The 2nd Media Monitor can be posted here, bonuses still apply #universityofthephilippines #UPDiliman

The Second Media Monitor can be posted here, with deadline as stated, bonuses apply (pls read previous instructions). Please cite and quote the pertinent SPJ provisions or PPI provisions — failure to do so would mean a deduction of points. Happy viewing and posting!

 

 

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32 thoughts on “The 2nd Media Monitor can be posted here, bonuses still apply #universityofthephilippines #UPDiliman

  1. [1st Bonus Post – Media Coverage of Aleppo]

    By now, everybody knows the story of Omran Daqneesh, the five-year-old boy photographed sitting expressionless in the orange ambulance. The video of Omran being carried out of the rubble and into the ambulance has been shared thousands of times by people all over the world. One could even go as far and say that little Omran has now become the international face of the conflict in Aleppo.

    Omran’s situation, however, has sparked ethical debate in the journalism world. It is stated in the SPJ’s Code of Ethics that a journalist must minimize harm and show compassion towards victims, especially if they are minors. In the case of Omran, however, his whole name was revealed to the world. Some media outlets even went as far as to reveal information about his brother who was not as lucky as Omran was.

    I understand that journalists used Omran’s photo and video to show the world how bad the situation in Aleppo is. It is undeniable that doing so has definitely given Aleppo the attention of the global community. I do, however, believe that these journalists may have gone too far just to create a story. Omran and his brother’s identity did not have to be revealed; they should have been kept confidential in order to protect them.

    Sources:

    Hunt, E. (18 Aug. 2016).
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/18/boy-in-the-ambulance-image-emerges-syrian-child-aleppo-rubble

    Geary, B., Noble, F. & Linning, S. (19 Aug. 2016).
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3748180/Wounded-Syrian-boy-harrowing-image-shocked-world-breaks-reunited-parents.html

    Sanchez, R. (20 Aug. 2016).
    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/08/20/omran-daqneeshs-brother-ali-dies-from-wounds-suffered-in-aleppo/

  2. [1st Bonus Post – Media Coverage of Aleppo]

    By now, everybody knows the story of Omran Daqneesh, the five-year-old boy photographed sitting expressionless in the orange ambulance. The video of Omran being carried out of the rubble and into the ambulance has been shared thousands of times by people all over the world. One could even go as far and say that little Omran has now become the international face of the conflict in Aleppo.

    Omran’s situation, however, has sparked ethical debate in the journalism world. It is stated in the SPJ’s Code of Ethics that a journalist must minimize harm and show compassion towards victims, especially if they are minors. In the case of Omran, however, his whole name was revealed to the world. Some media outlets even went as far as to reveal information about his brother who was not as lucky as Omran was.

    I understand that journalists used Omran’s photo and video to show the world how bad the situation in Aleppo is. It is undeniable that doing so has definitely given Aleppo the attention of the global community. I do, however, believe that these journalists may have gone too far just to create a story. Omran and his brother’s identity did not have to be revealed; they should have been kept confidential in order to protect them.

    Sources:

    Hunt, E. (18 Aug. 2016).
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/18/boy-in-the-ambulance-image-emerges-syrian-child-aleppo-rubble

    Geary, B., Noble, F. & Linning, S. (19 Aug. 2016).
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3748180/Wounded-Syrian-boy-harrowing-image-shocked-world-breaks-reunited-parents.html

    Sanchez, R. (20 Aug. 2016).
    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/08/20/omran-daqneeshs-brother-ali-dies-from-wounds-suffered-in-aleppo/

  3. [1st Bonus post: “First Bonus: De Lima”]

    A controversial photo of Senator Leila de Lima wearing only a swimsuit and a life vest was published on the front page of the Manila Times, August 21. It was made to accompany the article, ‘Love affair led to corruption’ by Llanesca T. Panti, discussing President Rodrigo Duterte’s allegation of an affair between de Lima and her driver-bodyguard.

    However, the picture, captioned “EXPOSED Leila de Lima, then secretary of Justice, is surrounded by her bodyguards during an outing in a Batangas resort”, had no relation to the article. According to a provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics, a journalist must “balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort”. While Manila Times had legal rights to publish the photo, it was done in bad taste. “Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness.” Journalists must “recognize that legal access to information differs from an ethical justification to publish or broadcast”.

    Furthermore, the photo harms de Lima and kills intelligent discourse. She was put in the center of personal insults. The SPJ Code of Ethics states that a journalist “treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect”. Instead of a proper discussion, netizens have resulted to posting offensive slurs against de Lima.

    Sources:
    http://www.manilatimes.net/de-limas-love-affair-with-driver-exposed/280590/
    http://www.manilatimes.net/love-affair-led-to-corruption/281280/
    http://www.manilatimes.net/sex-escapades-led-de-lima-to-break-law/281965/
    http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp

  4. [1st Bonus post: “First Bonus: De Lima”]

    A controversial photo of Senator Leila de Lima wearing only a swimsuit and a life vest was published on the front page of the Manila Times, August 21. It was made to accompany the article, ‘Love affair led to corruption’ by Llanesca T. Panti, discussing President Rodrigo Duterte’s allegation of an affair between de Lima and her driver-bodyguard.

    However, the picture, captioned “EXPOSED Leila de Lima, then secretary of Justice, is surrounded by her bodyguards during an outing in a Batangas resort”, had no relation to the article. According to a provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics, a journalist must “balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort”. While Manila Times had legal rights to publish the photo, it was done in bad taste. “Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness.” Journalists must “recognize that legal access to information differs from an ethical justification to publish or broadcast”.

    Furthermore, the photo harms de Lima and kills intelligent discourse. She was put in the center of personal insults. The SPJ Code of Ethics states that a journalist “treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect”. Instead of a proper discussion, netizens have resulted to posting offensive slurs against de Lima.

    Sources:
    http://www.manilatimes.net/love-affair-led-to-corruption/281280/
    http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp

  5. [1st Bonus post: “First Bonus: De Lima”]

    A controversial photo of Senator Leila de Lima wearing only a swimsuit and a life vest was published on the front page of the Manila Times, August 21. It was made to accompany the article, ‘Love affair led to corruption’ by Llanesca T. Panti, discussing President Rodrigo Duterte’s allegation of an affair between de Lima and her driver-bodyguard.

    However, the picture, captioned “EXPOSED Leila de Lima, then secretary of Justice, is surrounded by her bodyguards during an outing in a Batangas resort”, had no relation to the article. According to a provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics, a journalist must “balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort”. While Manila Times had legal rights to publish the photo, it was done in bad taste. “Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness.” Journalists must “recognize that legal access to information differs from an ethical justification to publish or broadcast”.

    Furthermore, the photo harms de Lima and kills intelligent discourse. She was put in the center of personal insults. The SPJ Code of Ethics states that a journalist “treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect”. Instead of a proper discussion, netizens have resulted to posting offensive slurs against de Lima.

    Sources:
    http://www.manilatimes.net/love-affair-led-to-corruption/281280/
    http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp

  6. Second Regular Media Monitor:
    (also available at http://yuriema.tumblr.com/post/149682467966 )

    How an incompleteness of a news article provides lack of context and diminishes the reliability and credibility of an article

    A news must provide complete and concise information despite the fast paced work that journalists must face. In the article “Girl, 6, drowns; sister missing” of Michelle Zoleta, it was as if the information stated there were hearsay, given that there were no official reports from any “authority” such as the police or the rescuers, or even the hospital. The witnesses were not even named nor described who were they. Furthermore, even the statement of the mother whose children were missing does not seem that much credible. The article did not provide enough data such as interviews on important people on the story to make it more credible – for it appears to be like a piece of a hearsay post than a news article.

    In the SPJ Code of Ethics, the article failed to adhere to the provision of “Seek truth and report it” as it failed to “identify sources clearly” and to “gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story”. The writer of the article failed to provide necessary information such as about the family’s plans about the sisters, or even information from the authority such as the police and barangay in relation to the accident that has occurred. While in the PPI Code of Ethics, the article failed to adhere to the first provision which states that “I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis”. Upon reading the article, it did not included vital facts on the story. Whatever reason for not including those information should also be stated as to why they were not obtainable. Thus, it can be considered that these facts were omitted by the failure to include them in the report.

    References:

    SPJ Code of Ethics

    PPI Code of Ethics

    http://www.philstar.com/nation/2016/08/29/1618168/girl-6-drowns-sister-missing

  7. 2nd Media Monitor
    SN: 2013-71899
    Ex-town veterinarian, girlfriend fall in Quirino buy-bust

    Link to article: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/810879/ex-town-veterinarian-girlfriend-fall-in-quirino-buy-bust

    The Inquirer article reported the arrest of a former municipal veterinarian of Diffun town and his girlfriend who were arrested in a buy-bust operation. They were caught after they sold two sachets of suspected shabu to a police undercover agent.

    According to the Journalists’ Code of Ethics, formulated by Philippine Press Institute and National Press Club, the news report violates the first provision, “I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts or to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognize the duty to air the other side and the duty to correct substantive errors promptly.”

    The news report did not include the side of the suspects who were arrested in the buy-bust operation. This implies that even if they are “suspects” who were caught by an anonymous undercover agent, they are already assumed to be guilty. This is unfair because the mere act of not knowing their side, distorts the truth on the buy-bust operations of the Duterte administration.

  8. Regine C. Gochuico
    (2nd bonus post)
    1st bonus: “Aleppo”

    In a life of a child, being in a miserable situation such as a war between two countries is a nightmare they never even realize it was for their innocence. Syria has long been suffering from the struggles in the wars that they face against so many countries, in which some are its neighbouring countries. Despite this fact, Syria remained strong in its resistance with its people sacrificing their lives each day. Omran Daqneesh, a said to be 5-year old kid who was rescued with his family after an airstrike released by Russia to Syria. The poor kid was very silent probably caused by extreme shock according to a spokesman for Aleppo Media Center. Amidst all the noise of the crowd that came to help and at the same time take a look at the incident, Omran seemed unaware of the bloody situation that he has been through minutes before he was found. The blood and the drama in the actual scene were presented in the news report intact without editing, thus, applying the SPJ code of ethics  and on never deliberately distorting visual information, along with the others also from the PPI, namely:
    

    • Provide context.
    • Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government.
    • Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience.
    • Never deliberately distort visual information.
    • Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity in dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent.

    • I shall exercise caution in publishing names of minors involved in criminal cases so that they may not unjustly lose their standing in the society.
    The news report presented the background of the story as the context of what happened to the poor kid in the video so that the viewers will clearly see the cause of his injury. Also, the news report which seemed like a spot news since it shows that report without obvious editing since there are still gross and morbid sights including the child himself, was able to fulfill the code on never deliberately distorting visual information. The intensity or magnitude of the human experience in this incident was then reflected in the sympathy and pity that the people felt upon seeing the report. Compassion, on the other hand was not completely shown with the fact that the report included scenes that are not suitable to young viewers for its morbidity thus failing to follow the code. Minors, based on legal laws and the codes, are considered as exempted and should not be shown to the public unless the public interest requires for it, likewise, the need to show the original and unedited copy of the coverage to show the real situation in Syria during the war. Lastly, mentioning the name of the child in this case is just right in a way for the purpose of letting the people know about the specific person affected and so they may be able to send help to the right person if they want. I don’t think Omran Daqneesh will lose his standing in the society. As a matter of fact the people sympathizes with his family and would like to help them.

    Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxpeTHOcw04

  9. Regine C. Gochuico
    (2nd bonus post)
    1st bonus: “Aleppo”

    In a life of a child, being in a miserable situation such as a war between two countries is a nightmare they never even realize it was for their innocence. Syria has long been suffering from the struggles in the wars that they face against so many countries, in which some are its neighbouring countries. Despite this fact, Syria remained strong in its resistance with its people sacrificing their lives each day. Omran Daqneesh, a said to be 5-year old kid who was rescued with his family after an airstrike released by Russia to Syria. The poor kid was very silent probably caused by extreme shock according to a spokesman for Aleppo Media Center. Amidst all the noise of the crowd that came to help and at the same time take a look at the incident, Omran seemed unaware of the bloody situation that he has been through minutes before he was found. The blood and the drama in the actual scene were presented in the news report intact without editing, thus, applying the SPJ code of ethics  and on never deliberately distorting visual information, along with the others also from the PPI, namely:
    

    • Provide context.
    • Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government.
    • Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience.
    • Never deliberately distort visual information.
    • Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity in dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent.
    • I recognize the duty to air the other side of the story.
    • I shall exercise caution in publishing names of minors involved in criminal cases so that they may not unjustly lose their standing in the society.
    The news report presented the background of the story as the context of what happened to the poor kid in the video so that the viewers will clearly see the cause of his injury. Also, the news report which seemed like a spot news since it shows that report without obvious editing since there are still gross and morbid sights including the child himself, was able to fulfill the code on never deliberately distorting visual information. The intensity or magnitude of the human experience in this incident was then reflected in the sympathy and pity that the people felt upon seeing the report. Compassion, on the other hand was not completely shown with the fact that the report included scenes that are not suitable to young viewers for its morbidity thus failing to follow the code. Minors, based on legal laws and the codes, are considered as exempted and should not be shown to the public unless the public interest requires for it, likewise, the need to show the original and unedited copy of the coverage to show the real situation in Syria during the war. Lastly, mentioning the name of the child in this case is just right in a way for the purpose of letting the people know about the specific person affected and so they may be able to send help to the right person if they want. I don’t think Omran Daqneesh will lose his standing in the society. As a matter of fact the people sympathizes with his family and would like to help them.
    Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxpeTHOcw04

    Reposting because the other one conatins erron in showing my full text on the first paragraph.

  10. Note : Ma’am Lambino, I reposted my comment but still the first paragraph is like in a box and I don’t know why.

  11. Second Media Monitor: Duterte tells De Lima : Hang Yourself
    Every single statement coming from President Duterte and Sen. Leila De Lima has busied the Philippine media and the people these past few weeks. Yesterday, in commemoration of the National Heroes’ Day, the President in his speech gave another tirade to Sen. De Lima and the Commission of Human Rights. Undeniably, President Duterte’s statement saying, “ If I were De Lima, ladies and gentlemen, I’ll hang myself.”, garnered most headlines like that of the Philippine Daily Inquirer ( Duterte tells De Lima: Resign,Hang yourself), Bandera ( De Lima pinagbibigti ni Duterte), ABS-CBN News ( Duterte tells De Lima: Resign, hang yourself). Though the statements given out by President Duterte were directed to Senator De Lima and the Commsion on Human Rights, it is very misleading to say that the President is demanding and ordering the senator to hang herself.

    The sense of agency was eliminated on the part of Senator De Lima being ordered to do so whereas the President’s statement was “ If I were De lima”.

    This obviously violated the first provision in the Philippine Journalist’s Code of Ethics stating “ I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis.”

    The said news articles focused solely on the word war between the President and the Senator.
    Aksyon Tv’S headline and news content created a more enveloping and clearer side with its news having the headline, “ Duterte hits CHR, Sen De Lima anew in Tacloban visit”. Aside from the ubiquitous tirade coming from the President, the news article from Aksyon TV also provided information about other matters that were pointed out such as his willingness to step down if the federal government succeeds and the slain officers whom he conferred posthumous honors.

    Sources:
    http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/08/29/16/duterte-tells-de-lima-resign-hang-yourself
    Philippine Daily Inquirer
    Bandera

  12. The news entitled “Why Duterte loves Giordano polo shirts”, was published in Manila Bulletin, talkes about the logo of lion embedded on President Rodrigo Duterte’s shirt which, for him, symbolizes his strength in his war on drugs. The article says, “The President admitted that he likes the Giordano polo shirts because the lion depicts his strong resolve to fight drug lords and their cohorts in the government.” As the article progresses, it turned its focus to the president’s visits to a policemen who died in an anti-drug operation and to other soldiers and policemen who were wounded during the National Heroes’ day (the reason why they were wounded was not stated). The Philippine Journalist’s Code of Ethics states that journalist shall “scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis.” I think, the short article was overemphasizing the shirt rather than the main story which was only told at the end part of the news. This could be the style of the author but I think, if the author intended to emphasize the shirt it would be better if the article is included in the feature section of the newspaper rather than including it in the news section. Overemphasizing about the shirt misleads the real face of the story.

  13. ETHICS: 2ND MEDIA MONITOR

    The news entitled “Why Duterte loves Giordano polo shirts”, was published in Manila Bulletin, talkes about the logo of lion embedded on President Rodrigo Duterte’s shirt which, for him, symbolizes his strength in his war on drugs.

    The article says, “The President admitted that he likes the Giordano polo shirts because the lion depicts his strong resolve to fight drug lords and their cohorts in the government.” As the article progresses, it turned its focus to the president’s visits to a policemen who died in an anti-drug operation and to other soldiers and policemen who were wounded during the National Heroes’ day (the reason why they were wounded was not stated).

    The Philippine Journalist’s Code of Ethics states that journalist shall “scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis.” I think, the short article was overemphasizing the shirt rather than the main story which was only told at the end part of the news. This could be the style of the author but I think, if the author intended to emphasize the shirt it would be better if the article is included in the feature section of the newspaper rather than including it in the news section. Overemphasizing about the shirt misleads the real face of the story.

  14. [1st Bonus Post – 1,800 dead in antidrug war not genocide, says Duterte]

    link to news: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/810942/1800-dead-in-antidrug-war-not-genocide-says-duterte

    At first glance, I thought that this news article would be leaning against Duterte because of the accusatory tone of the headline, which sounds as if it is accusing Duterte of genocide. When I read it, I was pleased to find very objective journalism. The article allows Duterte to defend his side against the rising number of alleged drug-related killings.

    For objectivity’s sake, the article also got the UN’s side of the story: “Claims to fight the illicit drug trade do not absolve the government from its international legal obligations and do not shield state actors or others from responsibility for illegal killings,” said the UN special rapporteur on summary executions, Agnés Callamard

    The article abides by the SPJ Code of Ethics, specifically the point which states: “Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing”. Duterte was given a chance to respond to allegations of genocide, and was given a chance to defend himself from the critics. Likewise, the critics were able to speak their mind in the article.

  15. [2nd Media Monitor] Follow up stories of media coverage of President Duterte’s allegations against Senator Leila de lima

    In an article published by The Philippine Star, the headline reads “Duterte to De Lima: Resign, hang yourself”

    The Duterte and De Lima feud has been on going for a few weeks already, and just yesterday, another article was published saying Duterte told De Lima to resign and to hang herself. This is something that would attract readers’ attention because of how serious and threatening what seems to be the statement from Duterte to De Lima is. However, once you read further into the article, it clearly said that Duterte said, “If I were De Lima, ladies and gentlemen, I would hang myself,” which is actually a lot different from the headline. From this, one can infer that the headline was clearly an alteration of Duterte’s words to make it sound even more shocking than it actually is.

    I think that this is a a clear violation of the first code in the Philippine Journalist’s Code of Ethics, which states, “I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to surpress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis.” Clearly, there has been a distortion of the truth even if it is very minor. It can lead to a lot of misconceptions and misinterpretations by readers.

    Source

    Romero, A. and Sy, M. (Aug. 30, 2016) http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2016/08/30/1618670/duterte-de-lima-resign-hang-yourself

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