The Law on Mass Media Third Exercise is as stated in the syllabus at the beginning of the class,  due on Sept. 16 at 5pm. A new window for the bonus for the activity of Sept. 19 will be opened on Sept.  21 with deadline on Sept. 25 yet (together with the fourth exercise which will be provided then).

    Happy weekdays!  


17 thoughts on “Law on Mass Media 3rd Exercise due Sept 16

  1. Third Exercise

    Guarantee of free speech

    News article: Online lending’s ugly side: Debt-shaming

    In an article dated September 15, 2019, the Philippine Daily Inquirer revealed some of the violations that new fintech companies have recently been involved in. Inquirer used the case of one netizen whose privacy was violated because he was unable to pay off a loan in time: the application he used actually texted an old college friend of his instructing said friend to make the borrower pay back his loan immediately. The company also called the borrower’s wife and threatened to report him to his boss.

    The author of this article also cited other unfortunate circumstances faced by users of other fintech applications, explicitly mentioning Fast Cash, CashLending, and PondoPeso. The author said that the users were harrassed by such applications. The companies behind these applications are now facing cases for violating the Data Privacy Act of 2012. Lastly, the author mentions the actions of the National Privacy Commission following these violations.

    In this particular scenario, the right to freedom of the press is beneficial because it enlightens the public about the dangers of using fintech applications. It also makes readers aware of the dangers of giving applications consent to access their private information and their contacts. Lastly, the companies and applications found violating the Data Privacy Act are now brought to light.

  2. Right to free speech

    Robredo camp on attack vs Abante: ‘Brazen assault on our free press’ – September 10, 2019


    The printing house of Abante Tonite, the leading Philippine tabloid, was set on fire last September 9, 2019 by four unidentified men in Paranaque City. The damage was estimated at P50,000. The College Editors Guild of the Philippines said that the fire is “part of a broader force of repression against the media under the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte.”

    Barry Gutierrez, the spokesperson of Vice President Leni Robredo said, “We condemn in the strongest possible terms the recent attack ….A free press is essential in a free nation, and this attempt to intimidate and silence Abante….. must be resisted by all freedom-loving Filipinos.” Senators Francis Pangilinan, Grace Poe, Ralph Recto, and Bayan Muna Representative and Deputy Minority Leader Carlos Zarate shared the same sentiments, saying that the incident was a direct attack on freedom of the free press caused by corrupt individuals who are scared that their wrongdoings will be illuminated by the light of free press.

    This news manifests how free press is vital in our society. The press serves the watchdog function, which exposes the conducts of corrupt officials in the government. These officials, however, find ways to curtail the right to free speech and press freedom.

  3. Philosophical Basis of the Guarantee of Free Speech

    STATEMENT: With Rappler ban, Duterte also violates public right to know

    Last April 11, 2019, Rappler went to the Supreme Court to question an unlawful and unjust order to ban their reporters from covering President Rodrigo Duterte.


    The news article talks about that it has been 14 months since the President has barred them from covering him anywhere he goes. The president hasn’t issued any written order, but only a verbal command that (because he thought that Rappler peddle “fake news” and lies) no Rappler staffer should get anywhere near him. The ban has not only stayed, but it has extended to their coverage of campaign sorties of administration candidates where the President is a guest. Hence, Rappler trust that the Supreme Court will see the ban for what is: a violation by the executive branch of a fundamental right that the Constitution guarantees of free press.

    This news article manifests that the ban wasn’t just about Rappler, it is about what every journalist fight for every single day – in and out of their newsroom, it is about the freedom of the press. The Philippine Constitution is very clear of “No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press.” Remove this right to people, then there would be no one who can fight for what is right and just. Once the right to free speech and freedom of the press are taken from the people, there would be no one who’ll fight for the unheard voices and no one will write and tell the stories of those who are treated unjustly. So, everyone should fight for their rights while they still can and let no one take their right from them.

  4. Philosophic Basis of the Guarantee of Free Speech

    Rappler asks Supreme Court to end Duterte coverage ban – 11 April 2019


    President Duterte’s coverage ban against Rappler, its reporters, and regional correspondents has been ongoing since February 2018. Not only is Rappler not allowed to cover the President’s activities inside the Palace, but the ban was also extended to his activities outside. Despite efforts to settle this issue through Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea and Press Secretary Martin Andanar, Rappler was not able to receive a reply from them. Because of this, Rappler filed a petition before the Supreme Court in an attempt to end the ban last April.

    Rappler argues that the coverage ban is “a violation of the constitutional guarantees of a free press, free speech, equal protection and due process.” In addition, the ban is “arbitrary” because the Palace did not even issue a written order for the ban.

    Rappler’s ongoing fight to end the ban is important because Article III, Section 4 of the Philippine Constitution states, “No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances”, and the coverage ban imposed on Rappler is a clear violation of this right. This does not only concern Rappler but all journalists, whose duty is to serve as the watchdogs of society. Preventing them from doing their jobs means preventing the people from finding out what the government is doing, which will prevent them from assessing whether the government is doing its job or is already abusing its power.

  5. 3rd exercise

    News : RSF announces nominees for Press Freedom Awards 2019

    Source :

    These journalists refused to be silenced and continue to raise their voices against the abuse of power, corruption and other crimes,’ says Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire.
    RSF secretary-general Christophe Deloire said in a statement Friday that many of this year’s nominees “face constant threats or have been imprisoned several times for their work.”
    “Yet these journalists refused to be silenced and continue to raise their voices against the abuse of power, corruption and other crimes. Rather than dishearten us, the difficult situations these journalists face inspire us with the will to achieve change. Courage in the pursuit of journalistic ideals is a formidable motivating force for all those who want to address humankind’s most important challenges,” he added.
    RSF said the winners will be chosen by a jury that includes the international Emeritus Board and the presidents of all sections of Reporters Without Borders.
    The September 12 event will be sponsored by TV5Monde, which will also present the Prize for Independence. The Prize for Courage and Prize for Impact will be sponsored by mail service provider posteo and media company Intan, respectively.Established in 1985 to defend and promote press freedom, Paris-based RSF has been presenting its yearly awards since 1992.Previous winners include the late Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo, imprisoned Saudi blogger Raif Badawi and the Turkish newspaper Cumhuriyet.
    In 2018, Filipino journalist Inday Espina-Varona won the Prize for Independence, which is awarded to reporters for resisting pressure in carrying out their work.
    Indian journalist Swati Chaturvedi won last year’s Prize for Courage, while Matthew Caruana Galizia, the son of the late Maltese journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia, won the Prize for Impact.

    Freedom of the press is really important because the eye of the masses is through the press / media.

  6. Philosophic Basis of the Guarantee of Free Speech

    Senator dela Rosa goes berserk over student leader’s Sanchez remark


    During a Senate hearing on the reimplementation of mandatory ROTC for Grades 11 and 12, Senator Bato dela Rosa snapped and was enraged by the statement made by National Union of Students of the Philippines president Raoul Manuel, hinting at the stand of dela Rosa on giving Sanches a “second chance.” Pia Cayetano sided with the said senator, stating that Raoul’s statements were off-topic from the hearing.

    The way they silenced the student leader is a good representation of why we need free speech, and why it is protected in our constitution. It is known that freedom of free speech does not mean freedom from responsibility of what you say, and knowing this, Raoul must have been fully aware of what he was saying, and ready to take responsibility. Instead of listening to his part, because he had his respective seat on the hearing, he was silenced and the voice of the students were not heard. This is why the freedom of speech must continue to be protected in our constitution.

  7. Philosophical basis on the guarantee of free speech

    Duterte signs law making July 25 ‘National Campus Press Freedom Day’


    In the article, President Rodrigo Duterte signs the law as his government fends off accusations of intimidating student publications outspoken about recent killings

    The measure says safeguarding campus journalism is part of the government’s role in protecting the “constitutionally-guaranteed right to freedom of expression, speech, and the press.”

    “As part of media, the campus press is an important institution in promoting and protecting the freedom of the press and the freedom of expression,” reads the law.

    The state of campus journalism under the Duterte presidency, especially in state-run universities, saying it now faces intimidation and suppression from school administrations answerable to the government.

  8. Guarantee of Free Speech

    10 key findings from the report into Jamal Khashoggi’s killing
    The first independent report on the murder of Jamal Khashoggi has finally been released. Agnes Callamard, the UN’s special rapporteur, has laid out in detail evidence that suggests not only did Saudi officials at the highest level plan and carry out the killing, but that they carefully planned how best to hide the murder from the international community.


    The murder of Jamal Khashoggi, a well-known Saudi journalist, was found to be carried out under the instructions of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. At first, the Saudi government denied any connection to the crime.

    Strict censorship rules, such as those in Saudi Arabia, would have kept an extrajudicial killing like this one from being discovered. Without free speech, accountability could not be achieved in instances where people ought to be held accountable. Additionally, it is precisely Saudi Arabia’s strict censorship that led to the killing of Jamal Kashoggi and other journalists who dared to criticise the Crown Prince.

  9. Philosophical Basis of the Guarantee of Free Speech

    Duterte ‘personally spearheading’ assault vs media: NUJP—May 4, 2019


    Last May 2019, the National Union of Journalists of the Philippines (NUJP) chairperson Nonoy Espina stated that President Duterte is “personally spearheading the attacks against the media.” Looking into the popularity of the president, Espina emphasizes on the influence of Duterte as he is able to “create hostility among the people towards media.” Thus, opening media practitioners to numerous threats and harassments. According to a report prepared by NUJP, the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility, and Philippine Press Institute, 128 cases of threats and attacks against the press have been reported since Duterte took into office.

    “This is a government that doesn’t respect the Constitution,” said Espina. Despite these attacks, Espina claims that the Philippines’ journalists are free as it is something they fight for.

    This article manifests Article III, Section 4 of the Philippine Constitution which states that “No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances” as it focuses on the importance of media. Journalists are the watchdogs, critics, and voices of our people, and must be given the same safety we give to our public officials when they’re discussing new opinions and information. Freedom of speech is a right we must uphold to bring forth change in our society. The right to a free press is essential in inducing transparency in our society.

  10. Philosophical basis on the guarantee of free speech

    Panelo to file libel suit vs, Rappler

    MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – Presidential Spokesman Salvador Panelo said on Tuesday, September 3, that he would file libel complaints against online news sites and Rappler for articles on his letter to the Board of Pardons and Parole (BPP) on the executive clemency application of rapist and murderer Antonio Sanchez.

    Panelo said that the articles and Rappler were written irresponsibly and with malicious intent and they are libelous in nature that being the reason for his complaint. However, reviewing the said articles, the two reports are just stating facts. They are just exercising their right to freedom of speech and of press as journalist and it is part of their duty as journalist to deliver news that is of public interest.

    In this case, it shows that Panelo is trying to manipulate the story by taking advantage of the freedom of speech of the reporters and filing a libel case against news organizations who is just trying to deliver news.

  11. Guarantee of free speech

    PH deadliest country for environmental activists in 2018 – report

    In this report published July 30, 2019, Rappler cited Global Witness’ report telling that Philippines is the most deadliest country for environmental defenders and activists.

    Included in the report is the massacre of 9 sugarcane farmers in Negros Occidental. Global Witness also argued that Mindanao “has become ‘the hotspot of murders’ for environmental defenders.” The report also highlighted the killings of indigenous peoples protecting their ancestral lands.

    In this particular report, there are two points to be highlighted.

    First, the role of the press on this kind of reportage which illustrates that the guarantee of free speech allowed journalists to cover and report such event. In particular, Global Witness was able to release a data that could create an eye-opener for environmental activists and the Filipino people to speak and make an informed decision in pursuit of their democratic rights.

    And lastly, the absence of free press/speech became the drive for this environmental activists to voice out their opinion. Specifically, the IPs who are just protecting their lands, which they get their life with, are speaking out and causing a semi-revolutionary actions against the men in power. This, sadly, ended lives.

    They say that the Philippines is the freest press in Southeast Asia which includes our right to speak. However, data would say otherwise. Beliefs are still conflicting in these times and ideas of those who hold power are still hegemonic. The market place of ideas are still tight and the guarantee of free speech hasn’t been fully met, yet.

  12. Philosophic Basis of the Guarantee of Free Speech

    Maria Ressa to U.S. journalists: What happened to PH can happen to you

    “The esteemed US-based Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ) on Saturday, September 7, honored Rappler CEO Maria Ressa and 3 other journalists for their courage and contribution to the profession.” Ressa highlighted how Democracy is integral in times where media and press is attacked. Especially when there are “political bullies.” Ressa, who was arrested twice for government backed charges said that unless we protect our democracies, what happened to her might happen to other journalists as well. Among those who are awarded are Terry Anderson, Nick Ut, and Jamal Khashogg, most of them also faced threats from their government.

    The article highlights not only the philosophical basis of the guarantee of free speech but also the watchdog function of the press. There is freedom of press and speech to allow the “Discovery of Truths,” and Ressa along with the awarded journalists provided their sides of truth. If the attacks on media prevail, there will only be on side of “truth”– Those of the government. Without the press, truths will not be “discovered”

  13. | Philosophical Basis of the Guarantee of Free Speech

    Radio broadcaster shot dead in North Cotabato
    — July 11, 2019


    On July 10, Wednesday, around 10:35 p.m, Eduardo “Ed” Dizon was driving home in Makilala town after hosting his “Tira Brigada” program when he was shot by two gunmen on a motorcycle.
    The local chapter of the NUJP gave their solidarity statement saying that “We in the NUJP condemn the killing of our colleague. May the people behind his murder be held accountable.”
    Dizon reportedly managed to drive to the side of the road but died from five gunshot wounds to the body.
    Dizon, who ran for Makilala councilor, was Brigada News station manager until last year. Before joining Brigada, Dizon had a public affairs program on Notre Dame Broadcasting Corporation’s DXND Radyo Bida and was a DJ for DXDM FM, Kath Cortez, NUJP media safety officer for Eastern Mindanao said in the alert.

    While the Philippine Constitution ensures liberty of the press and the media landscape of the country, it is quite varied and heavily relies on power abuses in politics. Today, reporters still face a range of threats. Libel threat, advertising and franchising boycotts are prevalent, and in terms of impunity for murdering reporters, the nation ranks third in the globe.
    As NUJP pointed out, “If his murder is determined to be connected to his work, Dizon would be the 13th journalist killed under the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte and the 186th since 1986.”
    Journalists and broadcasters alike serve as the check and balance, the pulse not only by the majority but by the minority. The decision-making process of the country relies on its people having credible, precise facts in a significant context.

  14. Topic: Philosophic Basis of the Guarantee of Free Speech

    “Palace: Duterte respects criticisms – if not baseless”

    “The President respects criticisms as long as the same is not baseless, unfounded or false,” presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo said in a statement released on August 3.

    According to Panelo, the president also encourages writers and reporters to freely express their sentiments in regards to him and his administration.

    The statement was released in response to a recent SWS survey which showed that 51% of Filipinos believed it would be dangerous to print or broadcast any opinion which went against the Duterte administration. Though it is questionable whether the Duterte administration truly respects any and all opinions, given that past events have shown the president and his spokespeople’s need to fire back at critics, we have yet to see this back-and-forth turn into a violation of the country’s Bill of Rights—and if we are truly living in a era of free speech, it should remain that way.

    If the Duterte administration believes itself to be doing its duty as a government properly and for the good of the country, then it should be able to defend itself from any criticism lobbied against it. As Justice Malcom said “the wound can be assuaged with the balm of a clear conscience.” A government on the side of truth only needs to see to it that the truth, for the good of all, prevail.

  15. 6 September 2019

    Philosophic Basis of the Guarantee of Free Speech


    In 2010, artist Carlos Celdran was arrested for protesting the catholic church by dressing as Jose Rizal and standing in front of Manila Cathedral while holding up a sign that said “Damaso”, a reference to the immoral clergyman from Jose Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere.

    He was found in the Supreme Court to have violated Section 133 of the Revised Penal Code, which states that it is illegal to perform offensive acts in places of worship.

    This decision has long been contested by various groups due to the fact that it puts religious freedom before the freedom of speech.

    Courts around the world have long decided that there are limits to the freedom of speech right. In a famously cited case, it was given that it is illegal to shout “fire!” in a crowded theatre, as this may endanger the lives of people. However, one can argue that Celdran’s act did not endanger the lives of any churchgoer. Rather, it is simply a matter of offense, much like unjust vexation.

  16. Philosophical Basis for the Guarantee of Free Speech

    Article: #NoToSanchezRelease: Netizens, groups demand justice for ex-mayor’s rape-slay victims

    When news broke that rapist-murderer Antonio Sanchez may get out of the New Bilibid Prison soon, netizens on Thursday, August 22, demanded justice for his victims, University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) students Mary Eileen Sarmenta and Allan Gomez.


    This article details about how the effect of free speech signifies that the Constitution is eminent on the people of the nation. Convicted rapist-murderer and former mayor of Calauan, Laguna, Antonio Sanchez was given a chance to get out of New Bilibid Prison due to the Good Conduct Time Allowance Law (GCTA Law). Despite having been caught with marijuana and shabu in his cell, as well as having unauthorized equipment there were talks about lessening his jail time from 420+ years to only 20+ years because of the GCTA Law.

    The free speech that was exercised by “Netizens” who were quick to condemn the act in itself was made this case blew up again. Considering the fact that this caused a stir among those who advocate for justice of Eileen Sarmenta and Allan Gomez (victims of the case), free speech is integral for a democratic state. It keeps the checks and balances needed for a just flow of our judiciary as well as maintaining peace and order in the nation by giving the people the freedom to say and forward their personal advocacies that are not damning to the rights of others.

  17. Right to free speech
    18 Aug 2019

    Commission of Human Rights Spokesperson Jacqueline de Guia emphasized through a statement that Activism is a basic right that brings “about social change” of democracy. She added that these can be done through demonstrations and protests in contesting an “issue or advocate for a cause.” This was in response to the government’s call to revive the Anti-Subversion law which framed the Communist Party as a conspiracy to overthrow the government. Thus, through this law, protests and even organizations with ties to communism are viewed as illegal and punishable. Essentially quelling dissent and stifling free speech by the use of the legal system.

    She further noted the “grave implications of red tagging—labelling groups and individuals as left-learning, subversive, or as communist-terrorists for merely expressing dissent—and this seeming practice of using red scare to discredit legitimate grievances.”

    “We remind the government that mere association—in this case, to any leftist organization—is not a crime. And being part of an organization and believing in the principles they espouse is an exercise of the right to freedom of thought, assembly, and association and may affect all other rights when curtailed, such as the right to free speech, expression, and movement among others,’’

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