First Media Monitor here or the 1st Bonus/ 2nd Bonus

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First Media Monitor here or the 1st Bonus/ 2nd Bonus
          The first regular media monitor or 1st bonus or 2nd bonus can be posted here (Fair, Foolish, or in a Fix: good practice, violation, or dilemma), with deadline on Tuesday at 5pm.

    Late posts are considered a forfeit for the week and would be credited to next week’s media monitor instead;

      provided that no student would be allowed to exceed the maximum number of media monitor to make up for forfeits or to pile up his/her media monitor posts to make up for forfeits. (a week lost, is lost forever — the credits will be moved forward but only up to the last week before final exams).
       Instructions have been given in class. (As stated before: Students may use pseudonyms or pen names, and conceal their faces, and may also use their own platforms and simply paste the links in the comments section. (If pseudonymous, pls provide the department assistant with your pen name).

      Pls use the comments section of this post. As stated, the media monitor commentary may either by typed as text in the comments section or as a link leading to the post in the platform of the classmember/ post author. Pls type in the first line whether the post is a regular media monitor [1st Regular Media Monitor) or a bonus post (1st Bonus Post) to aid the checker in locating and categorizing each box. Tnx).
       Baseless rants will not merit any points – the commentary should use, cite, and quote the pertinent provisions of the 2014 SPJ Code of Ethics as taken up in class this week. Failure to provide the pertinent provision will result in a score of zero. The SPJ provisions have been provided in the handouts distributed in class this week. They were also discussed in powerpoint in class. For students who are completely incapable of reading the handouts given to them, the provisions taken up in class are embedded below.
          As a heads-up, the following are the first two bonuses:

      First Bonus: Media content on the 1) Kian killing (killing of Kian de los Santos); or 2) Killing of Carl Angelo Arnaiz; or 3)Killing of 14-year-old Reynaldo de Guzman
       (during class discussion on the SPJ provision on “minimizing harm”, class member Nic was able to call the attention of the class to the breaking news (GMA News, Saleema Refran) that the body of Reynaldo de Guzman had been found with 30 stab wounds and with his face wrapped up in packing tape; and to show us the photo relevant to our discussion on ethical dilemmas by setting up the TV monitor for it in class; while class member Dave also called our attention to the CNN Ph coverage of said breaking news with photos and videos relevant to our discussion on ethical dilemmas and to show us the video by setting up the TV monitor for it: They’re given ten points for voluntarily monitoring the relevant media content being discussed in class and showing the images in class; in addition, they can still post for this media monitor (the ten points have been posted in the comments box below for ease of recording and totaling the points. For Nic/ Dave:  you may still open a separate comment box should you choose to post another media monitor either as another 1st bonus/ 2nd bonus, or a regular media monitor). (photo from the Inquirer used here non-commercially for academic purposes)
     For a heads-up, the 2nd bonus is on media coverage of the militarization/ killings/ shootings in the countryside including the Marawi bombings.
(and as a further heads-up, we will have a bonus on media coverage of typhoons/hurricanes/ floods (disaster-reporting); a bonus media monitor of news reports/ news features on superstition or the occult in the runup to Nov. 1; and a bonus on advertorials in the runup to the Christmas season.)

    Each of the bonuses can be posted at ANYTIME in lieu of a regular media monitor (just follow the tag assigned to the bonus, e.g. 1st Bonus media monitor on Kian Killing/ Carl killing/Reynaldo killing; or 2nd Bonus on militarization; or 3rd Bonus on the occult ; etc., regardless of the order that you post them (i.e., you can post the 2nd bonus before the 1st bonus or the 3rd bonus before the 1st bonus (since a bonus can be posted at ANYTIME in lieu of a regular media monitor) as long as you tag properly for ease of correction and recording.

       As stated, only one media monitor per week (which can either be a regular media monitor or a bonus post) is allowed to avoid cramming and jamming up of posts: the purpose of observing the weekly media monitor is TO BUILD THE HABIT OF READING/ VIEWING MEDIA CONTENT REGULARLY WITH DISCERNMENT.

    Pls do not embed gory images on this page without a trigger warning.

      For the first regular media monitor: (2014 SPJ): “SEEK TRUTH AND REPORT IT
“Ethical journalism should be accurate and fair. Journalists should be honest and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.
Journalists should:
– Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible.
– Remember that neither speed nor format excuses inaccuracy.
– Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.
– Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.
– Be cautious when making promises, but keep the promises they make.
– Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources.
– Consider sources’ motives before promising anonymity. Reserve anonymity for sources who may face danger, retribution or other harm, and have information that cannot be obtained elsewhere. Explain why anonymity was granted.
– Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing.
– Avoid undercover or other surreptitious methods of gathering information unless traditional, open methods will not yield information vital to the public.
– Be vigilant and courageous about holding those with power accountable. Give voice to the voiceless.
– Support the open and civil exchange of views, even views they find repugnant.
– Recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government. Seek to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in the open, and that public records are open to all.
– Provide access to source material when it is relevant and appropriate.
– Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.
– Avoid stereotyping. Journalists should examine the ways their values and experiences may shape their reporting.
– Label advocacy and commentary.
– Never deliberately distort facts or context, including visual information. Clearly label illustrations and re-enactments.
– Never plagiarize. Always attribute.
“MINIMIZE HARM
“Ethical journalism treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect.
Journalists should:
– Balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort. Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness.
– Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.
– Recognize that legal access to information differs from an ethical justification to publish or broadcast.
– Realize that private people have a greater right to control information about themselves than public figures and others who seek power, influence or attention. Weigh the consequences of publishing or broadcasting personal information.
– Avoid pandering to lurid curiosity, even if others do.
– Balance a suspect’s right to a fair trial with the public’s right to know. Consider the implications of identifying criminal suspects before they face legal charges.
– Consider the long-term implications of the extended reach and permanence of publication. Provide updated and more complete information as appropriate
ACT INDEPENDENTLY
The highest and primary obligation of ethical journalism is to serve the public.
Journalists should:
– Avoid conflicts of interest, real or perceived. Disclose unavoidable conflicts.
– Refuse gifts, favors, fees, free travel and special treatment, and avoid political and other outside activities that may compromise integrity or impartiality, or may damage credibility.
– Be wary of sources offering information for favors or money; do not pay for access to news. Identify content provided by outside sources, whether paid or not.
– Deny favored treatment to advertisers, donors or any other special interests, and resist internal and external pressure to influence coverage.
– Distinguish news from advertising and shun hybrids that blur the lines between the two. Prominently label sponsored content.
BE ACCOUNTABLE AND TRANSPARENT
Ethical journalism means taking responsibility for one’s work and explaining one’s decisions to the public.
Journalists should:
– Explain ethical choices and processes to audiences. Encourage a civil dialogue with the public about journalistic practices, coverage and news content.
– Respond quickly to questions about accuracy, clarity and fairness.
– Acknowledge mistakes and correct them promptly and prominently. Explain corrections and clarifications carefully and clearly.
– Expose unethical conduct in journalism, including within their organizations.
– Abide by the same high standards they expect of others.”
Have a productive and fun-filled week!

33 thoughts on “First Media Monitor here or the 1st Bonus/ 2nd Bonus

  1. (From blog admin: TRIGGER WARNING: The post of the class member in the linked site uses a photo from a news report that graphically shows a dead body hanging on a tricycle driver’s seat, for academic discussion of media content in this class on Communication and Media Ethics. If you are a minor, pls do not view it; if you are nursing a condition that requires medical attention, pls consult your physician/ therapist etc before viewing.)
    For the class member: Next time, if you are using a gory image, pls put a trigger warning (i’m not kidding with this)
    1ST REGULAR MEDIA MONITOR
    https://bettinaaramos.wordpress.com/2017/09/07/1st-regular-media-monitor/
    – bettina ramos

  2. 1st Bonus Media Monitor: Reynaldo Killing

    Online Article from Inquirer.net: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/928800/pao-chief-kulot-repeatedly-stabbed-even-when-already-deadThe article from Inquirer is a recent update on the case of Reynaldo “Kulot” De Guzman and the recent findings on his case.

    On Minimizing Harm: “Ethical journalism treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect.” The article this time censored the face of Kulot inside the coffin. A more bearable shot was used to capture the grief of the family.

    On Seeking truth and Reporting it: “Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.” & “Giving voice to the voiceless.” The article also included more context of the life of Kulot as a 14-year old boy from Cainta. The article shared the voice and narratives of the family to show the generous and responsible teenager from Cainta, supporting and showing parts of the situation of the cases and elaborating the image and case of Reynaldo.

  3. 1st Bonus Media Monitor

    Crime scene where Carl Arnaiz was killed ‘staged’ – PAO
    Written by: Rambo Talabong of Rappler
    (https://www.rappler.com/nation/181505-carl-arnaiz-crime-scene-staged-pao)

    Seeking Truth and Reporting It: The journalist was able to identify his sources clearly and he also practiced proper attributing. By also including the last paragraph, he was also able to fully capture what the PAO was saying. There was no misrepresentation or oversimplifying that was done.
    Minimizing Harm: This article practiced ethical journalism on minimizing harm. The crime scene picture of Carl Arnaiz that they used is one that is shot from far away, only showing his legs, one hand, and his clothes. There is compassion for those who may be affected by the news.

  4. 1st Bonus Media Monitor: Reynaldo De Guzman Killing

    A TV News Report by ABS-CBN: “TV Patrol: 14 anyos na tinadtad ng saksak, working student, kakain lang ng ‘mami’ nang mawala”

    Minimize harm:
    “Ethical journalism treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect. Journalists should: Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage. Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.”
    – The faces of the minors interviewed in the news report were not shown and their real names were concealed. They were protected and respected as classmates of Reynaldo who were minors.

    Seeking truth and reporting it:
    “Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.”
    – Context was provided here for the life of Reynaldo De Guzman. His classmates, neighbors, teachers and others were interviewed to seek more information about his life and characteristics. His background in life was also revealed.

  5. [1st Regular Media Monitor]
    2014-89397

    Article: “2 dead, 3 wounded as basketball game turns bloody in N. Cotabato”
    Link: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/928906/2-dead-3-wounded-as-basketball-game-turns-bloody-in-n-cotabato

    From the headline and lead of the article, the journalist, Edwin Fernandez, was able to report truthful and factual details of groups who had conflict. His article indeed accorded to the SPJ Code of Ethics of 2014. On two sections did he exhibited responsible journalism:
    1.) Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.
    Fernandez told the whole story that the shooting between the 2 groups of MILF did not arrive from an indecent game of basketball alone, but it also involved betting of “pot money.” If the story had missed out on the important detail of pot money, readers may easily misunderstand that the shooting resulted from a petty game of basketball. Lastly, the journalist ended the story by letting the readers know that the fight had been pacified by MILF elders, and that the conflict has been more or less controlled.

    2.) Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources.
    The story had good reliable sources in the uncovering the whole details of the event. The police chief inspector of Pikit was the primary source for the basic stats of the story (2 died, and 3 were injured). He was able to identify the slain and injured, complete with names ages. When it comes to the suspects, Fernandez had also been able to get information from the Barangay Gokotan Chair to verify the names.
    Overall, the article exhibited good journalistic coverage of crime. The journalist provided understandable context, and cited good and reliable primary sources.

  6. 1st Bonus Media Monitor:

    http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/09/11/17/body-found-in-ecija-not-reynaldo-says-pnp

    Article Title: Body found in Ecija not Reynaldo, says PNP

    Seek Truth and Report It
    – The news article provided the context and background of the story by first mentioning its relation to the missing and presumably found body of 14-year old Reynaldo de Guzman who was with Carl Angelo Arnaiz. Throughout the article, we can also see that there are callbacks to previous reports regarding the subject, which makes it easier for the readers to understand the context.
    – The sources are identified clearly, and the picture of the SOCO DNA Results accompanied the news article. Along with the article, the official statement PNP had given out which was recorded was also included in the article. These are two direct primary sources. Access to these source materials is also available.
    – Both the parents of the victim and the PNP are given a chance to give their side, although the parents’ statements that were in the article were before the results of the DNA test. The fact that they were given a chance to voice their assumptions and/or grievances, however, shows that the supposed “voiceless” family of the victim was given a voice.

    Overall, the news report did not show a clear bias and it was well written with good primary sources. It would be better, though, if the report included comments/opinions of the victim’s family. It’s understandable though since this is just a recent update. The only tinge of bias I felt was how it semi-ended with the recalling of the alleged taxi driver’s statement of the robbery being staged. This influenced me to doubt the reliability of PNP’s statements, which might not also be fair.

  7. First Bonus Media Monitor
    Article: news.abs-cbn.com/news/09/11/17/carl-arnaiz-crime-scene-fake-teen-killed-elsewhere-forensic-analyst
    wordpress.com/post/uezononstp.wordpress.com/115

  8. [2nd Bonus Media Monitor]
    2014-89397

    Link: http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/09/10/17/parang-scripted-ang-pagkapatay-kay-carl-arnaiz-taxi-driver-na-hinoldap

    1.) Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear
    The story was able to hear out the side of the taxi driver who was allegedly robbed by Carl Arnaiz. Despite the taxi driver’s contradicting statements which do not necessarily put him in a good light, he was still given the chance to clarify himself. Besides him, the police authority are also heard with their reaction to Arnaiz’ claims. Whether or not Arnaiz is telling the truth, the press will continue in hearing all sides of the story.

    2.) Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story
    The TV network was able to invite a forensic expert to shed light on what may have really happened on the killing of Carl Arnaiz—that, it was most probably staged. After getting the side of the taxi driver who was allegedly robbed by Arnaiz, the expert was able to invalidate the taxi driver’s testimonies through evidence and forensic analysis of the crime scene. This can be considered as a bold and responsible take of the TV network on letting the public into the discourse of Arnaiz’ killing. It was also responsible for both the network and the expert to inform the public that any motive of staging the crime is still unknown. And that, they will conduct further investigation until questions are answered.

  9. Erratum: My latest post is “[1st Bonus Media Monitor]” instead of “[2nd]”

    Thank you!

  10. 2011-04926


    1st Regular Media Monitor

    Article: 309 recorded NPA violence-related incidents in 8 months
    Date published: Tuesday, September 12, 2017
    By JULIET C. REVITA
Link: http://www.sunstar.com.ph/davao/local-news/2017/09/12/309-recorded-npa-violence-related-incidents-8-months-563638

    The title of the article is purely factual and does not induce any kind of malice to either sides, government military or NPA. The writer of this Article, Ms. Juliet Revita, has followed the SPJ Code of Ethics (2014) on two points.
    1. Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible — Ms. Revita, have provided data throughout the years of covering the news about the NPA. Her sources are directly from the group responsible with handling the NPA, Eastern Mindanao Command (Eastmincom). She has verified her sources by getting data from different provinces affected too, like North Cotabato, Compostella Valley, Bukidnon, etc.
    2. Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story. — The writer is updated of the history of violence-related incidents with NPA. She was able to show numbers of violence-related incidents with the NPA since 2011. Not only that the number also corresponds with the province/city affected throughout the years.

    Summing it all, this article is a just a factual news stating the rising numbers of NPA violence-related incidents. If there is something to improve on this, maybe it is trying to obtain from the side of the NPA too so that we can cross check the numbers.

  11. SILVESTRE
    2014-89586

    (FIRST BONUS MEDIA MONITOR)

    COMM 110 WYZ – 1ST BONUS MEDIA MONITOR
    Silvestre, Angielyn 2014-89586
    [1ST BONUS MEDIA MONITOR]
    ‘On the killing of 14 year old Reynaldo de Guzman’
    Untitled.png
    [https://www.rappler.com/nation/181384-nbi-chr-perform-autopsy-reynaldo-de-guzman – link to the report of Eloisa Lopez]
    The report is in relation to the killing of a 14 year old named Reynaldo de Guzman. It was about the autopsy of the body to identify accurate information on the killing of the victim.
    As evaluated, the journalist/news writer adhered to the provisions of the SPJ Code of Ethics (Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics 2014), specifically the following:
    Under ‘seek truth and report it’
    Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible: The news writer, Lopez, specifically cited firsthand account of the medico-legal who was primarily in charge of examining the autopsy of the victim. Lopez also quoted her sources to emphasize that those words were told by the sources and are not subject to her own interpretation.
    Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivation of sources: Lopez identified the full name and the position of the sources, i.e. the medico-legal in charge or who performed autopsy on the victim’s body
    Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story: Aside from the account of the medico-legal, Lopez updated information by adding the account of another medico-legal who also performed a separate autopsy on the victim’s body, and was also able to identify their position and the organization they belong.
    Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing, or summarizing a story: Since the report is a different angle on the case of de Guzman, Lopez made sure to provide context on the prior incident like the profile of the victim and the information on the killing among others.
    Under ‘minimize harm’
    Balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort. Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance or undue intrusiveness: Lopez was able to treat her sources with respect. In the accompanying visual on the news report, it shows the medico-legal talking to de Guzman’s father about the findings of the autopsy. The face of de Guzman’s father wasn’t shown, which can be interpreted as a sign of respect to him who might still be recovering or still grieving from his son’s death. She also shot the photograph away from the subjects, which shows a kind of space between them. Lastly, some coffins and white cloth were shown to emphasize that the photo was taken in a morgue, but other than that, the victim’s body wasn’t shown.

    (Erratum: Hi Ma’am. I apologize for the mistake I’ve made in my previous post. Instead of pasting the link to my media monitor write up, I was able to paste the link to your website. I hope you understand. Thank you!)

  12. THIS WINDOW, THE FIRST MEDIA MONITOR, HAS BEEN CLOSED FOR COMMENTS SINCE AFTER THE DEADLINE OF TUESDAY, SEPT. 12. ALL MEDIA MONITOR POSTS SHOULD BE MADE ON THE SECOND MEDIA MONITOR WINDOW OPENED TODAY SEPTEMBER 14, UP TO SEPT. 19 TUESDAY. DO NOT POST HERE ANYMORE AFTER SEPTEMBER 12, TUESDAY.

comments are welcome anytime EXCEPT those with more than 12 links or 12 URLs pasted. Tnx)

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