3rd Media Monitor first class (either regular or bonus: BACKGROUND; BALANCE)

3rd Media Monitor of the first  class (either regular or bonus) can be posted here

The third media monitor (regular or any of the bonuses not yet submitted) can be posted here, with deadline on Wednesday Sept. 12 at 5pm.

   In addition to the ten choices of bonus titles/ bonus topics already provided, the following are additional bonus topics/ bonus titles:

   BONUS TITLE/BONUS TOPIC: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items. In particular, please evaluate whether the news report/ feature/ is well-backgrounded and the phenomenon is fully explained in ordinary language; state the pertinent provisions.

    BONUS TITLE/BONUS TOPIC: Senate Siege. The  Malacañang effort to warrantlessly seize Senator Trillanes. In particular, please evaluate whether the news report/ feature is balanced and presents the side of all parties affected by the conflict [or, at the very least, the reporter or the media organization made an effort to get the side of the parties affected

    ( for example: “The ____ _______ (name of publication) contacted the office of DOJ Secretary Guevarra to get his comment but as of press time (as of posting time), he did not return the call etc.” would suffice ).

Happy viewing/ reading/ professionalizing!

(photo credits: From the file of John Tewell: Photo shows the University of the Philippines Main Library in 1949; used here non-commercially for for academic purposes)

17 thoughts on “3rd Media Monitor first class (either regular or bonus: BACKGROUND; BALANCE)

  1. Bonus: Senate Siege

    With the call to arrest Senator Trillanes due to his vital role in the Oakwood Mutiny and the Manila Peninsula Incident, the public needs to know both sides of this dilemma. Being unbiased can help readers shape fair thoughts on the topic. Under the Philippine Press Institude Code of Ethics, it states that a journalist must “scrupulously report and interpret the news.” This means that the journalist should show the whole truth. Thus, they must be able to inform people about all angles of the issue.

    In this Inquirer article, Pazzibugan was able to apply this by stating the sentiments of both Duterte and Trillanes. Pazzibugan first wrote about how President Duterte plans on arresting Trillanes under Proclamation No. 572 that voids his application of amnesty. According to him, Trillanes did not admit responsibility in the two sieges that happened in 2003 and 2007. However, the Senator was able to produce a paper trail that disproved him. He told news outfits that the application of amnesty required him to admit that he was involved in the sieges. Further down the line, the lack of due process in this case and the double jeopardy to be committed by Duterte would void the validity of the arrest. With this information, it is evident that the journalist who wrote the article depicted and criticized both sides of the story. Thus, she was able to adhere to the PPI Code of Ethics.

    Source:
    http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1029384/trillanes-asks-sc-to-void-arrest-order

  2. BONUS: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items
    3rd Media Monitor

    A provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics states, “Gather, update, and correct information throughout the life of a news story,” as well as, “provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing, or summarising a story”, and “boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.”

    The news article written by ABS-CBN News regarding the rise of prices among food items in the Philippines and the “shrinkflation” phenomenon is what I would consider a good example of an article that properly abides by the provisions stated above.

    With regards to the language used in the article, the author used simple and easily understandable words, ones that explained the price surge well. No highly technical words were used, and the author even utilized concrete examples to get his point across. To aid in understanding phenomena such as “shrinkflation” used in the article, there was a link in the article that led to another article which explained “shrinkflation” and what it entails.

    The information used (primarily a series of statistics and numbers) was properly credited to their respective sources. The article made use of exact and accurate facts when talking about the inflation rates in the Philippines.

    The article also explored the side of the “unheard”. By interviewing not just authoritative figures, they were able to give a voice to the voiceless. The article shed light on the struggles of the affected, and even though the article made use of fairly simple words, the hard facts were still included, therefore not oversimplifying the article to the extent of inaccuracy.

    Source:
    https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/09/06/18/shrinkflation-creeps-into-carinderia-plates-as-prices-soar

  3. BONUS: Senate Siege
    3rd Media Monitor

    This article focused on the Former Defense Undersecretary Honorio Azcueta validating the amnesty given to Trillanes.

    Writing the story of every news is very crucial especially in the perspective of the reader because this is the medium where they completely acquire the face of an issue and all its sides. Therefore, it will be essential for journalists to continually remember the PPI Code of Ethics, “I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognize the duty to air the other side and to correct substantive errors promptly”.

    With regards to this article of Rappler, the media organization was able to have an interview with Azcueta, he explained the validity of Trillanes’ amnesty and the process he underwent before. However, the reporter was not able to put the side of the government and the reason for making the Proclamation 572 aside from the supposed failure to apply and to admit his guilt, because these are obtained and showed by Trillanes before (as per Azcueta). They just gave the generic side of the government which every news outlet gave from the previous news.

    It should be remembered to write the story covering both the sides of the coin to have a better view of the issue and to avoid being seen as biased by its readers.

    Source: https://www.rappler.com/nation/211554-trillanes-amnesty-valid-former-defense-undersecretary-azcueta

  4. Third Media Monitor
    Bonus Title: Senate Siege

    Last Sept 9, Rappler journalist Lian Buan wrote an article detailing the timeline of events surrounding Proclamation No. 572 and its effect on Sen. Trillanes’ amnesty. The article is titled “TIMELINE: Gov’t gaps, retractions in voiding Trillanes amnesty” and can be accessed through Google search or the link below.

    At first glance, the title of the article itself is somewhat leading, suggesting to the reader that there are indeed inconsistencies on the side of the government when they released the said proclamation. This violates the Code of Professional and Ethical Conduct of the Philippine Press Institute that says, “all efforts must be exerted to make stories fair, accurate and balanced.” But upon further reading of the article, Journalist Buan displayed quotes and statements from both sides of the fence, namely Sen. Trillanes and the Government, ultimately fulfilling her responsibility as a journalist to “[get] the [story of the] other side [], especially for the most sensitive and critical stories.” In addition, Journalist Buan also provided evidence in the form pictures of the actual formal documents presented by both sides to defend their side which also fulfills Journalist Buan’s responsibility to “[n]ever deliberately distort facts or context, including visual information. Clearly label illustrations and re-enactments.” The combination of these factors leads me to conclude that the article is indeed a balanced representation of the Senate Siege.

    Sources:
    Lian Buan article (https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/211524-timeline-gaps-retractions-trillanes-amnesty)
    Code of Professional and Ethical Conduct of the Philippine Press Institute (http://www.mediawise.org.uk/philippines-2/)
    SPJ Code of Ethics on Distorting Facts (https://blogs.spjnetwork.org/ethicscode/?p=155)

  5. 3rd Media Coverage
    Bonus Title: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    SPJ Code of Ethics
    – “Gather, update, and correct information throughout the life of a news story”
    – “Provide Context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.”

    The news article by Ralf Rivas (Rappler), would be a good example of an article that properly abides by the provisions stated by the SPJ Code of Ethics.

    Both articles posted clearly gave updates regarding the inflation happening in the country. Likewise, providing context and information about the inflation, making sure anyone can understand the situation. It was clearly explained in ordinary language. In the first article – Bangkok Sentral hikes interest rates again over high inflation, the article included information on how the interest works, how it affects inflation and the sectors. In the second article – Inflation surges to 6.4% in August 2018, exceed estimates, gave percentages and updates about the surge. Thus, proving that these articles are good examples that abides by the provisions of the SPJ Code of Ethics.

    Sources:
    https://www.rappler.com/business/209167-bangko-sentral-pilipinas-raises-interest-rates-august-2018
    https://www.rappler.com/business/211176-inflation-rate-philippines-august-2018

  6. Third Media Coverage
    Bonus Title: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    SPJ CODE OF ETHICS:

    (1) Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.

    Gov’t ‘did little or nothing’ to stop 6.4% August inflation
    By Mara Cepeda
    Published 9:10 PM, September 05, 2018
    Updated 9:10 PM, September 05, 2018

    This news article talks about Rep. Salceda’s statement on the 6.4% inflation rate last month. Although he was criticizing the government for not doing anything to stop the inflation, the article was also able to explain thoroughly the government’s only course of action to address the problem (increasing the interest rates by 50 basis points). The article was also able to explain, through Rep. Salceda’s statement five main drivers of inflation and raised measures to control the said inflation. It also made an effort to let Rep. Arroyo state her opinion about the matter. This showed fair, unbiased and balanced news that stated both sides. This is also an example of a news article that provided proper context. It successfully stated the current inflation rate and its effects commodity prices; explained the reasons behind it and provided measures on how to resolve the national problem. Furthermore, the reason behind the rise of the inflation rate through the opinion of Rep. Salceda was in ordinary English or in layman’s terms.

    Sources:
    https://blogs.spjnetwork.org/ethicscode/?p=10
    https://www.rappler.com/business/211257-joey-salceda-statement-august-2018-inflation-rate

  7. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Drug War

    SPJ Code of Ethics:
    – “Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing, or summarizing a story.”
    – “Diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticism or allegations of wrongdoing.”

    Article: Cop linked to drugs killed in South Cotabato buy-bust operation – https://www.rappler.com/nation/211552-police-rommil-barcellano-killed-buy-bust-operation-september-8-2018

    The article was able to comply with the first statement in the SPJ Code of Ethics mentioned, since it was able to provide context by stating the drug usage and criminal background of the cop who was arrested and killed because of another case of “nanlaban”. The article also took great care in using words such as “supposed” and “allegedly” which shows that all the claims by Philippine National Police (PNP) are merely accusations or speculations without much solid evidence.

    However, the article was unable to comply with the second statement of the SPJ Code of Ethics mentioned above. This is because it failed to show the possible side of the witnesses, or even of the killed suspect’s relatives. It just stated the police’s accusations without being able to give the readers a different view or angle as to what happened.

  8. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Ramon Tulfo

    One of the provisions in the Philippine Press Institute Code of Ethics is “I shall conduct myself in public or while performing my duties as journalist in such manner as to maintain the dignity of my profession. When in doubt, decency should be my watchword”

    Ramon Tulfo clearly violated this provision since his attitute towards the incident in PGH was foul and some of the doctors considered it as cyberbullying and doctor shaming since he uploaded the video of the incident on the internet.

    The video was posted on Facebook and showed him screaming and confronting doctors at PGH over a child he ran over.

    The video saw him abusing the staff members on duty and he did not want to follow the protocol at PGH thus violating the provision since he was in public and was not at all decent towards the staff in the hospital.

    Source: https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/08/19/18/pgh-doctors-cry-foul-over-ramon-tulfo-cyberbullying-doctor-shaming

  9. BONUS: “Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items”
    3rd Media Monitor

    The following provisions of SPJ Code of Ethics and PPI Code of Ethics were followed:

    SPJ Code of Ethics:
    SEEK TRUTH AND REPORT IT. Ethical journalism should be accurate and fair. Journalists should be honest and courageous in gathering, reporting, and interpreting information.

    PPI Code of Ethics:
    I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognize the duty to air the other side and the duty to correct substantive errors promptly.

    The Philippine Star acted in accordance with these provisions in their report last September 6 entitled, “Commentary: Filipino consumers face an uphill battle with inflation”. They did so by critically gathering their sources and openly reporting both sides of the story.

    The provisions under SPJ’s Code of Ethics in ‘Seek and Report it’ specifically; (1) Take responsibility for the accuracy of the work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible; (2) Provide context. Take care not to misinterpret or oversimplify in promoting, previewing, or summarizing a story; and (3) Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources, were carefully followed by the media group.

    PhilStar embraced a full spectrum of the story, from comparing the country’s inflation to other countries, to past years, and to the estimated forecast by the BSP, they also looked upon what may have caused it and what it caused Filipinos.

    The report was based on the latest available data from the Philippine Statistics Authority, headline inflation rate accelerated to 6.4 percent in August 2018. PhilStar met how it exceeded forecasts of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas pegged at 5.9 percent and the Department of Finance at 5.8 percent. An analysis by the Department of Finance was also included stating the leading diver of the inflation in July was electricity, gas and other fuels. As for August, BSP Governor Nestor Espenilla Jr. attributed it with food supply shocks. With this, the Philippine power sector meets a new challenge to view more efficient ways in order to ensure power. Department of Energy’s latest list of committed power projects in Luzon was recognized and was aided by Power Plant Watch’s data on the already 7 incidences of yellow alerts this Q1 (+4 vs. 2017). Further, they delve into a recent Ulat ng Bayan Survey of Pulse Asia, arriving that majority of the Filipino adults are dissatisfied with the price of their electricity. With acknowledgment of Meralco’s tariff reductions, the rise of inflation and the price hike of consumer goods still puts pressure on Filipinos, more especially on the poor. Finally, they instigated ways to resolve it by “developing long-term policies which streamline the bureaucratic permit process, increase investments in power generation to meet rapid demand growth, resolve regulatory delays towards a transparent and competitive electricity market”.

    As for the PPI Code of Ethics, PhilStar objectively reported the article and laid out vital information the public is entitled to know. They did not distort the truth in any way, it may be a news-feature article, but they did not twist the news-instead they gave criticisms to the underlying issue and provided solutions. They put proper emphasis on the facts and did not distort them in any way.

    Article:
    https://www.philstar.com/other-sections/news-feature/2018/09/06/1849217/commentary-filipino-consumers-face-uphill-battle-inflation

  10. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    The SPJ Code of Ethics states that, “gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story,” and “the public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources.”

    The article attached below talks about how galunggong becomes an inflation pace setter due to heavy rainfall present nowadays. This article abides by the rule of gathering and updating correct facts by informing people of this change because some people’s lifestyle might change because of this event and this way they can do something to adjust to this change. This article also abides by the rule of citing sources wherein the author of the article tells how he got the numbers about the inflation rate. This way, people who are curious will go to the source to make sure the details are true.

    Source: https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/09/03/18/galunggong-former-staple-fish-is-now-inflation-pace-setter

  11. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    SPJ Code of Ethics:
    + “Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.”
    + “Never deliberately distort facts or context, including visual information. Clearly label illustrations and re-enactments.”

    Article: Inflation zooms past forecasts as underemployment rises
    https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/09/05/18/inflation-zooms-to-64-percent-in-august-fastest-in-nearly-10-years

    This article is a good example of a news report that follows the provisions in the SPJ Code of Ethics that I referred to in this post. It coherently explains the causes of the recent inflation surge and its effects on unemployment, the PSE, the value of peso, and food prices. It also supplies background information, such as the inflation trend in the Philippines for the last decade and the prices of goods from the month before, to give context on how serious the current situation is and how it compares to the past. While the article is quite lengthy and involves some data analytics, it manages to present the details in a way that is simple enough for any casual reader to understand by using uncomplicated wordings and defining some of the more obscure economic terms mentioned. Lastly, the report provides properly labelled charts and graphs to serve as visual guides—making the report even easier to comprehend.

  12. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS:”Drug War”

    In this news article written by Dumaboc, Mayol and Semilla (2018) on inquirer.net last September 6, it was reported that a mayor in Cebu City who was tagged by Duterte as a “narcopolitician,” was shot dead in his office at the town of Ronda. Mayor Mariano Blanco III, who had feared for his safety after being publicly linked by the President to the illegal drug trade in the country, had been seeking refuge in his office at the municipal hall for safety. According to the report, he had been sleeping there often during several days of the week and had even altered his usual routine. 
    
    I believe that this news article was able to successfully comply with two SPJ provisions, specifically to (1) “Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story” and to (2) “ Identify sources clearly. The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources.” 
    
    In the news article, the author made it a point to provide the context as to why the former mayor was slain, despite the background story lengthening the article. He ensured that this was included so that the reason behind the incident was clear; hence it could not be taken out of context and people would not create false assumptions about it. 
    
    Furthermore, the author had also identified where his information about the incident had come from. He made mention of specific names of the officers who were involved in the investigation of the case, and he had also noted, at the end of the article, that the information were gathered from the reports by the Inquirer research team and the Armed Forces of the Philippines. Most especially in articles like these, it is important that sources are identified clearly and are reliable since the gravity of reports like these require accurate sources.
    
    In totality I believe that this article is a good example of an article that follows the provision of the SPJ, especially when reporting about cases like extra judicial killings or investigations of cases related to the ongoing drug war. Upon reading this article, it appeared to be objective, free from biased editorials, and held no accusatory tone. 
    

    Source: Mayol, A. V., Dumaboc, M., & Semilla, N. L. (2018, September 6). Armed men kill fifth mayor on Duterte drug list. Retrieved September 11, 2018, from http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1028961/armed-men-kill-fifth-mayor-on-duterte-drug-list

  13. 3rd Media Monitor
    Bonus: Ben Tulfo

    News article: “Teo, Tulfos firm in not returning controversial P60M tourism ad money” (ABS-CBN News)

    The news article focuses on the controversial 60 million tourism ad money that Ben Tulfo, along with Erwin Tulfo and Wanda Teo, has not returned to the DOT.

    In the Philippine Press Institute Expanded Code of Ethics, it is stated that “all efforts must be exerted to make stories fair, accurate and balanced,” as well as, “getting the other side is a must.”

    Ultimately, I feel that the news article was one-sided and focused heavily on what Teo and the Tulfos wanted to say. While it featured some responses from state television PTV president Dino Apolonio, it still lacked a more balanced and holistic view of the issue at hand. In the article, Teo mentioned that “With confidence, I can say there was nothing illegal in the contract. The transaction was between DOT and PTV-4. It was a government-to-government contract and all payments were made directly to PTV-4.” In saying this, the writers or journalists could have included the Department of Tourism’s say on the issue, as the department in itself is very much involved in the subject matter.

    In addition, prior to this whole incident, it is mentioned in the article that Ferdinand Topacio (Teo’s lawyer) initially stated that the Tulfos had agreed to return the 60 million ad money. However after a few months, the Tulfos stood firm on their stand that they were not responsible for returning the advertisement payment. I wish the news article had elaborated and given more information on this in order to create a more accurate news story.

    Source:
    News article: https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/08/14/18/teo-tulfos-firm-in-not-returning-controversial-p60m-tourism-ad-money

  14. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Senate Siege

    Last September 4, 2018, Maila Ager from the Inquirer reported that Senator Trillanes accused Solicitor General Jose Calida of being the reason behind the revoking of Trillanes’ amnesty. The Senator continues, saying that the reason Calida would want him out of the picture is because Calida is threatened by the case the senator is spear heading against him.

    Unfortunately, the author did not make the effort to report Calida’s side of the story, nor did they inform the reader whether or not they actually made an effort to reach out to Calida. This violates the code of ethics of the Philippine Press Institute that states that: “All efforts must be exerted to make stories fair, accurate and balanced Getting the other side is a must, especially for the most sensitive and critical stories. The other side must run on the first take of the story and not any day later.” Calida should have been contacted in order to hear his side of the story. His name was being implicated by the Senator. According to the code of ethics, he has the right to refute any of the claims against him.

    Source:
    http://www.mediawise.org.uk/philippines-2/
    https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1028049/trillanes-thinks-calida-is-behind-revocation-of-amnesty-granted-to-him

  15. BONUS: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items
    3rd Media Monitor

    This provision of the SPJ Code of Ethics was not followed:
    (1) Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing, or summarizing a story.

    This provision of the Philippine Press Institute Code of Ethics was not followed:
    (1) I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognize the duty to air the other side and the duty to correct substantive errors promptly.


    Article: Rice Prices Continue to Rise
    https://business.inquirer.net/256817/rice-prices-continue-rise-2

    The report is about the continuing price inflation of rice, and the limited supply of NFA rice in the market. To support the article, they provided a statistic on the current retail prices of rice, and was compared to last year’s retail prices. They were also able to cover the plans of the NFA Council to address the issue. However, they were not able to cover the cause of the surge in rice prices. In addition, there were vague parts in the article; “Lawmakers blamed the agency’s “incompetence and corruption” as the main cause for its lagging operations.” They should’ve provided more details as to why the lawmakers were able to make such comment.

  16. 3rd Media Monitor
    Regular: “Sison: Duterte to be ousted ‘between now and middle of 2019’

    The article discusses Jose Maria Sison’s opinion on the length of Duterte’s administration. He points to the rising inflation rate and the strong reaction of Filipinos to the issue. Briefly, the author also presents a statistic that runs counter to Sison’s claim, but continues on to discuss Sison’s commentary. This news story fails to follow the provision, “Label advocacy and commentary.” It ran Sison’s personal opinion on Duterte’s politics as if it is an actual news story, when it is really a biased perspective. The violation is worsened by the fact that the article does not even make an effort to supply other sources. Blatantly, it points to Jose Ma. Sison as its main source.

    Source: Galvez, Daphne. “Sison: Duterte to be ousted between now and middle of 2019.”, The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Sept. 12, 2018. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1031104/sison-duterte-to-be-ousted-between-now-and-middle-of-2019#ixzz5Qs2jQFOI

  17. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    Link: https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/09/05/18/presyo-ng-bigas-tumaas-sa-ilang-palengke

    SPJ Code of Ethics
    “Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.”
    “Boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.”
    “Gather, update and correct information throughout the life of a news story.”

    The article talks about the inflation rate and rising prices of rice. We can say that this article adheres to the provisions of the SPJ Code of Ethics listed above. It explained the relation of high rice prices to the inflation rate, and provided information on the inflation rates of other food items. It also featured the experience of a market-goer and illustrates how this affects Filipinos who struggle to provide for their families. Lastly, it featured solutions posed by different sectors concerned with the issue such as National Food Authority, advocacy group Bantay Bigas, and Alyansa ng mga Magbubukid sa Central Luzon.

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