M230 Third Issue due Sept. 19, with a Heads-up for the 4th Issue separate window due Sept. 26

Media 230 Grad Sch 3rd Issue, with a heads-up for the 4th Issue
        Third Issue: The regular exercise based on the syllabus is moved next week in view of the earthquake. Class members may however earn points based on the following post: 

     Legal standards, principles of ethics, effectiveness of communication: Emergency Disaster (Earthquake Sept. 13) Alert System
      Based on your personal experience of Sept. 13, 2019 (describe your personal experience): Evaluate the emergency disaster alert system and communication process either region-wide or city-wide or district-wide/barangay-wide (campus-wide) during said event and provide recommendations. (at least 100 words, 10 pts, no points will be earned if there are no recommendations). Deadline Thursday Sept. 19, 2019 at 5pm
       Heads-up for the Fourth Issue Deadline Sept. 26, 2019 at 5pm (a new window will be opened for this on Sept. 21, 2019,  the posts should not appear here)
        Week-long Commemorative Activities Sept. 16-20, 2019
State of the Media during Martial Law/ the Dictatorship 1972-1985: Based on your participation in any event of the week-long commemorative activities Sept. 16-20, content-analyze the presentation in said event (any relevant event from Sept. 16-20) with emphasis on the state of media ownership and management during said period or the relationship between the media and the state depicted in the presentation (100 words/10 sentences minimum for ten points, for submission thru the Sept. 21, 2019 window, deadline Sept. 26, 2019)

      Bonus: Submit a selfie/groupfie of your activity of Sept. 20, 2019 5pm-7pm/8pm either by posting the selfie/groupfie in the comments section of the window or as it appears in any post (as a tweet, Instagram pic, FB post, Tumblr, YouTube, WordPress, or any news site , or Google docs that does not require a password, etc (paste the link where the photo appears with a description of where you are in the photo, i.e, third from left, etc). (for submission thru the Sept. 21, 2019 window, deadline Sept. 26, 2019)

21 comments

  1. I have a habit of walking as a means of exercise and self-reflection. On September 13, I was literally walking my way from Kamuning MRT station all the way to the university. Apparently, I was too busy contemplating on things that the earthquake didn’t shook me at all. From my point of view, it seemed that the quake happened in seconds and when I arrived at the college, students were already outside.

    The second time it happened, still I didn’t feel anything, but by the way I see it, the admin has devised ways to alerts students on impending natural disasters. The bell rang – signaling everyone to go out once more. I think that the school did well on this.

    My recommendations to further educate students on such happenings is that there should be an overall disaster risk and management training for everyone. Even seminars such as Basic Life Support training. There should be a mandate for citizens and students to undergo disaster respondent workshops so that every citizen should be able to know what to do in times of peril. The earthquake drill is a little bit too cliché now.

    Months ago I invited the QC Emergency Response Team in our office, to teach us basic first aid, so that when calamity strikes we’re equipped with the right knowledge on how to handle such situations. These seminars are free. One of the things I learned from this is that, all of us should know how to respond. Preparedness is the key on survival.

    Another recommendation for LGU’s is to teach the so-called “tamabay” basic life support. So when crime happens or disaster happens these tambay’s can serve as guards who can do CPR and a whole bunch of things. They will now have a dignity on their tambay looking out for those who are need of help.

  2. 3rd Issue (Legal Standards, Principles of Ethics and Effectiveness of Communication: Emergency Disaster (Earthquake September 13, 2019)

    I was at the CMC student lounge when the earthquake happened. I was doing some research when my chair rocked forward. I knew instantly that it was an earthquake, however I doubted my judgement as I was also experiencing slight vertigo that day. I looked at the other students in the lounge and it seems that they haven’t felt it. So I dismissed it until a staff from the graduate studies department announced that an earthquake just happened and ordered the students to duck, hold and cover.

    The undergraduate students were clueless of what to do and did the duck, hold and cover protocol with just their hands covering their heads. So I stood up and ordered everyone to vacate the building, immediately.

    Having safely vacated CMC Building, I called my girlfriend to check if she was okay, then opened twitter to confirm and evaluate the severity of the earthquake. PAGASA was quick to post that the epicenter of the earthquake is in the City of Manila with a magnitude of 5.5. I was expecting then that classes will be cancelled since it is common knowledge that aftershocks will follow suit. However, I was surprised that no class suspension in UP was declared after the first jolt when in fact, classes and work in universities around Manila area were already dismissed. MRT and LRT operations were also halted after the quake.

    I have observed two things in this earthquake, first is the poor knowledge and response of students to earthquake safety protocol of duck, hold and cover. Duck hold and cover means to find a stable platform to ensure one’s safety from falling debris caused by an earthquake and not just ducking and covering one’s self with his or her arms in an interior space. I recommend that this basic safety protocol should be taught to everyone in the university. Basic safety training should be conducted every start of the semester and all students, faculty and staff are required to attend.

    Another observation is the delay in the decision and communication to cancel classes following an earthquake. It should be standard operating procedure to cancel classes and suspend work when earthquakes happen especially if it is already confirmed by PAGASA and other seismic monitoring organizations. Earthquake is a very unpredictable calamity, hence returning inside a building after an earthquake is a safety risk. I recommend that safety officers in the university and colleges will be given authority to declare cancellation of classes when earthquakes happen.

    Another recommendation would be for NDRMMC text alerts to be blasted real time. During the earthquake on September 13, 2019, NDRMMC alerts were sent 2 hours after the incident.

  3. Third Issue:

    It was a typical afternoon when I left boarding house off to school at UP Diliman on Friday, Sept. 13, 2019. My usual route is Edsa and I ride a bus to reach Eton Centris. Taxis there come and go so I normally don’t have any difficulty in getting one as my transportation to reach school.

    It wasn’t until I reached Eton Centris that I found out that there was an incident of earthquake. Obviously, I would not know and none of us riding on the bus happen to have any clue of the ongoing earthquake. Since most of us today are using smart phones, as a communication device that we bring anywhere we go; I would highly recommend that we should have an earthquake early warning alert.

    At times when there are disasters as flooding or earthquake, I normally receive an alert from NDRRMC late. The Sept 13 earthquake is a proof of that. We should have an early warning systems that is currently operating in other countries. This will absolutely help in reducing damage, costs, and casualties.

    With regard to security, I was able to notice that there was an urgency in helping people for evacuation. I was able to observe at Eton Centris that the evacuation was smooth with the help of security guards. Employees from the tall buildings managed to stay calm and slowly going out towards the open area.

    At UP Diliman, I felt safe that we stayed outside of the Plaridel Hall until it was perfect time to go back in the building. These actions should be followed at times of disaster as that incident of earthquake for full security and safety.

  4. Last September 13, Metro Manila and other areas in Luzon shook by a magnitude 5.5 earthquake. Several Universities decided to suspend classes for employees and students’ safety. Even though there’s no damage or injury reported, the process of implementing the emergency alert system in the University of The Philippines should be improved. Most of the students and employees were not able to use the basic life safety drill: drop, cover, and hold. Maybe because the urgency of the alarm was not so powerful. Though honestly, I really didn’t feel the earthquake. The administration should improve the alarm system and also provide a building evacuation plan so that the people will be more systematic in evacuating the buildings. In order to prevent casualties, University staff should initiate to have a couple of basic earthquake drill trainings and first aid seminars so that come what may, everyone will always be ready for any disasters.

  5. THIRD ISSUE Legal standards, principles of ethics, effectiveness of communication: Emergency Disaster (Earthquake Sept. 13) Alert System

    Last September 13, Friday, I was in the office at Villamor Hall eating a snack before I went to class at the UP College of Mass Communication (CMC). While I stood eating the last bits of my sandwich, my knee jerked. I did not think much of it at first. A minute after, an officemate of mine entered the pantry and announced to a couple of us that there was an earthquake and that we had to follow protocol like leaving the office. We did not hurry and even deposited our plates at the sink before walking out of the office then the building.

    Once outside, everyone was on their phones checking social media for updates. Due to the nature of our work, we immediately looked into any announcement from the university so we could disseminate it to the public. Alas, there was none. After a few minutes (less than the prescribed 15 minutes during earthquake drills), we returned to the office.

    I decided to go to CMC. When class began, a bell rang alerting us of an aftershock. Once again, people left the building slowly and the parking lot was full of people on their phones waiting for announcements. I checked mine as well and got an alert from NDRRMC for the earlier earthquake. After several minutes, the point people in the CMC admin told us to return to the building. We resumed our class until finally, an announcement from the Office of the Chancellor came in regarding the suspension of classes and work.

    Looking back, it was an experience that showed the level of inefficiency and unpreparedness of people during emergency disasters. Protocols like duck, cover, and hold were not actively practiced because the earthquake was not strongly felt. Announcements from the university level, even in the national level, were delayed which cast strong doubts among students, faculty, and staff about what to do next. Also the main mode of disseminating information was based online and through text messaging which (hopefullly this does not happen) may not work if the earthquake topples cellphone towers.

    With these details, I would like to recommend that the speed of information dissemination all over the university may be looked into first. Apart from the use of phones, there could be other ways of alerting people like a university-wide bell signal, radio announcement to security guards, or even the “wang-wang” sound that fills the air every hour. This even includes the university administration’s decisiveness on whether to suspend work and classes after the earthquake has struck.

    Lastly, I think that stricter “surprise” earthquake drills should be imposed every now and then to ingrain the protocols to people in the university. This may seem like a bother to work and classes, but at least students, faculty, and staff may be more prepared for an emergency disaster.

  6. I was in the library working on my powerpoint for class when the earthquake shook the ground. I didn’t know that it was an earthquake. I thought I was just exhausted and dizzy that time. The library custodians/assistants were very prepared. They advised us to duck and cover our heads calmly. We’re all under the table except for one student who was working on his laptop. I checked Twitter to verify if the earthquake was true and yes, a lot of my friends were tweeting about it already. After 5 minutes, the library personnel, advised all of us to get out of the building. I saw a lot of students still doing their activities on the way out. They didn’t know that there’s an earthquake. The library personnel advised them to get out too.

    There was no alarm, bell, or anything, just the guards, faculty and the librarians who took charge of the evacuation. Some students thought it was a drill. We stayed at the parking lot in front of Plaridel Hall. I was standing close to the guard and I heard that they have to do another round to check if there’s still students inside the campus. After approximately 10 minutes, we were advised to go inside.

    The aftershock happened during class but I didn’t felt it. The bell rang, and we were advised to evacuate immediately. I think the security, building personnel were prepared for the aftershock, but unfortunately not prepared enough for the first one. The administration and security should always be prepared and conduct more earthquake drills. But I commend our library staff for following the protocol calmly.

  7. 3rd Issue (Legal Standards, Principles of Ethics and Effectiveness of Communication: Emergency Disaster)

    Earthquake September 13, 2019

    On the afternoon of September 13, I was commuting in the UV van, on my way to class, when the I got the BLARING announcement on my phone from the NDRRMC announcing that an earthquake had taken place and to be careful. I was so surprised by the announcement and the fact that I was with so many people in the van that I tried to dismiss the notification right away. A couple of minutes later, I got another BLARING announcement, and I began to wonder, if I was the only one getting the announcements because no one else’s phone was ringing – except FINALLY, when one person near me also got one notification a couple of minutes after mine.
    Since we were in the van, I didn’t feel any earthquake. And in my quick glance of the phone, I had seen that the earthquake was in Quezon province so I didn’t think that we were affected.
    Only when I arrived in U.P Diliman and when I saw that all the students (including my fellow classmates) were outside, did I realize that the university had taken safety precautions and that the earthquake could be felt. I also noticed in my other group chat on messenger that other friends who had been in their offices were also evacuated.

    On my end, I did get the announcement quite “timely”, however; from other comments of friends and people I know, they got the announcement from NDRRMC quite late. So I would recommend that it should always be worked out that everyone gets their notifications of any kind emergency in a timely manner. Also based on the fact that I didn’t hear anyone else’s phone (except mine and one other person) in the UV van “blare out”, I may presume that they may not have gotten it at the same time as I did.
    Another recommendation would be for all of the public transportation drivers to also be made aware in “timely” way about any kind emergency, so that they could also warn their passengers and and take precaution. They should also be well versed on how they could announce or remind passengers of the safety measures and precautions that should be taken for people who are on the road.

  8. 4th Issue
    I was out-of-town last week and so the Martial Law commemorative event that I was able to go to was the exhibit at AS Walk in Palma Hall. It was dubbed as A Public Exhibition for Human Rights and Democracy: Rekindling Lessons on Martial Law and people revolt.
    The exhibit composed of stand-up tarpaulins that traces the events that lead to the Martial Law. Honestly, I didn’t want the information in my system. For personal reasons. My dad was a revolutionary during this era. His actions made him a target by the government and a nuisance in our family. This eventually lead to our now broken family. It had major implications in my life. I grew up hating the system. I grew up hating my dad. Why would I want to commemorate something hurtful to me? I am not playing the victim here. My point is, let’s just move on.
    Like my dad, I have his blood. I am also a revolutionary. A spiritual revolutionary. This is why I created my own production house. To provide a positive perspective. I believe more in peace rather than keeping hatred. An Indian guru said, anger is like you drinking poison and expecting your enemy to die. Kung hindi ako nagpatwad nun nasaan kaya ako ngayon? Aasamin ko ba na manatili ang puot sa damdamin ng ibang tao na siyang ikapapahamak nila? Mas gusto ko na ipakita nating lahat na kaya nating manindigan. Nagawa kong tumayo, magpatawad at harapin ang bukas. Kung kaya ko, kaya natin lahat. I love my country and so are my fellow countrymen. Ayoko na yung batang henerasyon e matamnan ng galit sa puso nila. It is causing more division than unity. It was not an easy path for me. I challenge everyone to stop reacting and start responding. Use the energy to create something for the future instead.
    My suggestion is to create a Datu Lapu Lapu Day, Badjao Day, Igorot Day, Babaylan Day, Bathala Day, Tiboli Day, Mangyan Day, Aeta Day. Let the hate stop in you.
    I had my selfie at the exhibit for the bonus.

  9. Posting the 4TH ISSUE Assignment here as no window was created for it.

    I attended the Media, Marial Law and Human Rights forum at the Cine Adarna last September 20, 2019. The speakers in the forum were Journalist Ceres P. Doyo and Artists/Writer Boni Ilagan. Both Doyo and Ilagan spoke about their experiences as writers during the martial law.

    I especially gravitated with Doyo’s lecture, aptly dubbed as “The Years of Writing Dangerously”. She essayed about her experience of writing investigative stories that inflamed the Marcos regime. Through the help of the Catholic Church, Doyo was able to publish her truthful reportage of the murder of Macli-ing Dulag, the leader of the Butbut Tribe of Kalinga who opposed the Marcos government’s Chico River Dam Project. This article resulted to Doyo’s “arrest” and public questioning. She was brought to Camp Aguinaldo to be questioned by high ranking officials, all intimidating men. After which, several multi-million libel cases were filed against her.

    In Doyo’s story of writing during those dangerous times, we can already see how much the government wants to control the narrative of the whole martial law spectacle. Journalist were silenced through intimidation, both physical and psychological, and also through the might of the law by slapping them with baseless multi-million libel cases. It can also be observed, that media ownership pretty much belongs to the government, serving as a mouth piece of the dictatorship. So much so, that this situation pushed journalists like Doyo to take refuge in the church in order to protect themselves and the people’s rights for factual information and continue to report on the excesses of the Marcoses.

    Truly we can say that the martial law period has been a stifling time for journalists as laws on media and ownership were twisted to benefit the regime.

  10. For the 4th Issue:

    I got to attend the Media, Martial Law and Human Rights Forum at the Cine Adarna last September 20,2019. I wasn’t able to make it for the whole lecture, but I was able to still able to hear some stories of what Journalist Ceres Doyo and and Writer Boni Ilagan shared during the forum.

    Here are a few of things that I was generally able to capture during their speech. First their experiences during the Martial Law were some of the most dangerous experiences for them and many of the journalists at that time; however, the irony of it all was that the danger and the impact of Martial Law in controlling media also became their fuel in continuing their work and not succumbing to the pressures. Second, having the government manipulate and control media ownership and the information given to the public fed was the tool to keep the Marcos regime in power and one of the ways to manipulate the thoughts and minds of the people. Finally, Doyo and Ilagan are examples of passionate journalist veterans who recognise the power of good journalism and freedom of media. Their writings and works (even during the Martial Law) was and is a way for the legacy of truth and justice to live on, even beyond their lifespan.

    The forum was a way to rally and encourage the younger generation to once again be awaked and no longer be complacent in the way that we see media or in the way we even receive news. It was a way to once again call forth responsible journalism and trust the right sources for media information. It was also a way of rallying the younger generation to do their part in being responsible citizens in a digital age as well as embrace the “freedom” of today and make the most of what we can do when it comes to media.

  11. As part of commemorating the Martial Law events, I attended the film screening of “Liway” last September 20, 2019. The film was written and directed by Kip Oebenda and was based on his personal experiences. Through the film, we follow the story of Commander Liway in the eyes of Dakip, his son. Dakip grew inside the prison where her mother and father were imprisoned for several years. The film intercuts with flashbacks as the mother tells Dakip how they got into the prison.

    The film evokes a lot of emotions, I laughed, cried and I felt angry while watching the film. It exposed cruelty from the military and also the innocence and freedom that was taken away from a child.

    During their time in prison, it was clearly shown that they have no idea what is happening outside. There were no television, newspaper or radio and the only way to be updated on what’s happening outside is by using verbal communication or through gossip. They had this one conversation that the state where taking over network and radio stations so that they can have power and censorship.

    It is a powerful film that lets you experience and take a glimpse on what happened before.
    They clearly stripped off all the human rights of these prisoners, whether they were NPA, criminals or just innocent civilians. After the screening, the filmgoers chanted and applauded the film. It is an important film to remind us that we should never forget. We should never forget so that we will not let it happen again.

  12. For the 4th Issue:

    Last week, I was able to watch the online launch of the documentary entitled “Lakad Gunita sa Pamantasang Hirang: First Quarter Storm & Diliman Commune” streamed Sept. 15 on TVUP and the “Forum on Media, Martial Law, and Human Rights” held last Sept. 20 at Cine Adarna.

    Both events commemorated what happened during Martial Law and the people involved in them. TVUP’s documentary focused on the different structures, groups, and protests that occurred within the University. On the other hand, the forum last Sept. 20 highlighted the experiences of Ceres Doyo and Boni Ilagan. Their experiences struck a sense of sadness within me. Ma’am Ceres discussed how her magazine articles were seen as subversive so this led her to be interrogated. The editor-in-chief of the magazine allowed her to write these because they told the audience the truth which was her duty as a journalist. She also mentioned publications that were explicitly controlled by the state and these were distributed widely versus the independent papers that were usually concealed and transported in secret. It was dangerous back then to tell the truth especially if it went against the Marcoses.

    Media ownership and operations, then, were under the watchful eye of the government. Although media organizations were “free,” accounts from those who experienced Martial Law first hand say otherwise. The public, then, can access news from two sources: first, mainstream and state-approved and second, independent and kept out of sight. Through the documentary and the forum, more information on the Martial Law period is passed on to the younger generation so that the experiences of the survivors will live on. The whole commemoration also highlights the need to not revise history and to learn from what happened before.

  13. 4th Issue:

    I have attended the Media, Martial Law and Human Rights forum on September 20, 2019 at the Cine Adarna.
    The speakers are Journalist Ceres P. Doyo and Screenwriter Boni Ilagan. They highlighted their experiences on the struggles of press freedom at the time of martial law and entertained questions from the audience at the end of their talk.

    The two speakers are strong-willed as media practitioners in the exercise of liberty during the martial law, and emphasized the importance of freedom of the media. They are on the same vision that history shouldn’t be repeated and that press freedom should also always be monitored. Doyo and Ilagan promised that they will continue to make sure that the right of press freedom will not be taken away.

    The question and answer is a great part where the speakers were able to help people in the media to be incredibly motivated in doing their job. This is the continuous effort into ensuring that there is freedom of information and unrelenting in participation of groups/ organization that shares the same goals of freedom rights. As they said based on experience, there is always a feeling of fear in the exercise of their job. But being unified and the thought of being on the side of right, there can be no retreat.

  14. For bonus

    Last September 20, I have attended the Media, Marial Law and Human Rights forum at the Cine Adarna. Journalist Ceres P. Doyo and writer, sir Boni Ilagan were the speakers. One of the students asked them about how parents of the actvists should support their daughters or sons. Most of the student activists’ parents were asking and explaining: “Bakit ka nagpapakabayani? Gusto ko lang na makapagtapos ka ng pag aaral.”
    What I learned from the forum, students activists should maintain the active conversation with their parents about what they are fighting for. Because the main reason why activists push their goal is because of their family. The core reason of social change that they want is because of their background and experience about the unjust system of the society.

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