police. Also, the media didn’t take a special consideration on reporting the news in the 2nd article.

  8. 2018 10th Media Monitor (BONUS: Facebook-Rappler-VeraFiles team-up)

    We all know that the nature of engaging on Facebook is to socialize. Facebook is created to connect and it is very apparent that the Filipino netizens are using it to socialize until the Philippine political landscape shifted in to crucial situation last 2016 because of the prevalence of fake news. Facebook is not just a social media site anymore–it became an arena of ideologies, debates, political difference, and of course, disinformation. Fake news stories are all over facebook and sadly, many Filipinos are not critical when it comes to verifying if it is a news story or a disinformation.

    In partnership of Facebook with Vera Files and Rappler to verify and fact-check news, I personally think that there is no problem if I share a story and will be tagged as false or not true. Although we acknowledge that people must be always free to express on facebook, still not a lot of them are knowledgeable enough to discern what is factual. A lot of them are not also trying to make an effort to do their own fact checking before sharing.

    In Social Responsibility Theory of the Press, it highlights that the press has the responsibility to the public. It is journalists’ duty to correct disinformation and provide public what is truth. Given that Facebook became an arena of news stories, I think it is about time for Vera Files and Rappler to help, step up, and fact-check stories that are circulating.

    However, problems may come up once they started doing this. Even though a post with a fake news story might be flagged as false, it will never be sufficient. Even though they will provide context and debunk the falsehood with an original post, it will still be circulating around the internet. We know that people are easily tricked by clickbait headlines, following that they won’t read the story, just share it because of a catchy headline. Another problem is that, with lots of fake news spreading all over, my concern is that if human fact-checkers cannot control it anymore, how are they going to do it?

    Last November, an Israeli firm, AdVerif.ai, launched an AI that will help in detecting fake news stories. It was used in the USA. Despite that it is intelligently made to fight disinformation, AI is still foolproof because it cannot completely assess accuracy of purported facts in the articles.
    According to Or Levi, director of AdVerif.ai, “current forms of AI can look at the style of the language, and the topic that the text is discussing, but it can’t figure out the meaning behind statements”.

    Whether it is going to be human fact checkers or an AI, from that, we can see that the accuracy and context, striving for balance and fairness might be sacrificed.

    It is a good idea that we are trying to do something to battle fake news,but there is still patching that is needed to be done to uphold reporting a factual, fair news.

  9. 10th Media Monitor: Regular

    Article: 6 killed and 1 hurt in Nueva Ecija Hacking Spree

    Link: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/983963/6-killed-1-hurt-in-n-ecija-hacking-spree

    SPJ CODE OF ETHICS :
    Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.

    This article is rather bad practice of the SPJ Code of Ethics provision mentioned above. It is bad for the simple reason that it did not provide adequate context regarding the backgrounds of the victims as well as other pertinent details. Because of this, it can influence the minds of readers in the wrong way, especially upon the scary revelation of hearing about a hacking incident. It also fails to mention the severity of the injuries of the six, and this can also definitely make a difference.

  10. 10th Media Monitor (BONUS Title: YOUR OWN MOVIE REVIEW OF ANY FILM YOU HAVE SEEN IN THE LAST 30 DAYS)

    Film: Straight Outta Compton

    MTRCB Rating: R-16

    Straight Outta Compton is a biographical film that depicts the story of the rise and fall of N.W.A, one of the most influential rap groups in America, as well as the different paths its members (like Dr. Dre, Eazy-E, and Ice Cube) took before, during, and after N.W.A.

    The rating given to the film was correct as it ticks all the boxes that would give a film that rating. One of the biggest factors is the severe profanity throughout the film with excessive swearing from many characters as well as the nature of N.W.A.’s lyrics. Gratuitous nudity is also present in the film multiple times (however I believe most of the nudity was cut out for screening in Philippine cinemas). Drugs and alcohol were also present in the film. The theme of the film as well could be deemed inappropriate or too intense for those below 16 years of age. The film is set in the late 80s where racism is very rampant in America. It showcases how N.W.A. raps about their reality in Compton rampant with gang violence, police brutality, poor economic status, and more. It has redeeming qualities but it could be viewed as too violent or nonsensical for one who doesn’t have a grasp on the context of N.W.A, as can be seen in their performance of the song “Fuck The Police”.

    The film itself however was a great and interesting look at the group who influenced so many rappers who we know today like Tupac, Eminem, Jay-Z, Kendrick Lamar, and many others. It tackles the “Compton” problem (rampant racism and police brutality, gang violence, etc.) very well and shows the members of N.W.A. rising above where they came from but at the same time giving back to the place in which they grew. It is also a very accurate retelling of the story of N.W.A. but made very well. The cast was very compelling individually and as a whole which could be attributed to the fact that former N.W.A. members Dr. Dre and Ice Cube had a direct hand in producing the film while other former members MC Ren and DJ Yella became creative consultants for the film. It is a love story to N.W.A., Compton, gangster rap, and the rap genre as a whole as an artistic tool to talk about an rapper’s personal and social reality. It is a must-watch film for anyone who is interested or likes listening to rap music.

  11. 10th Media Monitor
    Bonus: Privacy breach in a massive scale (87 million FB accounts) committed by Facebook

    PPI Journalist’s Code of Ethics:

    I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognize the duty to air the other side and the duty to correct substantive errors promptly.

    Article:
    http://technology.inquirer.net/74755/um-no-fb-founder-zuckerberg-protects-privacy

    The article above properly follows the provisions stated by the PPI Journalist’s Code of Ethics. The article showed both sides of the story, Zuckerbeg’s and Sen. Dick Durbin. It did not belittle the issue at hand which is the breach of privacy of Facebook users which was clearly stated and explained in the article. The article stayed neutral as it did not take anyone’s side of the issue. It clearly stated the facts about the public grilling of Zuckerberg before the US Senators without adding or twisting to the truth/the facts at hand.

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