4th Media Monitor, First Class #universityofthephilippines #UPDiliman

   As part of the course on Ethics, class members are expected to monitor media coverage during pivotal moments such as the tropical cyclone/typhoon Ompong and the landslides, flooding, and other incidents which occurred during the weekend (and not just to spend countless hours in video gaming and/or inane FB/Twitter chattering — awat na kapag sampung oras)

   These may be also used for extra points for the bonus topic of disaster-reporting (see earlier instructions).

The 4th Media Monitor of the first class can be posted here with the usual deadline on Wednesday at 5pm (Sept. 19). A class member may post either a regular or a bonus post: for the bonus post, as stated several times before: Any of the 12 bonus topics provided earlier may be used (once only).

   Class members who attend the Thursday Sept. 20 multimedia presentation of media issues during martial law at 1pm or 2pm may credit this under the bonus topic of review of advocacy content and medium (see instructions in the email).

  A memorable commemorative week of media issues this week! 

(photo from the University of the Philippines archives, used here non-commercially for academic purposes)

15 thoughts on “4th Media Monitor, First Class #universityofthephilippines #UPDiliman

  1. 4th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Advocacy
    Public Assembly attended: Katatagan Fair (held last September 10, 2018)

    Principle: INDEPENDENCE

    “Provide objective advice to the sectors they represent. Be accountable for one’s actions.”

    Katatagan Fair was an advocacy fair comprised of booths that promoted disaster risk reduction in a national-scale. It also featured a talk by Spocky Farolan on the role of the University in disaster risk reduction and management. However, he was not able to remain objective throughout his entire speech. This is because he kept showing his support towards the President Rodrigo Duterte’s administration, even if it had not much to do with what he was talking about. Farolan even proceeded to taunt students from the college of Architecture, telling them that they should have fixed the arrangement of the tents in the fair prior to the event. He emphasized how each citizen should be taking action, citing Duterte as an example. He even proudly stated that he’s “ka-DDS.” I respect his opinion and his stand, but I believe that exposing one’s political affiliations when talking about a national concern is unprofessional. Farolan is an expert in the topic he was presenting, but he lost his credibility the moment he neglected political objectivity during his talk.

  2. 4th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Ben Tulfo

    The news article by PhilStar is about how Wanda Teo, Ben and Erwin Tulfo denied responisbility regarding the P60-million advertisement placement for the Department of Tourism (DOT) in the show that the Tulfos are involved in

    The news article abides the provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics specifically “Gather, update, and correct information throughout the life of a news story” since the latest update about the news is the one highlighted but if a person choose to see what happened before, they may see the past updates (from May 8 2018) at the bottom of the news article. This shows how PhilStar values responsible media journalism by continually updating its readers and the public regarding the issue with Teo and the Tulfo brothers.

    Source: https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/08/14/1842494/teo-tulfo-brothers-insist-nothing-illegal-advertising-deal

  3. Bonus: Disaster Reporting

    PNP Data Shows 74 dead, 55 missing due to Ompong via
    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1033813/pnp-data-shows-74-dead-55-missing-due-to-ompong

    The Inquirer-based reporter used multiple sources to confirm the death toll of Ompong. With data from the Philippine National Police Itogon Mayor Victor Palangdan and PAGASA, Lalu successfully provided relevant and updated facts. Thus, he was able to show all sides of the story and exhibit the whole truth. In other words, the journalist upheld the Philippine Press Institute Code of Ethics.

  4. 4th Media Monitor
    Regular: “UP College dean in hot water for anti-Duterte letter”

    The story discusses allegations of the Dean of College of Engineering being an anti-Duterte official.

    The article is ethical in such a way that it adhered to the provision of the SPJ to provide context and avoid oversimplifying the issue. In discussing the news story, the author introduced both sides of the issue and provided a clear background on why the letter was written and what its general content was. There was no attempt to sensationalize or frame the story in a way that pegs the college dean as a ‘radical’ or anti-Duterte official. Instead of riding on what could have been a controversial scoop, both sides were given their own space to air their views and explain their side of the situation. In this way, the readers are given as much of the whole story as possible; avoiding mere commentary or a sensationalist approach.

    Source: Enano, Jhasset. “UP College dean in hot water for anti-Duterte letter.”, The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Sept. 19, 2018. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1033948/up-college-dean-in-hot-water-for-anti-duterte-letter

  5. 4th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Advocacy

    “EXPERTISE: Acquire and use responsibly all specialized knowledge and experience. Advance one’s skills and work attitude through continued professional development, research, and education. Build mutual understanding, credibility, and relationships among a wide array of institutions and audiences.”

    Last September 10, the Katatagan Fair was held at the Quezon Hall Ampitheater in the UP Diliman campus. This disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM) fair was conducted in order to inform members of the UP community, such as students and the staff, about the DRRM initiatives being done by the various resiliency organizations involved with the University. 
    
    There were different exhibit booths present that demonstrated their resiliency programs to interested students, such as the UP Vanguard K9 unit, the Quezon City DRRM Office, the UP Diliman Emergency Response Team, the Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary, Up and Ready, UP Resilience Institute, Mu Sigma Phi Fraternity, Rice Watch Action Network, UP Manila DRRM Committee, Philippine Red Cross QC Chapter and the University of the Philippines Diliman University Student Council. 
    
    Incorporating the principle of expertise, these organizations imparted the knowledge and experience that they had regarding their specializations to those who made time to visit their booths. An example for this would be how the UP Vanguard K9 unit had brought their trained dogs to demonstrate how these animals aid them in their service. Furthermore, the UP Diliman Emergency Response Team, as well as the Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary, had prepared their equipment and situational re-enactions of their procedure when doing rescue operations.
    
    Aside from this, keynote talks revolving around the topic of disaster risk reduction and management were delivered by guest speakers- who are involved in this field, to the audience that was present. UP students from the various colleges were represented in the audience and were all recipients of the talks that were shared. One of the speakers was Hon. Frederick Mikhail Farolan, or UP Regent Spocky Farolan, who spoke about the University’s role in disaster risk reduction and management. Still applying the principle of expertise, he talked about the role of the university in DRRM and emphasized how through continuous development of research in our respective fields, more resiliency advancements can be achieved. 
    
    Ultimately, the Katatagan Fair was able to impart the expertise of different figures invovled in disaster risk reduction and management to the University’s constituents, in a credible, yet enjoyable, manner. It was able to unite the different institutions and colleges in UP, through the same goal of furthering DRRM initiatives in our country.
    
  6. BONUS: Disaster-Reporting
    4th Media Monitor

    Article: ‘Ompong’ death toll hits 81, expected to rise
    https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/09/19/1852867/ompong-death-toll-hits-81-expected-rise

    The article observed a provision in the Philippine Press Institute Code of Ethics, which states: “I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis.” Asides from reporting the current death toll (from the landslide), it was also able to provide the condition of the area prior the landslide, that it was already at risk. The report also abided with a principle in the SPJ Code of Ethics: “Gather, update, and correct information throughout the life of a news story.” There was a thread of reports below the article, which is being constantly updated.

  7. 4th Media Monitor
    Bonus: Typhoon Ompong

    News Article: 10 mayors under probe over Ompong absence (philstar)

    The SPJ Code of Ethics states that I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognize the duty to air the other side and the duty to correct substantive errors promptly.” The news article mentioned above exemplifies this provision by not only remaining objective in reporting information and tackling the matter at hand, but also by presenting details and facts from different sources. The article talked about 10 local chief executives that seemed to be absent and missing during the occurrence of Typhoon Ompong. Information from the DILG, PNP, and NDRRMC were presented among others, and helped increase the credibility of the news article. While the 10 mayors were not named in the story, the article did explain that according to DILG spokesman Jonathan Malaya, the names of the mayors could not yet be revealed until the investigation is over.

    Source: https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/09/19/1852829/10-mayors-under-probe-over-ompong-absence

  8. BONUS: Drug War
    4th Media Monitor

    A provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics states, “Balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort.”

    Abiding by this provision includes the images and text used in the drafting of a particular news article. I have listed two examples down below — one good practice of this provision and one possible violation.

    The NY Times, covering the drug war in the Philippines through an online news article titled “Philippine Police Resume War on Drugs, Killing Dozens”, included a cover photo of a man suspected of using drugs who was killed by the police in August. However, the photo was cropped so as the face of the victim was not seen, nor were there any traces of blood to be found in the photo. All that was seen was the arm of the victim next to a lying gun. It was simple and safe for the readers to view, but it still got the message across.

    On the other hand, The NY Times (again, but under a different author), published another article recently titled “The Wrong Way to Fight a Drug War”. The cover photo used was a full photo of a bloodied shooting victim laying on the floor, face exposed and blood evident. In relation to the provision under “minimising harm”, this photo, given its graphic qualities, could potentially be harmful to many viewers. It may cause a feeling of discomfort amongst the readers, especially since there was no warning given in regards to the graphic quality of the photo.

    Sources:

  9. 2nd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Disaster Reporting
    Article: Typhoon Ompong leaves nearly 76,000 homes damaged in Cagayan

    Source: https://www.rappler.com/nation/212324-typhoon-ompong-damage-infrastructure-agriculture-cagayan-september-19-2018?utm_campaign=Echobox&utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Facebook#Echobox=1537342041

    The artile reports about the damage done by Typhoon Ompong. It provides not only efficiently updated facts about casualties and infrastructural damages, but it also adheres to the SPJ code of ethics as it provides sufficient context and violates no code.

  10. 4th Media Monitor
    Regular: “DOTr to scrap 170,000 jeepneys by 2020”

    Nestor Corrales from the Inquirer reported on the jeepney phase out. He included the statements of Transportation Assistant Secretary For Road Transport and Infrastructure Mark de Leon who stated that these jeeps must be taken off the road. Mr. de Leon continued, saying that the jeepney drivers will be given subsidy amounting to 80,000 pesos for the jeepneys. He laments, “Binigyan kayo ng P80,000 ng gobyerno, subsidy, tapos papatakbuhin mo pa rin yung lumang unit? Binigyan ka na nga ng bagong unit ng gobyerno, you’re running the old unit kailangan natin tanggalin sa kalsada.” He could not understand why the jeepney drivers refuse to modernize.

    The article goes against the Philippine Press Code of Ethics, specifically the provision that states: “All efforts must be exerted to make stories fair, accurate and balanced Getting the other side is a must, especially for the most sensitive and critical stories. The other side must run on the first take of the story and not any day later.” Taking only this article at face value, readers might be swayed to believe that the jeepney drivers are incompetent and abusive. Mr. de Leon’s statements are evidently biased to the government. Without a statement from the jeepney drivers to provide context that the 80,000 pesos subsidy is not enough to pay for the new modernized jeepneys, the readers will be lead to take the side of the government.

    Sources:
    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1034107/dotr-to-scrap-170000-jeepneys-by-2020
    http://www.mediawise.org.uk/philippines-2/

  11. 2nd media monitor
    BONUS: Drug War
    Jobless man killed in Ecija drug bust
    Source: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1034089/jobless-man-killed-in-ecija-drug-bust?utm_campaign=Echobox&utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Facebook#Echobox=1537341286

    The article lacks in context and damages the man killed. Especially in the context of the drug war, it is important for reporters to provide these types of information as the drug war and its coverage comes with much controversy. It meagerly adheres to the SPJ code of ethics as it labels the killed man as a “Jobless Man” and in the context of how this drug war has killed many people not proven huilty, it is important that these private people be protected and not be framed in a way that when contextualized, are demonized to an extent.

  12. 4th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Disaster Reporting

    SPJ Code of Ethics states that “gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story,” and “boldly tell the story of the diversity.”

    In this article shows the obedience to these provisions. The article shows the updated number of people that have died, injured and are still missing recently. And the article also shows the suggested things to do for people to help the victims of Typhoon Ompong, like to volunteer in calamity funds for relief and rehabilitation efforts.

    Sources: http://cnnphilippines.com/news/2018/09/17/Typhoon-Ompong-Mangkhut-Philippines-death-toll.html

  13. 4th Media Monitor
    Bonus: Disaster Reporting
    Article: ‘Ompong’ damages Vigan’s heritage houses

    SPJ Code of Ethics: Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible
    to judge the reliability and motivations of sources.

    In this article, the photographer of the photo used was not cited clearly. Also, the term “heritage houses” refers to a lot but the photo shows only one damaged house. The article, for me, lacks firm information that will support the news.

    Source: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1033537/ompong-damages-vigans-heritage-houses

  14. 4th Media Monitor
    BONUS: #NeverAgain

    “@ogie_rosa: UP is open daw to all political views so they accommodated the SK reunion with Imee Marcos.

    FYI, the Marcoses are not just a ‘political view,’ they are the country’s worst historical nightmare!”

    The standard of Twitter vis-a-vis expression recognizes the freedom of users, as well as their right and privilege to posit their thoughts without fear and being silenced. However, this provision is limited when an expression (in the form of tweets) “harasses, intimidates, or uses fear to silence another user’s voice”. The provisions of the Twitter community standards further posit that context must be taken into cognition, which deliberates whether or not “the behavior is targeted at an individual or group of people; the report has been filed by the target of the abuse or a bystander; the behavior is newsworthy and in the legitimate public interest” (“Twitter Rules”, n.d.).

    At first, it may seem that user “ogie_rosa” has violated the standards of the Twitter community and its provisions as his tweet was targeted at an individual – Imee Marcos. However, the nature of the tweet narrows down on an individual that is of public character, inasmuch as Imee Marcos is not only a Marcos, but also a government official. In this sense, the tweet can be seen as that which stems from a justifiable motive — that is, to create and reinforce literacy about the past political tenets as well as judicial cases Imee has been allegedly associated with. In this sense, the context of the tweet supports the validity of the claim that it does not fall under abusive behavior and is hence in accordance not only with the law concerning (cyber) libel and cyber bullying, but also with the provisions of the community standards as professed by Twitter.

    Sources cited: https://help.twitter.com/en/rules-and-policies/twitter-rules

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