Law on Mass Media & Comm 6th Exercise

 Law on Mass Media and Communication

                  Sixth Exercise


     The class will conclude the discussion on prior restraint this week, and proceed with the next topic (rights of media workers).

    The following class members earned bonus points for the Sept. 20 multimedia activity (film showing, FB Live discussion, artistic performances) illustrating different kinds and forms of prior restraint, to be recorded here (in addition to any points earned for the written exercise), as follows:

    20 pts Executive producers (for conceptualization, pre-production, promotion, contacting the speakers and performers, stage management, etc): tbbyrne, toriuy, coni 

    15 pts FB Live producers, Cultural talents and stage managers: jsaligway, Xaika, Wolfe, Justine

    10 pts production assistants, grips, etc: Siyen, rknery and (marichu) and 7 pts Documentation: JD, Jerwin

    The following is the sixth regular exercise with the usual deadline on Wednesday 5pm September 26:

                      U.P. Day of Remembrance 

     If you attended any of the U.P. Day of Remembrance activities on-campus or off-campus last Friday Sept. 21, please post or email a selfie or group photo or paste the link of the public site where you posted photos that you took yourself, then: To elevate to theory what you observed or participated in: 2) Please quote or paraphrase any speaker or artistic performer stating (or depicting) the significance of that day or the purpose of the commemoration …


     CONTENT, PRIOR RESTRAINT: If you attended the Sept. 20 multimedia activity: To elevate to theory what you observed or participated in: Please describe a case or situation of prior restraint or of subsequent punishment (arrest/ detention/ “disappeared”/ summary execution) discussed by any of the speakers or depicted in the film or the artistic performances (Pls state the name of the speaker or performer if artistic performance; if you are in the group picture, no need to send proof of attendance; if not, pls state “see attendance sheet” if you signed it; if neither, pls send a selfie of said activity)…              

    (This is a regular exercise. The other bonuses will be reserved for the second half of this course on limits to freedom of the press/ limits to freedom of expression: Libel; laws on public order; prejudicial publicity (right of the accused to a fair trial vs. right to a free press), etc. )

    Happy week ahead!

(Image derived from a photo shot by Wolfe Salazar)

10 thoughts on “Law on Mass Media & Comm 6th Exercise

  1. Record the following:
    tbbyrne: 20 points; toriuy: 20 points, coni 20 points (executive producers)
    jsaligway: 15pts; Xaika: 15pts; Wolfe: 15pts; Justine 15pts (FB Live producers, Cultural talents and stage managers)
    Siyen: 10pts; rknery :10pts (production assistants, grips, etc)
    JD: 7pts; Jerwin: 7pts (Documentation)

  2. 6th Regular Post

    Activity: The Marco Effect, September 20, 2018
    Speaker: Inday Espina Varona

    Martial law directly affected the media. The day after its declaration, there were mass arrests on the opposition, journalists and those who were critical of the Marcos regime. We all know that thousands of people died and according to the National Press Club, 19 journalists were killed and 1 remained missing at that time.

    One of the victims was Liliosa Hilao, a student journalist and a communication arts student from the Pamantasang Lungsod ng Maynila. According to a news article from Philippine Inquirer, Hilao was an editor of PLM’s campus publication “Hasik”. During that time, Liliosa was part of those student journalists who wrote critical articles against the Marcos administration.

    She was about to graduate in 1973 but she was arrested a month before her graduation by the Philippine Constabulary and taken in for questioning to Camp Crame. The Philippine Constabulary was actually looking for her brother but she was the one who faced the arresting officers. The next day, she was visited by her brother inside the camp and there she told him that she was tortured severely. On the third day, Hilao died inside Camp Crame. The military said that Hilao died by committing suicide through drinking muriatic acid. According to Ms. Inday Espina Varona, what the military said was very ridiculous, because it would be very foolish for a prison facility to put muriatic acid inside a prison cell. Hilao’s family also said that upon retrieving the body, they saw bruises, injection marks and cigarette burns among others; signs that Hilao was severely tortured. Liliosa’s case is an example of prior restraint. Liliosa was arrested despite the fact that her articles were published in a public platform and the Marcos government was extremely strict on censorship and press restrictions. The Marcoses were able to use prior restraint to silence their critics. This is also a violation on the freedom from subsequent punishment. Journalists have the freedom to express opinions, critic a controversial political issue as long as it still abides ethical and truthful journalism.



    In the September 20 event by the class, I cite the film “Mga Alingawngaw sa panahon ng pagpapasya”, which is a film by Hector Calma. Hector Calma is a director coming from UP. I remember that before we watched his film, he shared that most of his family are Marcos apologists and one of the reasons why he made this film, was to rebut their claims and show them (and others) what really happened.

    In the film, it showed how a family lived during Martial Law. The husband adopted the new rules and played by it while the wife, wanted to fight against it. Because she wanted to fight it, the film hinted that she was tortured and silenced. There were shots of her tied up and bloodied, tortured and eventually killed. It also showed different montages of people rallying and attacked by the police.

    This exemplifies the principle, which states that “warnings and threats of prosecution from the government against media organizations and threats of jail from the government against internet users operate as a form of prior restraint.” Even though it didn’t explicitly show a media organization’s story during Martial Law, we can conclude that they underwent the same torture if they fought against Marcos’ regime. During this time, many people were censored just by simply criticizing or speaking against Martial Law. It was much worse for people who took action to go against it. Most of them were killed and salvaged and some, up to now, have never been found or recovered. Many journalists had that same fate.

  4. On: The Marcos Effect
    Speaker: Inday Espina Verona

    During the Martial Law, Marcos used his power trying to control and silence the media thus going to the extent of not only shutting down several media outfits but also silencing journalists who try to oppose his regime by means of detention, torture and death.

    One of the journalists who was arrested at the time was Abraham “Ditto” Sarmiento who was the EIC of Philippine Collegian. As Ms. Inday stated, it was him who first said the phrase “Kung hindi tayo kikibo, sino ang kikibo”. He led the Philippine Collegian in a very crucial and dangerous time for journalism and for that, he was detained for 7 months and was put in isolation for 2 months. It was known that Sarmiento was very asthmatic and his condition worsen during his arrest. It was also known that even after he got out of prison, he never recovered and his health continued to deteriorate leading to his death within the year of his arrest.


    From Philippine Collegian: “Sa lipunan na hindi alam ang kanyang kasaysayan, mauulit lang ang mga mangyayari. Kaya natin ito inaaral, gusto nating matuto sa nakaraan. Gawin natin itong aral para ituwid ang kamalian at labanan ang pasismo sa bayan,” ani Kevin Armingol, guro mula sa FEU Manila. #NeverAgain

  6. 6th Regular Post
    For September 21 Protest, U.P. Day of Remembrance:

    Commemorating the fight against martial law is continuing the struggle. The youth know that the only way to fight poverty and martial law is through a people’s war. Now more than ever, under the threat of Duterte’s dictatorship, the call to take up arms, head to the countryside, and participate in a higher form of struggle is intensified.
    – Nickolo Domingo, Anakbayan UP Diliman Chairperson

    Please excuse my face. I have no other pictures of myself during the mobilization. This was taken at Luneta.


    Activity: The Marcos Effect
    Speaker: Ice Punzalan

    Mr. Punzalan of UPRise talked about the significance of the First Quarter Storm, a period in the 1970s where continued rallies and protests against the government ensued from January to March of 1970. Student activists were among the most vocal in terms of overthrowing the fascist government and calling for a revolution. Because of this, the Marcos administration used brutal force to pacify the rallyists. The January riot is an example of the police using force to stop rallyists from protesting, with police forces throwing pellets at students voicing their concern.

    The rallies of the First Quarter Storm were met with physical violence on the side of the armed military. This goes against our right to organize and even our right to prior restraint as many were detained for joining such rallies. Mr. Punzalan then talks about the role of the youth in fighting fascism and how the FQS inspired many to join the struggle and fight for liberation.

    “The memory and spirit of the FQS and its consequences in the people’s struggle for national liberation and democracy continue to live on and grow in strength.”

  8. SIXTH REGULAR POST (i appeared po sa last part ng video hehe)

    I think what struck me the most in the discussion is how one of the speaker relayed to us the story of what happened to him when he was being tortured in the time of martial law. He told us about how he asked one of the people who was torturing him the question “why are you doing this?” And then the man answered “I have a two children and a wife to feed.” The speaker then said that he replied with “I also have a wife and two children to feed” and then he told us that the man cried. This scenario which was relayed to us tells us about how even the normal people (not only those who do against the government) were oppressed and made to follow orders against their will and this particular reason makes the commemoration import for we don’t want it to happen again. One of the speakers, too, told us that the reason that we commemorate the event is because they want us to experience the freedom they experienced since the day they were able to get themselves free from Martial Law and by the way the government is working today, there is really a need for us to remember what happened to not forget it and to not let it happen again.


    Activity: The Marcos Effect
    Speaker: Ice Punzalan

    Mr. Punzalan of UPRise talked about the significance of the First Quarter Storm. The FQS is a period from January to March of 1970 where continued protest and rallies against the government occured. Many student activists were heavily involved in the FQS, with UP Diliman being a bastion of sich activism at the time. This sparked much political turmoil as the Marcos administration turned to violence to address these protests. The January riots had police throwing pellets at students to pacify them, which only further added fuel to the flame and caused violent dispersals.

    Many were detained for voicing out their opinions against the Marcos regime. Our rights to organize and to prior restraint were not recognized by the administration. Mr. Punzalan linked the FQS to our current government and how there are many similarities to the political situations of both eras. He then talked about the role of the youth in fighting fascism and what our role is now in ousting a dictator like Duterte.

    “The memory and spirit of the FQS and its consequences in the people’s struggle for national liberation and democracy continue to live on and grow in strength.”

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