Section FWX Ethics Media Monitor 3rd (regular or bonus: BACKGROUND; BALANCE)

Section FWX Ethics 3rd Media Monitor  (either regular or bonus) can be posted here


The third media monitor (regular or any of the bonuses not yet submitted) can be posted here, with deadline on Thursday Sept. 13 at 5pm.
In addition to the ten choices of bonus titles/ bonus topics already provided, the following are additional bonus topics/ bonus titles:


BONUS TITLE/BONUS TOPIC: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items. In particular, please evaluate whether the news report/ feature/ is well-backgrounded and the phenomenon is fully explained in ordinary language; state the pertinent provisions.


BONUS TITLE/BONUS TOPIC: Senate Siege. The Malacañang effort to warrantlessly seize Senator Trillanes. In particular, please evaluate whether the news report/ feature is balanced and presents the side of all parties affected by the conflict 

     [or, at the very least, the reporter or the media organization made an effort to get the side of the parties affected (for example: “The ____  ________ (name of publication) contacted the office of DOJ Secretary Guevarra to get his comment but as of press time (as of posting time), he did not return the call etc.” would suffice).


Happy viewing/ reading/ professionalizing!


(photo from the U.P. archives, used here non commercially for academic purposes)

14 thoughts on “Section FWX Ethics Media Monitor 3rd (regular or bonus: BACKGROUND; BALANCE)

  1. 3rd media monitor
    Regular: “With rising sea levels, Bangkok struggles to stay afloat”

    On September 2, the Inquirer reported that Bangkok is forecasted to be partially submerged by the year 2030. Thailand’s capital is currently preparing to host climate-change talks for the next UN climate conference to be held in Poland at the end of this year.

    Bangkok is projected to be one of the world’s most affected cities, along with Jakarta and Manila. Nearly 40% of the city will be flooded by as early as 2030 because of erratic weather patterns and increasing rainfall. Furthermore, the Gulf of Thailand is also rising by four millimeters a year, also contributing to the eventual partial submergence of the city. Lastly, the weight of skyscrapers in the bustling city is also a contributing factor.

    The Inquirer admirably manifested the SPJ Code of Ethics provision that states that journalists should “boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.” The reporter gave a voice to a country not often represented in the news, as we hear mostly about either western or more powerful, developed countries. Furthermore, this news story makes other countries aware of the environmental problems that Thailand now faces. As such, this is a call to help and to make reforms in their respective countries to combat climate change.

    Sources:
    Agence France-Presse. “With rising sea levels, Bangkok struggles to stay afloat.” inquirer.net, 2 September 2018. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1027282/with-rising-sea-levels-bangkok-struggles-to-stay-afloat.

    “SPJ Code of Ethics.” SPJ, 9 Sept. 2014, http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp.

  2. 3rd media monitor
    Regular: “With rising sea levels, Bangkok struggles to stay afloat”

    On September 2, the Inquirer reported that Bangkok is forecasted to be partially submerged by the year 2030. Thailand’s capital is currently preparing to host climate-change talks for the next UN climate conference to be held in Poland at the end of this year.

    Bangkok is projected to be one of the world’s most affected cities, along with Jakarta and Manila. Nearly 40% of the city will be flooded by as early as 2030 because of erratic weather patterns and increasing rainfall. Furthermore, the Gulf of Thailand is also rising by four millimeters a year, also contributing to the eventual partial submergence of the city. Lastly, the weight of skyscrapers in the bustling city is also a contributing factor.

    The Inquirer admirably manifested the SPJ Code of Ethics provision that states that journalists should “boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.” The reporter gave a voice to a country not often represented in the news, as we hear mostly about either western or more powerful, developed countries. Furthermore, this news story makes other countries aware of the environmental problems that Thailand now faces. As such, this is a call to help and to make reforms in their respective countries to combat climate change.

    Sources:
    Agence France-Presse. “With rising sea levels, Bangkok struggles to stay afloat.” inquirer.net, 2 September 2018. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1027282/with-rising-sea-levels-bangkok-struggles-to-stay-afloat.

    “SPJ Code of Ethics.” SPJ, 9 Sept. 2014, http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp.

  3. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Senate Siege

    President Duterte has issued Proclamation no. 572 revoking the amnesty given to Senator Antonio Trillanes IV by the previous administration and immediately ordered his arrest. Trillanes has been staying in his office in the Senate since September 4, 2018 as a protective measure that the military and police will not arrest him without a warrant of arrest issued by the court. While Duterte has denied Trillanes’ allegations and said that he decided to wait for the courts to issue an arrest warrant against the senator instead of ordering a military arrest. In PhilStar’s article entitled “Trillanes: No arrest order another lie”, Marvin Sy, the writer of the article, has clearly shown all the sides of the story. His article has statements coming from Pres. Duterte, Senator Trillanes, Vice President Robredo and Edwin Lacierda. The report mentioned Lacierda’s, spokeperson of ex-president Aquino, belief that politics is behind Trillanes’ sudden revocation of amnesty. Lacierda argued that of all the Magdalo soldiers who applied for the amnesty application, it is clear that the Duterte administration is focused on eliminating each and every one of its critics including Senator Trillanes who’s known for being one of Duterte’s harshest and most vocal critics. The Philippine Press Institute Expanded Code of Ethics states that journalists “shall accord equal prominence to rejoinders, rebuttals and clarification from persons or agencies criticized in stories.” Sy’s article in PhilStar has shown a balanced and fair perspective on the on-going senate siege involving Senator Trillanes and Pres. Duterte’s looming arrest order against Trillanes. The said article also abides by the provision in the SPJ Code of Ethics that states journalists should “diligently seek subjects of news coverage to allow them to respond to criticisms or allegations of wrongdoing.” Trillanes was given a chance to rebut the statements of both Pres. Duterte and DOJ secretary Guevarra in Sy’s article. And lastly, the Philstar report follows the Philippine Press code of Ethics provision that journalists shall “recognize the duty to air the other side.” The Philstar article has aired both sides of the defendant and accused and even added more background information on the cause of the sudden order of arrest and revocation of amnesty of the president. 
    

    SOURCE:
    Sy, M. (2018, September 9). Trillanes: No arrest order another lie. Retrieved from https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/09/09/1849899/trillanes-no-arrest-order-another-lie

  4. 3rd media monitor
    Regular: “With rising sea levels, Bangkok struggles to stay afloat”

    On September 2, the Inquirer reported that Bangkok is forecasted to be partially submerged by the year 2030. Thailand’s capital is currently preparing to host climate-change talks for the next UN climate conference to be held in Poland at the end of this year.

    Bangkok is projected to be one of the world’s most affected cities, along with Jakarta and Manila. Nearly 40% of the city will be flooded by as early as 2030 because of erratic weather patterns and increasing rainfall. Furthermore, the Gulf of Thailand is also rising by four millimeters a year, also contributing to the eventual partial submergence of the city. Lastly, the weight of skyscrapers in the bustling city is also a contributing factor.

    The Inquirer admirably manifested the SPJ Code of Ethics provision that states that journalists should “boldly tell the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience. Seek sources whose voices we seldom hear.” The reporter gave a voice to a country not often represented in the news, as we hear mostly about either western or more powerful, developed countries. Furthermore, this news story makes other countries aware of the environmental problems that Thailand now faces. As such, this is a call to help and to make reforms in their respective countries to combat climate change.

    Sources:
    Agence France-Presse. “With rising sea levels, Bangkok struggles to stay afloat.” inquirer.net, 2 September 2018. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1027282/with-rising-sea-levels-bangkok-struggles-to-stay-afloat.

    “SPJ Code of Ethics.” SPJ, 9 Sept. 2014, http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp.

  5. BONUS TITLE/BONUS TOPIC: Senate Siege

    "LOOK: This is the Senate couch that Trillanes sleeps on” by Catherine Gonzales from the Philippine Daily Inquirer instantly caught my eye as I scrolled through the Trillanes related news items. I was easily drawn to it because of its very unique title. In the plainest sense, it made me wonder “Why?”. This news item fell under the “nation” category of the Inquirer. I was surprised to see this kind of title, as I thought, “Is this even really news worthy content?”. 
    

    The article centered on the pitiful living situation of Senator Antonio Trillanes. After the president first ordered the revocation of his amnesty, the senator has been sleeping on a small couch inside the senate building due to his pending possible arrest. The article also talks about how Trillanes sleeps without air-conditioning, how he bathes with a “timba”, and how he entertains himself with an old school radio.

    I felt that the article focused too much on sensationalizing Trillanes’ current situation. It put Trillanes in such a pitiful light. I felt that there was agenda setting involved upon framing Trillanes’ personality in this way. Talking about the very “normal” and non-extravagant  sleeping situation of the senator will evoke to the emotions of many Filipino people. The article has the power to sway people’s opinions in favor of the senator, even if it did not mention much about the trial he is facing, and the real issues at hand.
    
    In essence, I found the news article very unbalanced. It directed audiences attention to pitying Trillanes, rather than informing them more about the case. The article narrated multiple statements from trillanes, and only one small note from Senate President Sotto saying: "Senate President Vicente “Tito” Sotto III earlier said the military cannot arrest him in the Senate grounds”. Clearly, this article was meant to evoke emotions from readers, and show how much of a “good guy” Trillanes is.
    

    SOURCE: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1029516/look-this-is-the-senate-couch-that-trillanes-sleeps-on

  6. 3rd Media Monitor
    Bonus: Senate Siege

    The provisions of the law included in the issue are Section 19, Article VII, of the 1987 Constitution which posits that the “power to grant amnesty with the concurrence of a majority of all the Members of the Congress.” is with the President, as well as Proclamation no. 572 which voided the amnesty given to Senator Trillanes IV years ago.

    Synthesizing with the discussions in class, Rappler was able to make a very concise, unbiased documentation of how the story unfolds. By providing a chronological framework and series of events, Rappler was able to include the sides of all the parties that are involved — or chose to be involved — in the issue.

    Specific sections were created for the individuals who are currently present in the story such as Senator Trillanes IV himself, Calida, the Office Of Malacañang, VP Roberdo, as well as the other law makers. The sections contained the respective stands and actions of the aforementioned individuals (and entity, as is in the case of the office of Malacañang).

    By going beyond the main individuals included in the issue – Duterte and Trillanes -, Rappler was able to greatly satisfy the 1st provision of the Philippine Journalist’s Code Of Ethics, which mandated that journalists ought to recognize “the duty to air the other side and to correct substantive errors promptly.” By satisfying this criteria, the media report was able to provide a more holistic narrative that was built on complete contextualization, information, and unbiased reporting.

    Source: https://www.rappler.com/nation/211806-no-need-add-duterte-gazmin-theory-trillanes-amnesty-revocation-order

  7. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS TITLE: Senate Siege

    From the Society of Professional Journalists’ (SPJ) Code of Ethics, the first provision of seeking the truth and reporting it is probably the most important tenet that all journalists should follow. This particular Inquirer article posted online yesterday, September 12, had been about the Malacañang effort or threat to warrantlessly seize Sen. Antonio Trillanes. The article at least provided some basic context for the conflict between the senator and the Duterte Administration (such as the accusations of being a military mutineer, the revival of the dismissed case, etc.) but it was not fully informative for readers who are only following the issue now. It did, however, provide links to supplementary or related news articles that would help in completing this particular background, perhaps also to avoid spoon-feeding and encourage the public to read more news in general.

    It was only quite interesting that, aside from writing in the (televised) remarks of both Trillanes and Pres. Rodrigo Duterte, the writers from Inquirer chose to get comments – the only direct quotes in the article – from a relatively uninvolved party like Sen. Risa Hontiveros, particularly about the very Trillanes-centric rants of the president during his tardily announced address last Monday. It would have been more self-explanatory had it been someone from the Department of National Defense (DND), the Department of Justice (DOJ), or any other legal counsel. Hontiveros is indeed a known figure that has been active in criticizing Duterte and his policies (albeit, from the more liberal and conservative side of the Akbayan political party) but there was no concrete explanation from the writers as to why they would purposely seek her thoughts regarding the issue.

    I only find it rather strange and questionable that they would even put it under the subheading “Waste of public’s time” (referring to the quotes attributed to her) and frame it as if she was representing the “public”. What could have been the journalists’ motivation?

    Hontiveros is, after all, still a person in power – and we must hold all such figures accountable.

    Sources:
    “SPJ Code of Ethics.” SPJ, 9 Sept. 2014, http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp

    Avendaño, Christine O. and Leila B. Salaverria. (12 September 2018). : “Duterte insists Trillanes amnesty not valid”. Retrieved from: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1031065/duterte-insists-trillanes-amnesty-not-valid

  8. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    In a Philippine Daily Inquirer article entitled “Senators: Slow Down on Lowering Tariff for Imported Food Products” written last August 9, 2018, journalist Gabriel Lalu covers the story on Senator Panfilo Lacson and Senate President Vicente Sotto III being two among a group of senators who called for an analysis of the effects of decreasing tariffs on food products. This was a response to the inflation rate, which reached an all time high of 5.7% in July of 2018. Lacson considered the effects that lowering tariffs on imported food products would have on local producers and pointed out that counter-inflation measures should be taken to reduce its effects on local producers. He mentioned that a surplus of imported food products would lead to very low prices to be enjoyed by consumers, but this in turn would affect local producers as they would have a hard time competing with imported goods due to the high cost of production.

    Through this article, the journalist manifests the provision in the Society of Journalists’ Code of Ethics that states that journalists should “recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government. Seek to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in the open, and that public records are open to all.” However, the journalist was not able to follow the SPJ provision that states to “provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.” While the topics discussed are written in language easily understood, the journalist failed to provide pertinent background information on why the food tariffs are rising. The journalist was also not able to explain the sky-rocketing inflation rate, leaving readers to do their own research.

    Sources:
    Lalu, Gabriel P. “Senators: Slow down on lowering tariff for imported food products.” inquirer.net, 9 August 2018. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1019393/senators-slow-down-on-lowering-tariff-for-imported-food-products.

    “SPJ Code of Ethics.” SPJ, 9 Sept. 2014, http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp.

  9. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    In a Philippine Daily Inquirer article entitled “Senators: Slow Down on Lowering Tariff for Imported Food Products” written last August 9, 2018, journalist Gabriel Lalu covers the story on Senator Panfilo Lacson and Senate President Vicente Sotto III being two among a group of senators who called for an analysis of the effects of decreasing tariffs on food products. This was a response to the inflation rate, which reached an all time high of 5.7% in July of 2018. Lacson considered the effects that lowering tariffs on imported food products would have on local producers and pointed out that counter-inflation measures should be taken to reduce its effects on local producers. He mentioned that a surplus of imported food products would lead to very low prices to be enjoyed by consumers, but this in turn would affect local producers as they would have a hard time competing with imported goods due to the high cost of production.

    Through this article, the journalist manifests the provision in the Society of Journalists’ Code of Ethics that states that journalists should “recognize a special obligation to serve as watchdogs over public affairs and government. Seek to ensure that the public’s business is conducted in the open, and that public records are open to all.” However, the journalist was not able to follow the SPJ provision that states to “provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.” While the topics discussed are written in language easily understood, the journalist failed to provide pertinent background information on why the food tariffs are rising. The journalist was also not able to explain the sky-rocketing inflation rate, leaving readers to do their own research.

    Sources:
    Lalu, Gabriel P. “Senators: Slow down on lowering tariff for imported food products.” inquirer.net, 9 August 2018. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1019393/senators-slow-down-on-lowering-tariff-for-imported-food-products.

    “SPJ Code of Ethics.” SPJ, 9 Sept. 2014, http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp.

  10. THIRD MEDIA MONITOR:
    BONUS: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    In Rappler’s article on the 6.4% inflation rate experienced in August 2018, Ralf Rivas kept his report factual. It is backed up with statistics and even an explanation for this phenomenon given by Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Governor Nestor Espenilla Jr. Rivas reported, Espenilla “attributed the spikes to the “unfortunate confluence of cost-push factors” and the “elevated oil prices” which drove transport and power prices higher.”

    Although the reporter did follow the SPJ provision on ‘taking responsibility for the accuracy of their work’ since his report is indeed accurate, the difficult words they used like “confluence of cost-push factors” can alienate the readers from what is happening, which is unfortunate since the ones who experience this sudden surge of prices the most are probably the ones who will have great difficulty understanding what all these numbers meant.

    Another provision of the SPJ Code of Ethics is that the reporter should “Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story.”

    Fortunately, the article he published is peppered with links on related reads (most of which he also wrote) that would supplement the discussion on inflation. “How inflation affects you” is much easier to digest, and offers explanations on the cause of inflation, how it is measured, and how it affects us.

    With these additional articles, the readers can further understand what inflation is and it wouldn’t just be an article with random numbers and figures that would struggle to make sense.

    Sources:
    https://www.rappler.com/business/211176-inflation-rate-philippines-august-2018
    https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/211177-explanation-effects-of-inflation
    SPJ Code of Ethics

  11. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS TITLE: Recent Surge in the prices of Food Items

    A news article posted by ABS-CBN online, yesterday, September 12, 2018, said that price hikes on basic goods will be on hold for at least 3 months according to the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI). This is relevant to today’s societal affairs due to the recent news about the inflation rate in our country’s economy and how it will greatly affect people who depends on basic goods to get by on a daily basis. I also noticed that they specified which basic goods and prime commodities are included in DTI’s moratorium, which I think is a nice consideration on their part since it adds to the factuality of the news itself. This clearly manifests one of the provisions in the Philippine Press Code of Ethics, stating that a journalist should scrupulously report the news and avoid the suppression of vital information.

    It’s also nice that the article included what measures and steps the government is currently taking to alleviate the high inflation rate, through including direct quotations from credible sources such as DTI undersecretary Ruth Castelo, as well as quotations from president Rodrigo Duterte’s recent televised interview. This shows how the journalist is doing his/her job to update the public on a developing story, since the high inflation rate in itself is a matter of public interest that will have a lasting impact, and a news story that would probably run for a longer amount of time.

    Furthermore, although the article itself is just short, I think still successfully gave context to the issue even though it didn’t really explain word per word in the article what inflation rate is and why its increase will adversely effect the lives of the Filipinos, it still provides links to other news articles regarding in-depth explanation of what inflation is. This is a good manifestation of the provisions in the SPJ Code of Ethics, which states that journalists should provide context and take special care not to misrepresent, oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story, as well as providing access to source material when it is relevant and appropriate, which in this case is highly vital for the readers.

    Sources:
    https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/09/12/18/price-hikes-on-basic-goods-on-hold-for-at-least-3-months-dti
    -SPJ Code of Ethics
    -Philippine Press Code of Ethics

  12. 3rd Media Monitor
    BONUS TITLE: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    A news article posted by ABS-CBN online, yesterday, September 12, 2018, said that price hikes on basic goods will be on hold for at least 3 months according to the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI). This is relevant to today’s societal affairs due to the recent news about the inflation rate in our country’s economy and how it will greatly affect people who depends on basic goods to get by on a daily basis. I also noticed that they specified which basic goods and prime commodities are included in DTI’s moratorium, which I think is a nice consideration on their part since it adds to the factuality of the news itself. This clearly manifests one of the provisions in the Philippine Press Code of Ethics, stating that a journalist should scrupulously report the news and avoid the suppression of vital information.

    It’s also nice that the article included what measures and steps the government is taking are to alleviate the high inflation rate, by including direct quotations from credible sources such as DTI undersecretary Ruth Castelo, as well as quotations from president Rodrigo Duterte’s recent televised interview. This shows how the journalist is doing his/her job to update the public on a developing story, since the high inflation rate in itself is a matter of public interest that will have a lasting impact, and a news story that would probably run for a longer amount of time.

    Furthermore, although the article itself is just short, I think still successfully gave context to the issue even though it didn’t really explain word per word in the article what inflation rate is and why its increase will adversely effect the lives of the Filipinos, it still provides links to other news articles regarding in-depth explanation of what inflation is. This is a good manifestation of the provisions in the SPJ Code of Ethics, which states that journalists should provide context and take special care not to misrepresent, oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story, as well as providing access to source material when it is relevant and appropriate, which in this case is highly vital for the readers.

    Sources:
    https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/09/12/18/price-hikes-on-basic-goods-on-hold-for-at-least-3-months-dti
    SPJ’s Code of Ethics
    Philippine Press Code of Ethics

  13. Third Media Monitor
    BONUS TITLE: Recent Surge in the Prices of Food Items

    A news article posted by ABS-CBN online, yesterday, September 12, 2018, said that price hikes on basic goods will be on hold for at least 3 months according to the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI). This is relevant to today’s societal affairs due to the recent news about the inflation rate in our country’s economy and how it will greatly affect people who depends on basic goods to get by on a daily basis. I also noticed that they specified which basic goods and prime commodities are included in DTI’s moratorium, which I think is a nice consideration on their part since it adds to the factuality of the news itself. This clearly manifests one of the provisions in the Philippine Press Code of Ethics, stating that a journalist should scrupulously report the news and avoid the suppression of vital information.

    It’s also nice that the article included what measures and steps the government is taking are to alleviate the high inflation rate, by including direct quotations from credible sources such as DTI undersecretary Ruth Castelo, as well as quotations from president Rodrigo Duterte’s recent televised interview. This shows how the journalist is doing his/her job to update the public on a developing story, since the high inflation rate in itself is a matter of public interest that will have a lasting impact, and a news story that would probably run for a longer amount of time.

    Furthermore, although the article itself is just short, I think still successfully gave context to the issue even though it didn’t really explain word per word in the article what inflation rate is and why its increase will adversely effect the lives of the Filipinos, it still provides links to other news articles regarding in-depth explanation of what inflation is. This is a good manifestation of the provisions in the SPJ Code of Ethics, which states that journalists should provide context and take special care not to misrepresent, oversimplify in promoting, previewing or summarizing a story, as well as providing access to source material when it is relevant and appropriate, which in this case is highly vital for the readers.

    Sources:
    https://news.abs-cbn.com/business/09/12/18/price-hikes-on-basic-goods-on-hold-for-at-least-3-months-dti
    SPJ’s Code of Ethics
    Philippine Press Code of Ethics

    (Note: The media monitor I posted earlier before the deadline, for some reason, was not posted. Every time I try to post it, it won’t appear in the comments section. When I try to repost it again, the site notifies me that it’s already a duplicate comment. I think there might have been a technical error)

If the comment posted does not appear here, that's because COMMENTS WITH SEVERAL HYPERLINKS ARE DETAINED BY AKISMET AT THE SPAM FOLDER.

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