7th Media Monitor of the first class here

     The 7th Media Monitor of the first class can be posted here with deadline on the usual Wednesday 5pm (Oct. 10). A bonus topic can be picked from any of the 14 titles earlier provided. Exams will push thru as scheduled earlier. Exam doors will be closed 15 minutes after the exams have started. Class members who are more than 15 minutes late lose the chance to take the exams. Class members who do not know what to bring or what materials are required for the exams will not be allowed to disrupt the examinees or to delay the administering of the exams, and will be asked to leave the exam room.

    Class members who have been absent are reminded of the consequences of being absent as stated in class earlier and today, and will not be allowed to harangue their classmates or the handling faculty.

    Students are advised to be an adult and own up to their actions.

(image credits: U.P. archives, used here non-commercially for academic purposes)

17 thoughts on “7th Media Monitor of the first class here

  1. 7th Media Monitor
    Bonus: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    EDITORYAL – Solusyunan pagtaas ng mga bilihin via https://www.philstar.com/pilipino-star-ngayon/opinyon/2018/09/07/1849297/editoryal-solusyunan-pagtaas-ng-mga-bilihin

    Maintaining fairness, accuracy, and objectivity whilst sharing your opinion is hard.
    Pilipino Star Ngayon did this by eradicating bias and supporting the analysis with relevant facts from many sources. Most importantly, the author properly labeled it as an editorial. Labeling commentary and scrupulously analyzing the news, this follows the SPJ 2014 Code of Ethics and the PPI’s regulations respectively.

  2. 7th Media Monitor
    Bonus: SENATE SIEGE

    In an article by PhilStar regarding the Senator Trillanes vs. President Duterte story showed both sides of the story. It was done through presenting the side of Trillanes through his attorney, Reynaldo Robles and the side of Duterte through Harry Roque, the presidential spokesman.

    Robles said how Duterte’s pronouncement vindicates Trillanes thus his arrest is illegal while Roque said that Duterte is abiding by the rule of law through Proclamation 572.

    Both sides were given the chance to present their opinion and perspectives about the issue.

    Source: https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/09/07/1849525/dutertes-pronouncement-vindicates-trillanes-says-senators-lawyer

  3. BONUS: Drug War
    7th Media Monitor

    Article: Children and the anti-illegal drugs campaign: When the cure is worse than the disease
    (https://news.abs-cbn.com/focus/09/13/18/children-and-the-anti-illegal-drugs-campaign-when-the-cure-is-worse-than-the-disease)

    A provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics states, “Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.” The article was able to abide with the provision as it talks about the effects of the anti-illegal drugs campaign to children, people who are rarely given light in these kinds of issues. The article tells the audience that the anti-drug war has killed, detained, traumatized, and orphaned children.

    The article was also able to provide ample information by citing different anecdotes and figures. This practice follows another provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics which says, “Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing, or summarizing a story.” Also, the citations made had hyperlinks, directing the audience to the original source. This abides in an another provision which states, “Provide access to source material when it’s relevant and appropriate.”

    In addition, the photos in the article had clear descriptions, which follows the provision,” Clearly label illustrations and re-enactments.” However, there was one picture in particular that was disturbing, and should’ve been handled differently. The photo is a full shot of a sixteen year old girl in a coffin. Although the reflection of the glass in the coffin creates a blur effect on her face, she still remains recognizable. They should have picked a photo of the coffin alone, or pixelated/blurred her face thoroughly. This is to show respect to both the victim and her family.

  4. 7th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Hate Speech

    SPJ Code of Ethics
    “Support the open and civil exchange of views, even views they find repugnant”

    Last August 2018, Michelle Dy became the talk of the town due to controversy of skin shaming. She posted on her instagram story saying “Problemahin niyo yong mga blackheads at pimples niyo mga besh, wag yong picture ko. Lahat na lang! para makita ninyo papano maging ganon kafresh” which caused netizens to react towards her behaviour.

    The article which preen by inquirer net posted, discussed about the backlash of her comment, even providing some examples of the netizens calling her out but failed to show the side of Michelle Dy. This is not a good example because one must always include each and every perspective when reporting about the incident. The article was not able to follow the basic SPJ Code of Ethics

    Source:
    “https://preen.inquirer.net/81062/netizens-call-vlogger-michelle-dy-skin-shaming

  5. 7th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Ramon Tulfo

    Ramon Tulfo’s outburst in the PGH ER was understandable, that he acted out of care for the 6 year old victim of the hit of his staff’s car. Even though his intentions were good, it was the way he confronted the doctor in the ER and how he acted out of anger thus taking the video and posting it on Facebook that was kind of out of control.

    Even though he followed the provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics of, ” Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear,” and ” Never deliberately distort facts or context, including visual information,” he however violated the provision, “Balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort. Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness,” and ” Realize that private people have a greater right to control information about themselves than public figures and others who seek power, influence or attention. Weigh the consequences of publishing or broadcasting personal information.”

    Source: https://www.rappler.com/nation/210015-ramon-tulfo-will-not-apologize-to-pgh

  6. 7th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Ben Tulfo

    The article linked below is an example of a good practice of the SPJ Code of Ethics provisions, specifically:

    “Provide context.” Before delving deeper into the article, there was a quick background regarding the issue given in the first few paragraphs. So as to lesson the misunderstandings, context was given. The article also included links to previous news articles that would give the readers a clearer and more in-depth view of the issue.
    “Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticisms or allegations of wrongdoing.” The article included pieces from both subjects, Wanda Teo and Ben Tulfo. There were verbatim statements from both of them included in the article, so both their sides of the story were covered.

    Source: https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/08/14/18/wanda-teo-i-didnt-know-kilos-pronto-is-of-ben-tulfo

  7. 7th media monitor
    Bonus topic: War on Drugs

    Article: 4 ‘confidential communications’ on Duterte drug war reach ICC
    ABS-CBN News Posted on Oct 04 2018 09:52 AM

    SPJ CODE OF ETHICS:
    – Be vigilant and courageous about holding those with power accountable. Give voice to the voiceless.
    – Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government. Seek to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in the open, and that public records are open to all.

    This news article talks about “4 confidential communications” filed before the International Criminal Court or the ICC. The Commission on Human Rights said that this communication was about the alleged violations against women and children in relation to the war on drugs. It was filed as early as 2016.
    This news article is a good example of how the media focuses on stories about people’s actions against a government policy that has inflicted danger since its implementation. The article also portrays its watchdog duty through highlighting the CHR’s statement as it monitors and updates the public on the state of the war on drugs and the cases filed against the government for it.

    Sources:
    https://news.abs-cbn.com/video/news/10/04/18/4-confidential-communications-on-duterte-drug-war-reach-icc
    http://blogs.spjnetwork.org/ethicscode/?p=148
    http://blogs.spjnetwork.org/ethicscode/?p=135

  8. Bonus Title: Hate Speech
    4th Media Monitor

    SPJ Provision: Diligently seek out subjects of news stories to give them the opportunity to respond
    to allegations of wrongdoing

    Article: AFP chief links 10 Metro Manila universities to ‘Red October
    INQUIRER.net October 02, 2018

    The article gave light only to one source– that of the AFP Chief’s. There he mentioned the efforts or the plan of the CCP-NPA to oust president Duterte, and even mentioned how CPP’s founder, Joma Sison, had been “conducting conferences” with the University of the Philippines. A document in support of his statements was even said to be released in another session. These are serious allegations against the CPP-NPA, and in no part of the article was their position/ statement included. This article does not adhere to the SPJ code of ethics because it failed to give the accused an opportunity to respond to the allegations.

    Source: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1038183/afp-chief-links-10-metro-manila-universities-to-red-october-ouster-plot

  9. 4th Media Monitor

    BONUS TITLE: HATE SPEECH

    The article “Transport leader to gov’t: Jeepney strikes not ‘Red October” adheres to the SPJ provision “Test the accuracy of information from all sources and exercise care to avoid inadvertent error. Deliberate distortion is never permissible.” because it gets directly from the party involved which is the leader of the Transport Union Pinagkaisang Samahan ng mga Tsuper at Operator Nationwide and a reliable representative in the Union’s president himself, George San Mateo. It is fair reporting because after the government, namely the DoTR warned of jeepney drivers to not join the protest, due to the Red October “plot”. This article gives voice to a group of people that near red-tagging as controversy has sprouted about an alleged ouster plot by communist groups and even university students–according to the AFP. It is important for the Union to have a voice in this issue as red-tagging is seen as a matter of national security/

    Source: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1040203/transport-leader-to-govt-jeepney-strikes-not-red-october#ixzz5TQGT14yy

  10. 7th Media Monitor
    Bonus: Senate Siege

    According to the KBP Code of Ethics, “Reports shall be fair, factual, and objective.” This provision was observed in an article posted by Philstar entitled, “Trillanes hints at attempt to leave Senate premises.” In this article, the writers were able to present information in an unbiased manner that would not sway its readers to favor a particular side over another. In saying this, the article also showed the different sides of the story, which helps give a more comprehensive understanding of the situation.

    Furthermore, the article was able to abide by the SPJ Code of Ethics which states to “gather, update, and correct information throughout the life of a news story.” At the end of the article, there is a portion that contains updates on the issue to help readers know about the events that have taken place since the article has been posted.

    Source: https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/09/13/1851214/trillanes-hints-attempt-leave-senate-premises

  11. BONUS: Senate Siege
    7th Media Monitor

    Rappler published an article last September 4 with the title, “LOOK: Trillanes shows proof of amnesty application”. It consists of photographs, videos, and even twitter posts regarding the matter. It seems as though it was part of a developing story as such did not provide any context. This fails to adhere to the SPJ Code of Ethics’, the first provision under Seek Truth and Report It, “Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing, or summarizing a story”. Further, it only reported Trillanes’ side of the story and neglected what may be resurfacing around him such as what may the Department of National Defense’s tackle on this matter.

    It did however in a way comply to its fourth provision, “Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story” as it merely provided additional information about the developing story as well as promote other similar articles caveated below the article. Then again, it would have been better if the whole article has surrounding tiers of information to better understand the context of the situation. To add, they see to it to update the article and even add an erratum notice.

    Article: https://www.rappler.com/nation/211140-photo-trillanes-shows-proof-amnesty-application-admission-guilt

  12. 7th Media Monitor
    Bonus Title : Hate Speech

    Last September 17, PDI journalist Julie Alipala was tagged by as a terrorist by a pro-Duerte Facebook page. This accusation was made after said journalist published  “7 young Tausug men killed by military not Abu Sayyaf bandits – relative” on Inquirer.net last September 15.

    Following the publishing of Alipala’s article on PDI, Facebook page “Huwag Tularan” screencapped the article, posted it on their site, and cited the following caption: “Magkano kaya ang binayad kay Julie Alipala? Pati teroristang Abu Sayyaf pinagtatanggol niya! Certified bayarang kulumnista”. Comments in the page further accused Alipala of being a terrorist and even wished for the reporter to be violated and raped.

    Though Freedom of Speech is a right in this country, the caption posted by Huwag Tularan goes beyond this. I believe this is a form of hate speech that endangers not only Alipala’s reputation as a journalist, but ultimately, her life. Though disagreeing with Alipala’s report is allowed by the law, the SPJ Code of Ethics particularly makes it clear that expressing disagreement or discontent over what her article talks about must not be directed to her as a person. In particular, the SPJ code of ethics dictates that reporting must be done to minimize harm and avoid stereotyping of certain groups including journalists themselves.

    Sources:
    https://bulatlat.com/main/2018/10/02/filipino-women-journalists-attacked-but-unbowed/
    https://blogs.spjnetwork.org/ethicscode/?p=32

  13. BONUS: War on Drugs
    7th Media Monitor

    In the midst of the issue regarding the remark of President Rodrigo Duterte about extrajudicial killings, Spokesperson Harry Roque had to explain such words of the President. In one of the articles on Rappler, Roque stated that Duterte is “not serious” about EJK remark.

    The article had given the side of the President through Roque in explaining the remark he spilled out. The writer was able to put on different sides and explanations from the Presidential Spokesperson and Chief Presidential Counsel which the SPJ Code of Ethics mandated, “diligently seek out subjects of news stories to give them the opportunity to respond to allegations of wrongdoings”. Although the side of the President himself was not given, the news story identified sources.

    Sources:
    https://www.rappler.com/nation/213008-duterte-not-serious-extrajudicial-killing-remark

  14. REGULAR
    7th Media Monitor

    On Oct. 3, 2018, the AFP released 18 names of universities they believed were sites where the NPA were “recruiting and inciting” students to become part of “Red October,” a plot to oust Duterte. The article was updated thrice in order to give voice to one university to deny such claims, and to give additional information that the PNP admitted they did not have this list the AFP had.

    By releasing the names on their websites, ABS-CBN put all these students at risk. Without looking for another credible source, the news site evidently only cares about clicks and views, because they did not think about what danger they posed the students and faculty members in. It was unnecessary to post these names. There was no immediate danger, no reason to point fingers without evidence. By printing these names, government loyalists and scared individuals now have a target which could lead to violence.

    According to the KBP code of ethics: “unconfirmed reports shall not be aired unless there is an immediate and urgent need for the public to know about them.” There was no need to release these names. They only put he students’ lives in danger.

    Source:
    https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/10/03/18/afp-bares-metro-manila-schools-linked-to-red-october

  15. 7th Media Monitor
    Regular: US Navy ship rescues stranded Filipino fishermen in West Philippine Sea
    Provision follow: Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible.

    As told by the title, the news story narrates how Filipino fishermen were stranded at sea, but eventually saved by American navy soldiers. The article succeeds in telling the story without any unnecessary emotional flare or using second-hand sources. Throughout the article, it is noticeable that the attributions are mostly directly from the source and the facts are stated in an orderly and concise manner.

    Source: Viray, Patricia Lourdes. “US Navy ship rescues stranded Filipino fishermen in West Philippine Sea”. The Philippine Star. October 10, 2018. https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/10/10/1858888/us-navy-ship-rescues-stranded-filipino-fishermen-west-philippine-sea

  16. 7th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Surveys

    78% of Pinoys satisfied with drug war – SWS
    Link: https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/09/24/1854162/78-pinoys-satisfied-drug-war-sws

    MANILA, Philippines — Despite worldwide criticism, a majority of Filipinos remained satisfied with the Duterte administration’s campaign against illegal drugs, according to the second quarter survey of the Social Weather Stations (SWS).

    This article features the second quarter survey conducted by SWS on Duterte’s campaign against illegal drugs. The survey was taken from June 27 to 30, illustrating that 78% of adult Filipinos are satisfied with the government’s war on drugs while 13% said that they were dissatisfied. With a net satisfaction score of +65, SWS classified it as “very good”. Although the same survey also showed that 60% of adult Filipinos considered the arrest of “tambays” as a human rights violation.

    The Philippine Press Institute Expanded Code of Ethics on Surveys:

    Newspapers should clearly distinguish between scientific polls and non-scientific surveys.
    In using scientific polls. the sample size and the margin of error should be disclosed.

    Although the results might seem questionable, given the public outcry against the war on drugs, this article adheres to The Philippine Press Institute Expanded Code of Ethics’ provisions on surveys. It presented the method (face-to-face interview), sample size (1,200 Filipinos 18 years old and above, 300 each in Metro Manila, balance Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao), and margin of error (plus or minus three percentage points for national percentages, and plus or minus six percentage points for area percentages).

    The article was also able to adhere to the SPJ Code of Ethics by providing context. It presented data and statistics on the war on drugs and the “Oplan Tambay”. Lastly, the article provided past SWS survey results and explained their relations to the latest one.

  17. 7th Media Monitor
    BONUS: Ramon Tulfo

    Using the article posted on ABS-CBN News entitled “PGH doctors cry foul over Ramon Tulfo ‘cyberbullying, doctor shaming’” as a reference, I believe that the actions of Mon Tulfo and his staff at the PGH ER were both uncalled for and unprofessional.

    It was stated in the news article that according to the accounts of those working in the hospital, Tulfo and his team had ignored the due process needed to be done at the triage of the hospital. Despite acting out of panic due to the possible state of the victim of the accident, this does not justify his act of video recording the happening at the triage area; showing him verbally abusing the hospital staff members and even posting the video online.

    The mere act of posting it online already poses multiple offences in media ethics as Tulfo posted the video without the consent of those who are seen in it. Furthermore, he also violated the Data Privacy Act by exposing the names of the triage officers present there and by failing to make anonymous the identities of the other people captured in the video.

    Source:
    ABS-CBN News. (2018, August 19). PGH doctors cry foul over Ramon Tulfo ‘cyberbullying, doctor shaming’. Retrieved from https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/08/19/18/pgh-doctors-cry-foul-over-ramon-tulfo-cyberbullying-doctor-shaming

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