(UPDATED) Lucky 8 & 9: 8th & 9th Media Monitor here #UniversityofthePhilippines #UPDiliman

(UPDATED) Lucky 8 and Lucky 9:

The 8th and the 9th Media Monitor

(UPDATED April 21: For obvious reasons, and for orderly submission of work, please put the title, “8th Media Monitor” on your work; and “9th Media Monitor” on the second one, if any. If submitting a Bonus, indicate so in the title: Do not re-assign a new number to the Bonus but follow the number it was given here, regardless of how many bonuses you have previously submitted or have not submitted; then state the topic.) …

          For the first class: The 8th Media Monitor and the 9th Media Monitor can be submitted here , preferably in one post for ease of checking and recording.

     They can cover media content from the previous two weeks, to the present week, up to next week, or media content for the period April 3- 26, with deadline on April 26 at 12:00 noon. Bonuses not yet posted apply.

     So, in sum:

     Two posts can be submitted for this window : They can either be

     1)two regular media monitor,


      2) one regular and one bonus,


       3) two bonuses).   (choose one pair from these three — or you can just post one if you’re not up to it. Next week’s window will already be the 10th Media Monitor, i.e., any post not submitted is considered a forfeit.).

     Happy counting-your-lucky-stars ∗ ∴ ∗ ∴∗∴ ∗


    8th Media Monitor (REGULAR):

    At 1:04 AM of April 24, Julie Alipala published an article in the Philippine Daily Inquirer about women in Zamboanga City “vanish[ing]” and turning up dead. The beginning of her article was “[victim’s name], 23, went missing on April 2. Her naked body was found seven days later.” This immediately foreshadowed the unethical practice of newswriting to come from the article. She then began to list down other victims, describing the state of their dead bodies, such as one whose face was described as “smashed beyond recognition” while “her hands [were] tied with a nylon rope behind her back.”

    The provision most prominently violated in this article is under the Minimize Harm section of the SPJ Code of Ethics, which states that journalists should “balance the public’s need for information against potential harm or discomfort.” This article could have survived without brutal details that outlined the different ways women and teenage girls alike were tortured before their death. Readers could get the point the article was trying to make even without them.

    The next provision violated in this article, under the Minimize Harm section of the SPJ Code of Ethics, was that journalists should “[s]how compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage [and u]se heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources or subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give consent.” Obviously, by enumerating the names of these victims (especially with the sexual connotation of their dead bodies being naked) and their violent deaths, the author was not ethical in her writing. Furthermore, I found her writing to be pretty insensitive. There was an apparent attempt for the author to be objective, but it backfired because she then sounded heartless. This is probably because of the way she wrote the lead, like it was a usual and mundane occurrence.

    Lastly, a provision that was violated under the SPJ Code of Ethics was that journalists should “avoid pandering to lurid curiosity, even if others do.” Because of the violent details, the article may be difficult to read for some viewers, to the point that they find it offensive. In the end, the article also seemed to instill fear into its readers rather than just simply inform the readers of what happened, because of the way it was written.

    9th Media Monitor (REGULAR):

    At 8:49 PM on April 23, 2017, Lee Udhotan and Nestle Semilla published an article in the Philippine Daily Inquirer about a female cop being suspected to be a helper of the Abu Sayyaf who was detained in Bohol. While it was a generally well-written article ethics-wise, there was one violation I encountered.

    It upheld the provisions under Minimize Harm in the SPJ Code of Ethics, particularly:
    1. Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage.
    2. Balance a suspect’s right to a fair trial with the public’s right to know.

    First, the female cop and her driver who was suspected to be an accomplice, was not named at all in the article. This act shows respect to these persons’ right to privacy, because news articles I usually encounter explicitly say a private person’s name. Moreover, some other people in the article were not named, such as an “elderly woman and a teenager”, who are also at this point, just suspects, not guilty criminals. Victims were also not named explicitly.

    Next, throughout the article, the authors did not once explicitly imply that the female cop was guilty of any crime. They made sure to use words/phrases such as “claim” and “according to” to avoid violating this. With such a controversial act (helping out Abu Sayyaf), this cop needs protection from mass outrage, especially if she turns out to be innocent.

    However, my issue with this article was the headline itself: ‘Female cop suspected to be helping Abu Sayyaf in Bohol detained’. My issue is why the authors had to place “female” to refer to the cop. In most media, when a male cop is a suspect, his sex is not mentioned. This is a violation of the provision under the PPI Code of Ethics: “I shall not in any manner ridicule, cast aspersions on, or degrade any person by reason of sex, creed, religious belief, political conviction, cultural and ethnic origin.”

    With the use of the word “female”, it in turn, ridicules the cop because she is a woman. It sends a message to the readers that it is a novelty for a cop to be female, and not only that, but it is a female who might have attempted to rescue the Abu Sayyaf members. It sends a misogynistic message to the readers, because it might imply that such act could only be committed because the cop is a female. With the rise of the cyberfight against our patriarchal society, it is important to note this detail even if it might seem small to some.

  2. [8th Regular Media Monitor and 5th Bonus on Stereotyping]

    Regular MM:
    Published on the GMA News facebook page https://www.facebook.com/gmanews/videos/10155073633101977/) this April 24 was a news on a death of a 15-year old girl, who died. Based on the report’s headline, the girl was raped and poisoned, but based on the statement of the people who were interviewed, these are yet to be confirmed since there are no official autopsy report yet. This news violated two provisions, one from PPI and KBP, which states that a journalist shall exercise caution in publishing names of minors and women involved in criminal cases so that they may not unjustly lose their standing in society and unconfirmed reports shall not be aired unless immediately necessary for public knowledge, and must be verified as soon as possible, respectively.

    Bonus on Stereotyping:
    Published on rappler.com (https://www.rappler.com/move-ph/165127-inspirecourage-polio-pwd-work-vulcanizing-shop) last March 25, was an article on a man who has polio, but it never stopped him of getting a job. This article is a good practice of the KBP code of ethics on Article 3, which states that “There should be a conscious effort to avoid
    sensationalizing, stereotyping, prejudging or exploiting children with disabilities or children belonging to minority or indigenous groups,” due to the fact that it did not put the sickness and the person himself in the low-light despite the circumstances, but instead the person was set to limelight.

  3. 4TH BONUS Fake News

    The title of the news: “Chinese netizens call for United Airlines boycott” is misleading of the whole story because it was only one commentator who suggested it and no further netizens reiterated the call for boycott. In the article it says:

    “Shameless! We won’t forgive them. Ethnic Chinese around the world please boycott United Airlines!” wrote one commentator.

    Also, most of the Chinese netizens expressed their personal sentiments on the viral footage of a Chinese-Amercan man, and not necessarily calling for a boycott.

    This article, therefore, violates the provision in the Philippine Press Institute Code of Ethics, the author failed in “AVOIDING IMPROPER EMPHASIS, DISTORTION OF TRUTH” as the title was gave emphasis to the boycott, when it was not able to gather Chinese netizens at all.

    5TH BONUS Stereotyping

    When Duterte was asked on the trend of government appointees with military background, he stated:

    “Pero itong mga sibilyan, ano, napakahirap utusan.. hindi mo mapagalaw kaagad, especially during times of emergency.”

    His statement clearly shows his bias and stereotyping of civilians outside of military. President Duterte fails the provisions from SPJ Code of Ethics, “Avoid stereotyping. Journalists should examine the ways their values and experiences may shape their reporting.”
    In here, Duterte’s experience with the military should be enough for him to have trust in them, but his preconceived notion of civilians in general should not in any way affect his criteria for choosing government appointees.


    The article is about different analyst giving statements about the claim of former President Arroyo that the Aquino administration filed an arbitration case so that China may build artificial islands.

    Several experts gave their opinion about the matter but a noticeable violation on this article is that they did not gave enough credits on the De La Salle Professor Renato De Castro unlike the other analyst. They only stated that he is a professor from De La Salle University. It is a clear violation of KBP Code of Ethics Sec 4.a which states that the credibility of the source should be clearly presented to the public.

    Although the article includes other sources with proper credits like Foreign policy analyst Richard Heydarian and Director of the University of the Philippines Institute of Maritime Affairs and Law of the sea Jay Batongbacal.

  5. [8th & 9th Regular Media Monitor]


    This news article by the Inquirer is about a top drug suspect in eastern Metro Manila that was shot dead in Marikina City on Sunday afternoon. The said news organization was in good practice of ethical journalism, insofar as this story is concerned, for providing context as to how the 22-year-old man was considered by the Eastern Police District (EPD) as a high-value target for illegal drugs.

    Under the “Seek Truth And Report It” section of the SPJ Code of Ethics 2014, journalists should: “Provide context. Take special care not to misrepresent or oversimplify in promoting, previewing, or summarizing a story.” Accordingly, journalists should update and correct information throughout the life of a news story. By following such provision of the Code, readers are given the knowledge and the complete details of the story.


    This article released by Pilipino Star Ngayon is about a young individual that was found dead after getting involved in a road accident just this week. The article violates the SPJ Code of Ethics 2014 for identifying the name of the 16-year-old victim.

    Under the “Minimize Harm” section of the Code, journalists should: “Show compassion for those who may be affected by news coverage.” Similarly, journalists should: “Use heightened sensitivity when dealing with juveniles, victims of sex crimes, and sources and subjects who are inexperienced or unable to give concent. Consider cultural differences in approach and treatment.”

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